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1.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0209964, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633750

RESUMO

Circulating advanced glycation end products (AGE) and their receptor, RAGE, are increased after a myocardial infarction (MI) episode and seem to be associated with worse prognosis in patients. Despite the increasing importance of these molecules in the course of cardiac diseases, they have never been characterized in an animal model of MI. Thus, the aim of this study was to characterize AGE formation and RAGE expression in plasma and cardiac tissue during cardiac remodeling after MI in rats. Adult male Wistar rats were randomized to receive sham surgery (n = 15) or MI induction (n = 14) by left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. The MI group was stratified into two subgroups based on postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction: low (MIlowEF) and intermediate (MIintermEF). Echocardiography findings and plasma levels of AGEs, protein carbonyl, and free amines were assessed at baseline and 2, 30, and 120 days postoperatively. At the end of follow-up, the heart was harvested for AGE and RAGE evaluation. No differences were observed in AGE formation in plasma, except for a decrease in absorbance in MIlowEF at the end of follow-up. A decrease in yellowish-brown AGEs in heart homogenate was found, which was confirmed by immunodetection of N-ε-carboxymethyl-lysine. No differences could be seen in plasma RAGE levels among the groups, despite an increase in MI groups over the time. However, MI animals presented an increase of 50% in heart RAGE at the end of the follow-up. Despite the inflammatory and oxidative profile of experimental MI in rats, there was no increase in plasma AGE or RAGE levels. However, AGE levels in cardiac tissue declined. Thus, we suggest that the rat MI model should be employed with caution when studying the AGE-RAGE signaling axis or anti-AGE drugs for not reflecting previous clinical findings.


Assuntos
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/sangue , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
2.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
5.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 9446, 2018 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29930267

RESUMO

Dysregulated expression of tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) is associated with systolic dysfunction and worsening heart failure (HF). However, no study has assessed the relationship between TIMP polymorphisms and chronic HF. In this study, 300 HF outpatients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and 304 healthy blood donors were genotyped for the 372 T > C polymorphism (Phe124Phe; rs4898) in the TIMP-1 gene and the -418 G > C polymorphism (rs8179090) in the TIMP-2 gene to investigate whether these polymorphisms are associated with HF susceptibility and prognosis. The genotype and allele frequencies of the 372 T > C polymorphism in HF patients were not significantly different from those observed among healthy subjects, and the C allele of the -418 G > C polymorphism was very rare in our population (frequency < 1%). After a median follow-up duration of 5.5 years, 121 patients (40.3%) died (67 of them from HF). Survival analysis did not show statistically significant differences in all-cause death and HF-related death between patients with and without the T allele (P > 0.05 for all comparisons). Thus, our findings do not support the hypothesis that the 372 T > C (Phe124Phe) polymorphism in the TIMP-1 gene and the -418 G > C polymorphism in the TIMP-2 gene are associated with HF susceptibility and prognosis in Southern Brazilians.

6.
Value Health Reg Issues ; 17: 81-87, 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29754015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Estimate the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-led home visit (HV) intervention as compared with the standard HF management, within a randomized clinical trial in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness study within a randomized trial. METHODS: To assess the cost-effectiveness of four home visits and four telephone calls by nurses in the management of patients with HF within a randomized clinical trial (RCT: NCT01213875) in a perspective Public (PHS-Public Healthcare System) and private healthcare systems of Brazil during time frame of 24 weeks. The outcome was a composite endpoint hospital readmission rate (first visit to the emergency room (ER) and hospital readmission), or all-cause death and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of the study intervention to conventional management. RESULTS: Home-based intervention was associated with a reduction in composite endpoint (RR 0.73; 95% confidence interval 0.54 - 0.99; P = 0.049), but at greater cost from the PHS perspective. The ICER at 24 weeks was R$585 per hospital readmission visit prevented. Within the private health insurance framework, home visits were associated with lower costs and lower readmission rates. Results were sensitive to the relative risk of the study intervention, admissions and intervention costs. CONCLUSIONS: In Brazil, an intervention based on nurse-led home visits of patients with HF showed a favorable cost-effectiveness profile within the framework of the PHS and was dominant within the private healthcare system. Our analysis suggests that implementation of this program could not only benefit patients, but also provide a financial incentive to health administrators.

