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1.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 177(3): 659-667, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297647

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The identification of biomarkers of hormonal therapy (HT) failure would allow tailored monitoring in metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients. PIK3CA gene mutation is one of the most frequent events in mBC and is associated with HT resistance. We evaluated the early prognostic value of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) PIK3CA detection in first-line HT-treated mBC patients. METHODS: Between June 2012 and January 2014, 39 patients were prospectively included in a dedicated clinical trial (NCT01612871). Blood sampling was performed before (M0) and 4 weeks (M1), 3 months (M3) and 6 months (M6) after HT initiation, and at tumor progression. Patients were followed until progression or until the end of the study (2 years). Mutation detection was performed using droplet-based digital PCR (ddPCR). Progression-free survival (PFS) was used as primary endpoint. RESULTS: Median age at inclusion was 63 years (range 40-86). Most patients (34/39) received an aromatase inhibitor and presented a non-measurable disease (71.8%). PIK3CA mutations were reported in 10 (27.8%) and 5 (14.3%) cases at M0 and M1, respectively. The persistence of a detectable circulating mutation at M1 was highly correlated with a worse progression-free survival (PFS), rate at 1 year: 40% versus 76.7%; p = 0.0053). CONCLUSIONS: Four-week persistence of cfDNA PIK3CA mutation appears highly correlated with PFS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01612871, registered on June 6th, 2012; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01612871 .

2.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 737, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy and radiotherapy experience fatigue and other treatment side effects. Integrative therapies combining physical activity and dietary counseling are recommended; however to date no large randomized controlled trial has been conducted during adjuvant therapy. The Adapted Physical Activity and Diet (APAD) intervention was evaluated for its ability to decrease fatigue (primary outcome), anxiety, depression, body mass index (BMI), and fat mass, and enhance muscular and cognitive performances, and quality-of-life (QoL). METHODS: Women diagnosed with early breast cancer (N = 143, mean age = 52 ± 10 years) were randomized to APAD or usual care (UC). APAD included thrice-weekly moderate-intensity mixed aerobic and resistance exercise sessions and 9 dietetic consultations. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and anthropometric, muscular, and cognitive variables were measured at baseline, 18 weeks (end of chemotherapy), and 26 weeks (end of radiotherapy and intervention), and at 6- and 12-month post-intervention follow-ups. Multi-adjusted linear mixed-effects models were used to compare groups over time. RESULTS: Significant beneficial effects of the APAD intervention were observed on all PROs (i.e., fatigue, QoL, anxiety, depression) at 18 and 26 weeks. The significant effect on fatigue and QoL persisted up to 12-month follow-up. Significant decreases in BMI, fat mass, and increased muscle endurance and cognitive flexibility were observed at 26 weeks, but did not persist afterward. Leisure physical activity was enhanced in the APAD group vs UC group at 18 and 26 weeks. No significant effect of the intervention was found on major macronutrients intake. CONCLUSIONS: A combined diet and exercise intervention during chemotherapy and radiotherapy in patients with early breast cancer led to positive changes in a range of psychological, physiological and behavioral outcomes at the end of intervention. A beneficial effect persisted on fatigue and QoL at long term, i.e., 1 year post-intervention. Diet-exercise supportive care should be integrated into the management of early breast cancer patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The APAD study was prospectively registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01495650; date of registration: December 20, 2011).

