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1.
Bull Cancer ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781551

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very specific nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against Cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations. Here is the second version of these recommendations updated according to the evolution of knowledge on COVID19.

2.
Front Oncol ; 10: 557643, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240808

RESUMO

T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive subtype of leukemia for which important progress in treatment efficiency have been made in the past decades to reach a cure rate of 75%-80% nowadays. It is nevertheless mandatory to find new targets and active molecules for innovative therapeutic strategies as relapse is associated with a very dismal outcome. We designed an experimental workflow to highlight the conserved core pathways associated with leukemogenesis by confronting the gene expression profiles (GEPs) of human T-ALL cases to the GEP of a murine T-ALL representative model, generated by the conditional deletion of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene in T cell precursors (tPTEN-/-). We identified 844 differentially expressed genes, common GEPs (cGEP) that were conserved between human T-ALL and murine signatures, and also similarly differentially expressed, compared to normal T cells. Using bioinformatic tools we highlighted in cGEPan upregulation of E2F, MYC and mTORC1. Next, using Connectivity Map (CMAP) and CMAPViz a visualization procedure for CMAP data that we developed, we selected in silico three FDA-approved, bioactive molecule candidates: α-estradiol (α-E), nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and prochlorperazine dimaleate (PCZ). At a biological level, we showed that the three drugs triggered an apoptotic cell death in a panel of T-ALL cell lines, activated a DNA damage response and interfered with constitutive mTORC1 activation and c-MYC expression. This analysis shows that the investigation of conserved leukemogenesis pathways could be a strategy to reveal new avenues for pharmacological intervention.

3.
Hematol Oncol ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809224

RESUMO

Over the years, the prognosis of adolescents treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved. However, this age group still represents a challenge with an overall survival (OS) of 60% compared to 85% in younger children. Herein, we report the outcome of adolescents treated in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 58951 clinical trial. EORTC 58951 clinical trial included patients with de novo ALL between 1998 and 2008. For this study, we analyzed data of all adolescents between 15 and under 18. Data from 97 adolescents were analyzed, 70 had B-lineage and 27 had T-lineage ALL. The 8-year event-free survival (EFS) and OS for the B-cell precursor ALL cases were 72.3% (59.4%-81.7%) and 80.8% (67.4%-89.1%), respectively. For the T-lineage, the 8-year EFS and OS were 57.4% (36.1%-74.0%) and 59.0% (36.1%-76.2%), respectively. "B-other" ALL, defined as BCP-ALL lacking any known recurrent genetic abnormalities were more frequent in our adolescent population (52.8%) than in younger children (27.1%). Outcome of adolescents in the EORTC 58951 study is supporting the findings that adolescents have better outcome in pediatric compared to adults' trials. Nevertheless, in pediatric studies, adolescents still have a worse prognosis than younger children. Despite the fact that specific unfavorable characteristics may be linked to the adolescent population, a careful study and characterization of adolescents "B-other" genetic abnormalities in ALL is critical to improve the outcome of this population.

4.
Haemophilia ; 26(5): 847-854, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812322

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With current molecular diagnosis, about 1 to 5% of haemophilia A (HA) patients remain genetically unresolved. In these cases, deep intronic variation or structural variation disrupting the F8 gene could be causal. AIM: To identify the causal variation in four genetically unresolved mild-to-severe HA patients using an F8 mRNA analysis approach. METHODS: Ectopic F8 mRNA analysis was performed in four unrelated HA patients. An in vitro minigene assay was performed in order to confirm the deleterious splicing impact of each variation identified. RESULTS: In all probands, mRNA analysis revealed an aberrant splicing pattern, and sequencing of the corresponding intronic region found a deep intronic substitution. Two of these were new variations: c.2113+601G>A and c.1443+602A>G, while the c.143+1567A>G, found in two patients, has previously been reported. The c.1443+602A>G and the c.143+1567A>G variants both led to the creation of a de novo acceptor or donor splice site, respectively. Moreover, the c.143+1567A>G was found in 3/6 patients with genetically unresolved moderate HA registered in our laboratory. Haplotype analysis performed in all patients carrying the c.143+1567A>G variation suggests that this variation could be a recurrent variation. The c.2113+601G>A led to the exonization of a 122-bp antisense AluY element by increasing the strength of a pre-existing cryptic 5' splice site. For each point variation, in vitro splicing analysis confirmed its deleterious impact on splicing of the F8 transcript. CONCLUSION: We identified three deep intronic variations, leading to an aberrant mRNA splicing process as HA causing variation.

