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1.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol ; 223(6): 373-394, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801169

RESUMO

AIMS: This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recently published scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. METHODS: The members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements based on the international literature. The Recommendations and Statements were adopted following a formal consensus process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). RECOMMENDATIONS: Part 2 of this short version of the guideline presents Statements and Recommendations on the tertiary prevention of preterm birth and the management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.


Assuntos
Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Nascimento Prematuro , Sociedades Médicas , Prevenção Terciária , Incompetência do Colo do Útero , Áustria , Feminino , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/prevenção & controle , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/terapia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Obstetrícia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Nascimento Prematuro/terapia , Sistema de Registros
2.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol ; 223(5): 304-316, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623006

RESUMO

AIMS: This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recent scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. METHODS: Based on the international literature, the members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements. These were adopted following a formal process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting was done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). RECOMMENDATIONS: Part I of this short version of the guideline lists Statements and Recommendations on the epidemiology, etiology, prediction and primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Nascimento Prematuro , Áustria , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária , Sociedades Médicas
3.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(8): 800-812, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423016

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recent scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. Methods Based on the international literature, the members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements. These were adopted following a formal process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting was done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). Recommendations Part I of this short version of the guideline lists Statements and Recommendations on the epidemiology, etiology, prediction and primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth.

4.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(8): 813-833, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423017

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recently published scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. Methods The members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements based on the international literature. The Recommendations and Statements were adopted following a formal consensus process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). Recommendations Part 2 of this short version of the guideline presents Statements and Recommendations on the tertiary prevention of preterm birth and the management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine if a genetic background of high blood pressure is a survival factor in preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients were enrolled in 53 neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS: Preterm infants with a birth weight below 1500 g. EXPOSURES: Genetic score blood pressure estimates were calculated based on adult data. We compared infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (>75th percentile of the genetic score) to infants with low genetic blood pressure estimates (<25th percentile of the genetic score). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lowest blood pressure on the first day of life and mortality. RESULTS: 5580 preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 28.1±2.2 weeks and a mean birth weight of 1022±299 g were genotyped and analysed. Infants with low genetic blood pressure estimates had significantly lower blood pressure if compared with infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (27.3±6.2vs 27.9±6.4, p=0.009, t-test). Other risk factors for low blood pressure included low gestational age (-1.26 mm Hg/week) and mechanical ventilation (-2.24 mm Hg, p<0.001 for both variables, linear regression analysis). Mortality was significantly reduced in infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (28-day mortality: 21/1395, 1.5% vs 44/1395, 3.2%, p=0.005, Fisher's exact test). This survival advantage was independent of treatment with catecholamines. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides first evidence that a genetic background of high blood pressure may be beneficial with regard to survival of preterm infants.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if survival rates of preterm infants receiving active perinatal care improve over time. DESIGN: The German Neonatal Network is a cohort study of preterm infants with birth weight <1500 g. All eligible infants receiving active perinatal care are registered. We analysed data of patients discharged between 2011 and 2016. SETTING: 43 German level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). PATIENTS: 8222 preterm infants with a gestational age between 22/0 and 28/6 weeks who received active perinatal care. INTERVENTIONS: Participating NICUs were grouped according to their specific survival rate from 2011 to 2013 to high (percentile >P75), intermediate (P25-P75) and low (

