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1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4925, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664040

RESUMO

AML1-ETO (AE) is a fusion transcription factor, generated by the t(8;21) translocation, that functions as a leukemia promoting oncogene. Here, we demonstrate that TATA-Box Binding Protein Associated Factor 1 (TAF1) associates with K43 acetylated AE and this association plays a pivotal role in the proliferation of AE-expressing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. ChIP-sequencing indicates significant overlap of the TAF1 and AE binding sites. Knockdown of TAF1 alters the association of AE with chromatin, affecting of the expression of genes that are activated or repressed by AE. Furthermore, TAF1 is required for leukemic cell self-renewal and its reduction promotes the differentiation and apoptosis of AE+ AML cells, thereby impairing AE driven leukemogenesis. Together, our findings reveal a role of TAF1 in leukemogenesis and identify TAF1 as a potential therapeutic target for AE-expressing leukemia.

2.
Cancer Discov ; 9(8): 1080-1101, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085557

RESUMO

Aging is associated with functional decline of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) as well as an increased risk of myeloid malignancies. We performed an integrative characterization of epigenomic and transcriptomic changes, including single-cell RNA sequencing, during normal human aging. Lineage-CD34+CD38- cells [HSC-enriched (HSCe)] undergo age-associated epigenetic reprogramming consisting of redistribution of DNA methylation and reductions in H3K27ac, H3K4me1, and H3K4me3. This reprogramming of aged HSCe globally targets developmental and cancer pathways that are comparably altered in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) of all ages, encompassing loss of 4,646 active enhancers, 3,091 bivalent promoters, and deregulation of several epigenetic modifiers and key hematopoietic transcription factors, such as KLF6, BCL6, and RUNX3. Notably, in vitro downregulation of KLF6 results in impaired differentiation, increased colony-forming potential, and changes in expression that recapitulate aging and leukemia signatures. Thus, age-associated epigenetic reprogramming may form a predisposing condition for the development of age-related AML. SIGNIFICANCE: AML, which is more frequent in the elderly, is characterized by epigenetic deregulation. We demonstrate that epigenetic reprogramming of human HSCs occurs with age, affecting cancer and developmental pathways. Downregulation of genes epigenetically altered with age leads to impairment in differentiation and partially recapitulates aging phenotypes.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 983.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 184(3): 373-383, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565652

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) comprise a family of non-coding transcripts that are emerging as relevant gene expression regulators of different processes, including tumour development. To determine the possible contribution of lncRNA to the pathogenesis of follicular lymphoma (FL) we performed RNA-sequencing at high depth sequencing in primary FL samples ranging from grade 1-3A to aggressive grade 3B variants using unpurified (n = 16) and purified (n = 12) tumour cell suspensions from nodal samples. FL grade 3B had a significantly higher number of differentially expressed lncRNAs (dif-lncRNAs) with potential target coding genes related to cell cycle regulation. Nine out of the 18 selected dif-lncRNAs were validated by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in an independent series (n = 43) of FL. RP4-694A7.2 was identified as the top deregulated lncRNA potentially involved in cell proliferation. RP4-694A7.2 silencing in the WSU-FSCCL FL cell line reduced cell proliferation due to a block in the G1/S phase. The relationship between RP4-694A7.2 and proliferation was confirmed in primary samples as its expression levels positively related to the Ki-67 proliferation index. In summary, lncRNAs are differentially expressed across the clinico-biological spectrum of FL and a subset of them, related to cell cycle, may participate in cell proliferation regulation in these tumours.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
5.
Ann Hum Biol ; 44(4): 379-383, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27892694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are drug-metabolising enzymes involved in biotransformation of carcinogens, drugs, xenobiotics and oxygen free radicals. Polymorphisms of GST genes contribute to inter-individual and population variability in the susceptibility to environmental risk factors, cancer predisposition and pharmacotherapy responses. However, data about GST variability in Argentina are lacking. AIM: The purpose was to determine the prevalence of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms in the general population from a central region of Argentina and to perform inter-population comparisons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene deletions and GSTP1 c.313A > G were genotyped by PCR assays in 609 healthy and unrelated Argentinians. RESULTS: The frequencies of variant genotypes in Argentinians were GSTM1-null (45%), GSTT1-null (17%) and GSTP1-GG (11%). GSTM1-present genotype was significantly associated with GSTP1-AG or GSTP1-GG variants (p = 0.037; p = 0.034, respectively). Comparison with worldwide populations demonstrated that the GST distributions in Argentina are similar to those reported for Italy and Spain, whereas significant differences were observed regarding Asian and African populations (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study has determined, for the first time, the normative profile of three pharmacogenetically relevant polymorphisms (GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1) in the largest Argentinian cohort described to date, providing the basis for further epidemiological and pharmacogenetic studies in this country.