5.
J Clin Immunol ; 40(5): 752-762, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the CYBB gene (located on Xp21.1). Patients with large deletions on chromosome Xp21.1 can present with the McLeod phenotype and also Duchenne muscular dystrophy or retinitis pigmentosa. The objective of the present study was to describe a series of French patients with CGD and the McLeod phenotype. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from the medical records of 8 patients with CGD and the McLeod phenotype registered at the French National Reference Center for blood types. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis of CGD was 1.2 years, the median age at diagnosis of the McLeod phenotype was 4.5 years, and the median length of follow-up was 15.2 years. Four patients displayed allo-immunization, with anti-KEL20 and anti-XK1 (formerly known as anti-KL) antibodies. Five of the 6 patients with available blood smears had acanthocytosis. Neuropsychiatric, muscle-related, and ocular manifestations were present in 4, 2, and 1 of the patients, respectively. Three of the 4 patients having undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are alive. Overall, 5 patients are alive, and 3 are alive and well. CONCLUSION: This is the largest yet descriptive study of a series of patients with X-linked CGD and the McLeod phenotype. Although this disease combination is rare, the timely, accurate diagnosis of the McLeod phenotype is critical because of the serious post-transfusion complications. However, HSCT can be considered in these patients.

6.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 629-632, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387061

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations, even if data for this population are still scarce. They may have to evolve according to the rapid evolution of knowledge on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Risco , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação , Avaliação de Sintomas
7.
Am J Hematol ; 95(9): 1057-1065, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449964

RESUMO

The impact of measurable residual disease (MRD) on cord blood transplantation (CBT) outcomes has remained debated. To address this issue, we assessed the impact of measurable MRD at CBT on outcomes in large cohort of patients with acute leukemia. Inclusion criteria included adult patients with acute myeloid (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), CBT as first allo-HCT in first or second complete remission (CR) at transplantation, and known MRD status at the time of CBT. Data from 506 patients were included in the analysis. Among them, 317 patients had AML and 189 had ALL. Positive MRD was reported in 169 (33%) patients while the remaining 337 patients were MRD negative at CBT. At 2 years, relapse incidence was 18% in patients with MRD negativity vs 33% in those with MRD positivity at transplantation (P < .001). Two-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 57% and 60%, respectively, in MRD negative patients, vs 38% (P < .001) and 48% (P = .004), respectively, in those with MRD positivity. There was no interaction between the impact of MRD on OS and LFS and diagnosis (ie, ALL vs AML), single or double CBT, and reduced-intensity or myeloablative conditioning. On multivariate analysis, MRD positivity was associated with a higher risk of relapse (HR = 1.8, P = .003), comparable non-relapse mortality (P = .44), worse LFS (HR = 1.4, P = .008) and a trend towards worse OS (HR = 1.3, P = .065). In conclusion, these data suggest that novel strategies that are aiming to achieve MRD negativity at CBT are needed for leukemic patients with positive MRD pre-CBT.