7.
Acta Paediatr ; 108(3): 398-400, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30457168
8.
Klin Padiatr ; 230(5): 245-250, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute viral bronchiolitis is a frequent disease in infancy. There is little knowledge on medical care of severely affected infants in different European countries. PATIENTS: Infants (n=146) with bronchiolitis requiring respiratory support in winter season 2015/2016 treated in either one of two regions in Central Europe: South of greater Paris region in France (group 1) and Ruhr area in Germany (group 2). METHODS: Retrospective chart review. Primary outcome parameter was duration of respiratory support. RESULTS: Infants in group 1 (n=96) were younger, suffered less frequently from neurologic disorders and had lower respiratory rates than in group 2 (n=50). CO2 levels and dyspnea score were similar. Ninety percent of infants in group 1 were treated by nasal Continuous Airway Pressure CPAP, while 80% of infants in group 2 were treated by High Flow Nasal Cannula HFNC. Duration of respiratory support was significantly shorter in group 1. Infants in group 2 received more frequently infusion therapy, more antibiotics and more inhalation therapy. DISCUSSION: Our results show better outcome for infants with viral bronchiolitis treated in France. Striking differences were the practice of respiratory support (nasal CPAP vs. HFNC) and the prescription of supportive treatments. CONCLUSION: Treatment approaches in severe acute viral bronchiolitis differ widely between a French and a German urban region.


Assuntos
Bronquiolite Viral/terapia , Cânula , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/estatística & dados numéricos , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Oxigenoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França , Alemanha , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Oxigênio/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , População Urbana
9.
Hum Mutat ; 39(9): 1246-1261, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29924900

RESUMO

Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) is a rare developmental disorder, characterized by scalp aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) and transverse terminal limb defects (TTLD). Autosomal dominant forms of AOS are linked to mutations in ARHGAP31, DLL4, NOTCH1 or RBPJ, while DOCK6 and EOGT underlie autosomal recessive inheritance. Data on the frequency and distribution of mutations in large cohorts are currently limited. The purpose of this study was therefore to comprehensively examine the genetic architecture of AOS in an extensive cohort. Molecular diagnostic screening of 194 AOS/ACC/TTLD probands/families was conducted using next-generation and/or capillary sequencing analyses. In total, we identified 63 (likely) pathogenic mutations, comprising 56 distinct and 22 novel mutations, providing a molecular diagnosis in 30% of patients. Taken together with previous reports, these findings bring the total number of reported disease variants to 63, with a diagnostic yield of 36% in familial cases. NOTCH1 is the major contributor, underlying 10% of AOS/ACC/TTLD cases, with DLL4 (6%), DOCK6 (6%), ARHGAP31 (3%), EOGT (3%), and RBPJ (2%) representing additional causality in this cohort. We confirm the relevance of genetic screening across the AOS/ACC/TTLD spectrum, highlighting preliminary but important genotype-phenotype correlations. This cohort offers potential for further gene identification to address missing heritability.


Assuntos
Displasia Ectodérmica/genética , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/genética , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/congênito , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Displasia Ectodérmica/fisiopatologia , Extremidades/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Receptores Notch/genética , Couro Cabeludo/fisiopatologia , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/genética , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/fisiopatologia
10.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8333, 2018 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29844331

RESUMO

In a large cohort study of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) we aimed to evaluate whether less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) strategy is associated with complications of preterm birth. Within the observational period n = 7533 very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI) with gestational age 22 0/7 to 28 6/7 weeks were enrolled in GNN; n = 1214 VLBWI never received surfactant, n = 2624 VLBWI were treated according to LISA procedure, n = 3695 VLBWI had surfactant via endotracheal tube (ETT). LISA was associated with a reduced risk for adverse outcome measures including mortality [odds ratio (OR) 0.66 (95% CI: 0.51-0.84), p < 0.001] bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD; OR 0.55 (95% CI: 0.49-0.62), p < 0.001], intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) grade II-IV [OR 0.55 (95% CI: 0.48-0.64), p < 0.001] and retinopathy of prematurity [ROP; OR 0.62 (95% CI: 0.45-0.85), p < 0.001]. Notably, LISA was associated with an increased risk for focal intestinal perforation [FIP; OR 1.49 (95% CI: 1.14-1.95), p = 0.002]. The differences in FIP rates were primarily observed in VLBWI born <26 weeks (LISA: 10.0 vs. ETT: 7.4%, p = 0.029). Our observational data confirm that LISA is associated with improved outcome. In infants <26 weeks we noted an increased risk for FIP. Future randomized controlled trials including LISA need to integrate safety analyses for this particular subgroup.