3.
Lancet ; 393(10191): 2591-2598, 2019 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2013, the interim analysis of the Protocol for Herceptin as Adjuvant therapy with Reduced Exposure (PHARE) trial could not show that 6 months of adjuvant trastuzumab was non-inferior to 12 months. Here, we report the planned final analysis based on the prespecified number of occurring events. METHODS: PHARE is an open-label, phase 3, non-inferiority randomised trial of patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer comparing 6 months versus 12 months of trastuzumab treatment concomitant with or following standard neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. The study was undertaken in 156 centres in France. Eligible patients were women aged 18 years or older with non-metastatic, operable, histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast and either positive axillary nodes or negative axillary nodes but a tumour of at least 10 mm. Participants must have received at least four cycles of a chemotherapy for this breast cancer and have started receiving adjuvant trastuzumab-treatment. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to either 6 months or 12 months of trastuzumab therapy duration between the third and sixth months of adjuvant trastuzumab. The randomisation was stratified by concomitant or sequential treatment with chemotherapy, oestrogen receptor status, and centre. The primary objective was non-inferiority in the intention-to-treat population in the 6-month group in terms of disease-free survival with a prespecified hazard margin of 1·15. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00381901. FINDINGS: 3384 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to either 12 months (n=1691) or 6 months (n=1693) of adjuvant trastuzumab. One patient in the 12-month group and three patients in the 6-month group were excluded, so 1690 patients in each group were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. At a median follow-up of 7·5 years (IQR 5·3-8·8), 704 events relevant to disease-free survival were observed (345 [20·4%] in the 12-month group and 359 [21·2%] in the 6-month group). The adjusted hazard ratio for disease-free survival in the 12-month group versus the 6-month group was 1·08 (95% CI 0·93-1·25; p=0·39). The non-inferiority margin was included in the 95% CI. No differences in effects pertaining to trastuzumab duration were found in any of the subgroups. After the completion of trastuzumab treatment, rare adverse events occurred over time and the safety analysis remained similar to the previously published report. In particular, we found no change in the cardiac safety comparison, and only three additional cases in which the left ventricular ejection fraction decreased to less than 50% have been reported in the 12-month group. INTERPRETATION: The PHARE study did not show the non-inferiority of 6 months versus 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab. Hence, adjuvant trastuzumab standard duration should remain 12 months. FUNDING: The French National Cancer Institute.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , França , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Br J Cancer ; 119(1): 76-79, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In luminal androgen receptor (AR) tumours, FOXA1 may direct AR to sites occupied by ER in luminal tumours, thus stimulating proliferation. METHODS: AR and FOXA1 expression were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 333 non-metastatic triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC). Positivity threshold was set at ≥ 1% staining. Lymphocytic infiltration, PD-L1expression, PIK3CA mutations, PTEN defects and BRCA1 promoter methylation were assessed. RESULTS: AR + /FOXA1 + tumours (42.4%) were more frequently: found in older patients, lobular, of lower nuclear grade, with more frequently PIK3CA mutations; exhibited less frequently BRCA1 promoter methylation, defects of PTEN and PD-L1 expression than others. Recurrence-free and overall survivals were significantly lower for AR + /FOXA1 + TNBC (median follow-up: 7.8 years). CONCLUSIONS: AR + /FOXA1 + expression defines a luminal-like TNBC subgroup affected with a worse outcome compared to other TNBC and a higher risk of late recurrences. This subgroup appears enriched in PIK3CA mutations, suggesting a role for PI3K inhibitors in this subgroup.

6.
Breast ; 41: 1-7, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29913374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac toxicity with a decrease of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the main side effect induced by trastuzumab. This study reports the fluctuation of LVEF over the 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab in PHARE trial (NCT00381901). METHODS: LVEF assessment was performed every 3 months while patients received trastuzumab and after completion of treatment over the first 2 years and then every 6 months afterwards. The fluctuations of LVEF over time were described and a logistic regression model was performed investigating associated factors to LVEF perfect recovery at baseline value. RESULTS: A total of 1631 patients who received 12 months of trastuzumab from PHARE trial, were considered in the analysis. A total of 13 881 LVEF measurements were assessed. Baseline mean LVEF was 66.08% (standard error (SE): 0.15) and the mean relative LVEF decrease observed at 12-month was 3.61% (SE: 0.31). No clinical characteristic was significantly associated to LVEF fluctuation. After completion of trastuzumab, the relative difference progressively disappeared with beyond 30 months a relative difference value of 0.08% (SE: 0.42). Nevertheless, at 30 months, 48.53% of patients with available measures (379/781) did not fully recover their baseline LVEF value. CONCLUSION: The LVEF decreased during treatment with trastuzumab and rose up after the completion of treatment without coming back to the initial values for a substantial subset. These results would suggest investigating some strategies aimed to improve the ability to achieve a full recovery.

