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1.
Scand J Prim Health Care ; 37(3): 327-334, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309855

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to recognise the preconditions experienced by general practitioners (GPs) in addressing the children's needs when ill and substance abusing parents consult for their own health problems. Design: Qualitative analysis of 38 case stories told by GPs in focus group interviews. Setting: Focus group interviews of four continuing medical education groups for GPs in western Norway. Subjects: 27 GPs (nine females) with at least 5 years' experiences in general practice. Results: Different aspects of the GPs' perceived mandate of trust from the parents was a precondition for the children's situation to be addressed. In some case stories the participants took an open mandate from the parent for granted, while in others they assumed that the parent did not want to discuss their family situation. Sometimes the participants had faith that by continuing with their ordinary GP tasks, they might obtain a more open mandate of trust. Their evaluation of the mandate of trust seemed to impact on how the GP could adopt a mediating role between the parents and various support agencies, thus supporting children who were at risk. Discussion/conclusion: The children most at risk may remain invisible in GPs' encounters with their parents, possibly because their parent's health problems and overall situation overshadow the children's situation. The mandate of trust from burdened parents to GPs can be a fruitful concept in understanding the interaction regarding the welfare of the parent's children. Negotiating the mandate of trust with parents by explicitly addressing trust and having an ongoing discussion about the mandate and its limits might be an option to secure the children support if necessary. KEY POINTS Offering children of burdened parents information and support can be crucial for health promotion and illness prevention. A general practitioner's (GP's) evaluation of the trust parents have in them can determine the extent of support children receive. Depending on the parents' level of trust, GPs may take a mediating role between support services and parents for the benefit of the children. A negotiation concerning the trust parents have in the GP may open up possibilities for GPs to offer children necessary support.

2.
Scand J Prim Health Care ; 37(2): 264-270, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140330

RESUMO

Introduction: Little is known about the indications general practitioners (GPs) perceive as relevant for performing gynaecological examinations (GEs), how GPs master the GE and associated procedures, and how they handle the sensitive nature of GEs. Methods: In 2015, 70 medical students at the University of Bergen distributed a questionnaire to all 175 GPs in the practices they visited. The questions covered practical routines related to GEs, insertion of intrauterine device, frequency of GEs in different clinical settings and use of assisting personnel. Statistical analyses included chi-square tests and multiple logistic regressions adjusting for age, gender, specialization and localization. Results: Ninety male and 61 female GPs (87% of invited GPs) responded to the questionnaire. A minority (8%) usually had other staff present during GEs. Compared with female colleagues, male GPs performed bimanual palpation significantly less often in connection with routine Pap smear (AOR 0.3 (95% CI 0.1-0.6)). Twenty-eight percent of the GPs stated that they often/always omitted the GE if the patient was anxious about GE and 35% when the patient asked for referral to a gynaecologist. Omission was more frequent among male GPs. When the GP decided to refer to a gynaecologist based on the patient's symptoms, more male than female GPs omitted GE (AOR 2.5 (95% CI 1.1-5.4)). Conclusion: Male gender of the GP may be associated with barriers to medical evaluation of pelvic symptoms in women, potentially leading to substandard care. Possibly, however, male GPs' reluctance to perform the GE may also limit unnecessary bimanual palpation in asymptomatic women.

3.
Int Urogynecol J ; 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Due to linguistic and cultural differences, there is a need to test the psychometrics of the translated versions of any patient-reported outcome measures. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QoL) questionnaire for non-English-speaking populations by conducting a systematic review of studies that examined the psychometric properties of non-English versions. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Information Center (LILACS), and Science Direct databases for articles published in English up to February 2018. Methodological quality and quality of psychometric properties were assessed by two independent reviewers using the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist and validated quality assessment criteria. The two assessments were combined to produce the best level of evidence per language/translation. RESULTS: Sixteen articles in 13 languages were retrieved. Most (n = 9; 56.3%) were not rigorously translated or reported, and there was poor evidence for structural validity. Internal consistency was reported in all studies, and all studies had good methodological quality. There was fair evidence for construct and good to fair for criterion validity. Evidence for responsiveness was good, although this was evaluated only in three studies. CONCLUSIONS: There is limited evidence supporting the psychometric robustness of the original validation and translated versions of P-QoL. Cross-cultural adaptations are insufficient. Given this variability, the individual psychometrics of a translation must be considered prior to use. Responsiveness, measurement error, and cutoff values should also be assessed to increase the clinical utility and psychometric robustness of the translated versions.