Assuntos
Surfactantes Pulmonares/administração & dosagem , Surfactantes Pulmonares/efeitos adversos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Alemanha , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Nascimento Prematuro , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Tensoativos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Acta Paediatr ; 105(6): 623-7, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26991742

RESUMO

AIM: Our aim was to assess if term and preterm infants with volvulus showed different patterns with regard to pathogenesis, clinical presentation and outcome. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and imaging data of infants aged less than six months with volvulus treated in a single surgical referral centre from 2006-2013. RESULTS: Volvulus was diagnosed in 19 infants, with no anatomical anomaly in three of the 12 preterm infants and one of the seven term infants. Most cases (74%) presented during the first eight days of life. Later presentations occurred exclusively in preterm infants, with only one of the five having no anatomic anomalies. Bilious vomiting was the leading symptom in six of the seven term infants, while the symptoms in preterm infants were rather nonspecific. Intestinal necrosis, with the need for bowel resection, occurred in one term (14%) infant and nine (75%) preterm infants. CONCLUSION: The clinical presentation and outcome of volvulus differed between preterm and term infants, but the rate and distribution of underlying anomalies did not differ. Symptoms in preterm infants were often nonspecific and led to a delay in diagnosis. This might have contributed to the higher rate of intestinal necrosis in preterm infants.


Assuntos
Volvo Intestinal/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Volvo Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Radiografia Abdominal , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 100(5): F388-92, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26199082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lowest mean arterial blood pressure during the first 24 h of life (minMAP(24)) in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants and to identify associations between hypotension and short-term outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of the minMAP(24) of 4907 VLBW infants with a gestational age <32 weeks in correlation with clinical data. Hypotension was defined as minMAP(24) being lower than the median value of all patients of the same gestational age. RESULTS: MinMAP(24) values correlated with gestational age. Median minMAP(24) values of VLBW infants ≤29 weeks' gestation were 1-2 mm Hg lower than gestational age in completed weeks. Hypotensive infants had a higher rate of intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH, 20.3% vs 15.9%, p<0.001), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD, 19.2% vs 15.1%, p<0.001) and death (5.2% vs 3.0%, p<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analyses, including potential confounders, confirmed these data. MinMAP(24) was an independent risk factor for IVH (OR 0.97/mm Hg, 95% CI 0.96 to 0.99, p=0.003), BPD (OR 0.96/mm Hg, 95% CI 0.94 to 0.98, p<0.001) and mortality (OR 0.94/mm Hg, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.98, p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Hypotension during the first 24 h of life is associated with adverse outcomes in VLBW infants. This underlines the need for randomised controlled trials on the use of vasoactive drugs in this vulnerable patient cohort.


Assuntos
Hipotensão/complicações , Doenças do Prematuro , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Displasia Broncopulmonar/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Doenças do Prematuro/diagnóstico , Doenças do Prematuro/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
JAMA Pediatr ; 169(8): 723-30, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26053341

