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Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(15): 8757-8776, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379789


As compared to eukaryotes, bacteria have a reduced tRNA gene set encoding between 30 and 220 tRNAs. Although in most bacterial phyla tRNA genes are dispersed in the genome, many species from distinct phyla also show genes forming arrays. Here, we show that two types of arrays with distinct evolutionary origins exist. This work focuses on long tRNA gene arrays (L-arrays) that encompass up to 43 genes, which disseminate by horizontal gene transfer and contribute supernumerary tRNA genes to the host. Although in the few cases previously studied these arrays were reported to be poorly transcribed, here we show that the L-array of the model cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, encoding 23 functional tRNAs, is largely induced upon impairment of the translation machinery. The cellular response to this challenge involves a global reprogramming of the transcriptome in two phases. tRNAs encoded in the array are induced in the second phase of the response, directly contributing to cell survival. Results presented here show that in some bacteria the tRNA gene set may be partitioned between a housekeeping subset, which constantly sustains translation, and an inducible subset that is generally silent but can provide functionality under particular conditions.

Genes Bacterianos , Óperon , Biossíntese de Proteínas , RNA de Transferência/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Anabaena/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Bacteriano , Viabilidade Microbiana/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico
Bioresour Technol ; 332: 125150, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878543


Astaxanthin is a valuable and highly demanded ketocarotenoid pigment, for which the chlorophycean microalga Haematococcus pluvialis is an outstanding natural source. Although information on astaxanthin accumulation in H. pluvialis has substantially advanced in recent years, its underlying molecular bases remain elusive. An integrative metabolic and transcriptomic analysis has been performed for vegetative Haematococcus cells, grown both under N sufficiency (green palmelloid cells) and under moderate N limitation, allowing concurrent active cell growth and astaxanthin synthesis (reddish palmelloid cells). Transcriptional activation was noticeable in reddish cells of key enzymes participating in glycolysis, pentose phosphate cycle and pyruvate metabolism, determining the adequate provision of glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate and pyruvate, precursors of carotenoids and fatty acids. Moreover, for the first time, transcriptional regulators potentially involved in controlling astaxanthin accumulation have been identified, a knowledge enabling optimization of commercial astaxanthin production by Haematococcus through systems metabolic engineering.

Clorofíceas , Clorófitas , Clorófitas/genética , Transcriptoma , Xantofilas