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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 107: 104622, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454508

RESUMO

The fruit of Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis Swingle is a functional food with rich nutrients and medicinal values because of its content of bioactive compounds. A bioactivity-guided chemical investigation from the fruits of C. medica L. var. sarcodactylis Swingle afforded three new benzodioxane neolignans (1-3), three new phenanthrofuran neolignan glycosides (4-6), two new biphenyl-ketone neolignans (7-8), two new 1',7'-bilignan neolignans (9-10), as well as fourteen known neolignan derivatives (11-24), which were isolated and characterized from the fruits of C. medica L. var. sarcodactylis Swingle for the first time. These neolignan derivatives were determined by extensive and comprehensive analyzing NMR, HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR spectral data and compared with the data described in the literature. Among them, compounds 1-3 and 12-13 exhibited moderate hepatoprotective activities to improve the survival rates of HepG2 cells from 46.26 ± 1.90% (APAP, 10 mM) to 67.23 ± 4.25%, 62.87 ± 4.43%, 60.06 ± 6.34%, 56.75 ± 2.30%, 58.35 ± 6.14%, respectively. Additionally, compounds 7-8 and 21-22 displayed moderate neuroprotective activities to raise the survival rates of PC12 cells from 55.30 ± 2.25% to 66.94 ± 3.37%, 70.98 ± 5.05%, 64.64 ± 1.93%, and 62.81 ± 4.11% at 10 µM, respectively. The plausible biogenetic pathway and preliminary structure-activity relationship of the selected compounds were scientifically summarized and discussed in this paper.

2.
Fitoterapia ; 149: 104812, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359423

RESUMO

Cucumis bisexualis is a favorite wild fruit with high nutritional and medicinal values because of its bioactive constituents. Four previously undescribed coumarin-homoisoflavonoid derivatives (1-4), together with seven known coumarin and homoisoflavonoid derivatives (5-11) were isolated from the fruits of C. bisexualis for the first time. All the compounds were elucidated by their extensive and comprehensive spectroscopic data and references. Compounds (1-11) were evaluated for their hepatoprotective activities in HepG2 cells by the acetaminophen (APAP)-induced damage model at 10.0 µM with bicyclol as the positive control. Among them, compounds 1, 3, 5, and 6 showed moderately hepatoprotective activities to improve the HepG2 cell survival rates from 51.68 ± 2.49% (APAP, 10 mM) to 71.55 ± 4.08%, 65.95 ± 4.39%, 60.77 ± 3.44%, 62.94 ± 2.30%, respectively.

3.
Nanoscale ; 12(44): 22754-22767, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174556

RESUMO

Oral route is one of the most important portals of nanoparticle entry to the body. However, in vivo protein corona formed in the gastrointestinal tract has not been studied owing to the difficulty for the recovery of nanoparticles from the in vivo environment. In this study, by using the magnetic property of iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) and Zn2+ doped iron oxide nanoparticles (Zn0.4Fe2.6O4 NPs), the nanoparticles were separated from the gastric fluid after oral administration in mice. The effects of Zn2+ doping and static magnetic field (SMF) treatment on the protein adsorption on the nanoparticles were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Zn2+ doping decreases the adsorption of pepsin on the nanoparticles in vitro and affects the composition of the protein corona in vivo and enhances protein adsorption-induced aggregation of the nanoparticles in vitro and in vivo. SMF treatment affects the composition of the protein corona of Fe3O4 NPs and Zn0.4Fe2.6O4 NPs, and enhances the aggregation of Fe3O4 NPs and Zn0.4Fe2.6O4 NPs in vivo. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that electrostatic attraction is the crucial force to drive adsorption of proteins on Fe3O4 NPs and Zn0.4Fe2.6O4 NPs and protein adsorption-induced change in the surface charge of nanoparticles plays an important role in the pH-dependent aggregation of the nanoparticles. In addition, the work provides the evidence that the protein adsorption-induced aggregation of Fe3O4 NPs and Zn0.4Fe2.6O4 NPs has no effect on their magnetic susceptibility. The results highlight that Zn0.4Fe2.6O4 NPs may be used as a potential oral magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent in diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease.