7.
Breast Cancer Res ; 19(1): 98, 2017 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28830573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have to date identified 94 genetic variants (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)) associated with risk of developing breast cancer. A score based on the combined effect of the 94 risk alleles can be calculated to measure the global risk of breast cancer. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the 94-SNP-based risk score is associated with clinico-pathological characteristics, breast cancer subtypes and outcomes in early breast cancer. METHODS: A 94-SNP risk score was calculated in 8703 patients in the PHARE and SIGNAL prospective case cohorts. This score is the total number of inherited risk alleles based on 94 selected SNPs. Clinical data and outcomes were prospectively registered. Genotyping was obtained from a GWAS. RESULTS: The median 94-SNP risk score in 8703 patients with early breast cancer was 77.5 (range: 58.1-97.6). The risk score was not associated with usual prognostic and predictive factors (age; tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) status; Scarff-Bloom-Richardson grade; inflammatory features; estrogen receptor status; progesterone receptor status; human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status) and did not correlate with breast cancer subtypes. The 94-SNP risk score did not predict outcomes represented by overall survival or disease-free survival. CONCLUSIONS: In a prospective case cohort of 8703 patients, a risk score based on 94 SNPs was not associated with breast cancer characteristics, cancer subtypes, or patients' outcomes. If we hypothesize that prognosis and subtypes of breast cancer are determined by constitutional genetic factors, our results suggest that a score based on breast cancer risk-associated SNPs is not associated with prognosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PHARE cohort: NCT00381901 , Sept. 26, 2006 - SIGNAL cohort: INCa RECF1098, Jan. 28, 2009.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
8.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 165(3): 611-621, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28685212

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intermediate-risk early breast cancer (EBC) is a heterogeneous group in which adjuvant chemotherapy decision proves to be difficult. Clinical and pathological criteria are sometimes insufficient to determine the best therapeutic options, and validated biomarkers such as uPA/PAI-1, are needed to contribute to the decision-making. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of an unselected ER+/HER2- pN0 EBC cohort of patients in whom the routine clinical decision process included a prospective uPA/PAI-1 determination. METHOD: This monocentric retrospective study included 520 patients who underwent curative surgery in our institute between 2006 and 2011. Adjuvant therapeutic strategy was decided based on clinical-pathological data, altogether with a routine prospective determination of uPA/PAI-1 tumor levels using fresh, extemporaneously sampled tissue. We evaluated the correlation between uPA/PAI-1 levels, clinical-pathological variables, and the patient's outcome (relapse-free survival, RFS, and overall survival, OS). RESULT: Median follow-up was 5.4 years. The 5- and 10-year RFS rates were ,respectively, 95 and 89%, and the five-year OS rate was 96.3%. Forty percent of tumors had low uPA/PAI-1 levels. Seventy-five percent of patients with low uPA/PAI-1 levels did not receive chemotherapy, when 25% did. Sixty percent of patients with high uPA and/or PAI-1 levels received chemotherapy, while 40% did not. No statistical significant correlation was found between the uPA/PAI-1 levels and RFS or OS. CONCLUSION: The personalization of the patients' treatment using uPA/PAI-1 tumor levels allows the reversion of the well-known poor prognostic impact of high uPA/PAI-1 levels and strongly supports the use of this biomarker in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/sangue , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Eur J Cancer ; 81: 151-160, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28624696