8.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 37(3): 259-268, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028812

RESUMO

Relapse of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) after first allogenic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a fatal complication. Sixty-five children transplanted for AML were included in a prospective national study from June 2005 to July 2008 to explore the feasibility of preemptive immune modulation based on the monitoring of blood chimerism. Relapse occurred in 23 patients (35%). The median time between the last complete chimerism and relapse was 13.5 days (2-138). Prompt discontinuation of cyclosporin and the administration of donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) based on chimerism monitoring failed as a preemptive tool, either for detecting relapse or certifying long-term remission.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunomodulação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Doadores de Tecidos , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue , Aloenxertos , Criança , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva
9.
Br J Haematol ; 189(2): 351-362, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837008

RESUMO

We investigated the long-term outcome, the incidence of second neoplasms (SN) and the rate of late adverse effects (LAE) in children with central nervous system (CNS) negative medium/high-risk de novo acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), in first complete remission (CR1) at end of late intensification, randomized to receive no cranial radiotherapy (No CRT, n = 92) versus CRT (standard arm, n = 84) in the non-inferiority EORTC 58832 study (1983-1989). Median follow-up was 20 years (range 4-32 years). The 25-year disease-free survival rate (±SE) was 67·4 ± 4·9% without CRT and 70·2 ± 5·0% with CRT. The 25-year incidence of isolated (6·5 ± 2·6% vs. 4·8 ± 2·3%) and any CNS relapse {8·7 ± 2·9% vs. 11·9 ± 3·5%; hazard ratio (HR) 0·71 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0·28-1·79]; test of non-inferiority: P = 0·01} was not increased without CRT. The 25-year SN incidence in CR1 was 7·9 ± 4·6% vs. 11·0 ± 4·2%. The 25-year event-free and overall survival rates were quite similar in both arms [59·5 ± 6·3% vs. 60·5 ± 5·9%, HR 0·94 (95% CI 0·57-1·52), and 78·1 ± 4·3% vs. 78·5 ± 4·5%, HR 1·00 (95% CI 0·53-1·88)]. Omission of CRT was associated with dramatic decrease in CNS and endocrine LAE rates. In conclusion, our data suggest that, with proper systemic and intrathecal CNS prophylaxis, CRT could totally be omitted in CR1 without jeopardizing survival, while decreasing LAE in childhood ALL.

10.
Haematologica ; 105(1): 91-101, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097628

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative treatment for sickle cell anemia (SCA), but the place of myeloablative conditioning in the procedure remains to be defined. The aim of the present study was to analyze long-term outcomes, including chimerism, SCA-related events and biological data (hemoglobin, reticulocytes, HbS%), and fertility in a French series of 234 SCA patients under 30 years of age who, from 1988 to 2012, received a matched-sibling-donor stem cell transplantation following standardized myeloablative conditioning [busulfan, cyclophosphamide and rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG)]. Since the first report of the series (1988-2004), 151 new consecutive patients with SCA have been similarly transplanted. Considering death, non-engraftment or rejection (donor cells <5%) as events, the 5-year event-free survival was 97.9% (95% confidence interval: 95.5-100%), confirming, since the year 2000, an at least 95% chance of cure. In the overall cohort (n=234, median follow up 7.9 years), event-free survival was not associated with age, but chronic-graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) was independently associated with recipient's age >15 years (hazard ratio=4.37; P=0.002) and lower (5-15 vs 20 mg/kg) ATG dose (hazard ratio=4.55; P=0.001). At one year, 44% of patients had mixed chimerism (5-95% donor cells), but those prepared with ATG had no graft rejection. No events related to SCA occurred in patients with mixed chimerism, even those with 15-20% donor cells, but hemolytic anemia stigmata were observed with donor cells <50%. Myeloablative transplantation with matched-sibling donor currently has a higher event-free survival (98%) in patients under 30 years of age than that reported for non-myeloablative conditioning (88%). Nevertheless, the risk of cGvHD in older patients and the need to preserve fertility might be indications for a non-myeloablative conditioning.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2019 12 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881723

