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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(18)2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505828

RESUMO

Alterations of balance are a growing public health problem as they affect one in three adults over the age of 65, and one in two over the age of 80. Identifying the factors that affect postural stability is essential in designing specific interventions to maintain the independence and mobility of older people. The aim of this review was to understand the use of accelerometers in order to assess the balance in older people. Analyzing the most appropriate evaluation methodology and protocolizing it will optimize the processes of early identification of balance alterations. However, quantitative assessment methods of balance are usually limited to a laboratory environment, a factor that can be overcome by accelerometers. A systematic search was carried out across eight databases where accelerometers were employed to assess balance in older people. Articles were excluded if they focused on sensor design and did not measure balance or apply the technology on targeted participants. A total of 19 articles were included for full-text analysis, where participants took part in the balance evaluation monitored by accelerometers. The analysis of spatio-temporal parameters and the magnitude of the accelerations recorded by the devices were the most common study variables. Accelerometer usage has potential to positively influence interventions based on physical exercise to improve balance and prevent falls in older people.

2.
J Women Aging ; : 1-13, 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30160643

RESUMO

Inactivity has been associated with decreased quality of life of older people, and many physical activity programs are encouraged. However, the heterogeneity of the different exercise programs available is well recognized. The objective was to compare three physical activity programs (strength training, aqua fitness, and aerobic exercise) to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of them in older women over a period of 6 months. For that, a double-blind randomized trial sorted 347 women over 50 years old into three groups of exercise programs; they completed three sessions of evaluation that included the measurement of weight and body mass index and used the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) and SF-12 questionnaire. A t-test for related samples compared the evolution of each group, and ANOVA statistic was used to compare the effect of the different exercise programs. The results showed that women should consider performing aerobic activity up to age 60. After that age, aerobic activity or strength training can provide greater benefits.

3.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(1)2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26886367

RESUMO

Obesity and physical inactivity (PI) are risk factors for chronic diseases and are associated with lifestyle and environmental factors. The study tested the association between PI, body mass index (BMI), and self-rated health in a representative sample of the Spanish adult population (N = 21,486). The sample included 41.5% men, with mean age 52.3 years (± 18.03), and age range 20-82 years. Prevalence of overweight/obesity was 34.2%/12.7% in women and 52.1%/12.7% in men (p < 0.001 for obesity in both sexes). 53% of women and 57.5% of men met recommended levels of physical activity by walking (≥ 150 minutes/week). According to logistic regression analysis, individuals that walked less had higher risk of overweight or obesity. Data from the population-based surveillance study support suggestions that regular walking by adults is associated with positive self-rated health and better BMI profile. Obesity and low/very low self-rated health have low prevalence rates to meet the recommendations.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Autoimagem , Caminhada , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Aging Phys Act ; 24(2): 311-21, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26439455

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the association of physical activity with depression and cognition deficit, separately and combined, in Brazilian older adults. We analyzed data from 622 older adults. Physical activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale, while cognitive deficit was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Multinomial logistic regressions were used to assess associations of depression and cognitive deficit with sociodemographic, health, and behavioral variables. Prevalence of physical inactivity (< 150 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity/ week), depression, and cognitive deficit were 35.7%, 37.4%, and 16.7%. Physical inactivity was associated with depression (OR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.14-2.94) and with depression and cognitive deficit combined (OR: 4.23, 95% CI: 2.01-8.91). Physically inactive participants were also more likely to present limitations in orientation and language functions. Physical inactivity was associated with depression and also with depression and cognitive deficit combined in older adults.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Exercício , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 32(1): e00166414, 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952240

RESUMO

Abstract Obesity and physical inactivity (PI) are risk factors for chronic diseases and are associated with lifestyle and environmental factors. The study tested the association between PI, body mass index (BMI), and self-rated health in a representative sample of the Spanish adult population (N = 21,486). The sample included 41.5% men, with mean age 52.3 years (± 18.03), and age range 20-82 years. Prevalence of overweight/obesity was 34.2%/12.7% in women and 52.1%/12.7% in men (p < 0.001 for obesity in both sexes). 53% of women and 57.5% of men met recommended levels of physical activity by walking (≥ 150 minutes/week). According to logistic regression analysis, individuals that walked less had higher risk of overweight or obesity. Data from the population-based surveillance study support suggestions that regular walking by adults is associated with positive self-rated health and better BMI profile. Obesity and low/very low self-rated health have low prevalence rates to meet the recommendations.