RESUMO

AIM: Adjuvant clinical trials in early human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer have assessed either sequential or concomitant incorporation of trastuzumab with chemotherapy; only the North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG)-N9831 trial prospectively compared both modalities. In routine trastuzumab has been incorporated into a concurrent regimen with taxane chemotherapy instead of sequential modality on the basis of a positive risk-benefit ratio. This present study assessed sequential versus concomitant administration of adjuvant trastuzumab. METHODS: A population combining patients from Protocol for Herceptin® as Adjuvant therapy with Reduced Exposure (PHARE) a randomised phase III clinical trial (NCT00381901) and SIGNAL (RECF1098) a prospective study specifically designed for Genome-wide Association Studies (GWAS) analyses was studied. In this cohort with 58 months of median follow-up, the comparison in the HER2-positive group of adjuvant trastuzumab and chemotherapy modalities was based on a propensity score methodology. Treatment modalities were based on physician's choice and comparisons adjustment were made by a propensity score methodology. Overall Survival (OS) and Disease-Free Survival (DFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and comparisons between groups were based on the log rank test. RESULTS: The SIGNAL/PHARE cohort included 11,728 breast cancer cases treated in adjuvant setting; some 5502 of them with HER2-positive tumour: 34.5% (1897/5502) were treated by sequential and 65.5% (3605/5502) by concomitant modality of administration for taxane-chemotherapy and trastuzumab. The adjusted comparison found similar OS (HR = 1.01; 95% CI: 0.86-1.19) and similar DFS (HR = 1.08; 95% CI: 0.96-1.21). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the sequential administration of trastuzumab given after the completion of adjuvant chemotherapy might be as valid as the concomitant administration of trastuzumab and taxane chemotherapy in the adjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
10.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 3: 4, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28649644

RESUMO

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer is a subtype of interest regarding its outcome and the impressive impact of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 targeted therapy. Constitutional variants may be involved in the aetiology of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer, and we propose a case-case study to test the hypothesis that single nucleotide polymorphisms may be associated with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status. A Genome-Wide Association Study was used in a cohort of 9836 patients from the SIGNAL/PHARE study (NCT00381901-RECF1098). The main goal was to identify variants specifically related to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer. A two-staged genotyping strategy was carried out to cover as large a proportion of the genome as possible. All subjects were genotyped using the Illumina HumanCore Exome chip set. Principal Components Analysis and k-means were then used to characterize the ancestry of the participants. A random sample of subjects from the main "European" cluster was genotyped with the Omni5 chip set. These data were then used to impute missing genotypes from the remaining subjects genotyped only using the HumanCore Exome array. From the 9836 patients, a total of 8703 cases including 3230 patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer were analyzed. Despite having 80% power to detect an odds ratio of 1.23 in this population, no variant achieved genome-wide significance for association with the occurrence of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer vs. any other subtype of breast tumour. Our study was unable to identify constitutional polymorphisms that are strongly associated with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive status among breast cancer patients.