7.
Nutrition ; 54: 111-117, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29793053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sodium and fluid restriction is commonly prescribed for heart failure patients. However, its role in the treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a diet with sodium and fluid restriction with an unrestricted diet in patients admitted for decompensated HFpEF. METHODS: Patients were randomized to a diet with sodium (0.8 g/d) and fluid (800 mL/d) restriction (intervention group [IG]) or an unrestricted diet (control group [CG]) and followed for 7 d or hospital discharge. The primary outcome was weight loss. Secondary outcomes included clinical stability, perception of thirst, neurohormonal activation, nutrient intake, readmission, and mortality rate after 30 d. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients were included (30, IG; 23, CG). The mean ejection fraction was 62% ± 8% for IG and 60% ± 7% for CG (P = 0.44). Weight loss was similar in both groups, being 1.6 ± 2.2 kg in the IG and 1.8 ± 2.1 kg in CG (P = 0.49) as well as the reduction in the congestion score (IG = 3.4 ± 3.5; CG = 3.8 ± 3.4; P = 0.70). The daily perception of thirst was higher in the IG (P = 0.03). Lower energy consumption was seen in the IG (P <0.001). No significant between-group differences at 30 d were found. CONCLUSIONS: Aggressive sodium and fluid restriction does not provide symptomatic or prognosis benefits, but does produce greater perception of thirst, may impair the patient's food intake, and does not seem to have an important neurohormonal effect in patients admitted for decompensated HFpEF.

8.
Heart ; 104(20): 1641-1642, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29622597
9.
Mol Med Rep ; 17(3): 4736-4746, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29344661

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are associated with myocardial damage and heart failure (HF). The present study investigated whether the plasma levels of microRNA (miR)­21, ­126 and ­423­5p alter according to the (de)compensated state of patients with HF and are associated with all­cause mortality. In 48 patients with HF admitted to the emergency room for an episode of acute decompensation, blood samples were collected to measure miR and B­type natriuretic peptide levels within 24 h of hospital admission, at the time of hospital discharge, and a number of weeks post­discharge (chronic stable compensated state). Levels of miR­21, miR­126 and miR­423­5p increased between admission and discharge, and decreased following clinical compensation. During follow­up (up to 48 months), 38 patients (79%) were rehospitalized at least once and 21 patients (44%) succumbed. Patients who had increased levels of miR­21 and miR­126 at the time of clinical compensation exhibited better 24­month survival and remained rehospitalization­free for a longer period compared with those with low levels. Additionally, patients whose levels of miR­423­5p increased between admission and clinical compensation experienced fewer hospital readmissions in the 24 months following the time of clinical compensation compared with those who had decreased levels. It was concluded that the plasma levels of miR­21, miR­126 and miR­423­5p altered during clinical improvement and were associated with the prognosis of acute decompensated HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Prognóstico
10.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(6): 536-538, 2017 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267618

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a sudden separation between the layers of a coronary artery wall, non-iatrogenic or trauma related, that has been recognized as an important cause of myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE: To report an emblematic case, in terms of angiographic images, clinical presentation and predisposing factors, whose clinical management failure led to surgical intervention. METHODS: A previously healthy 48-year-old male farmer was admitted to the emergency room complaining of anterior chest pain described as "tearing", which started after physical exertion. Anterior wall ST-segment depression was observed in the electrocardiogram and troponin levels were increased. The patient then underwent coronary catheterization. Angiography showed a tortuous left anterior descending coronary artery with a dissection line involving proximal and middle segments, resulting in mild to moderate luminal stenosis. At first, a conservative approach was chosen. Control cardiac catheterization, 3 months later, showed dissection progression to the distal segment. RESULTS: The patient was referred to surgical treatment. Internal thoracic artery and a great saphenous vein graft were used to revascularize the target vessels. He had an uneventful postoperative course. CONCLUSION: In this report, we describe a typical clinical manifestation of an uncommon cause of acute myocardial infarction. The dissection was started by an extreme physical effort, which is a known triggering factor. Management of these cases is always challenging because there are no evidence-based therapies or guideline-based recomendations.

11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(6): 536-538, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897965

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a sudden separation between the layers of a coronary artery wall, non-iatrogenic or trauma related, that has been recognized as an important cause of myocardial infarction. Objective: To report an emblematic case, in terms of angiographic images, clinical presentation and predisposing factors, whose clinical management failure led to surgical intervention. Methods: A previously healthy 48-year-old male farmer was admitted to the emergency room complaining of anterior chest pain described as "tearing", which started after physical exertion. Anterior wall ST-segment depression was observed in the electrocardiogram and troponin levels were increased. The patient then underwent coronary catheterization. Angiography showed a tortuous left anterior descending coronary artery with a dissection line involving proximal and middle segments, resulting in mild to moderate luminal stenosis. At first, a conservative approach was chosen. Control cardiac catheterization, 3 months later, showed dissection progression to the distal segment. Results: The patient was referred to surgical treatment. Internal thoracic artery and a great saphenous vein graft were used to revascularize the target vessels. He had an uneventful postoperative course. Conclusion: In this report, we describe a typical clinical manifestation of an uncommon cause of acute myocardial infarction. The dissection was started by an extreme physical effort, which is a known triggering factor. Management of these cases is always challenging because there are no evidence-based therapies or guideline-based recomendations.