4.
Build Environ ; 186: 107373, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071440

RESUMO

The transmission and deposition of pathogenic bioaerosols and the subsequent contamination of the air and surfaces is well recognized as a potential route of hospital cross-infection. A full-scale experiment using Bacillus subtilis and computational fluid dynamics were utilized to model the bioaerosol characteristics in a two-bed hospital ward with a constant air change rate (12 ACH). The results indicated that the bioaerosol removal efficiency of unilateral downward ventilation was 50% higher than that of bilateral downward ventilation. Additionally, health care workers (HCWs) and nearby patients had lower breathing zone concentrations in the ward with unilateral downward ventilation. Furthermore, a partition played a positive role in protecting patients by reducing the amount of bioaerosol exposure. However, no obvious protective effect was observed with respect to the HCWs. Only 10% of the bioaerosol was deposited on the surfaces in the ward with unilateral downward ventilation, while up to 35% of the bioaerosol was deposited on the surfaces in the ward with bilateral downward ventilation during the 900 s. The main deposition locations of the bioaerosols were near the wall on the same side of the room as the patient's head in all cases. This study could provide scientific evidence for controlling cross-infection in hospital wards, as well as several guidelines for the disinfection of hospital wards.

5.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 8(3): 285-291, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083251

RESUMO

Background and Aims: This study was designed to analyze the effects of age and clinicopathological characteristics on prognosis of Chinese patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinical data of 2032 HCC patients who were first diagnosed with HCC and underwent curative hepatectomy in our hospital between January 2006 and January 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Younger HCC patients (age <40 years, n=465) had a significantly higher hepatitis B infection rate, larger tumors, higher alpha-fetoprotein levels, higher preoperative liver function, and more frequent vascular invasions than older patients. Most younger patients were suitable for anatomical hepatectomy, and their tumors were found to be at a highly advanced stage. The recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates of younger HCC patients were significantly worse than those of older patients but this difference disappeared after propensity score matching. Multivariate analysis of pre-matched samples showed that age ≤40 years was one of the independent risk factors associated with poor overall survival. Conclusions: Younger patients showed different clinicopathological characteristics than older patients, such as higher rates of hepatitis B infection and advanced tumors. The recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates of younger HCC patients after hepatectomy may be similar to those of older patients.

6.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104733, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979464

RESUMO

Chenopodium album Linn is used as the traditional Chinese medicine for treating cough, anorexia, piles, dysentery, diarrhea, and kills small worms in China. Nine new tropolones (1-9), and fourteen known tropolone derivatives (10-23) were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic data analysis and references from C. album Linn for the first time. Compounds (1-4) and compounds (13-14) displayed notably hepatoprotective activities in intro for lowering AST levels (19.63 ± 2.34 to 29.87 ± 1.27 U•L-1) and ALT levels (15.21 ± 1.18 to 20.29 ± 2.11 U•L-1) in HepG2 cells treated with H2O2. Compounds (8-9) and compounds (15-17) exhibited moderate antiproliferative activities in vitro against the human tumor cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.5 ± 0.2 to 15.5 ± 2.7 µM. A preliminary structure activity relationship was summarized and discussed scientifically, which provided new clues to design novel hepatoprotective and antiproliferative drugs based on the tropolone derivatives.

