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J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 13(1): 79, 2016 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27590188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemineglect is frequent after right hemisphere stroke and prevents functional independence, but effective rehabilitation interventions are lacking. Our objective was to determine if a visual-acoustic alarm in the hemineglect arm activated by a certain discrepancy in movement of both hands can enhance neglect arm use in five tasks of daily living. METHODS: In this pre-post intervention study 9 stroke patients with residual hemineglect of the arm were trained for 7 days in five bimanual tasks of daily living: carrying a tray, button fastening, cutting food with knife and fork, washing the face with both hands and arm sway while walking. This was done through motion sensors mounted in bracelets on both wrists that compared movement between them. When the neglect-hand movement was less than a limit established by two fuzzy logic based classifiers, a visual-acoustic alarm in the neglect-hand bracelet was activated to encourage its use in the task. RESULTS: Both motion and function of the neglect hand improved during the seven days of training when visual-acoustic alarms were active but a worsening to baseline values occurred on day 8 and day 30 when alarms where switched off. Improvement was limited to vision-dependent tasks. CONCLUSIONS: Neglect-hand improvement with this approach is limited to bimanual activities in which an object is manipulated under vision control, but no short or long term learning happens.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/instrumentação , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Braço/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Mãos/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
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