RESUMO

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) defines a group of heterogeneous hematologic malignancies that often progresses to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The leading treatment for high-risk MDS patients is azacitidine (Aza, Vidaza®), but a significant proportion of patients are refractory and all patients eventually relapse after an undefined time period. Therefore, new therapies for MDS are urgently needed. We present here evidence that acadesine (Aca, Acadra®), a nucleoside analog exerts potent anti-leukemic effects in both Aza-sensitive (OCI-M2S) and resistant (OCI-M2R) MDS/AML cell lines in vitro. Aca also exerts potent anti-leukemic effect on bone marrow cells from MDS/AML patients ex-vivo. The effect of Aca on MDS/AML cell line proliferation does not rely on apoptosis induction. It is also noteworthy that Aca is efficient to kill MDS cells in a co-culture model with human medullary stromal cell lines, that mimics better the interaction occurring in the bone marrow. These initial findings led us to initiate a phase I/II clinical trial using Acadra® in 12 Aza refractory MDS/AML patients. Despite a very good response in one out 4 patients, we stopped this trial because the highest Aca dose (210 mg/kg) caused serious renal side effects in several patients. In conclusion, the side effects of high Aca doses preclude its use in patients with strong comorbidities.


Assuntos
Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análogos & derivados , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Ribonucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/farmacologia , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Recidiva , Ribonucleosídeos/farmacologia , Falha de Tratamento
12.
Viruses ; 11(7)2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284515

RESUMO

Usually self-limited, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection may evolve to chronicity and cirrhosis in immunosuppressed patients. HEV infection has been described in solid-organ transplantation and hematology patients, but for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) recipients, only small cohorts are available. This retrospective nationwide multi-center series aimed to describe HEV diagnostic practices in alloHSCT French centers, and the course of infection in the context of alloHSCT. Twenty-nine out of 37 centers participated. HEV search in case of liver function tests (LFT) abnormalities was never performed in 24% of centers, occasionally in 55%, and systematically in 21%. Twenty-five cases of active HEV infection were diagnosed in seven centers, all because of LFT abnormalities, by blood nucleic acid testing. HEV infection was diagnosed in three patients before alloHSCT; HEV infection did not influence transplantation planning, and resolved spontaneously before or after alloHSCT. Twenty-two patients were diagnosed a median of 283 days after alloHSCT. Nine patients (41%) had spontaneous viral clearance, mostly after immunosuppressive treatment decrease. Thirteen patients (59%) received ribavirin, with sustained viral clearance in 11/12 evaluable patients. We observed three HEV recurrences but no HEV-related death or liver failure, nor evolution to cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Vírus da Hepatite E/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite E/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , Hepatite E/imunologia , Hepatite E/terapia , Vírus da Hepatite E/imunologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Br J Haematol ; 186(5): 741-753, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124581

RESUMO

Outcomes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) are steadily improving due to intensive therapy. Between 1989 and 2008, 599 children with newly diagnosed T-ALL were enrolled in two successive European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Children's Leukaemia Group trials (58881 and 58951), both based on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster protocol and without cranial irradiation. In the latter trial induction chemotherapy was intensified. The most important randomizations were Medac Escherichia coli asparaginase versus Erwinia asparaginase in trial 58881, and dexamethasone (6 mg/m2 /day) versus prednisolone (60 mg/m2 /day) and prolonged versus conventional asparaginase duration in trial 58951. 8-year event-free survival (EFS) increased from 65·1% to 74·0% in trial 58951. Improvement was most profound for patients with white blood cell (WBC) counts <100 × 109 /l and "good responders" to prephase. Medac E. coli asparaginase was associated with longer EFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0·54, P = 0·0015] and overall survival (HR 0·51, P = 0·0018). Induction therapy with dexamethasone did not improve EFS compared to prednisolone. Remarkably, intensification of central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy in trial 58951 resulted in fewer bone marrow relapses, while the incidence of CNS relapses remained low. In summary, we showed that adequate asparaginase therapy, intensified induction treatment and intensification of CNS-directed chemotherapy can result in an improvement of outcome in T-ALL patients with good prephase response and initial WBC counts <100 × 109 /l, representing approximately 50% of T-ALL patients.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1798-1802, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129355