11.
PLoS One ; 12(5): e0175998, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28481884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deficiency in dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) enzyme is the main cause of severe and lethal fluoropyrimidine-related toxicity. Various approaches have been developed for DPD-deficiency screening, including DPYD genotyping and phenotyping. The goal of this prospective observational study was to perform exhaustive exome DPYD sequencing and to examine relationships between DPYD variants and toxicity in advanced breast cancer patients receiving capecitabine. METHODS: Two-hundred forty-three patients were analysed (88.5% capecitabine monotherapy). Grade 3 and grade 4 capecitabine-related digestive and/or neurologic and/or hemato-toxicities were observed in 10.3% and 2.1% of patients, respectively. DPYD exome, along with flanking intronic regions 3'UTR and 5'UTR, were sequenced on MiSeq Illumina. DPD phenotype was assessed by pre-treatment plasma uracil (U) and dihydrouracil (UH2) measurement. RESULTS: Among the 48 SNPs identified, 19 were located in coding regions, including 3 novel variations, each observed in a single patient (among which, F100L and A26T, both pathogenic in silico). Combined analysis of deleterious variants *2A, I560S (*13) and D949V showed significant association with grade 3-4 toxicity (sensitivity 16.7%, positive predictive value (PPV) 71.4%, relative risk (RR) 6.7, p<0.001) but not with grade 4 toxicity. Considering additional deleterious coding variants D342G, S492L, R592W and F100L increased the sensitivity to 26.7% for grade 3-4 toxicity (PPV 72.7%, RR 7.6, p<0.001), and was significantly associated with grade 4 toxicity (sensitivity 60%, PPV 27.3%, RR 31.4, p = 0.001), suggesting the clinical relevance of extended targeted DPYD genotyping. As compared to extended genotype, combining genotyping (7 variants) and phenotyping (U>16 ng/ml) did not substantially increase the sensitivity, while impairing PPV and RR. CONCLUSIONS: Exploring an extended set of deleterious DPYD variants improves the performance of DPYD genotyping for predicting both grade 3-4 and grade 4 toxicities (digestive and/or neurologic and/or hematotoxicities) related to capecitabine, as compared to conventional genotyping restricted to consensual variants *2A, *13 and D949V.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Di-Hidrouracila Desidrogenase (NADP)/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
PLoS Med ; 13(12): e1002201, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28027327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major advances have been achieved in the characterization of early breast cancer (eBC) genomic profiles. Metastatic breast cancer (mBC) is associated with poor outcomes, yet limited information is available on the genomic profile of this disease. This study aims to decipher mutational profiles of mBC using next-generation sequencing. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Whole-exome sequencing was performed on 216 tumor-blood pairs from mBC patients who underwent a biopsy in the context of the SAFIR01, SAFIR02, SHIVA, or Molecular Screening for Cancer Treatment Optimization (MOSCATO) prospective trials. Mutational profiles from 772 primary breast tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used as a reference for comparing primary and mBC mutational profiles. Twelve genes (TP53, PIK3CA, GATA3, ESR1, MAP3K1, CDH1, AKT1, MAP2K4, RB1, PTEN, CBFB, and CDKN2A) were identified as significantly mutated in mBC (false discovery rate [FDR] < 0.1). Eight genes (ESR1, FSIP2, FRAS1, OSBPL3, EDC4, PALB2, IGFN1, and AGRN) were more frequently mutated in mBC as compared to eBC (FDR < 0.01). ESR1 was identified both as a driver and as a metastatic gene (n = 22, odds ratio = 29, 95% CI [9-155], p = 1.2e-12) and also presented with focal amplification (n = 9) for a total of 31 mBCs with either ESR1 mutation or amplification, including 27 hormone receptor positive (HR+) and HER2 negative (HER2-) mBCs (19%). HR+/HER2- mBC presented a high prevalence of mutations on genes located on the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway (TSC1 and TSC2) as compared to HR+/HER2- eBC (respectively 6% and 0.7%, p = 0.0004). Other actionable genes were more frequently mutated in HR+ mBC, including ERBB4 (n = 8), NOTCH3 (n = 7), and ALK (n = 7). Analysis of mutational signatures revealed a significant increase in APOBEC-mediated mutagenesis in HR+/HER2- metastatic tumors as compared to primary TCGA samples (p < 2e-16). The main limitations of this study include the absence of bone metastases and the size of the cohort, which might not have allowed the identification of rare mutations and their effect on survival. CONCLUSIONS: This work reports the results of the analysis of the first large-scale study on mutation profiles of mBC. This study revealed genomic alterations and mutational signatures involved in the resistance to therapies, including actionable mutations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Exoma , Mutação , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Oncotarget ; 7(47): 77358-77364, 2016 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27764800

RESUMO

Genetic polymorphisms are associated with breast cancer risk. Clinical and epidemiological observations suggest that clinical characteristics of breast cancer, such as estrogen receptor or HER2 status, are also influenced by hereditary factors. To identify genetic variants associated with pathological characteristics of breast cancer patients, a Genome Wide Association Study was performed in a cohort of 9365 women from the French nationwide SIGNAL/PHARE studies (NCT00381901/RECF1098). Strong association between the FGFR2 locus and ER status of breast cancer patients was observed (ER-positive n=6211, ER-negative n=2516; rs3135718 OR=1.34 p=5.46×10-12). This association was limited to patients with HER2-negative tumors (ER-positive n=4267, ER-negative n=1185; rs3135724 OR=1.85 p=1.16×10-11). The FGFR2 locus is known to be associated with breast cancer risk. This study provides sound evidence for an association between variants in the FGFR2 locus and ER status among breast cancer patients, particularly among patients with HER2-negative disease. This refinement of the association between FGFR2 variants and ER-status to HER2-negative disease provides novel insight to potential biological and clinical influence of genetic polymorphisms on breast tumors.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética
14.
Nat Commun ; 7: 12222, 2016 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27406316