7.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 2076-2090, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897177

RESUMO

The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was the result of the rapid transmission of a highly pathogenic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), for which there is no efficacious vaccine or therapeutic. Toward the development of a vaccine, here we expressed and evaluated as potential candidates four versions of the spike (S) protein using an insect cell expression system: receptor binding domain (RBD), S1 subunit, the wild-type S ectodomain (S-WT), and the prefusion trimer-stabilized form (S-2P). We showed that RBD appears as a monomer in solution, whereas S1, S-WT, and S-2P associate as homotrimers with substantial glycosylation. Cryo-electron microscopy analyses suggested that S-2P assumes an identical trimer conformation as the similarly engineered S protein expressed in 293 mammalian cells but with reduced glycosylation. Overall, the four proteins confer excellent antigenicity with convalescent COVID-19 patient sera in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), yet show distinct reactivities in immunoblotting. RBD, S-WT and S-2P, but not S1, induce high neutralization titres (>3-log) in mice after a three-round immunization regimen. The high immunogenicity of S-2P could be maintained at the lowest dose (1 µg) with the inclusion of an aluminium adjuvant. Higher doses (20 µg) of S-2P can elicit high neutralization titres in non-human primates that exceed 40-times the mean titres measured in convalescent COVID-19 subjects. Our results suggest that the prefusion trimer-stabilized SARS-CoV-2 S-protein from insect cells may offer a potential candidate strategy for the development of a recombinant COVID-19 vaccine.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Imunogenicidade da Vacina/imunologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Neutralização , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Domínios Proteicos/imunologia , Células Sf9 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Spodoptera , Vacinação , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia
8.
Build Environ ; 181: 107149, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32834418

RESUMO

Reasonable equipment layout is essential for creating a healthy and safe environment, especially in a three-level biosafety laboratory with high potential risk factors of infection. Since 2019, COVID-19, an emerging infection has swept the world and caused severe losses. Biosafety laboratories are mandatory sites for detecting high-risk viruses, so related research is urgently needed to prevent further laboratory-acquired infections of operators. This study investigated the effects of obstacles on exposure infection of staff in a biosafety laboratory with related experimental equipment. The numerical simulation results are highly verified by the measured results. The results indicate that although the equipment layout does not affect the bioaerosol removal time, nearly 17% of the pollutant particles in the actual laboratory cannot be discharged effectively compared with the ideal situation. These particles lingered in the lower space under the influence of vortex, which would increase the respiratory risk of operators. In addition, after the experiment a large part of bioaerosol particles would be captured by equipment and floor, and the deposition rate per unit area is 0.45%/m2 and 0.8%/m2, respectively. Although the results show that the equipment layout could reduce the pollution on the floor, the disinfection is still an important link, especially on the surfaces of equipment. Meanwhile, the result also indicates that the action should be light and slow when operating in BSL-3 laboratory, so as to avoid the secondary suspension pollution of bioaerosol particles on the equipment surface and floor.

9.
Build Environ ; 179: 106991, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501362

RESUMO

Laboratory-acquired infections (LAIs) are defined as infections of laboratory staff by exposure to pathogenic microorganisms during an experimental procedure. For a biosafety level-3 (BSL-3) laboratory with a high potential of exposure, reducing risks and threats relevant to LAIs has become a critical concern, especially after the recent outbreak of Novel Coronavirus causing COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. This study aimed to investigate the spatial-temporal characteristics of bioaerosol dispersion and deposition of two kinds of bioaerosols (Serratia marcescens and phage ΦX174). A combination of laboratory experiment and numerical simulation was adopted to explore bioaerosol removal. Three-dimensional concentration iso-surface mapping in conjunction with flow field analysis was employed to elucidate bioaerosol migration and deposition behavior. The total deposition number and unit area deposition ratio were calculated for different surfaces. The results indicate that bioaerosol concentration remains stable for up to 400 s after release, and that almost 70% of all bioaerosol particles become deposited on the surfaces of walls and equipment. Vortex flow regions and high-concentration regions were determined, and the most severely contaminated surfaces and locations were identified. Our results could provide the scientific basis for controlling the time interval between different experiments and also provide guidelines for a laboratory disinfection routine. Furthermore, future work regarding laboratory layout optimization and high efficiency air distribution for bioaerosol removal in a BSL-3 laboratory should be emphasized.