12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(6): 569-578, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887974

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Clinical studies demonstrate that up to 40% of patients do not respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), thus, appropriate patient selection is critical to the success of CRT in heart failure. Objective: Evaluation of mortality predictors and response to CRT in the Brazilian scenario. Methods: Retrospective cohort study including patients submitted to CRT in a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil from 2008 to 2014. Survival was assessed through a database of the State Department of Health (RS). Predictors of echocardiographic response were evaluated using Poisson regression. Survival analysis was performed by Cox regression and Kaplan Meyer curves. A two-tailed p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 170 patients with an average follow-up of 1011 ± 632 days were included. The total mortality was 30%. The independent predictors of mortality were age (hazard ratio [HR] of 1.05, p = 0.027), previous acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (HR of 2.17, p = 0.049) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (HR of 3.13, p = 0.015). The percentage of biventricular stimulation at 6 months was identified as protective factor of mortality ([HR] 0.97, p = 0.048). The independent predictors associated with the echocardiographic response were absence of mitral insufficiency, presence of left bundle branch block and percentage of biventricular stimulation. Conclusion: Mortality in patients submitted to CRT in a tertiary hospital was independently associated with age, presence of COPD and previous AMI. The percentage of biventricular pacing evaluated 6 months after resynchronizer implantation was independently associated with improved survival and echocardiographic response.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos Clínicos demonstram que até 40% dos pacientes não respondem à terapia de ressincronização cardíaca (TRC), assim a seleção apropriada dos pacientes é fundamental para o sucesso da TRC na insuficiência cardíaca. Objetivo: Avaliação de preditores de mortalidade e resposta à TRC no cenário brasileiro. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo incluindo os pacientes submetidos à TRC em hospital terciário no Sul do Brasil entre 2008-2014. A sobrevida foi avaliada através de banco de dados da Secretaria Estadual de Saúde (RS). Os preditores de resposta ecocardiográfica foram avaliados utilizando método de regressão de Poisson. A análise de sobrevida foi feita por regressão de Cox e curvas de Kaplan Meyer. Um valor de p bicaudal inferior a 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Foram incluídos 170 pacientes com seguimento médio de 1011 ± 632 dias. A mortalidade total foi de 30%. Os preditores independentes de mortalidade identificados foram idade (hazzard ratio [HR] de 1,05; p = 0,027), infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) prévio (HR de 2,17; p = 0,049) e doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) (HR de 3,13; p = 0,015). O percentual de estimulação biventricular em 6 meses foi identificado com fator protetor de mortalidade ([HR] 0,97; p = 0,048). Os preditores independentes associados à reposta ecocardiográfica foram ausência de insuficiência mitral, presença de bloqueio de ramo esquerdo e percentual de estimulação biventricular. Conclusão: A mortalidade nos pacientes submetidos à TRC em hospital terciário foi independentemente associada à idade, presença de DPOC e IAM prévio. O percentual de estimulação biventricular avaliado 6 meses após o implante do ressincronizador foi independentemente associado a melhora da sobrevida e resposta ecocardiográfica.