RESUMO

HER2-positive breast cancer has long proven to be a clinically distinct class of breast cancers for which several targeted therapies are now available. However, resistance to the treatment associated with specific gene expressions or mutations has been observed, revealing the underlying diversity of these cancers. Therefore, understanding the full extent of the HER2-positive disease heterogeneity still remains challenging. Here we carry out an in-depth genomic characterization of 64 HER2-positive breast tumour genomes that exhibit four subgroups, based on the expression data, with distinctive genomic features in terms of somatic mutations, copy-number changes or structural variations. The results suggest that, despite being clinically defined by a specific gene amplification, HER2-positive tumours melt into the whole luminal-basal breast cancer spectrum rather than standing apart. The results also lead to a refined ERBB2 amplicon of 106 kb and show that several cases of amplifications are compatible with a breakage-fusion-bridge mechanism.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Amplificação de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Progesterona/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
15.
BMC Cancer ; 16: 428, 2016 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27387327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) prognosis is highly variable, depending on various factors such as the biological subtype, the performance status, disease extension…. A better evaluation of a patient's prognostic factors could allow for a more accurate choice of treatments. The role of serum tumor markers remains, however, unclear in this population. Considering the recent interest in phenotypic changes and tumor heterogeneity during breast cancer progression, additional tumor markers could be interesting in this setting. METHODS: Two hundred fifty MBC patients treated at the Montpellier Cancer Institute (2008-2015) were retrospectively selected, based on the availability of frozen serum samples. The usual MBC clinical and pathological variables were collected, altogether with Cancer Antigen 15-3 (CA15-3), Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA), HER2 extra-cellular domain (ECD), Neuron Specific Enolase (NSE), S100ß protein and Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) serum levels in order to determine their prognostic value. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 40.8 months, median overall survival was 16.2 months (95 % CI 12.4-20.6). In multivariate analysis, the performance status, brain or subcutaneous metastases, the number of previous metastatic chemotherapy lines and the tumor biological subtype were independent prognostic factors. Elevated CA 15-3 (HR = 1.95, IC 95 % 1.31-2.93, p = 0.001), HER2 ECD (regardless of tumor HER2 status, HR = 2.51, IC 95 % 1.53-4.12, p < 0.001) and S100ß (HR = 1.93, IC 95 % 1.05-3.54, p = 0.033) serum levels were independently associated with a poor outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Serum CA 15-3, HER2 ECD and S100ß could represent useful independent prognostic factors in MBC. Of particular interest is the independent value of serum HER2 ECD levels, regardless of the tumor HER2 status, possibly linked to metastatic tumor heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Mucina-1/sangue , Receptor ErbB-2/sangue , Subunidade beta da Proteína Ligante de Cálcio S100/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Int J Cancer ; 139(10): 2299-311, 2016 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27464303

