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1.
MethodsX ; 7: 101135, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299802

RESUMO

Cell migration is the process by which cells move through tissues, and it is crucial to carry out a wide variety of physiological and pathological processes. The study methods to evaluate cell migration are very useful tools for biomedical research. Among these methods, the wound and healing assay is one of the simplest, most economical and is widely used in research. However, one of its disadvantages is that the width and shape of the wound can vary among experimental samples since the scraping is carried out manually, representing a difficult variable to control. In the present article a variant of the razor scrape assay is addressed, which eliminates this variation in the width of the wound, thus facilitating the measurement and comparison using the total area of cell migration.•A method that can be carried out under standard culture conditions.•Avoids the disadvantage of variation in width and shape of the wound.•It constitutes a simple, cheap option and multiple advantages over the traditional method.

2.
Pharmacol Rep ; 72(6): 1538-1541, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted an observational study of 15 patients from a Southeastern area of Mexico with symptoms compatible with SARS-Cov-2, which were treated with the antiviral amantadine. METHODOLOGY: In this study, data were collected from 15 individuals with clinical symptoms of COVID-19 infection, which were treated on an ambulatory basis with 100 mg of amantadine for a period of 14 days. RESULTS: This drug demonstrated its effectiveness, as patients recovered successfully with this treatment without the necessity of attending a hospital to use mechanical ventilation. All patients developed IgG antibodies to SARS-Cov-2. CONCLUSION: Amantadine can be used as a viable and cost-effective alternative for treating people with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-Cov-2) on an ambulatory basis, while the vaccine is not available.

3.
Physiol Behav ; 222: 112915, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389668

RESUMO

Prostate function is regulated by androgens and a neural control via the pelvic and hypogastric nerves. As such, this sexual gland contains receptors for acetylcholine and noradrenaline, although it is unknown whether the expression of these receptors is affected by sexual behavior and even less by denervation of the gland. Thus, the purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of repeated sexual behavior on the expression of noradrenaline, acetylcholine, and androgen receptors at the prostate, and how they are affected by denervation. To achieve this, we used sexually experienced males denervated at the pelvic or hypogastric nerves, or both. The messenger (mRNA) and protein for androgen, noradrenergic, and cholinergic receptors were evaluated. The weight of the gland and the levels of serum testosterone were also measured. We found that: (1) sexual behavior was not affected by denervation; (2) blood testosterone levels increased due to sexual behavior but such increase is prevented by denervation; (3) the weight of the ventral prostate increased with sexual behavior but was not affected by denervation; (4) AR messenger levels increased with sexual behavior but were not altered by denervation; (5) the messenger for noradrenergic and cholinergic receptors decreased after denervation, and those for muscarinic receptors increased, and (6) only AR protein decreased after denervation of both nerves, while those for other receptors remained unchanged. In summary, we show that the three receptors have different regulatory mechanisms, and that only androgen receptors are regulated by both autonomic systems.

4.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-4, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146854

RESUMO

Androgen-dependent LNCaP and androgen-independent DU-145 cells, were treated with different concentrations of ergosterol (15 µM and 25 µM) and its respective cell viability was measured by MTT bioassay. While ergosterol showed an antiproliferative effect on LNCaP, on DU-145 promoted cell proliferation. This differential effect suggests that the effect of ergosterol might be related to its ability to act as an Androgen Receptor ligand. In silico Molecular Dynamics simulations were performed to analyze the interaction mechanism between androgen receptor and ergosterol, in comparison with natural ligands, 5α-dihydrotestosterone and testosterone. Our model suggests that the binding of androgen receptor with ergosterol is thermodinamically feasible, which is concordant with our experimental results.

5.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 19(7): 595-605, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29199581

RESUMO

Male sex hormones such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone play important roles in several physiological and pathological processes. The biological activities of the aforementioned metabolites are mediated by the multidomain androgen receptor (AR), which is therefore a well-studied drug target. Ganoderma mushroom lanostanoid extracts have previously been shown to exert antiandrogenic activity; therefore, this work aims to identify which lanostane derivatives might act as selective ligands for AR. Because protein flexibility is of paramount importance for ligand binding, different conformations of AR were sampled to account for binding modes within a ligand binding site, then subjected to virtual screening against a metabolite library. Fifteen Ganoderma lanostanoids were selected as AR ligands, according to their calculated binding affinity to this nuclear receptor. The results show the relevance of certain structural and chemical aspects of our ligands, such as the presence of a ketonic group on C-3, which influences the process through which they bind to AR.