Assuntos
Glutationa S-Transferase pi/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Adulto Jovem
6.
Tumour Biol ; 37(10): 13637-13647, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27473081

RESUMO

Mycosis fungoides is the most common type of primary cutaneous T cell lymphoma. We have evaluated CDKN2A losses and MYC gains/amplifications by FISH analysis, as well as expression of miR-155 and members of the oncogenic cluster miR-17-92 (miR17, miR18a, miR19b, and miR92a) in MF patients with advanced disease. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded skin biopsies from 36 patients at diagnosis, 16 with tumoral MF (T-MF), 13 in histological transformation to a large T cell lymphoma (TR-MF), and 7 cases with folliculotropic variant (F-MF), were studied. Twenty cases showed genomic alterations (GAs): 8 (40 %) had CDKN2A deletion, 7 (35 %) showed MYC gain, and 5 (25 %) exhibited both alterations. GAs were more frequently observed in F-MF (p = 0.004) and TR-MF (p = 0.0001) than T-MF. GAs were significantly higher in cases presenting lesions in head, neck, and lower extremities compared to those observed in trunk and upper extremities (p = 0.03), when ≥25 % neoplastic cells were CD30 positive (p = 0.016) as well as in cases with higher Ki-67 proliferation index (p = 0.003). Patients with GAs showed bad response to treatment (p = 0.02) and short survival (p = 0.04). Furthermore, MF patients showed higher miRNA expression compared to controls (p ≤ 0.0223). T-MF showed higher miR17 and miR-18a expression compared to F-MF and TR-MF (p ≤ 0.0387) while miR19b, miR92a, and miR-155 showed increased levels in F-MF and TR-MF with respect to T-MF (p ≤ 0.0360). Increased expression of miR17 and miR19b in GA group compared to cases without alterations (p ≥ 0.0307) was also detected. Our results add new information about genomic imbalances in MF patients, particularly in F-MF, and extend the present view of miRNA deregulation in this disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Instabilidade Genômica , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Micose Fungoide/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micose Fungoide/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
7.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 55(6): 531-40, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26998831

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a heterogeneous B-cell lymphoid malignancy where most patients follow an aggressive clinical course whereas others are associated with an indolent performance. SOX4, SOX11, and SOX12 belong to SOXC family of transcription factors involved in embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling. Among them, SOX11 has been found aberrantly expressed in most aggressive MCL patients, being considered a reliable biomarker in the pathology. Several studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRs) from the miR-17-92 cluster are among the most deregulated miRNAs in human cancers, still little is known about this cluster in MCL. In this study we screened the transcriptional profiles of 70 MCL patients for SOXC cluster and miR17, miR18a, miR19b and miR92a, from the miR-17-92 cluster. Gene expression analysis showed higher SOX11 and SOX12 levels compared to SOX4 (P ≤ 0.0026). Moreover we found a negative correlation between the expression of SOX11 and SOX4 (P < 0.0001). miR17-92 cluster analysis showed that miR19b and miR92a exhibited higher levels than miR17 and miR18a (P < 0.0001). Unsupervised hierarchical clustering revealed two subgroups with significant differences in relation to aggressive MCL features, such as blastoid morphological variant (P = 0.0412), nodal presentation (P = 0.0492), CD5(+) (P = 0.0004) and shorter overall survival (P < 0.0001). Together, our findings show for the first time an association between the differential expression profiles of SOXC and miR17-92 clusters in MCL and also relate them to different clinical subtypes of the disease adding new biological information that may contribute to a better understanding of this pathology. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/biossíntese , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Am J Hematol ; 91(5): 481-5, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26852175