10.
Biosci Rep ; 40(6)2020 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Assessing the average survival rate of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy is important for making critical decisions in everyday clinical practice. The present study aims to develop and validate a nomogram for assessing the overall survival probability for such patients. METHODS: The putative prognostic indicators for constructing the nomogram were identified using multivariable Cox regression and model selection based on the Akaike information criterion. The nomogram was subjected to internal and external validation. The nomogram endpoints were death within 1, 3, and 5 years. RESULTS: A consecutive sample of 522 HCC patients who underwent potentially curative hepatectomy was retrospectively analyzed. Age, Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) stage, tumor size, alanine transaminase, alpha fetal protein, and serum prealbumin were included in the final model. The nomogram's discriminative ability was good in the training set (C-index was 0.74 for 1 year, 0.73 for 3 years, 0.70 for 5 years) and was validated using both an internal bootstrap method (C-index was 0.73 for 1 year, 0.72 for 3 years, 0.69 for 5 years) and an external validating set (C-index was 0.72 for 1 year, 0.72 for 3 years, 0.69 for 5 years). The calibration plots for the endpoints showed optimal agreement between the nomogram's assessment and actual observations. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram (an Excel-based tool) can be useful for assessing the probability of survival at 1, 3, and 5 years in patients with HCC after hepatectomy.

11.
Z Naturforsch C J Biosci ; 75(9-10): 327-332, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568735

RESUMO

Bioactivity-guided phytochemical investigation of Cucumis bisexualis has led to the isolation of three new coumarin-aurone heterodimers (1-3), along with six aurone derivatives (4-9) were isolated from C. bisexualis for the first time. Their structures were determined by their extensive spectroscopic data and comparison with the values reported in the references. All isolated compounds (1-9) were evaluated for their hepatoprotective activities on human L-O2 cells, which compared with positive control of Bifendatatum. Among them, compounds 1, 2, and 7 exhibited moderate hepatoprotective activities to promote effects on the proliferation of L-O2 cells.

12.
Z Naturforsch C J Biosci ; 75(5-6): 129-134, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352405

RESUMO

Potentilla anserina L. is not only a medicinal plant, but also a traditional cuisine. Hence, an acute toxicity study was performed to confirm its safety profile. Forty Kunming mice were randomly divided into two groups: control group and P. anserina L. extract group. Using the maximum dosage method, the P. anserina L. extract group was given the maximum dose within 12 h, equivalent to 345.6 g/kg crude drug. The control group was given distilled water. After administration, toxicity symptoms of mice were observed, body weight and food intake were recorded. After 14 days, blood was collected to measure biochemical parameters, autopsy was carried out to observe the changes of organs, and the vital organs were separated, weighed, and preserved for histopathological examination. The results showed that P. anserina L. extract group had no toxic symptoms. The activity, weight, and diet of mice were normal, and no abnormality was found in organ index, renal function, liver function, anatomical observation, and histopathological examination. Therefore, the maximum oral dosage (345.6 g/kg) of P. anserina L. was good safety. This study indicated that P. anserina L. had a large safety range and the clinical application was safe.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(24): 6564-6575, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437606

RESUMO

The fruit of Hippophae rhamnoides L. has been used for centuries in Europe and Asia as a food with high nutritional and medicinal values. In this study, a bioactivity-guided phytochemical investigation of H. rhamnoides L. has resulted in four new dimethylallylated flavonolignans (1-4), four new isopropylpentenone-flavonolignan heterodimers (5-8), two new geranylated flavonolignans (9 and 10), and 14 known flavonolignan derivatives (11-24); they were elucidated by their spectrometric and spectroscopic methods, including HR-ESI-MS, NMR, IR, and UV from the fruit of H. rhamnoides L. for the first time. Among them, compounds 2, 5, 6, 20, and 21 showed potent immunosuppressive activities with IC50 values from 19.42 ± 3.91 to 48.05 ± 12.56 µM. Meanwhile, compounds 1, 4, 11, 12, and 13 showed moderate neuroprotective activities, which increased the cell survival rate from 50.30 ± 4.24% for the model group to 71.63 ± 3.04%, 70.02 ± 4.13%, 61.53 ± 5.93%, 61.08 ± 3.58%, and 65.68 ± 4.88% at 10 µM, respectively. The hypothetical biogenetic pathway and preliminary structure-activity relationship were found and discussed scientifically.