Assuntos
Ganoderma/química , Lanosterol/análogos & derivados , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Lanosterol/química , Lanosterol/metabolismo , Ligantes , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Physiol Behav ; 157: 170-7, 2016 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26873413

RESUMO

The abnormal elevation of serum PRL, referred to as hyperprolactinemia (HyperPRL), produces alterations in several reproductive parameters of male rats such as penile erection or decreased tendency to reach ejaculation. Additionally, this situation produces a significant modification of prostate histology, as observed in the epithelial structure and alveolar area, which could reach a level of hyperplasia in the long-term. In this tissue, HyperPRL produces an increase in expression of PRL receptors and activation of the Stat3 signaling pathway that is correlated with the evolution of prostate pathologies. However, the impact of HyperPRL in long-term sexually active male rats is unknown. In this work, using constantly copulating Wistar male rats with induced HyperPRL, we analyzed the level of serum PRL, the effect on prostate PRL receptors, and activation of pStat3, pStat5 and Mapk signaling pathways. Two procedures to induce HyperPRL were employed, comprising daily IP administration or adenohypophysis transplant, and although neither affected the execution of sexual behavior, the serum PRL profile following successive ejaculations was affected. Messenger RNA expression of the short and long isoforms of the PRL receptor at the ventral prostate was affected in different ways depending on the procedure to induce HyperPRL. The ventral prostate did not show any modification in terms of activation of the pStat5 signaling pathway in subjects with daily administration of PRL, although this was significantly increased in ADH transplanted subjects in the second and fourth consecutive ejaculation. A similar profile was found for the pStat3 pathway which additionally showed a significant increase in the third and fourth ejaculation of daily-injected subjects. The Mapk signaling pathway did not show any modifications in subjects with daily administration of PRL, but showed a significant increase in the second and third ejaculations of subjects with ADH transplants. Thus, although sexual behavior was not modified, HyperPRL modified the expression of PRL receptors and the activation of signal pathways in the prostate tissue. Hence, it is probable that prostatic alterations precede the sexual behavioral deficits observed in subjects with HyperPRL.


Assuntos
Hiperprolactinemia/patologia , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Próstata/metabolismo , Receptores da Prolactina/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Copulação/fisiologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hiperprolactinemia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Ovariectomia , Prolactina/efeitos adversos , Prolactina/sangue , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Esteroides/metabolismo
7.
Physiol Behav ; 138: 188-92, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25446202

RESUMO

Prolactin (PRL) is a key hormone for prostate function, with a basal level in serum and associated with two characteristic circadian peaks. In the male rat, the execution of one bout of sexual behavior with consecutive ejaculations produces a significant transient increase in PRL. However, the impact of a constant sexual life on both PRL levels and prostate function is unknown. Thus, by using constantly copulating males we analyzed the levels of serum PRL, the effect on prostate PRL receptors, and activation of pStat3, pStat5 and Mapk signaling pathways. Sexually experienced Wistar male rats were used, which underwent periodic sessions of sexual behavior tests. Males were subjected to a session of sexual behavior to achieve at least one and up to four ejaculations. Of these, a blood sample was collected from randomly selected males and the ventral prostate was removed for analysis. Serum PRL was quantified, the mRNA for PRL receptors was determined, and signaling pathways were analyzed. Data show that a constant sexual life produced a constant elevation of PRL in serum during four consecutive ejaculations. The ventral prostate showed a different mRNA expression profile for the long and short isoform of the PRL receptor, and both mRNA levels increased. Although the gland did not show modification of the activation of the pStat5 signaling pathway, the levels of pStat3 increased, and the Mapk pathway showed one significant elevation after the third ejaculation. Thus, we showed that an active and constant sexual life produces a sustained increase in serum PRL, its receptors, and the pStat3 signaling pathway. These responses seem to underlie the required physiological need to produce the quantity and quality of prostatic semen to ensure the appropriate environment for sperm to reach and fertilize the ovum.


Assuntos
Copulação/fisiologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Prolactina/sangue , Próstata/metabolismo , Receptores da Prolactina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Ejaculação/fisiologia , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Isoformas de Proteínas , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo
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