Resumen Obesidad e inactividad física son factores de riesgo para enfermedades crónicas, que están asociados a estilos de vida y factores ambientales. El objetivo fue establecer la asociación entre inactividad física, índice de masa corporal (IMC) y autopercepción de salud. La muestra representativa está formada por población adulta española compuesta por 21.486 participantes. Siendo un 41.5% hombres, media de edad 52,3 años (± 18,03) y variación de edad de 20-82 años. La prevalencia de sobrepeso/obesidad fue 34,2%/12,7% en las mujeres y 52,1%/12,7% en los hombres (p < 0,001 para la obesidad entre los sexos). Entre los evaluados 53% de las mujeres y un 57,5% de los hombres atienden los niveles recomendados de actividad física mediante caminatas (≥ 150 minutos/semana). El análisis de regresión logística mostró que los que caminan poco poseen mayor riesgo de sufrir sobrepeso o ser obesos. Los datos extraídos del estudio de vigilancia de base poblacional apoyan las premisas de que las caminatas regulares en adultos están asociadas a la percepción positiva de salud y un mejor perfil de IMC. Quienes sufren obesidad y baja/muy baja autopercepción de salud cuentan con menos prevalencia para atender las recomendaciones.


Resumo Obesidade e inatividade física são fatores de risco para doenças crônicas, estão associadas a estilos de vida e fatores ambientais. O objetivo foi estabelecer a associação entre inatividade física, índice de massa corporal (IMC) e autopercepção de saúde. A amostra representativa da população adulta espanhola foi composta por 21.486 participantes, sendo 41.5% homens, média de idade 52,3 anos (± 18,03) e variação etária de 20 a 82 anos. A prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade foi 34,2%/12,7% nas mulheres e 52,1%/12,7% nos homens (p < 0,001 para a obesidade entre os sexos). Dentre os avaliados, 53% das mulheres e 57,5% dos homens atendem aos níveis recomendados de atividade física por meio da caminhada (≥ 150 minutos/semana). A análise de regressão logística mostrou que os que caminham pouco possuem maior risco de estar acima do peso ou serem obesos. Os dados extraídos do estudo de vigilância de base populacional suportam sugestões que caminhadas regulares em adultos estão associadas à percepção positiva de saúde e melhor perfil de IMC. Obesidade e baixa/muito baixa autopercepção de saúde têm menos prevalentes para atender às recomendações.

6.
Rev. bras. educ. fís. esp ; 29(1): 127-137, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-744595

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las actitudes y reacciones emocionales de los estudiantes en el proceso de aprendizaje de la Educación Física. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 525 alumnos de 6º curso de Educación Primaria de 20 colegios públicos de Albacete, España. Fue aplicado el cuestionario sobre el dominio afectivo (Physical Education Orientation Questionnaire - PEOQ) con los resultados: a) no hubo diferencias significativas en la variable género; b) los alumnos aprecian la asignatura, aplican los conocimientos que en ella adquieren, conocen su valor y defienden su importancia, si bien dicha circunstancia queda lejos de alcanzar la máxima valoración. El estudio llega a la conclusion que la actitud de los estudiantes en relación a las clases de Educación Física fue positiva.