4.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 31(5): e13559, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis has been associated with complications such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic fatigue (CF). Little is known about the implications for quality of life (QoL) in this setting. The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between exposure to Giardia infection and QoL ten years after the infection, and how this related to IBS and CF. METHODS: We followed 1252 patients with laboratory-verified Giardia lamblia infection and a matched control group for 10 years after an epidemic in Bergen, Norway, in 2004. The main outcome was QoL after ten years as defined by the Short-form 12 version 2 with a physical component summary (PCS) and a mental component summary (MCS), both with range 0-100 (T-score). Regression analyses were performed using mixed modeling. KEY RESULTS: Mean PCS T-score in the exposed group (51.4; 95% CI: 50.6-52.1) was 2.8 T-score points (95% CI: -3.8 to -1.9, P < 0.001) lower than that in the control group (54.2; 95% CI: 53.7-54.8). The mean MCS T-score was also 2.8 T-score points (95% CI: -3.8 to -1.9, P < 0.001) lower among the exposed (48.9; 95% CI: 48.2-49.6) than the controls (51.7; 95% CI: 51.1-52.4). Further analyses found that the effect of Giardia exposure on QoL was mediated by IBS and CF. CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: Exposure to Giardia infection was associated with a lower QoL ten years later as compared to a control group, an effect that was mediated by IBS and CF.

5.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 12, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QoL) is a disease-specific instrument designed to measure the health-related quality of life in women with prolapse; however, there is no Amharic version of the instrument. The aim of this study were to translate the P-QoL into Amharic and evaluate its psychometric properties among adult women. METHODS: We followed an intercultural adaptation procedure to translate and adapt the P-QoL. A forward-backward translation, face validity interviews with experts and cognitive debriefing of the translated version with ten adults from the target group were performed. The Amharic version was then completed by 230 adult women with and without POP symptoms. All women were examined using a simplified Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (SPOP-Q) system. We examined internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = ICC). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted and model fit was discussed. We extracted a new factor structure by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Criterion validity was also assessed against the SPOP-Q stage. RESULTS: The translated measure was found acceptable by the experts and target group, with only minor adaptations required for the Amharic context. It had high internal consistency (α = 0.96) and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.87; p <  0.001). In CFA results, the model fit indices were unacceptable (CFI = 0.69, RMSEA = 0.17, SRMR = 0.43, TLI = 0.65, and PCLOSE = 0.00). EFA extracted three-factor with satisfactory convergent and discriminant validity. The P-QoL median scores were significantly higher in symptomatic women (Mann-Whitney U Test; p <  0.001). The score was also significantly correlated with stage of prolapse (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.42 to 0.64, p <  0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The P-QoL scale was successfully translated to Amharic and appears feasible, reliable and valid for Amharic-speaking women. Factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure, inconsistent with the original English version. Further studies are needed to evaluate responsiveness of the Amharic P-QoL score.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comparação Transcultural , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/classificação , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Traduções
6.
Fam Pract ; 2019 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689824

RESUMO

Background: Most of the patients with gastroenteritis seeking health care services are managed in primary care; yet, little is known about these consultations. Syndromic-based surveillance of gastrointestinal infections is used in several countries, including Norway. Aim: To investigate the extent of, and explore characteristics associated with, consultations for gastroenteritis in primary care and to compare consultations in daytime general practice and out-of-hours (OOH) services in Norway. Design and Setting: Registry-based study using reimbursement claims data from all consultations in general practice and OOH services in Norway over the 10-year period, 2006-15. Methods: The main outcome variable was whether the consultation took place in general practice or OOH services. Possible associations with patient age and sex, time and use of point-of-care C-reactive protein (CRP) testing and sickness certificate issuing were investigated. Results: Gastroenteritis consultations (n = 1 281 048) represented 0.9% of all consultations in primary care (n = 140 199 637), of which 84.4% were conducted in general practice and 15.6% in OOH services. Young children and young adults dominated among the patients. Point-of-care CRP testing was used in 36.1% of the consultations. Sickness certificates were issued in 43.6% of consultations with patients in working age. Age-specific time variations in consultation frequencies peaking in winter months were observed. Conclusions: The proportion of gastroenteritis consultations was higher in the OOH services when compared with daytime general practice. Young children and young adults dominated among the patients. The seasonal variation in consultation frequency is similar to that shown for gastroenteritis caused by norovirus.

8.
Int Urogynecol J ; 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465061

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to translate and culturally adapt the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Symptom Score (POP-SS) into Amharic and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: We followed an intercultural adaptation procedure to translate and adapt the POP-SS. One hundred and eighty-six women with POP symptoms completed the Amharic POP-SS and Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QoL) questionnaires. All women were examined using a simplified Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (SPOP-Q) system and were divided into four groups based on the POP-Q scores as stage 1, 2, 3, and 4. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were determined using Cronbach's alpha and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively. Criterion validity was assessed against the SPOP-Q stage and the P-QoL scale. Furthermore, we tested construct validity using exploratory factor analysis. RESULTS: The POP-SS score was successfully translated and achieved good content validity. It had high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86) and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.81; p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant difference among four groups of stages in POP-SS score. and women with stage 3 had the highest median score (Kruskal-Wallis test; p < 0.05). The POP-SS score was also significantly correlated with the P-QoL score (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.28, p < 0.001). The exploratory factor analysis identified two factors, namely, physical symptoms and evacuation symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The POP-SS scale was successfully translated to Amharic and appears reliable and valid for women with symptoms of POP. However, further studies are needed to evaluate its responsiveness.