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) preserves surfactant and keeps the lung open but is insufficient in severe surfactant deficiency. Traditional surfactant administration is related to short periods of positive pressure ventilation and implies the risk of lung injury. CPAP with surfactant but without any positive pressure ventilation may work synergistically. This randomized trial investigated a less invasive surfactant application protocol (LISA). OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that LISA increases survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) at 36 weeks' gestational age in extremely preterm infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Nonintubated Surfactant Application trial was a multicenter, randomized, clinical, parallel-group study conducted between April 15, 2009, and March 25, 2012, in 13 level III neonatal intensive care units in Germany. The final follow-up date was June 21, 2012. Participants included 211 of 558 eligible (37.8%) spontaneously breathing preterm infants born between 23.0 and 26.8 weeks' gestational age with signs of respiratory distress syndrome. In an intention-to-treat design, infants were randomly assigned to receive surfactant either via a thin endotracheal catheter during CPAP-assisted spontaneous breathing (intervention group) or after conventional endotracheal intubation during mechanical ventilation (control group). Analysis was conducted from September 6, 2012, to June 20, 2013. INTERVENTION: LISA via a thin catheter. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Survival without BPD at 36 weeks' gestational age. RESULTS: Of 211 infants who were randomized, 104 were randomized to the control group and 107 to the LISA group. Of the infants who received LISA, 72 (67.3%) survived without BPD compared with 61 (58.7%) of those in the control group. The reduction in absolute risk was 8.6% (95% CI, -5.0% to 21.9%; P = .20). Intervention group infants were less frequently intubated (80 infants [74.8%] vs 103 [99.0%]; P < .001) and required fewer days of mechanical ventilation. Significant reductions were seen in pneumothorax (5 of 105 intervention group infants [4.8%] vs 13 of 103 12.6%]; P = .04) and severe intraventricular hemorrhage (11 infants [10.3%] vs 23 [22.1%]; P = .02), and the combined survival without severe adverse events was increased in the intervention group (54 infants [50.5%] vs 37 [35.6%]; P = .02; absolute risk reduction, 14.9; 95% CI, 1.4 to 28.2). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: LISA did not increase survival without BPD but was associated with increased survival without major complications. Because major complications are related to lifelong disabilities, LISA may be a promising therapy for extremely preterm infants. TRIAL REGISTRATION: isrctn.org Identifier: ISRCTN64011614.


Assuntos
Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Surfactantes Pulmonares/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMC Pediatr ; 15: 18, 2015 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25884954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since an objective description is essential to determine infant's postnatal condition and efficacy of interventions, two scores were suggested in the past but weren't tested yet: The Specified-Apgar uses the 5 items of the conventional Apgar score; however describes the condition regardless of gestational age (GA) or resuscitative interventions. The Expanded-Apgar measures interventions needed to achieve this condition. We hypothesized that the combination of both (Combined-Apgar) describes postnatal condition of preterm infants better than either of the scores alone. METHODS: Scores were assessed in preterm infants below 32 completed weeks of gestation. Data were prospectively collected in 20 NICU in 12 countries. Prediction of poor outcome (death, severe/moderate BPD, IVH, CPL and ROP) was used as a surrogate parameter to compare the scores. To compare predictive value the AUC for the ROC was calculated. RESULTS: Of 2150 eligible newborns, data on 1855 infants with a mean GA of 28(6/7) ± 2(3/7) weeks were analyzed. At 1 minute, the Combined-Apgar was significantly better in predicting poor outcome than the Specified- or Expanded-Apgar alone. Of infants with a very low score at 5 or 10 minutes 81% or 100% had a poor outcome, respectively. In these infants the relative risk (RR) for perinatal mortality was 24.93 (13.16-47.20) and 31.34 (15.91-61.71), respectively. CONCLUSION: The Combined-Apgar allows a more appropriate description of infant's condition under conditions of modern neonatal care. It should be used as a tool for better comparison of group of infants and postnatal interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Protocol Registration System (NCT00623038). Registered 14 February 2008.


Assuntos
Índice de Apgar , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Salas de Parto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
17.
Acta Paediatr ; 104(3): 241-6, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25474712

RESUMO

AIM: Providing less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) to spontaneously breathing preterm infants has been reported to reduce mechanical ventilation and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in randomised controlled trials. This large cohort study compared these outcome measures between LISA-treated infants and controls. METHODS: Infants receiving LISA, who were born before 32 gestational weeks and enrolled in the German Neonatal Network, were matched to control infants by gestational age, umbilical cord pH, Apgar-score at 5 min, small for gestational age status, antenatal treatment with steroids, gender and highest supplemental oxygen during the first 12 h of life. Outcome data were compared with chi-square and Mann-Whitney U-tests and adjusted for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Between 2009 and 2012, 1103 infants were treated with LISA at 37 centres. LISA infants had lower rates of mechanical ventilation (41% versus 62%, p < 0.001), postnatal dexamethasone treatment (2.5% versus 7%, p < 0.001), BPD (12% versus 18%, p = 0.001) and BPD or death (14% versus 21%, p < 0.001) than the controls. CONCLUSION: Surfactant treatment of spontaneously breathing infants was associated with lower rates of mechanical ventilation and BPD. Additional large-scale randomised controlled trials are needed to assess the possible long-term benefits of LISA.