The aim of this study was to analyze the attitudes and emotional reactions experienced by students in the learning process of physical education. The sample consisted of 525 students in 6th year of primary education than 20 public schools in Albacete, Spain. The questionnaire was applied on the affective domain (PEOQ - Physical Education Orientation Questionnaire) with the folowing results: a) not ocurred significant differences in the sex variable b) students appreciate the course, apply knowledge, know their value and defend its importance, although that fact is far from achieving the best possible estimate. The study comes to the conclusion that the attitude of the students in relation to the Physical Education is positive.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Educação Física e Treinamento , Atitude , Afeto
7.
Resuscitation ; 85(6): 814-9, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24614187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is not clear when schoolchildren become enough strong to perform good quality chest compressions (CC). Our purpose was to assess CC quality in schoolchildren. METHODS: 721 children, 10-15 years old (YO) participated in 1 h hands-on training session. Subjects were tested during performing 2 min of continuous CC by means of Laerdal Resusci Anne(®) with Skillreporter(®), without feedback. RESULTS: Mean compression depth (MCD) increased with age, from 30.7 mm in 10YO to 42.9 mm in 15YO (p<0.05) and was related to height, weight, and BMI. Boys delivered significantly deeper CC than girls in the 10, 13, 14 and 15YO groups (p<0.001). The percentage of children who achieved the MCD goal (50-60 mm), increased with age, from 0.0% at 10 years to 26.5% at 15 years (p<0.001). Mean compression rate (MCR) ranged from 121 min(-1) in 15YO to 134 min(-1) in 12YO. The percentage of children who achieved a CC rate inside the goal (100-120 min(-1)), ranged from 20.3% in 11YO to 31.0% in 15YO. Correct CC fraction was low and ranged from 2% in the 10YO to 22% in the 15YO (p<0.05). Children older than 13YO obtained better results than younger ones for all analyzed variables (p<0.001). Performance decreased with time: 12% of children achieved >50% of correct CC fraction in first minute, while only 5% did it in second minute (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In schoolchildren, age, sex and anthropometry are significant CPR quality factors. Although quality increases with age, their global performance is poor. Thirteen years is the minimum age to be able to achieve a minimum CPR quality similar to the one adult possess. CPR performance in schoolchildren significantly deteriorates within 60 s.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Criança , Humanos , Força Muscular , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 35(2): 273-277, jul. -dez. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-833990

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to analyze the age marker in males and females as a predictor of the absence of frailty syndrome in the elderly. This was a cross-sectional study with 624 individuals. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and compared to areas of age, gender and absence of frailty. Cut-off points for age (years) were established to predict the absence of frailty (95% CI). The largest areas under the ROC curve for age were found for females. It was observed that the age of 72 years (women) or 67 (men) were the best cut-off points for predicting the absence of frailty. The age marker can serve as an important indicator in selecting priority groups for certain interventions.


O objetivo do estudo foi analisar o marcador etário, nos sexos feminino e masculino como preditor da ausência da síndrome de fragilidade em idosos, que se procedeu o estudo transversal com 624 indivíduos. Foram construídas curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) e comparadas às áreas de idade, por sexo e a ausência da fragilidade. Identificaram-se pontos de corte de idade (anos) para predizer a ausência de fragilidade (IC 95%). Encontrou-se maior área sob a curva ROC para a idade no sexo feminino. Observou-se que a idade de 72 anos (mulheres) ou 67 anos (homens) foram os melhores pontos de corte para predizer a ausência de fragilidade. O marcador etário pode servir como importante indicador para seleção de grupos prioritários a determinadas intervenções.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Idoso Fragilizado , Saúde do Idoso , Curva ROC
11.
Am J Emerg Med ; 31(3): 473-7, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23085007

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to analyze the influence of the fatigue caused by a water rescue on the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance. METHODS: The sample of our research is composed of a group of 60 lifeguards (30 men and 30 women) who have been trained at the Universities of A Coruña and Vigo. Two tests were conducted: the first test involved the execution of 5 min of CPR (rested), and the second one in performing water rescue and subsequent CPR (exhausted) for 5 minutes. The quality of the CPR at rest and at fatigue condition was compared. The recording instrument was the Laerdal Resusci Anne manikin. The time of the water rescue was also registered. RESULTS: Gender does not significantly influence CPR, either at rest or at fatigue condition. However, the fatigue caused by rescue has a significant influence on the total quantity of chest compressions: rested (380 ± 38.64); exhausted (411 ± 56.09; P < .001) and ventilations: rested (24 ± 2.97); exhausted (26 ± 3.92; P < .001). Also in correct chest compressions: rested (285 ± 82.67); exhausted (246 ± 122.08; P = .02) and ventilations: rested (14 ± 7.09); exhausted (9 ± 6.67; P < .001). As far as the water rescue is concerned, men are faster (261 ± 34.58 s) when compared to women (326 ± 99.87 seconds; P = .001). CONCLUSION: The accumulated fatigue during a water rescue performed by lifeguards reduces the quality of chest compressions and ventilations on the CPR.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Fadiga , Afogamento Iminente/terapia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Trabalho de Resgate/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manequins , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Rev. psicol. deport ; 21(2): 373-378, jul.-dic. 2012. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-108313