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the second most common cause of brain metastases (BM). Predictive factors for BM have been widely studied in metastatic BC; however, there is no known serum tumor marker to accurately predict BM. Elevated serum S100ß protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) could reflect the brain damages induced by BM. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is involved in tumor invasion and metastatic dissemination, including BM. Also, HER2-amplified BC were shown to have a particular tropism for central nervous system (CNS). This study evaluated the correlation of these biomarkers with the presence of BM in metastatic BC patients. In this case-control study, 88 consecutive metastatic BC patients with BM (BM group) treated in our institution (2008-2015) were retrospectively selected, based on the availability of frozen serum samples for tumor marker determination. Patients were matched by age, tumor biology and number of previous metastatic chemotherapy lines to 162 metastatic BC patients without CNS involvement (control group). Serum NSE, MMP-9 and HER2 extracellular domain (ECD) levels were significantly higher in the BM group (p = 0.0051, p = 0.0062 and p = 0.0057, respectively). In multivariate analysis, serum HER2 and MMP-9 levels accurately discriminated patients with BM: odds ratios 4.4 (p < 0.001; 95%CI: 1.9-9.6) for HER2 ECD and 3.5 (p = 0.005; 95%CI: 1.5-8.4) for MMP-9. In multivariate analysis, HER2 ECD and NSE serum levels were independent prognostic factors in patients with BM. Serum HER2 ECD and MMP-9 appear to be associated with BM in metastatic BC patients. Their predictive value for BM still needs to be evaluated in further prospective studies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/sangue , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/sangue , Receptor ErbB-2/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Encefálicas/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Subunidade beta da Proteína Ligante de Cálcio S100/sangue
17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 157(2): 307-318, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27167986

RESUMO

Few data are currently available regarding the efficacy and safety of T-DM1 in breast cancer (BC) patients with unselected brain metastases (BM), since most clinical trials have excluded BM patients or have only included highly selected patients. HER2 + BC patients with BM treated with T-DM1 in 5 French centers were included in this retrospective study. Clinical management was performed according to the product guidelines. Efficacy was evaluated recording tumor response rates, progression-free (PFS) and overall survival, treatment compliance, and safety. Thirty nine patients received T-DM1, among whom 82 % presented with concomitant extra-cerebral disease. Median number of previous metastatic chemotherapy and HER2-directed targeted therapy regimens was 2 (range 0-8) and 1 (0-7), respectively. Thirty six patients had received BM loco-regional treatment (72 % whole-brain radiation therapy). After a median follow-up of 8.1 months (1.4-39.6), 24 patients had progressed (first site of progression: brain 14; meningeal 2; outside of the central nervous system 5; both intra- and extra-cerebral 3), 12 patients had died (disease progression), and 27 patients were still alive. Median number of T-DM1 cycles was 8 (1-43). There were 17 partial responses (44 %) and 6 patients achieved disease stabilization (59 % clinical benefit rate). Median PFS was 6.1 months (95 %CI 5.2-18.3), with one- and two-year PFS rates of 33 and 17 %, respectively. Treatment was well tolerated, without unexpected toxicities, treatment delay, or dose reduction. In this retrospective study, T-DM1 appeared to be an effective and well-tolerated therapeutic option in unselected HER2 + BC patients with BM. These findings require a prospective validation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Maitansina/análogos & derivados , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Maitansina/administração & dosagem , Maitansina/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Nature ; 534(7605): 47-54, 2016 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27135926