RESUMO

Prognosis of patients with graft failure is dismal, and retransplantation is the sole option for long-term survival. To address the interest of haploidentical transplantation as a salvage option in this context, we analyzed data from 24 patients with graft failure or loss retransplanted with a haploidentical donor who received post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis (GVHD). Fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning was used in 23 patients and the Baltimore regimen in 14 patients. The median delay between previous and salvage transplantation for graft failure was 63 days (range, 39 to 98). In addition to PTCy, all patients received cyclosporine, and 22 patients also received mycophenolate mofetil for GVHD prophylaxis. With a median follow-up of 353 days (range, 16 to 2010), 1-year overall survival (OS) was 56% (95% confidence interval, 38% to 81%). Transplant complications accounted for 80% of deaths. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day +30 was 79%. Cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD at day 100 was 14%, and 1-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 31%. One-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 13%. Stem cell source did not impact on engraftment, GVHD, relapse, or OS. Salvage haploidentical transplant with PTCy for rescuing graft failure patients leads to an acceptable 1-year OS and might be a valid option in this poor situation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(6): e204-e208, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930192

RESUMO

We aimed to validate the MYelofibrosis SECondary to PV and ET prognostic model (MYSEC-PM) in 159 patients with myelofibrosis secondary to polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry undergoing transplantation from matched siblings or unrelated donors. Furthermore, we aimed to test its prognostic performance in comparison with the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS). Score performance was analyzed using the concordance index (C): the probability that a patient who experienced an event had a higher risk score than a patient who did not (C > .5 suggesting predictive ability). Median follow-up of the total cohort was 41 months (range, 34 to 54), 45 months in post-PV and 38 months in post-ET myelofibrosis. Survival at 1, 2, and 4 years was 70% (95% CI, 63% to 77%), 61% (95% CI, 53% to 69%), and 52% (95% CI, 43% to 61%) for the total cohort; 70% (95% CI, 59% to 80%), 61% (95% CI, 49% to 73%), and 51% (95% CI, 38% to 64%) for post-PV; and 71% (95% CI, 61% to 81%), 61% (95% CI, 50% to 72%), and 54% (95% CI, 42% to 66%) for post-ET myelofibrosis (P = .78). Overall, the DIPSS was not significantly predictive of outcome (P = .28). With respect to the MYSEC-PM, overall survival at 4 years was 69% for the low-risk, 55% for the intermediate 1-risk, 47% for the intermediate 2-risk, and 22% (0% to 45%) for the high-risk groups. The prognostic model was predictive of survival overall (P = .05), whereas groups with intermediate 2 and high risk showed no significant difference (P = .44). Assessment of prognostic utility yielded a C-index of .575 (95% CI, .502 to .648) for the DIPSS, whereas assessment of the MYSEC-PM resulted in a C-statistics of .636 (95% CI, .563 to .708), indicating improvement in prediction of post-transplant survival using the new MYSEC-PM. In addition, transplantations from an unrelated donor in comparison with an HLA-identical sibling showed worse outcome (P = .04), and transplant recipients seropositive for cytomegalovirus in comparison with seronegative recipients (P = .01) showed worse survival. In conclusion, incorporating transplant-specific and clinical and mutational information together with the MYSEC-PM may enhance risk stratification.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Policitemia Vera/terapia , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Trombocitemia Essencial/terapia , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia Vera/mortalidade , Mielofibrose Primária/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Trombocitemia Essencial/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(6): 1958-1969.e9, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) gain-of-function (GOF) germline mutations have been recently described. A comprehensive overview of this early-onset multiorgan autoimmune and lymphoproliferative disease has not yet been compiled. OBJECTIVE: We have conducted a systematic review of published STAT3 GOF cases to describe clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of the disease. METHODS: A systematic review including articles published before October 10, 2018, in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was performed. We described cases of patients with STAT3 GOF germline mutations with genetic analysis and a concordant phenotype if functional analyses were not performed for the mutation. RESULTS: The search identified 18 publications describing 42 unique patients. Twenty-eight different mutations were described. Onset of disease was very early with an average age of 3 (0.5-5) years. The most frequent manifestations were autoimmune cytopenias (28 of 42), lymphoproliferation (27 of 42), enteropathy (24 of 42), interstitial lung disease (15 of 42), thyroiditis (13 of 42), diabetes (10 of 42), and postnatal growth failure (15 of 21). Immunodeficiency was not always a predominant feature. Most patients required significant immunosuppressive therapy. Five patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and 4 died from complications. Improvement of symptoms was observed for 8 of 9 patients who received targeted biotherapies. CONCLUSIONS: STAT3 GOF syndrome is a new clinical entity to consider when confronted with a patient with early-onset polyautoimmunity, lymphoproliferation, and growth failure. At this time, precise therapeutic guidelines are lacking, but use of anti-IL-6 receptor and JAK inhibitor biologics is an attractive possibility.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/genética , Mutação com Ganho de Função , Gastroenteropatias/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/genética , Pneumopatias/genética
18.
Curr Res Transl Med ; 67(1): 8-15, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30206045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We developed a prognostic scoring system to evaluate the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients surviving more than 100 days allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation after (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a landmark analysis on a derivation cohort of 393 cases to identify prognostic factors for 3-year overall survival. Potential predictor variables included demographic and clinical data, transplantation modalities and early post-transplant complications. The scoring system was tested against a validation cohort which included 391 patients. RESULTS: Complications occurring before day 100 such as relapse [HR = 6.7; 95%CI, 4.5-10.0] (4 points), lack of platelet recovery [HR, 3.6; 95%CI, 2.2-5.8] (2 points), grade-II acute GVHD [HR = 1.7; 95%CI, 1.2-2.5] (1 point) and grade-III/IV [HR = 2.6; 95%CI, 1.8 -3.8] (2 points) were the only independent predictors of 3-year OS. The 3-year OS associated with low (0), intermediate (1-3) and high (≥4) risk scores was respectively 70%, 46% and 6%. The model performed consistently in both cohorts, with good calibration. CONCLUSION: This post-transplant scoring system is a powerful predictor of outcome after allo-HCT for MDS, and can provide useful guidance for clinicians. Additional studies are required to evaluate this scoring system for other hematologic malignancies.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Blood ; 132(3): 239-240, 2018 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026299
20.
Haematologica ; 103(8): 1278-1287, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724903