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar si el efecto del entrenamiento con maquinas de resistencia variable es similar al entrenamiento con plataforma vibratoria, en relacion con la condicion fisica, para cumplir con las recomendaciones sobre actividad fisica. La plataforma vibratoria requiere menos tiempo de entrenamiento, menos esfuerzo percibido, y tiene menor riesgo de lesiones. 70 mujeres activas fueron divididas en dos grupos (M = 68.3 anos, DE = 6.46). El primer grupo (n = 36) se entreno con maquinas de resistencia variable y el segundo grupo (n = 34) con plataforma vibratoria. Antes y despues del periodo de entrenamiento (12 semanas), las mujeres fueron evaluadas con las pruebas del Senior Fitness Test. Esta bateria evalua la condicion fisica: fuerza de los brazos y las piernas, flexibilidad, resistencia, agilidad y equilibrio dinamico. Los datos sugieren que con el entrenamiento en plataforma vibratoria se obtienen resultados similares en relacion con la condicion fisica, por lo que podria ser adecuado para cumplir con las recomendaciones sobre actividad fisica (AU)


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effect of training with variable resistance machines is similar to whole body vibration training in relation to physical fitness, in order to meet physical activity recommendations. Vibration training requires less training time, less perceived effort, and less risk of injury. 70 active women were divided into two groups (M = 68.3 years old, SD = 6.46). The first group (n = 36) trained with variable resistance machines and the second group (n = 34) was assigned to whole body vibration training. Before and after the period of training (12 weeks), the women were evaluated according to the Senior Fitness Test. This test assesses physical fitness: resistance of arms and legs, flexibility, endurance, agility and dynamic balance. The data suggest that vibration training had similar results in relation to physical fitness, which might be adequate to meet physical activity recommendations (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Exercício/psicologia , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Análise de Dados/métodos , Análise de Variância , Desempenho Atlético/psicologia
13.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 26(6): 525-533, Nov. -Dic. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106000

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar los documentos oficiales de las comunidades autónomas en España que contengan recomendaciones sobre actividad física, para evaluar el grado de conformidad con las recomendaciones sobre actividad física para la salud de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS).MétodosSe realizó un análisis de contenido sobre 55 documentos de las consejerías de sanidad de los distintos gobiernos autonómicos que contienen recomendaciones sobre actividad física.ResultadosEl 84% de las comunidades autónomas en España hacen algún tipo de recomendación sobre actividad física aeróbica y el 37% sobre fortalecimiento muscular. Sin embargo, las que tienen documentos en consonancia con los criterios de la OMS son: actividad física aeróbica (n=11, 58%), personas adultas (n=10, 53%), personas mayores (n=5, 26%), infancia/adolescentes (n=1, 5%); fortalecimiento muscular, personas adultas (n=6, 32%), personas mayores (n=3, 16%), infancia/adolescentes (n=1, 5%); equilibrio (n=5, 26%); al menos 10 minutos continuados de actividad física (n=6, 32%); recomiendan hasta 300 minutos semanales (n=10, 53%); intensidad de la actividad física (n=2, 11%).ConclusionesLas recomendaciones hacen referencia a la actividad física aeróbica y apenas tienen en cuenta el fortalecimiento muscular. Una comunidad autónoma se ajusta a las recomendaciones de la OMS. Las comunidades con mayores índices de envejecimiento y mayor porcentaje de infancia/adolescentes casi no hacen recomendaciones sobre actividad física de acuerdo con las directrices de la OMS (AU)


Objective: To identify official documents with recommendations on physical activity published by theautonomous regions of Spain with the goal of evaluating their compliance with the physical activityrecommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO).Methods: We conducted a content analysis of 55 documents of the ministries of health of several regionalgovernments containing recommendations on physical activity.Results: Eighty-four percent of the autonomous regions in Spain made recommendations on aerobicphysical activity and 37% made recommendations on strength training. However, the number of documents consistent with theWHO criteria was as follows: aerobic activity (n = 11, 58%), adults (n = 10, 53%),the elderly (n = 5, 26%), children/adolescents (n = 1, 5%); strength training, adults (n = 6, 32%), the elderly(n = 3, 16%), children/adolescents (n = 1, 5%); balance (n = 5, 26%); at least 10minutes continuous physicalactivity (n = 6, 32%); recommendation of up to 300minutes per week (n = 10, 53%); intensity of physicalactivity (n = 2, 11%).Conclusions: The recommendations of the autonomous regions tend to focus on aerobic physical activityand to under-represent strength training. Moreover, only one autonomous region conforms to the WHOrecommendations for physical activity. The regions with higher rates of population aging and a higherpercentage of children and adolescents fail to make recommendations on physical activity consistentwith the WHO guidelines (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Atividade Motora , Exercício , Programas Gente Saudável/tendências , Políticas Públicas de Saúde
14.
Cuad. psicol. deporte ; 12(2,supl): 63-70, jul.-dic. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-125365