13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(6): 569-578, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29185615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies demonstrate that up to 40% of patients do not respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), thus, appropriate patient selection is critical to the success of CRT in heart failure. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of mortality predictors and response to CRT in the Brazilian scenario. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including patients submitted to CRT in a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil from 2008 to 2014. Survival was assessed through a database of the State Department of Health (RS). Predictors of echocardiographic response were evaluated using Poisson regression. Survival analysis was performed by Cox regression and Kaplan Meyer curves. A two-tailed p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 170 patients with an average follow-up of 1011 ± 632 days were included. The total mortality was 30%. The independent predictors of mortality were age (hazard ratio [HR] of 1.05, p = 0.027), previous acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (HR of 2.17, p = 0.049) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (HR of 3.13, p = 0.015). The percentage of biventricular stimulation at 6 months was identified as protective factor of mortality ([HR] 0.97, p = 0.048). The independent predictors associated with the echocardiographic response were absence of mitral insufficiency, presence of left bundle branch block and percentage of biventricular stimulation. CONCLUSION: Mortality in patients submitted to CRT in a tertiary hospital was independently associated with age, presence of COPD and previous AMI. The percentage of biventricular pacing evaluated 6 months after resynchronizer implantation was independently associated with improved survival and echocardiographic response.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/cirurgia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/mortalidade , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Pneumopatias Obstrutivas/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(3 Supl 1): 1-104, 2017 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044300
15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(4): 321-330, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although heart failure (HF) has high morbidity and mortality, studies in Latin America on causes and predictors of in-hospital mortality are scarce. We also do not know the evolution of patients with compensated HF hospitalized for other reasons. OBJECTIVE: To identify causes and predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF (ADHF), compared to those with HF and admitted to the hospital for non-HF related causes (NDHF). METHODS: Historical cohort of patients hospitalized in a public tertiary hospital in Brazil with a diagnosis of HF identified by the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). RESULTS: A total of 2056 patients hospitalized between January 2009 and December 2010 (51% men, median age of 71 years, length of stay of 15 days) were evaluated. There were 17.6% of deaths during hospitalization, of which 58.4% were non-cardiovascular (63.6% NDHF vs 47.4% ADHF, p = 0.004). Infectious causes were responsible for most of the deaths and only 21.6% of the deaths were attributed to HF. The independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were similar between the groups and included: age, length of stay, elevated potassium, clinical comorbidities, and CCI. Renal insufficiency was the most relevant predictor in both groups. CONCLUSION: Patients hospitalized with HF have high in-hospital mortality, regardless of the primary reason for hospitalization. Few deaths are directly attributed to HF; Age, renal function and levels of serum potassium, length of stay, comorbid burden and CCI were independent predictors of in-hospital death in a Brazilian tertiary hospital.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(4): 321-330, Oct. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887949

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Although heart failure (HF) has high morbidity and mortality, studies in Latin America on causes and predictors of in-hospital mortality are scarce. We also do not know the evolution of patients with compensated HF hospitalized for other reasons. Objective: To identify causes and predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF (ADHF), compared to those with HF and admitted to the hospital for non-HF related causes (NDHF). Methods: Historical cohort of patients hospitalized in a public tertiary hospital in Brazil with a diagnosis of HF identified by the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Results: A total of 2056 patients hospitalized between January 2009 and December 2010 (51% men, median age of 71 years, length of stay of 15 days) were evaluated. There were 17.6% of deaths during hospitalization, of which 58.4% were non-cardiovascular (63.6% NDHF vs 47.4% ADHF, p = 0.004). Infectious causes were responsible for most of the deaths and only 21.6% of the deaths were attributed to HF. The independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were similar between the groups and included: age, length of stay, elevated potassium, clinical comorbidities, and CCI. Renal insufficiency was the most relevant predictor in both groups. Conclusion: Patients hospitalized with HF have high in-hospital mortality, regardless of the primary reason for hospitalization. Few deaths are directly attributed to HF; Age, renal function and levels of serum potassium, length of stay, comorbid burden and CCI were independent predictors of in-hospital death in a Brazilian tertiary hospital.


