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1.
Ann Behav Med ; 52(11): 930-940, 2018 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346499

RESUMO

Background: Hypertension is a major public health concern, given prevalence and morbidity. Among the general population, greater religious attendance is associated with lower blood pressure (BP). However, no known studies have examined the association between religious attendance and BP among sexual minorities. Purpose: To examine the association between BP/hypertension and organizational religious activity as a function of sexual orientation. Methods: Data were utilized from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a publicly available, U.S. nationally representative data set. Of the 4,874 individuals included in analyses, 366 participants were identified as a sexual minority. An organizational religious activity variable was created by summing responses of two separate items. BP was measured as systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Increasing levels of clinical severity of hypertension were also examined. Relevant covariates were controlled for in two separate models. Significant interactions between religious attendance and sexual orientation were explored in simple slope analyses. Results: Overall, results indicated that sexual orientation moderated the association between organizational religious activity, and BP/hypertension. Crossover interactions were present for the dependent variables SBP, DBP, and prehypertension and higher (prehypertension, and hypertension 1 and 2). Generally, a negative association between organizational religious activity and hypertension was revealed among the heterosexual group, whereas a positive association was found among the sexual minority group. Conclusions: Organizational religious activity is differentially associated with BP/hypertension among sexual minority versus heterosexual individuals. Organizational religious activity may represent a risk factor for hypertension among sexual minority individuals.

2.
Body Image ; 25: 177-185, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29698824

RESUMO

The current study was designed to test the efficacy of an appearance-based facial morphing program to reduce intentional UV exposure among individuals at risk for skin cancer. A three-arm randomized controlled trial was employed (N = 219) comparing facial morphing + health information to: (1) mindfulness + health information; and (2) health information only. Participants were young adults with a history of recent intentional tanning and future intentions to tan. Primary outcomes were indoor and outdoor tanning frequency and tanning intentions, with secondary outcomes of tanning attitudes, body image, and affect. Facial morphing participants reported less frequent tanning, compared to mindfulness and control participants at 1-month follow-up. Facial morphing participants also generally reported lower intentions to tan at immediate follow-up, although the magnitude of these effects weakened at 1-month follow-up. Facial morphing programs may offer a brief, efficacious, and scalable augmentation to standard of care in reducing intentional UV exposure. This trial is registered with clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03237013).


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Banho de Sol/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Body Image ; 25: 31-34, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29438898

RESUMO

Sexual minority men have high rates of skin cancer, yet little is known about skin cancer risk behaviors in this population. It was hypothesized that current skin tone would moderate the association between darker ideals and tanning behaviors. Data were collected online from 231 sexual minority men in San Diego, United States of America, with a mean age of 24.66 (SD = 5.44). Ideal and current skin tone ratings and indoor and outdoor tanning behaviors were assessed. Darker ideals were significantly associated with increased indoor and outdoor tanning. The effect of darker ideals on tanning was strongest among individuals with lighter current skin tone, indicating a significant interaction. Sexual minority men whose perceived skin tone did not match their ideal were more likely to engage in skin cancer risk behaviors. Future skin cancer prevention programs aimed at sexual minority men may consider techniques that modify ideal skin tone internalization.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Assunção de Riscos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Pigmentação da Pele , Banho de Sol/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
4.
AIDS Behav ; 22(2): 658-662, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28417253

RESUMO

The interaction of body dissatisfaction and appearance investment (importance and effort ascribed to appearance) in relation to condomless anal sex has not previously been examined. Body dissatisfaction in the context of varying degrees of appearance investment may yield divergent sexual risk outcomes. Sexual minority men living with HIV (N = 105) completed a battery of self-report measures. A generalized linear model identified a significant interaction [b = 0.08 (95% CI 0.01, 0.16), p = 0.033] such that when appearance investment was low, body dissatisfaction was associated with fewer condomless anal sex acts; when appearance investment was high, body dissatisfaction was associated with increased condomless anal sex.

5.
Arch Sex Behav ; 47(1): 75-93, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28840435

RESUMO

Efforts have been made to better understand sexual compulsivity by examining salient psychosocial syndemic correlates, though examination of such factors has yielded inconclusive results. Given that research on sexual compulsivity has predominately involved men who have sex with men (MSM), the aims of the current study were to establish the mean effect sizes of seven psychosocial syndemic indicators with sexual compulsivity, to determine if the effect varied as a function of the type of psychosocial syndemic, and investigate the potential moderating effects using MSM samples. A total of 95 studies were included for analyses among the psychosocial syndemic indicators of interest (i.e., depression, anxiety, alcohol use, drug use, intimate partner violence, childhood sexual abuse, and sexual risk behavior). Results revealed a medium mean effect size of sexual compulsivity, the strength of which was significantly moderated by type of psychosocial syndemic indicator. Significant mean effect sizes for all syndemic indicators on sexual compulsivity were found, with depression and anxiety having the strongest relationships; significant moderating effects were found and are discussed. Findings highlight clinical considerations regarding sexual compulsivity and its role within the HIV syndemic framework among MSM.

6.
J Behav Med ; 41(1): 99-108, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28815351

RESUMO

Sexual minority males are an at-risk group for developing skin cancer. Elevated rates of skin cancer among this population are thought to be driven by excess indoor tanning; however, motivations to indoor tan among this population are unknown. Theoretically, appearance-based and affect regulation motives may be proximal predictors of increased indoor tanning in this population. The current study tests an integrated biopsychosocial model of indoor tanning behaviors and future intentions among a sample of sexual minority males. Participants were 231 sexual minority males, between the age of 14 and 35 years, residing in San Diego County, California, who completed a battery of self-report questionnaires online. Constructs assessed included skin tone, perceived susceptibility to skin cancer, sociocultural pressures to tan, appearance-based motives to tan, affect regulation in regard to indoor tanning, indoor tanning behaviors over the previous 3 months, and future intentions to indoor tan. The three proposed proximal predictors of indoor tanning all displayed significant pathways; however, results varied depending upon the specific outcome measure modeled. Affect regulation was significantly associated with increased odds of indoor tanning, and future intentions to indoor tan. Increased appearance reasons to tan were significantly associated with future intentions to indoor tan, while increased appearance reasons not to tan were significantly associated with fewer number of indoor tanning sessions. Results underscore the unique pathways of affect regulation and appearance-based motives in indoor tanning behaviors. Skin cancer prevention programs focusing on sexual minority males may wish to address affect and appearance concerns.

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