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el incremento de recomendaciones sobre actividad física en los últimos años para las diferentes poblaciones objetivo y clasificar las instituciones encargadas de la emisión de líneas-guía en gubernamentales y no gubernamentales, con el fin de obtener información acerca de la implicación de los estados y del sector privado en este ámbito. Para esto se han analizado 109 documentos que han sido localizados en una búsqueda en bases de datos bibliográficas y en la web de las organizaciones y no gubernamentales, instituciones y gobiernos. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que en los últimos años se ha incrementado la publicación de recomencaciones. Los datos revelan que la mayor parte de las instituciones que emiten recomendaciones son no gubernamentales, es decir, pertenecen al sector privado (AU)


The aim of this study was to analyze the increase of recommendations about physical activity in the last years inside the different populations studied and to sort the charged institutions of the emission of the line guides on governmental and non-governmental in order to obtain some information about the implication of the States and the private sector within the sphere of investigation. In order to do this, 109 files, which have been located in bibliography references, had been analyzed and others have been found in the web page of the organizations, institutions and governments. The outcome shows that in the last years the emission of line guides have been increased, besides, the final data of the study reveal that for the most part of the institutions, which send recommendations, are not governmental, this means, they belong to the private sector (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Exercício/fisiologia , Nível de Saúde , Condicionamento Físico Humano/fisiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Programas Gente Saudável/tendências , Promoção da Saúde
15.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 20(2): 259-65, 2012 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22699725

RESUMO

To analyze the time spent on physical activity in female and male individuals as a predictor of the absence of functional disability in older adults, a cross-sectional study was conducted with 624 individuals. Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC) were constructed and compared to areas of physical activity by gender and the absence of functional disability. We identified cutoffs of physical activity (minutes / week) to predict the absence of functional disability (CI 95%). It was found that there is a higher area under the ROC curve for the time spent on physical activities in females. It was observed that 280 minutes / week (women) or 410 minutes / week (men) were the best cutoff points for predicting the absence of functional disability. Time spent on physical activity practices can serve as an important indicator to sort priority groups for certain interventions.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Pessoas com Deficiência , Atividade Motora , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
16.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 20(2): 259-265, May-Apr. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: bde-26421

RESUMO

To analyze the time spent on physical activity in female and male individuals as a predictor of the absence of functional disability in older adults, a cross-sectional study was conducted with 624 individuals. Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC) were constructed and compared to areas of physical activity by gender and the absence of functional disability. We identified cutoffs of physical activity (minutes / week) to predict the absence of functional disability (CI 95%). It was found that there is a higher area under the ROC curve for the time spent on physical activities in females. It was observed that 280 minutes / week (women) or 410 minutes / week (men) were the best cutoff points for predicting the absence of functional disability. Time spent on physical activity practices can serve as an important indicator to sort priority groups for certain interventions.(AU)


Para analisar o tempo despendido em atividades físicas, nos sexos feminino e masculino, como preditor da ausência da incapacidade funcional em idosos, procedeu-se ao estudo transversal com 624 indivíduos. Foram construídas curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) e comparadas às áreas de atividade física, por sexo e à ausência da incapacidade funcional. Identificaram-se pontos de corte de atividade física (minutos/semana) para predizer a ausência de incapacidade funcional (IC 95%). Encontrou-se maior área sob a curva ROC para o tempo despendido em atividades físicas no sexo feminino. Observou-se que 280 minutos/semana (mulheres) ou 410 minutos/semana (homens) foram os melhores pontos de corte para predizer a ausência de incapacidade funcional. O tempo despendido em práticas de atividades físicas pode servir como importante indicador para seleção de grupos prioritários, visando determinadas intervenções.(AU)


