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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458921

RESUMO

The Cu(ii) heptanuclear complex (Cu7atac) was synthesised using the hydrated amino acid ligand 2-(5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)acetic acid (Hatac·H2O). Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a µ3-hydroxo bridged Cu(ii) heptanuclear complex, consisting of two triangular subunits and one Cu(ii) ion as a bridge with the formula [Cu7(atac)6(µ3-OH)2(NO3)2(H2O)10](NO3)4. The magnetic behaviour of this discrete 0D complex shows strong antiferromagnetic couplings between Cu(ii) mediated by N,N bonding and an anti-anti modes of the carboxylate anion of the ligand atac-. The magnetic data were fitted considering a 3J model. To support the model used to fit the magnetic data of the Cu7atac complex, theoretical calculation methods (complete active space self-consistent field, CASSCF, density functional theory (DFT) using the UKS TPSS/Def2-TZVP//Def2-SVP level and periodic boundary conditions (PBC) using PBE/DZVP-MOLOPT-GTH) were performed to obtain the spin states, spin density map and J couplings. The theoretical results suggest that Cu7atac is a spin-frustrated complex in the ground state, in which the doublet spin state co-exists with the quartet spin state.

2.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(4): 703-714, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867589

RESUMO

Here we describe the assembly and pH-driven operation of two nanocarriers based on non-functionalized (MCM-41) and carboxylate-functionalized (MCM-41-COOH) containers loaded with the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) and capped by quaternary ammonium pillar[5]arene (P[5]A) nanogates. MCM-41 and MCM-41-COOH containers were synthesized and transmission and scanning electron microscopies showed nanoparticles with spherical morphology and dimensions of 85 ± 13 nm. The nanochannels of MCM-41 loaded with DOX were gated through the electrostatic interactions between P[5]A and the silanolate groups formed at the silica-water interface, yielding the MCM-41-DOX-P[5]A nanocarrier. The second nanocarrier was gated through the electrostatic interactions between the carboxylate groups mounted on the surface of MCM-41 and P[5]A, resulting in the MCM-41-COO-DOX-P[5]A nanocarrier. The DOX release profiles from both nanocarriers were investigated by UV-vis spectroscopy at different pH values (2.0, 5.5 and 7.4) and also in the presence of ions, such as citrate3- (19 mmol L-1) and Zn2+ (1.2 and 50 mmol L-1) at 37 °C. MCM-41-COO-DOX-P[5]A can be turned on and off eight times through the formation and breaking of electrostatic interactions. In vitro studies show that MCM-41-COO-DOX-P[5]A can penetrate and release DOX in the nucleus of human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cancer cells leading to a pronounced cytotoxic effect. Therefore, the fabricated nanocarrier based on a water-soluble cationic pillar[5]arene nanogate, which is reversibly opened and closed by electrostatic interactions, can be considered as a promising drug transport and delivery technique for future cancer therapy.

3.
ACS Omega ; 3(9): 12147-12157, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320291

RESUMO

Polyaniline-decorated ZIF-8 nanoparticles (nPANI@nZIF-8) were easily synthesized and employed as a multifunctional system for the delivery of the antitumor drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Because of the storage ability of the network ZIF-8, 68% of the total amount of the 5-FU drug was released at pH 5.2. The system exhibits absorption in the near-infrared (NIR) region and can be used in the photothermal therapy owing to the presence of nPANI, which has a strong NIR uptake. This absorption causes local hyperthermia by aiding in the diffusion of the drug molecules contained by the polymer into nPANI@nZIF-8/5-FU achieving a greater release of the 5-FU drug, about 80% activated by an NIR laser (λ = 980 nm). This hyperthermia reached about 70 °C (200 µL, 1 mg mL-1 nPANI@nZIF-8), which was directly proportional to the concentration of the material. Therefore, our work can aid in the construction of new chemo-photothermal platforms that may be employed in cancer therapy.

4.
Biomed Tech (Berl) ; 60(5): 417-25, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26035106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A deeper knowledge on the effects of the degradation of magnetic nanoparticles on their magnetic properties is required to develop tools for the identification and quantification of magnetic nanoparticles in biological media by magnetic means. METHODS: Citric acid and phosphonoacetic acid-coated magnetic nanoparticles have been degraded in a medium that mimics lysosomal conditions. Magnetic measurements and transmission electron microscopy have been used to follow up the degradation process. RESULTS: Particle size is reduced significantly in 24 h at pH 4.5 and body temperature. These transformations affect the magnetic properties of the compounds. A reduction of the interparticle interactions is observed just 4 h after the beginning of the degradation process. A strong paramagnetic contribution coming from the degradation products appears with time. CONCLUSIONS: A model for the in vivo degradation of magnetic nanoparticles has been followed to gain insight on the changes of the magnetic properties of iron oxides during their degradation. The degradation kinetics is affected by the particle coating, in our case being the phosphonoacetic acid-coated particles degraded faster than the citric acid-coated ones.