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive lymphoid neoplasm with poor prognosis. Acquired telomerase reverse transcriptase gene promoter (TERTp) mutations are among the most frequent somatic non-coding mutations in cancers. In this study, the prevalence of TERTp mutations in 24 MCL and 21 other lymphoid neoplasias (oLN) was investigated. Eight MCL samples (33%) carried TERTp mutations, two homozygous and six heterozygous (seven C228T and one C250T), which directly correlated with higher TERT transcription, mitochondrial DNA copy number, and IGHV mutational status in MCL neoplastic cells. TERTp mutations were not found in oLN. TERTp mutations correlated with more lymphoma proliferation and tumor burden, as suggested by the higher number of lymphoma cells circulating in peripheral blood, and tended to associate with longer MCL telomeres, especially in homozygous mutants, although not statistically significant. Telomere-biology genes were overexpressed in MCL cells in comparison to healthy lymphocytes, but were not influenced by mutation status. The findings described for the first time that acquired TERTp mutations are common in MCL but not in other lymphoid neoplasms. It was also demonstrated that TERTp mutations are associated with higher TERT mRNA expression in MCL cells in vivo and higher tumor burden, suggesting these mutations as a driver event in MCL development and progression.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Mutação Puntual , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Telomerase/genética , Transcrição Genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Divisão Celular , DNA Mitocondrial/análise , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Dosagem de Genes , Genótipo , Humanos , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Leucemia/genética , Linfoma/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Telômero/ultraestrutura , Carga Tumoral , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/genética
10.
Brain Pathol ; 26(1): 43-61, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25808628

RESUMO

Although BMP4-induced differentiation of glioma stem cells (GSCs) is well recognized, details of the cellular responses triggered by this morphogen are still poorly defined. In this study, we established several GSC-enriched cell lines (GSC-ECLs) from high-grade gliomas. The expansion of these cells as adherent monolayers, and not as floating neurospheres, enabled a thorough study of the phenotypic changes that occurred during their differentiation. Herein, we evaluated GSC-ECLs' behavior toward differentiating conditions by depriving them of growth factors and/or by adding BMP4 at different concentrations. After analyzing cellular morphology, proliferation and lineage marker expression, we determined that GSC-ECLs have distinct preferences in lineage choice, where some of them showed an astrocyte fate commitment and others a neuronal one. We found that this election seems to be dictated by the expression pattern of BMP signaling components present in each GSC-ECL. Additionally, treatment of GSC-ECLs with the BMP antagonist, Noggin, also led to evident phenotypic changes. Interestingly, under certain conditions, some GSC-ECLs adopted an unexpected smooth muscle-like phenotype. As a whole, our findings illustrate the wide differentiation potential of GSCs, highlighting their molecular complexity and paving a way to facilitate personalized differentiating therapies.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Idoso , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/farmacologia , Proteínas de Transporte/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas/fisiologia
11.
Tumour Biol ; 36(6): 4433-40, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25608839