Resumo Fundamento: Apesar da insuficiência cardíaca (IC) apresentar elevada morbimortalidade, são escassos os estudos na América Latina sobre causas e preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar. Desconhece-se, também, a evolução de pacientes com IC compensada hospitalizados por outros motivos. Objetivo: Identificar causas e preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em pacientes que internam por IC aguda descompensada (ICAD), comparativamente aqueles que possuem IC e internam por outras condições (ICND). Métodos: Coorte histórica de pacientes internados em um hospital público terciário no Brasil com diagnóstico de IC identificados pelo escore de comorbidade de Charlson (ECCharlson). Resultados: Foram avaliados 2056 pacientes que internaram entre janeiro de 2009 e dezembro de 2010 (51% homens; idade mediana de 71 anos; tempo de permanência de 15 dias). Ocorreram 17,6% de óbitos durante a internação, dos quais 58,4% por causa não cardiovascular (63,6% ICND versus 47,4% ICAD, p = 0,004). As causas infecciosas foram responsáveis pela maior parte dos óbitos e apenas 21.6% das mortes foram atribuídas à IC. Os preditores independentes de mortalidade intra-hospitalar foram semelhantes entre os grupos e incluíram: idade, tempo de permanência, potássio elevado, comorbidades clínicas e ECCharlson. A insuficiência renal foi o preditor de maior relevância em ambos grupos. Conclusão: Pacientes internados com IC apresentam elevada mortalidade intra-hospitalar, independentemente do motivo primário de internação. Poucos óbitos são diretamente atribuídos à IC; Idade, alteração na função renal e níveis séricos de potássio, tempo de permanência, comorbidades e ECCharlson foram preditores independentes de morte intra-hospitalar em hospital terciário brasileiro. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(3,supl.1): 1-104, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887936
18.
BMJ Open ; 7(4): e012652, 2017 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28473507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research is to evaluate the relative cost-effectiveness of functional and anatomical strategies for diagnosing stable coronary artery disease (CAD), using exercise (Ex)-ECG, stress echocardiogram (ECHO), single-photon emission CT (SPECT), coronary CT angiography (CTA) or stress cardiacmagnetic resonance (C-MRI). SETTING: Decision-analytical model, comparing strategies of sequential tests for evaluating patients with possible stable angina in low, intermediate and high pretest probability of CAD, from the perspective of a developing nation's public healthcare system. PARTICIPANTS: Hypothetical cohort of patients with pretest probability of CAD between 20% and 70%. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome is cost per correct diagnosis of CAD. Proportion of false-positive or false-negative tests and number of unnecessary tests performed were also evaluated. RESULTS: Strategies using Ex-ECG as initial test were the least costly alternatives but generated more frequent false-positive initial tests and false-negative final diagnosis. Strategies based on CTA or ECHO as initial test were the most attractive and resulted in similar cost-effectiveness ratios (I$ 286 and I$ 305 per correct diagnosis, respectively). A strategy based on C-MRI was highly effective for diagnosing stable CAD, but its high cost resulted in unfavourable incremental cost-effectiveness (ICER) in moderate-risk and high-risk scenarios. Non-invasive strategies based on SPECT have been dominated. CONCLUSIONS: An anatomical diagnostic strategy based on CTA is a cost-effective option for CAD diagnosis. Functional strategies performed equally well when based on ECHO. C-MRI yielded acceptable ICER only at low pretest probability, and SPECT was not cost-effective in our analysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/economia , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/economia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Teste de Esforço/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes de Função Cardíaca/economia , Saúde Pública , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/economia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Saúde Pública/economia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
J Electrocardiol ; 49(3): 446-51, 2016 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27016256

RESUMO

Heart failure is an increasingly prevalent disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. In 30-40% of patients, the etiology is non-ischemic. In this group of patients, the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) prevents sudden death and decreases total mortality. However, due to burden of cost, the fact that many ICD patients will never need any therapy, and possible complications involved in implant and follow-up, the device should not be implanted in every patient with non-ischemic heart failure. There is an urgent need to adequately identify patients with highest sudden death risk, in whom the implant is most cost-effective. In the present paper, the authors discuss current available tests for risk stratification of sudden cardiac death in patients with non-ischemic heart failure.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Testes de Função Cardíaca/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Testes de Função Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Gene ; 574(1): 1-10, 2015 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26211628

RESUMO

AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRs) regulate processes involved in both cardiac remodeling and obesity. We investigated if the expression of selected miRs in patients with heart failure (HF) is influenced by the presence of obesity. METHODS: In this case-control study, we compared plasma levels of miR-21, -130b, -221, -423-5p, and the -221/-130b ratio in 57 age- and gender-matched subjects: 40 HF patients (20 obese HF and 20 lean HF) and 17 lean healthy controls. Body composition was estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis. MiRs were measured by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR. Bioinformatics analysis was performed based on miRs findings to predict their putative targets and investigate their biological function. RESULTS: HF was associated with increased miR-423-5p levels in both lean and obese patients (P<0.05 vs. controls) without differences between HF groups. MiR-130b levels were reduced in obese HF patients compared with HF lean (P=0.036) and controls (P=0.025). MiR-221 levels were non-significantly increased in obese HF patients. MiR-21 levels were not different among the groups. MiR-221/-130b ratio was increased in obese HF patients, and was positively associated with body fat percentage (r=0.43; P=0.002), body mass index (r=0.44; P=0.002), and waist circumference (r=0.40; P=0.020). Computational prediction of target genes followed by functional enrichment analysis indicated a relevant role of miR-130b and miR-221 in modulating the expression of genes associated to cardiovascular and endocrine diseases, and suggested their influence in important signaling mechanisms and in numerous processes related to the circulatory and endocrine systems. CONCLUSIONS: In HF patients, the presence of obesity is associated with a differential expression of selected miRs and the miR-221/-130b ratio had significant correlations with adiposity parameters. Computational target prediction analysis identified several interrelated pathways targeted by miR-130b and miR-221 with a known relationship with endocrine and cardiovascular diseases, representing potential mechanisms to be further validated.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , MicroRNAs/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/genética , Magreza/sangue , Magreza/genética , Composição Corporal/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Circunferência da Cintura/genética
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