14.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 96(2): 870-877, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321194

RESUMO

Camptothecin (CPT) and its analogues show potent antitumour activity. However, poor water solubility and severe side effects have restricted their applications in clinical practice. In this paper, a novel self-assembly based on camptothecin and carbamoylmannose conjugates (CPT-Man) was constructed. The self-assembly increased the water solubility of camptothecin to 0.64 mg/ml and antitumour activity. Moreover, CPT-Man could induce obvious cancer cell apoptosis. This work provides a new approach for exploring carbohydrate-modified antitumour properties by self-assembled CPT drugs.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 708: 134742, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806338

RESUMO

Fungal spore resuspension on the surfaces of the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) ducts have been verified as one of the most important factors causing indoor biological pollution. To effectively control indoor bioaerosols pollution, it is essential to understand the resuspension characteristics of fungal spores in HVAC ducts. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the movement behavior of particles and further the variation of particle resuspension with HVAC operation mode. Based on the experimental and numerical study, this study specifically investigated the micro-movement behavior of particles and impact of particle size (1, 4, 7 and 10 µm), air temperature (9, 15 and 30 °C), relative humidity (20, 50 and 80%), duct surface roughness (0.5 and 50 µm) and air velocity (0.3, 0.9, 1.5 and 2.5 m/s) on the short-term resuspension of particle in horizontal HVAC ducts. Results indicate that spore particles were dominantly rolling off rather than sliding or being lifted into the air. Compared with larger particles, smaller ones were more sensitive to the wall roughness. The resuspension rate of spores was mainly affected by airflow velocity and particle size, where the resuspension rate of particles increased by up to six times with the increase of airflow velocity from 0.9 to 2.5 m/s. In comparison, either air temperature or relative humidity made negligible difference to particle resuspension rate. Overall, this study provides the knowledge of fungal spore resuspension in HVAC ducts, laying the foundation for effectively controlling the indoor biological pollution.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Esporos Fúngicos , Ar Condicionado , Calefação , Ventilação
16.
Environ Pollut ; 258: 113758, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881510

RESUMO

Natural halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) with a hollow lumen are already applied in numerous fields and enter the environment in increasing quantities, which may have effects on animal and human health. However their in vivo toxicity in mammals is still largely unclear. The aim of this study is to assess acute oral toxicity of HNTs in the stomach of mice and recovery. Oral HNTs at low dose (5 mg HNTs/kg BW) for 30 days increased in daily food and water intake and promoted mouse growth with no obvious adverse effect on the stomach. The promotive effect on mouse growth disappeared after cessation of oral administration of the nanotubes. Oral HNTs for 30 days at high dose (50 mg HNTs/kg BW) induced Si and Al accumulation in the stomach, which caused oxidative stress, inflammation and iNOS-mediated damage in the organ. The damage in the stomach led to slight atrophic gastritis and reduced mouse growth. Oral HNTs-induced changes at high dose were not observed after a 30-days recovery period. The findings provided the evidence that oral HNTs-induced acute toxicity in the stomach was reversible. More importantly, this research showed that Al and Si were cleared out of the mice by hepatic excretion and renal excretion, respectively, during the recovery period. The results suggest that HNTs at low concentration in environments have no adverse effect on mice, while there are health risks to mice under severe contamination by HNTs.


