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1.
Physiotherapy ; 113: 107-115, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore physiotherapists' perceptions of how patients' adherence and non-adherence to recommended exercise affects their practice. DESIGN: A qualitative study with a focus group and semi-structured interviews. The focus group and interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: MSK physiotherapy services in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Focus group: 8 UK registered physiotherapists (age range=24-48; seven female, one male). Semi-structured interviews: 10 UK registered physiotherapists (age range=28-52; eight female, two male). RESULTS: Participants described how exercise adherence could be a challenging aspect of clinical practice and how they tried to improve it. Four main themes were identified: 1) A challenge but worth it; 2) It's frustrating but you can't win them all; 3) Striving to see the individual; and 4) Striving to help the patient. The importance of establishing a good working relationship with patients was emphasised. This included working collaboratively with the patient, avoiding blaming them for non-adherence and thinking about the language they used in discussing exercises. CONCLUSION: Patient non-adherence to recommended exercise is a challenging aspect of clinical practice. Physiotherapists can acknowledge this difficulty, and the frustrations it may potentially bring, yet remain resilient in the face of it. Clinicians should consider potential approaches and strategies to optimise the potential for behaviour change, and to improve exercise adherence. Robust interventions to help clinicians facilitate better exercise adherence are also needed.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e052598, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a home-based rehabilitation programme for people assessed as being at risk of a poor outcome after knee arthroplasty offers superior outcomes to traditional outpatient physiotherapy. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blind, two-arm randomised controlled superiority trial. SETTING: 14 National Health Service physiotherapy departments in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 621 participants identified at high risk of a poor outcome after knee arthroplasty using a bespoke screening tool. INTERVENTIONS: A multicomponent home-based rehabilitation programme delivered by rehabilitation assistants with supervision from qualified therapists versus usual care outpatient physiotherapy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument (LLFDI) at 12 months. Secondary outcomes were the Oxford Knee Score (a disease-specific measure of function), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Quality of Life subscale, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly, 5 dimension, 5 level version of Euroqol (EQ-5D-5L) and physical function assessed using the Figure of 8 Walk test, 30 s Chair Stand Test and Single Leg Stance. RESULTS: 621 participants were randomised between March 2015 and January 2018. 309 were assigned to CORKA (Community Rehabilitation after Knee Arthroplasty) home-based rehabilitation, receiving a median five treatment sessions (IQR 4-7). 312 were assigned to usual care, receiving a median 4 sessions (IQR 2-6). The primary outcome, LLFDI function total score at 12 months, was collected for 279 participants (89%) in the home-based CORKA group and 287 participants (92%) in the usual care group. No clinically or statistically significant difference was found between the groups (intention-to-treat adjusted difference=0.49 points; 95% CI -0.89 to 1.88; p=0.48). There were no statistically significant differences between the groups on any of the patient-reported or physical secondary outcome measures at 6 or 12 months.There were 18 participants in the intervention group reporting a serious adverse event (5.8%), only one directly related to the intervention, all other adverse events recorded throughout the trial related to underlying chronic medical conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The CORKA intervention was not superior to usual care. The trial detected no significant differences, clinical or statistical, between the two groups on either primary or secondary outcomes. CORKA offers an evaluation of an intervention utilising a different service delivery model for this patient group. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN13517704.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Idoso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Método Simples-Cego , Medicina Estatal
3.
Haemophilia ; 26(4): 718-725, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364278

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Historically persons with haemophilia (PWH) were not encouraged to participate in exercise due to the risk of bleeding and the lack of factor products available. This has now changed, and the availability of safe products allows PWH to be active and participate in sports. Studies have found that exercise has a positive effect on pain, joint health and movement with PWH. AIM: To record the amount and types of physical activity undertaken by a haemophilia population at a single treatment centre. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study to assess physical activity and quality of life of all registered patients over the age of 18 at the Oxford Haemophilia and Thrombosis Centre. Participants were posted questionnaires including the International Physical activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Haemophilia Activity List (HAL), EQ-5D-5L and asked to list their physical activities. RESULTS: A total of 256 questionnaires were sent, with a 40% response rate for severe and 28% for mild patients. 85% met the UK physical activity guidelines. Sedentary behaviour for an average weekday was 6.4 hours, and weekends were 5.3 hours. Joint disease and severity type influenced the amount of activity undertaken, together with values for HAL and EQ-5D-5L. Twenty two types of activities were listed. CONCLUSION: It is encouraging to see the amount of physical activity PWH participate in, however, time spent in a sedentary state needs monitoring. PWH want to be active and the challenge for caregivers is to find activities they can do and strategies to maintain participation.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Hemofilia A/terapia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Hemofilia A/complicações , Hemofilia A/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Artropatias/complicações , Artropatias/diagnóstico , Artropatias/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sedentário , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
4.
Disabil Rehabil ; 40(16): 1914-1920, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28478692

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Small reductions in body weight can decrease osteoarthritic knee pain. Intuitively this should provide a strong incentive for weight-loss. However many people undergoing knee joint replacement (KJR) are categorised as obese. Gender theories can help us to understand differential responses to illness and therefore make an important contribution to rehabilitation. We aimed to explore barriers to weight loss in a group of older men with osteoarthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted 12 in-depth interviews, before and 1 year after surgery, with six obese men listed for KJR. Analysis was influenced by constructivist grounded theory. We abstracted conceptual themes from the data through constant comparison. RESULTS: We identified the following themes: (1) I am big and healthy and don't need to lose weight; (2) being this size isn't good for me; (3) men don't have to worry about that sort of thing; (4) I am not as active as I used to be; (5) I have worked hard all my life; (6) what is the point in trying anyway? CONCLUSIONS: Gendered narratives can make it challenging for men to lose weight. Healthcare professionals cannot ignore the influence of gender on rehabilitation and should consider gender specific strategies. Implications for rehabilitation Men may not associate being overweight with being unhealthy. Men may take pride in being in good shape and may respond better to weight loss strategies that focus on fitness not body size. Men may link weight gain with decrease in activity levels rather than overeating. Health care professionals should challenge the assumption that weight loss will follow surgery. Health care professionals cannot ignore the influence of gender on the success of rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Dieta Redutora , Obesidade/dietoterapia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Idoso , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Fatores Sexuais , Perda de Peso
5.
BMJ Open ; 7(12): e019221, 2017 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of interventions used to improve exercise adherence in older people, to assess the effectiveness of these interventions and to evaluate the behavioural change techniques underpinning them using the Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy (BCTT). DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A search was conducted on AMED, BNI, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsychINFO databases. Randomised controlled trials that used an intervention to aid exercise adherence and an exercise adherence outcome for older people were included. Data were extracted with the use of a preprepared standardised form. Risk of bias was assessed with the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Interventions were classified according to the BCTT. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included in the review. Risk of bias was moderate to high. Interventions were classified into the following categories: comparison of behaviour, feedback and monitoring, social support, natural consequences, identity and goals and planning. Four studies reported a positive adherence outcome following their intervention. Three of these interventions were categorised in the feedback and monitoring category. Four studies used behavioural approaches within their study. These were social learning theory, socioemotional selectivity theory, cognitive behavioural therapy and self-efficacy. Seven studies did not report a behavioural approach. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions in the feedback and monitoring category showed positive outcomes, although there is insufficient evidence to recommend their use currently. There is need for better reporting, use and the development of theoretically derived interventions in the field of exercise adherence for older people. Robust measures of adherence, in order to adequately test these interventions would also be of use. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42015020884.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Idoso , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Retroalimentação Psicológica , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Autoeficácia , Apoio Social
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