RESUMO

Heterozygous germline GATA2 mutations strongly predispose to leukemia, immunodeficiency, and/or lymphoedema. We describe a series of 79 patients (53 families) diagnosed since 2011, made up of all patients in France and Belgium, with a follow up of 2249 patients/years. Median age at first clinical symptoms was 18.6 years (range, 0-61 years). Severe infectious diseases (mycobacteria, fungus, and human papilloma virus) and hematologic malignancies were the most common first manifestations. The probability of remaining symptom-free was 8% at 40 years old. Among the 53 probands, 24 had missense mutations including 4 recurrent alleles, 21 had nonsense or frameshift mutations, 4 had a whole-gene deletion, 2 had splice defects, and 2 patients had complex mutations. There were significantly more cases of leukemia in patients with missense mutations (n=14 of 34) than in patients with nonsense or frameshift mutations (n=2 of 28). We also identify new features of the disease: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, fatal progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy related to the JC virus, and immune/inflammatory diseases. A revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score allowed a distinction to be made between a stable disease and hematologic transformation. Chemotherapy is of limited efficacy, and has a high toxicity with severe infectious complications. As the mortality rate is high in our cohort (up to 35% at the age of 40), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the best choice of treatment to avoid severe infectious and/or hematologic complications. The timing of HSCT remains difficult to determine, but the earlier it is performed, the better the outcome.


Assuntos
Deficiência de GATA2/epidemiologia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Bélgica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , França , Deficiência de GATA2/complicações , Deficiência de GATA2/genética , Deficiência de GATA2/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Infecções/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
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