Assuntos
Argila , Nanotubos/toxicidade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Estômago/enzimologia , Administração Oral , Alumínio , Animais , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Silício , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda
18.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e027185, 2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is considered a tumour suppressor that can control cell growth and metabolism. Whether LKB1 expression levels are related to clinicopathology and prognosis is controversial. This review aimed to quantitatively examine the latest evidence on this question. DESIGN: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between LKB1 expression and prognosis of patients with solid tumours were performed. DATA SOURCES: Eligible studies were identified through literature searches from database establishment until 15 June 2018 in the following databases: Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wan Fang databases. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The association between LKB1 expression and clinicopathological characteristics, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) of patients with solid tumours were reported. Sufficient data were available to calculate the OR or HR and 95% CI. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Relevant data were meta-analysed for OS, DFS, RFS and various clinical parameters. RESULTS: The systematic review included 25 studies containing 6012 patients with solid tumours. Compared with patients with high LKB1 expression, patients with low expression showed significantly shorter OS in univariate analysis (HR=1.63, 95% CI 1.35 to 1.97, p<0.01) and multivariate analysis (HR=1.61, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.06, p<0.01). In contrast, the two groups showed similar DFS in univariate analysis (HR=1.49, 95% CI 0.73 to 3.01, p=0.27) as well as similar RFS in univariate analysis (HR=1.44, 95% CI 0.65 to 3.17, p=0.37) and multivariate analysis (HR=1.02, 95% CI 0.42 to 2.47, p=0.97). Patients with low LKB1 expression showed significantly worse tumour differentiation (OR=1.71, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.55, p<0.01), larger tumours (OR=1.68, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.27, p<0.01), earlier lymph node metastasis (OR=1.43, 95% CI 1.26 to 1.62, p<0.01) and more advanced tumour, node, metastases (TNM) stage (OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.56 to 2.07, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Low LKB1 expression predicts shorter OS, worse tumour differentiation, larger tumours, earlier lymph node metastasis and more advanced TNM stage. Low LKB1 expression may be a useful biomarker of poor clinicopathology and prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/biossíntese , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1953-1959, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342726

RESUMO

In this study,mouse models of benign prostatic hyperplasia induced by subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate was used to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Urtica hyperborean( UW) extracts on prostate hyperplasia in mice. The effects of UW extracts on prostate index,serum epidermal growth factor( EGF) and dihydrotestosterone( DHT) in model mice were observed,and the EGF and anti-apoptotic factor( Bcl-2) mRNA expression levels were detected as well as pathological changes in prostate tissue. The results showed that the ethyl acetate extraction and alcohol soluble fraction of the UW could significantly reduce the prostate index,reduce the serum DHT and EGF levels( P<0. 01),and significantly decrease the EGF and Bcl-2 mRNA expression( P<0. 01),significantly improved the morphological structure of prostate tissue. The above results confirmed that ethyl acetate extract and alcohol-soluble parts of UW have a good preventive effect on mice prostatic hyperplasia model,and its mechanism may be to reduce androgen levels by regulating polypeptide growth factors and/or inhibiting cell hyperproliferation and promoting apoptosis. This study laid the foundation for the further research on UW.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Urticaceae/química , Animais , Di-Hidrotestosterona/sangue , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Hiperplasia Prostática/induzido quimicamente , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Propionato de Testosterona
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1607-1614, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090325

RESUMO

This paper deals with the application of ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method to rapidly determine and analyze the chemical constituents of methanol extract of Urtica hyperborea. We employed UPLC YMC-Triart C18(2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 9 µm) column to UPLC analysis with acetonitrile-water(containing 0. 4% formic acid) in gradient as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1 gradient elution and column temperature was 30℃; the injection volume was 4 µL. ESI ion source was used to ensure the data collected in anegative ion mode. The chemical components of U. hyperborea were identified through retention time,exact relative molecular mass,cleavage fragments of MS/MS and reported data.The results indicated that a total of 31 compounds were identified,including 8 flavonoids,14 phenolic compounds,8 phenylpropanoids(4 coumarins and 4 lignans),and 1 steroidal compound,13 of which were confirmed by comparison. The UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS method could rapid identify the chemical components of U. hyperborea. The above compounds were discovered in U. hyperborea for the first time,which could provide theoretical foundation for further research on the basis of the pharmacodynamics of U. hyperborea.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Urticaceae/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides , Lignanas , Fenóis , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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