Para analizar el tiempo que los hombres y mujeres invierten en actividad física, como un predictor de la ausencia de discapacidad funcional en las personas mayores, se llevó a cabo un estudio de corte transversal con 624 individuos. Se desarrollaron las curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) y se compararon con las áreas de la actividad física, por sexo y la ausencia de discapacidad funcional. Se identificaron los puntos de corte de la actividad física (minutos/semana) para predecir la ausencia de discapacidad funcional (IC 95%). Se encontró un área mayor bajo la curva ROC para el tiempo que invierten las mujeres en actividad física. Los resultado sugieren, que 280 minutos/semana (en mujeres) y 410 minutos/semana (en hombres), son los puntos de corte que mejor predicen la ausencia de discapacidad funcional. El tiempo invertido en realizar actividad física, se puede utilizar como un importante indicador para realizar la clasificación de los grupos prioritarios en ciertas intervenciones.(AU)


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividades Cotidianas , Pessoas com Deficiência , Atividade Motora , Estudos Transversais , Prognóstico
17.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 20(2): 259-265, May-Apr. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-626604

RESUMO

To analyze the time spent on physical activity in female and male individuals as a predictor of the absence of functional disability in older adults, a cross-sectional study was conducted with 624 individuals. Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC) were constructed and compared to areas of physical activity by gender and the absence of functional disability. We identified cutoffs of physical activity (minutes / week) to predict the absence of functional disability (CI 95%). It was found that there is a higher area under the ROC curve for the time spent on physical activities in females. It was observed that 280 minutes / week (women) or 410 minutes / week (men) were the best cutoff points for predicting the absence of functional disability. Time spent on physical activity practices can serve as an important indicator to sort priority groups for certain interventions.


Para analisar o tempo despendido em atividades físicas, nos sexos feminino e masculino, como preditor da ausência da incapacidade funcional em idosos, procedeu-se ao estudo transversal com 624 indivíduos. Foram construídas curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) e comparadas às áreas de atividade física, por sexo e à ausência da incapacidade funcional. Identificaram-se pontos de corte de atividade física (minutos/semana) para predizer a ausência de incapacidade funcional (IC 95%). Encontrou-se maior área sob a curva ROC para o tempo despendido em atividades físicas no sexo feminino. Observou-se que 280 minutos/semana (mulheres) ou 410 minutos/semana (homens) foram os melhores pontos de corte para predizer a ausência de incapacidade funcional. O tempo despendido em práticas de atividades físicas pode servir como importante indicador para seleção de grupos prioritários, visando determinadas intervenções.


Para analizar el tiempo que los hombres y mujeres invierten en actividad física, como un predictor de la ausencia de discapacidad funcional en las personas mayores, se llevó a cabo un estudio de corte transversal con 624 individuos. Se desarrollaron las curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) y se compararon con las áreas de la actividad física, por sexo y la ausencia de discapacidad funcional. Se identificaron los puntos de corte de la actividad física (minutos/semana) para predecir la ausencia de discapacidad funcional (IC 95%). Se encontró un área mayor bajo la curva ROC para el tiempo que invierten las mujeres en actividad física. Los resultado sugieren, que 280 minutos/semana (en mujeres) y 410 minutos/semana (en hombres), son los puntos de corte que mejor predicen la ausencia de discapacidad funcional. El tiempo invertido en realizar actividad física, se puede utilizar como un importante indicador para realizar la clasificación de los grupos prioritarios en ciertas intervenciones.


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividades Cotidianas , Pessoas com Deficiência , Atividade Motora , Estudos Transversais , Prognóstico
18.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 15(1): 49-62, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22450492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with negative health perception in older Brazilians. METHODS: Population study of a cross-sectional sample, conducted in 2009 in three cities of Brazil. The stratified simple random sample consisted of 909 adults between 60 and 91 years of age. A gross and multivariate analysis by estimated prevalence rate (PR) using Poisson regression with calculation of adjusted prevalence ratios, p < 0.05 was performed to identify factors associated with negative perception of health (NPH). RESULTS: The prevalence of NPH was 49.6%. After the multivariate association, a certain association for men with older age PR = 1.03 (Cl = 1.01 to 1.06), risk of malnutrition PR = 1.66 (CI = 1.13 to 2.43) and disability PR = 1.79 (CI = 1.21 to 1.77) was observed. For women, the association was with taking more than two medications PR = 1.41 (CI = 1.13 to 2.52), hypertension PR = 1.52 (CI = 1.43 to 1.97) and functional disability PR = 1.36 (CI = 1.13 to 1.86). CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of the elderly have NHP, therefore preventive actions that decrease drug use and encourage behaviors toward better nutritional conditions should be tied to public policies in order to promote the functional independence and well-being of the elderly.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 15(1): 49-62, mar. 2012.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-618265