RESUMO

The transcription factor SOX11 plays an important role in embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling. Recent studies have shown aberrant expression of SOX11 in various types of aggressive B cell neoplasms. In this study, we have analyzed SOX11 transcription levels in 86 patients with diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Results were correlated with well-known prognostic factors such as immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (IGHV) gene mutational status, cytogenetics risk groups and clinicopathological characteristics of the disease. Overall, 35 % of cases showed SOX11 expression; meanwhile, the remaining 65 % lacked gene expression. The analysis taking into account the IGHV mutational status showed significant differences in SOX11 transcripts levels between mutated (0.004 ± 0.0001) and unmutated CLL patients (0.405 ± 0.011) (p < 0.0001), as well as a positive correlation between SOX11 mRNA expression and the percentage of IGHV homology (p = 0.0001). Furthermore, significantly lower SOX11 mRNA expression was detected in patients with deletion 13q14 as a single alteration (0.016 ± 0.008) than those observed in cases with deletions 11q/17p (0.35 ± 0.017) (p = 0.02). The correlation of gene expression with clinical evolution showed shorter treatment free survival (p = 0.043) and overall survival (p = 0.047) in SOX11 positive patients compared to SOX11 negative cases. Our findings show for the first time an association between SOX11 expression and some CLL poor prognostic factors. These results suggest SOX11 as a possible biomarker that adds new biological information that could contribute to a better understanding of this pathology.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética
12.
Infect Genet Evol ; 29: 103-9, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25461847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) plays a central role in the development of cervical cancer. Worldwide studies indicate the existence of HPV16 variants that show different geographic distributions and oncogenic potential. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to describe the genetic variation of HPV16 isolates identified in urban women with different grades of cervical lesions living in northeastern Argentina. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 116 HPV16-positive cervical samples (16 NLIM, 62 L-SIL, 16 H-SIL and 22 cervical cancer) from patients attending health centers in Misiones (Argentina) during 2006-13. HPV16 isolates were genetically characterized through PCR amplification and direct sequencing of 364 bp within the long control region, and the resulting sequences classified into variants based on phylogenetic analysis (lineages A, B, C and D). A potential association between HPV16 variants and lesion grade was evaluated through an odds ratio (OR) test. A temporal framework for the origin of HPV16 variants was assessed through coalescence analysis (BEAST v 1.7.5). RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis of HPV16 sequences showed that 92.1% of the samples clustered with lineage A, and 6.9% to lineage D. HPV16 variants from lineage D were more frequently associated with high-grade lesions and cancer (HSIL+) than lineage A variants at an OR of 13.8 (1.6-117.0). The time to most common recent ancestor (tMCRA) of all variants was 119,103 years before present (HPD 95%=48,486-197,239), a date consistent with the time frame for modern human evolution. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that HPV16 variants from lineage D may represent an additional risk factor for the development of cervical cancer in women living in northeastern Argentina. This study provides new information about viral isolates present in Argentina that will contribute to the monitoring of HPV16 infection in the vaccine era.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/classificação , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Argentina , Colo do Útero/patologia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Filogenia , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 74(2): 140-6, 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24736261

RESUMO

SOX11, belonging to the family of genes SOXC, is a transcript factor involved in the embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling, also participating in the control of cell proliferation. Its role in lymphomagenesis still remains unknown. Recent studies have shown aberrant SOX11 nuclear protein expression as well as mRNA levels in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Although the majority of these lymphomas have an aggressive clinical course, there is a subgroup of patients with an indolent clinical evolution, suggesting a greater heterogeneity of this disease. Currently, there are contradictions regarding the association of SOX11 gene expression and outcome in MCL, while some authors have related the lack of SOX11 expression with good prognosis, others find it associated with an adverse clinical course. This difference in the gene expression could be associated to epigenetic mechanisms such as modifications at the histone level and DNA methylation that would allow the aberrant expression of this gene in some lymphoid neoplasias, including LCM. More knowledge of gene SOX11 in LCM will lead to a greater understanding of those mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of this lymphoma, also the involvement of SOX11 in these processes.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/fisiologia
14.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 74(2): 140-146, abr. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-708597

RESUMO

El gen SOX11, perteneciente a la familia de genes SOXC, es un factor de transcripción involucrado en la neurogénesis embrionaria y el remodelado tisular, participando asimismo en el control de la proliferación celular. Su rol en la linfomagénesis es desconocido. Estudios recientes han mostrado expresión proteica nuclear aberrante y sobreexpresión de los niveles de transcripto de SOX11 en pacientes con linfoma de células del manto (LCM). Si bien la mayoría de estos linfomas presentan un curso clínico agresivo, existe un subgrupo de pacientes con enfermedad indolente, sugiriendo una mayor heterogeneidad de esta patología. Actualmente, existen contradicciones respecto de la asociación entre la expresión del gen SOX11 y la evolución clínica del LCM; mientras algunos autores relacionan la ausencia de expresión de SOX11 con buen pronóstico, otros lo encuentran asociado a un curso clínico adverso. Esta diferencia en la expresión estaría relacionada a mecanismos epigenéticos, metilación del ADN y modificaciones a nivel de histonas, que permitirían la expresión aberrante de este gen en algunas neoplasias linfoides, incluyendo LCM. La profundización del conocimiento del gen SOX11 en LCM hará factible, sin duda, lograr una mayor comprensión de los mecanismos involucrados en la patogénesis y/o progresión de este linfoma, así como del rol de SOX11 en estos procesos.


