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Indian J Med Res ; 153(4): 475-483, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380794


Background & objectives: B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is one of the most common forms of adult leukaemia, with a highly variable clinical course. Specific chromosomal and genetic aberrations are used clinically to predict prognosis, independent from conventional clinical markers. Molecular cytogenetic methods such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detect aberrations in up to 80 per cent B-CLL patients. This study was conducted to score the frequencies of recurrent aberrations, i.e., del(13q14), trisomy 12, del(11q22), del(17p13), del(6q21) and IgH (immunoglobulin heavy chain) translocations and to understand their role in prognostication and risk stratification. Methods: FISH studies were performed on bone marrow aspirate or peripheral blood of 280 patients using commercially available disease-specific probe set. The data were correlated with clinical and haematological parameters such as low haemoglobin, splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. Results: Chromosomal aberrations were detected in 79 per cent of patients, with del(13q14) (57%) as the most common cytogenetic aberration, followed by trisomy 12 (27%), del(11q22) (22%), t(14q32) (19%), del(17p13) (18%) and del(6q21) (9%). Single or in coexistence with other aberration del(13q14) had a favourable outcome in comparison to del(11q22), t(14q32), del(17p13) and del(6q21) which were associated with advanced stages of the disease. Trisomy 12 had a variable clinical course. Interpretation & conclusions: FISH was found to be a sensitive and efficient technique in detecting the prevalence of recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities. Each of these aberrations is an important independent predictor of disease progression and survival which aids in designing risk-adapted treatment strategies for better disease management.

Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Prognóstico
J Assoc Genet Technol ; 45(2): 73-76, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189154


OBJECTIVES: Philadelphia chromosome-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-like ALL) accounts for ~15% of patients with high-risk ALL with an activated tyrosine kinase profile similar to Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL, without the presence of BCR-ABL1 rearrangement. ABL-class genes (ABL1, ABL2, PDGFRB, CSF1R and CRLF2) comprise the second major subgroup of Ph-like ALL cases but presence of ABL2 gene rearrangement in leukemia is rarely reported. We report a novel case of ABL2 chromosomal rearrangement that results from t(1;7)(q25;q32) in a patient with high-risk ALL.