Assuntos
Surfactantes Pulmonares/administração & dosagem , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/prevenção & controle , Displasia Broncopulmonar/etiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Estudos Prospectivos , Surfactantes Pulmonares/uso terapêutico , Respiração , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Clin Chim Acta ; 436: 135-9, 2014 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24875750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The analysis of serum transferrin either by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or isoelectric focusing (IEF) is the standard diagnostic procedure in patients with the suspicion of a congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG). Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is also analysed in monitoring programmes in cases of alcohol abuse. We report a novel transferrin variant that impairs the analysis using conventional methods and propose alternative forms of analysis. METHODS: Transferrin samples were analysed using HPLC, immunoprecipitation followed by SDS-PAGE and IEF. Neuraminidase treatment followed by conventional IEF and electrospray ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF MS) were applied before sequencing of the transferrin gene was performed. RESULTS: The novel transferrin variant E592A, found both in homozygous and heterozygous form, causes an altered charge of the transferrin molecule, which changes the results of IEF and HPLC and mimics an increase in trisialo-transferrin. The change in charge can be detected either by neuraminidase digestion followed by IEF or by ESI-TOF MS. CONCLUSION: Conventional diagnostic methods for CDG are hindered by the novel transferrin E592A. Neuraminidase treatment followed by IEF and ESI-TOF MS can identify the mutation. The mutation appears to be functionally normal.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue/métodos , Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/diagnóstico , Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/genética , Mutação , Transferrina/genética , Artefatos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/sangue , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Focalização Isoelétrica , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 33(3): 238-43, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24030351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was the aim of this study to assess whether very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants born small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight less than 10th percentile) are at increased risk for late-onset sepsis. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter study of the German Neonatal Network including VLBW infants from 23 to < 32 weeks post menstrual age born 2009-2011. Outcomes were compared between VLBW infants born SGA (birth weight less than tenth percentile according to gestational age and gender) and non-SGA infants. The main outcome measure was at least 1 episode of late-onset sepsis defined as blood-culture-confirmed clinical sepsis occurring at ≥ 72 hours of age. RESULTS: 5886 VLBW infants were included. In SGA infants (n = 692), an increased incidence of late-onset sepsis was noted compared with non-SGA infants (20.1% vs. 14.3 %, P < 0.001). This difference was only observed among infants with a gestational age of 27 to < 32 weeks and attributed to sepsis episodes with coagulase-negative staphylococci (12.8% vs. 8.3%, P < 0.001). Different treatment modalities (eg more frequent use of central venous lines) and longer duration of invasive therapies (parenteral nutrition, mechanical ventilation, hospitalization) may account for the increased sepsis risk with coagulase-negative staphylococci in our SGA cohort. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, higher gestational age [per week; odds ratio (OR): 0.75, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.72-0.78, P< 0.0001], treatment with antenatal steroids (OR: 0.7, 95% CI: 0.53-0.92, P = 0.01), German descendance (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.63-0.91, P = 0.003) and prophylaxis with glycopeptide antibiotics (OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.47-0.87, P = 0.005) were shown to be protective against late-onset sepsis. In contrast, longer duration of parenteral nutrition (per day; OR: 1.016, 95% CI: 1.011-1.021, P < 0.0001) and SGA were found to be risk factors (OR: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.02-1.68, P= 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: SGA contributes to the risk of late-onset sepsis in VLBW infants. Future studies are needed to investigate the underlying pathophysiology to guide individualized preventive measures in this vulnerable subgroup.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Sepse/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecção Hospitalar/complicações , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/microbiologia , Sepse/mortalidade
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