RESUMO

We analysed whole-genome sequences of 560 breast cancers to advance understanding of the driver mutations conferring clonal advantage and the mutational processes generating somatic mutations. We found that 93 protein-coding cancer genes carried probable driver mutations. Some non-coding regions exhibited high mutation frequencies, but most have distinctive structural features probably causing elevated mutation rates and do not contain driver mutations. Mutational signature analysis was extended to genome rearrangements and revealed twelve base substitution and six rearrangement signatures. Three rearrangement signatures, characterized by tandem duplications or deletions, appear associated with defective homologous-recombination-based DNA repair: one with deficient BRCA1 function, another with deficient BRCA1 or BRCA2 function, the cause of the third is unknown. This analysis of all classes of somatic mutation across exons, introns and intergenic regions highlights the repertoire of cancer genes and mutational processes operating, and progresses towards a comprehensive account of the somatic genetic basis of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Genoma Humano/genética , Mutação/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Replicação do DNA/genética , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Feminino , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Genômica , Humanos , Masculino , Mutagênese , Taxa de Mutação , Oncogenes/genética , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação/genética
19.
Lancet Oncol ; 17(5): 600-11, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27032301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Addition of bevacizumab to standard chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting in patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer improves progression-free survival and the proportion of patients achieving pathological complete response. In the BEVERLY-1 (UCBG-0802) trial we aimed to assess the addition of bevacizumab to neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with HER2-negative inflammatory breast cancer. METHODS: We did this phase 2, single-arm trial at 20 hospitals in France. We enrolled women aged 18 years or older who had non-metastatic HER2-negative inflammatory breast cancer. Patients underwent 3-week treatment cycles, receiving neoadjuvant intravenous fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)), epirubicin (100 mg/m(2)), cyclophosphamide (500 mg/m(2)), and bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) during cycles 1-4, then docetaxel (100 mg/m(2)) and bevacizumab during cycles 5-8. 2-4 weeks after surgery, patients received adjuvant radiotherapy, hormone therapy (if they had a hormone receptor-positive tumour), and adjuvant intravenous bevacizumab. The primary endpoint was pathological complete response in breast and axillary lymph nodes after neoadjuvant treatment, determined after centralised review in accordance with Sataloff classification and assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Our analysis of toxic effects included all patients who received at least one dose of bevacizumab. The trial is complete and follow-up is ongoing. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00820547. FINDINGS: Between Jan 16, 2009, and Sept 8, 2010, we enrolled 101 patients, one of whom withdrew consent before treatment, leaving 100 patients in the primary endpoint analysis. After neoadjuvant therapy, 19 (19% [95% CI 12-28]; p=0·16) of 100 patients achieved a pathological complete response according to centralised review. The most frequent grade 3-4 events during the neoadjuvant phase were neutropenia (89 [89%] of 100 patients), febrile neutropenia (37 [37%]), and mucositis (23 [23%]) and during the adjuvant phase the most frequent grade 3-4 adverse event was proteinuria (5 [7%] of 75 patients). One (1%) patient died of thrombotic microangiopathy after cycle 1, which was thought to be related to bevacizumab. Two patients (3%) developed transitory heart failure. 48 (48%) patients had serious adverse events, the most frequent of which was febrile neutropenia (28 [28%]). INTERPRETATION: Our results suggest that the addition of bevacizumab to neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy does not provide clinical benefit to patients with non-metastatic HER2-negative inflammatory breast cancer. Longer follow-up and correlative studies to identify patients who might benefit from bevacizumab are needed. FUNDING: Roche, La Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer, UNICANCER, and Chugai Pharma.


Assuntos
Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Linfonodos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfonodos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxoides/administração & dosagem
20.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 156(2): 301-10, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26975189

RESUMO

The objectives of this phase I/II study (NCT00140738) were to evaluate the safety and clinical activity of a cancer immunotherapeutic agent (recombinant HER2 protein (dHER2) and the immunostimulant AS15) in patients with HER2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Forty HER2-positive MBC patients received up to 18 doses (12q2w, 6q3w) of dHER2 immunotherapeutic, as first- or second-line therapy following response to trastuzumab-based treatment as maintenance. Toxicity was graded by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) and clinical activity was evaluated by target lesion assessment according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Immunogenicity was assessed. The dHER2 immunotherapeutic was well tolerated: grade 1/2 adverse events (AEs) were most common. No cardiac events were observed and one patient experienced an asymptomatic decrease of left ventricular ejection fraction below the normal range (47 %). Both humoral and cellular immunogenicity to the dHER2 antigen was observed. No patient discontinued the immunizations because of AEs but 35/40 withdrew prematurely, 34 because of disease progression (24/34 before or at the tumor assessment after dose 6). One patient achieved a complete response lasting 11 months and one patient had a partial response lasting 3.5 months. Ten patients experienced stable disease ≥26 weeks with 4/10 still in stable disease at the last tumor assessment after 47 weeks. Immunization of MBC patients with the dHER2 immunotherapeutic was associated with minimal toxicity and no cardiac events. Clinical activity was observed with two objective responses and prolonged stable disease for 10/40 patients.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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