Assuntos
Ácido Cítrico/química , Lisossomos/química , Lisossomos/ultraestrutura , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Ácido Fosfonoacéticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/efeitos da radiação , Líquidos Corporais/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/efeitos da radiação , Impedância Elétrica , Cinética , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/efeitos da radiação , Teste de Materiais , Tamanho da Partícula , Temperatura
5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 15(31): 13013-23, 2013 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23817388

RESUMO

Two series of flexible dicyanomethylene compounds, specifically, class 1 and class 2 compounds, have been designed and synthesised. In class 1 compounds, the dicyanomethylene groups are separated by glycol chain spacers of different lengths, whereas, in class 2 compounds, the spacers are alkyl linkers of different lengths. The notion underlying the design of these compounds is that in class 1 molecules, the spacers contain donor oxygen atoms that could not only form hydrogen bonds during the course of crystal packing but also promote withdrawing effects that modify the photophysical and electrochemical properties of these molecules in solution; in contrast, these effects would be absent for class 2 molecules. However, this study revealed that, with respect to crystal packing, the size of the spacers and their even and odd numbers of atoms are more important than their chemical nature. All of the synthesised compounds exhibited blue emission in the solid state and in CH2Cl2 solutions. The photophysical and electrochemical properties of these compounds in solution were not significantly affected by the type and length of the spacer that was used in each molecule. In the solid state, however, the compound with the shortest spacer showed the highest Stokes shift. The electronic transitions for the synthesized compounds in solution were explained by density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory calculations, which indicated that the methylene moieties control the properties of both classes of compounds and that the spacers do not conjugate with the end groups. These two series of flexible dicyanomethylene compounds could be utilised as molecular building blocks for the development of new solids with novel properties.


Assuntos
Nitrilos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Substâncias Macromoleculares/síntese química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Nitrilos/síntese química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Teoria Quântica
6.
Chemistry ; 14(27): 8365-73, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18666286

RESUMO

Two dendrimers were designed and synthesized that contain a 1,3,5-trisubstituted benzenoid core and incorporate 9 and 21 viologen (4,4'-bipyridinium) units in their branches in addition to hydrophilic (aryloxy) terminal groups. For comparison purposes, model compounds containing one and two viologen units were also studied. These polycationic dendrimers form strong host-guest complexes with the dianionic form of the red dye eosin in dilute CH(2)Cl(2) solutions. Titration experiments, based on fluorescence measurements, showed that each viologen unit in the dendritic structures becomes associated with an eosin dianion. Electrochemical (in MeCN) and photosensitization (in CH(2)Cl(2)) experiments revealed that only a fraction of the viologen units present in the dendritic structures can be reduced. This fraction corresponds to the number of viologen units present in the outer shells of the dendrimers. The reasons for incomplete charge pooling are discussed. Comparison with the behavior of polyviologen dendrimers that are terminated with bulky tetraarylmethane groups and were studied previously enabled the role played by the terminal groups in the redox and hosting properties to be elucidated.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 128(5): 1489-99, 2006 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16448119

RESUMO

Inspired by the concept of multivalency in living systems, two mechanically interlocked molecules have been conceived that incorporate not once or twice but thrice the features of a pH-switchable [2]rotaxane with two orthogonal recognition sites for dibenzo[24]crown-8 (DB24C8), and 2,3-dinaphtho[24]crown-8 (DN24C8)-one a dialkylammonium ion (CH(2)NH(2)(+)CH(2)) and the other a bipyridinium dication (BIPY(2+)). Whereas at low pH, the CH(2)NH(2)(+)CH(2) sites bind the DB24C8/DN24C8 macrocycles preferentially, at high pH, deprotonation occurs with loss of hydrogen bonding and the macrocycles will move to the BIPY(2+) sites, where they can acquire some stabilizing [pi-pi] stacking interactions. Such mechanically interlocked molecules have been assembled from a trifurcated rig-like component wherein the dumbbell-like components of three [2]rotaxanes have one of their ends fused onto alternate positions (1,3,5) around a benzenoid core. The rig is mechanically interlocked by a platform based on a tritopic receptor, wherein either three benzo[24]crown-8 or three 2,3-naphtho[24]crown-8 macrocycles are fused onto a hexaoxatriphenylene core. The synthesis of these molecular elevators involves 1:1 complexation, followed by stoppering, i.e., feet are added to the rig. (1)H NMR spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry, aided and abetted by absorption spectroscopy, have been employed to unravel the details of the mechanism by which the rig and platform components move on the alternate addition of base and acid. For each molecular elevator, the platform operates by taking three distinct steps associated with each of the three deprotonation/reprotonation processes. Thus, molecular elevators are more reminiscent of a legged animal than they are of passengers on freight elevators.

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