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores associados à percepção negativa de saúde em idosos brasileiros. MÉTODOS: Estudo de base populacional com delineamento transversal realizado no ano de 2009, em três cidades do Brasil. A amostra estratificada de forma aleatória simples foi composta de 909 adultos de 60 a 91 anos. Na identificação dos fatores associados com a percepção negativa de saúde (PNS), foi realizada análise bruta e mutivariável por estimativas das Razões de Prevalência (RP), por meio da regressão de Poisson; p < 0.05. RESULTADOS: A prevalência para PNS foi de 49,6 por cento, e após análise multivariada foi observado associação para os homens com o aumento da idade RP = 1,03 (IC = 1,01 - 1,06), risco de desnutrição RP = 1,66 (IC = 1,13 - 2,43) e incapacidade funcional RP = 1,79 (IC = 1,21-1,77). Para as mulheres, o uso superior a dois medicamentos RP = 1,41 (IC = 1,13 - 2,52), hipertensão arterial RP = 1,52 (IC = 1,43 - 1,97) e a incapacidade funcional RP = 1,36 (IC = 1,13 - 1,86). CONCLUSÕES: Quase a metade dos idosos possuem uma PNS, de maneira que ações preventivas de diminuição ao uso de medicamentos e comportamentos que favoreçam melhores condições nutricionais devem estar atreladas às políticas públicas à promoção da autonomia funcional e do bem-estar dos idosos.


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with negative health perception in older Brazilians. METHODS: Population study of a cross-sectional sample, conducted in 2009 in three cities of Brazil. The stratified simple random sample consisted of 909 adults between 60 and 91 years of age. A gross and multivariate analysis by estimated prevalence rate (PR) using Poisson regression with calculation of adjusted prevalence ratios, p < 0.05 was performed to identify factors associated with negative perception of health (NPH). RESULTS: The prevalence of NPH was 49.6 percent. After the multivariate association, a certain association for men with older age PR = 1.03 (Cl = 1.01 to 1.06), risk of malnutrition PR = 1.66 (CI = 1.13 to 2.43) and disability PR = 1.79 (CI = 1.21 to 1.77) was observed. For women, the association was with taking more than two medications PR = 1.41 (CI = 1.13 to 2.52), hypertension PR = 1.52 (CI = 1.43 to 1.97) and functional disability PR = 1.36 (CI = 1.13 to 1.86). CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of the elderly have NHP, therefore preventive actions that decrease drug use and encourage behaviors toward better nutritional conditions should be tied to public policies in order to promote the functional independence and well-being of the elderly.


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Brasil , Estudos Transversais
20.
Gac Sanit ; 26(6): 525-33, 2012 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22361642

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify official documents with recommendations on physical activity published by the autonomous regions of Spain with the goal of evaluating their compliance with the physical activity recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). METHODS: We conducted a content analysis of 55 documents of the ministries of health of several regional governments containing recommendations on physical activity. RESULTS: Eighty-four percent of the autonomous regions in Spain made recommendations on aerobic physical activity and 37% made recommendations on strength training. However, the number of documents consistent with the WHO criteria was as follows: aerobic activity (n=11, 58%), adults (n=10, 53%), the elderly (n=5, 26%), children/adolescents (n=1, 5%); strength training, adults (n=6, 32%), the elderly (n=3, 16%), children/adolescents (n=1, 5%); balance (n=5, 26%); at least 10minutes continuous physical activity (n=6, 32%); recommendation of up to 300minutes per week (n=10, 53%); intensity of physical activity (n=2, 11%). CONCLUSIONS: The recommendations of the autonomous regions tend to focus on aerobic physical activity and to under-represent strength training. Moreover, only one autonomous region conforms to the WHO recommendations for physical activity. The regions with higher rates of population aging and a higher percentage of children and adolescents fail to make recommendations on physical activity consistent with the WHO guidelines.


Assuntos
Exercício , Guias como Assunto , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora , Equilíbrio Postural , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Treinamento de Resistência/normas , Espanha , Organização Mundial da Saúde
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