SOX11, belonging to the family of genes SOXC, is a transcript factor involved in the embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling, also participating in the control of cell proliferation. Its role in lymphomagenesis still remains unknown. Recent studies have shown aberrant SOX11 nuclear protein expression as well as mRNA levels in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Although the majority of these lymphomas have an aggressive clinical course, there is a subgroup of patients with an indolent clinical evolution, suggesting a greater heterogeneity of this disease. Currently, there are contradictions regarding the association of SOX11 gene expression and outcome in MCL, while some authors have related the lack of SOX11 expression with good prognosis, others find it associated with an adverse clinical course. This difference in the gene expression could be associated to epigenetic mechanisms such as modifications at the histone level and DNA methylation that would allow the aberrant expression of this gene in some lymphoid neoplasias, including LCM. More knowledge of gene SOX11 in LCM will lead to a greater understanding of those mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of this lymphoma, also the involvement of SOX11 in these processes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/fisiologia
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 74(2): 140-146, abr. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-131947

RESUMO

El gen SOX11, perteneciente a la familia de genes SOXC, es un factor de transcripción involucrado en la neurogénesis embrionaria y el remodelado tisular, participando asimismo en el control de la proliferación celular. Su rol en la linfomagénesis es desconocido. Estudios recientes han mostrado expresión proteica nuclear aberrante y sobreexpresión de los niveles de transcripto de SOX11 en pacientes con linfoma de células del manto (LCM). Si bien la mayoría de estos linfomas presentan un curso clínico agresivo, existe un subgrupo de pacientes con enfermedad indolente, sugiriendo una mayor heterogeneidad de esta patología. Actualmente, existen contradicciones respecto de la asociación entre la expresión del gen SOX11 y la evolución clínica del LCM; mientras algunos autores relacionan la ausencia de expresión de SOX11 con buen pronóstico, otros lo encuentran asociado a un curso clínico adverso. Esta diferencia en la expresión estaría relacionada a mecanismos epigenéticos, metilación del ADN y modificaciones a nivel de histonas, que permitirían la expresión aberrante de este gen en algunas neoplasias linfoides, incluyendo LCM. La profundización del conocimiento del gen SOX11 en LCM hará factible, sin duda, lograr una mayor comprensión de los mecanismos involucrados en la patogénesis y/o progresión de este linfoma, así como del rol de SOX11 en estos procesos.(AU)


SOX11, belonging to the family of genes SOXC, is a transcript factor involved in the embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling, also participating in the control of cell proliferation. Its role in lymphomagenesis still remains unknown. Recent studies have shown aberrant SOX11 nuclear protein expression as well as mRNA levels in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Although the majority of these lymphomas have an aggressive clinical course, there is a subgroup of patients with an indolent clinical evolution, suggesting a greater heterogeneity of this disease. Currently, there are contradictions regarding the association of SOX11 gene expression and outcome in MCL, while some authors have related the lack of SOX11 expression with good prognosis, others find it associated with an adverse clinical course. This difference in the gene expression could be associated to epigenetic mechanisms such as modifications at the histone level and DNA methylation that would allow the aberrant expression of this gene in some lymphoid neoplasias, including LCM. More knowledge of gene SOX11 in LCM will lead to a greater understanding of those mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of this lymphoma, also the involvement of SOX11 in these processes.(AU)

16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 74(2): 140-6, 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-133603

RESUMO

SOX11, belonging to the family of genes SOXC, is a transcript factor involved in the embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling, also participating in the control of cell proliferation. Its role in lymphomagenesis still remains unknown. Recent studies have shown aberrant SOX11 nuclear protein expression as well as mRNA levels in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Although the majority of these lymphomas have an aggressive clinical course, there is a subgroup of patients with an indolent clinical evolution, suggesting a greater heterogeneity of this disease. Currently, there are contradictions regarding the association of SOX11 gene expression and outcome in MCL, while some authors have related the lack of SOX11 expression with good prognosis, others find it associated with an adverse clinical course. This difference in the gene expression could be associated to epigenetic mechanisms such as modifications at the histone level and DNA methylation that would allow the aberrant expression of this gene in some lymphoid neoplasias, including LCM. More knowledge of gene SOX11 in LCM will lead to a greater understanding of those mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of this lymphoma, also the involvement of SOX11 in these processes.

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