9.
PLoS One ; 13(11): e0207651, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30475923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of women suffering from maternal morbidities live in resource-constrained settings with diverse barriers preventing access to quality biomedical health care services. This study aims to highlight the dynamics between the public health system and alternative healing through an exploration of the experiences of health care seeking among women living with severe symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in an impoverished setting. METHODS: The data were collected through ethnographic fieldwork at the hospital and community levels in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. The fieldwork included participant observation, 42 semi-structured interviews and two focus group discussions over a period of one year. A group of 24 women with severe symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse served as the study's main informants. Other central groups of informants included health care providers, local healers and actors from the health authorities and non-governmental organisations. RESULTS: Three case stories were chosen to illustrate the key findings related to health care seeking among the informants. The women strove to find remedies for their aggravating ailment, and many navigated between and combined various available healing options both within and beyond the health care sector. Their choices were strongly influenced by poverty, by lack of knowledge about the condition, by their religious and spiritual beliefs and by the shame and embarrassment related to the condition. An ongoing health campaign in the study area providing free surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse enabled a study of the experiences related to the introduction of free health services targeting maternal morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights how structural barriers prevent women living in a resource-constrained setting from receiving health care for a highly prevalent and readily treatable maternal morbidity such as pelvic organ prolapse. Our results illustrate that the provision of free quality services may dramatically alter both health-and illness-related perceptions and conduct in an extremely vulnerable population.

10.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although operative delivery increases the risk of immediate pelvic floor trauma, no previous studies have adequately compared directly the effects of different kinds of instrumental vaginal deliveries on stress urinary incontinence and/or urgency urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE(S): To estimate and compare the impact of different kinds of vaginal deliveries, including spontaneous, vacuum and forceps, on stress and urgency urinary incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: All women aged 20 or older, living in one county in Norway, were invited to participate in two surveys addressing stress and urgency urinary incontinence using validated questions "Do you leak urine when you cough, sneeze, laugh, or lift something heavy?" and "Do you have involuntary loss of urine in connection with sudden and strong urge to void?" with response options "yes" or "no". Incontinence data were linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. For this study, we included only women who had history of vaginal birth(s). Case definitions for stress and urgency urinary incontinencewere "moderate to severe" based on Sandvik Severity Index (slight, moderate, severe). We adjusted analyses for age, parity, body mass index, and time since last delivery and addressed effect modification, including an age threshold of 50 years. RESULTS: The final analysis included 13,694 women of whom 12.7% reported stress urinary incontinence and 8.4% urgency urinary incontinence. Among women aged <50, there was a statistically significant difference in the risk of stress urinary incontinence for forceps delivery (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.09-1.86, absolute difference 5.0%), but not for vacuum (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.59-1.09) when compared to spontaneous vaginal delivery. Among women aged <50, forceps also had increased risk for stress urinary incontinence (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.20-2.60) when compared to vacuum. There was no association of stress or urgency urinary incontinence with mode of delivery in women aged ≥50. CONCLUSION(S): For women aged <50, forceps delivery is associated with significant increased long-term risk of stress urinary incontinence compared to other vaginal deliveries.

11.
BMC Womens Health ; 18(1): 74, 2018 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29843685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods or about the reintegration process for women who do gain access to medical services, including surgery. This study aimed to explore women's experiences related to recovery and reintegration after free surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse in a resource-constrained setting. METHODS: The study had a qualitative design and used in-depth interviews in the data collection with a purposive sample of 25 participants, including 12 women with pelvic organ prolapse. Recruitment took place at the University of Gondar Hospital, Ethiopia, where women with pelvic organ prolapse had been admitted for free surgical treatment. In-depth interviews were carried out with women at the hospital prior to surgery and in their homes 5-9 months following surgery. Interviews were also conducted with health-care providers (8), representatives from relevant organizations (3), and health authorities (2). The fieldwork was carried out in close collaboration with a local female interpreter. RESULTS: The majority of the women experienced a transformation after prolapse surgery. They went from a life dominated by fear of disclosure, discrimination, and divorce due to what was perceived as a shameful and strongly prohibitive condition both physically and socially, to a life of gradually regained physical health and reintegration into a social life. The strong mobilization of family-networks for most of the women facilitated work-related help and social support during the immediate post-surgery period as well as on a long-term basis. The women with less extensive social networks expressed greater challenges, and some struggled to meet their basic needs. All the women openly disclosed their health condition after surgery, and several actively engaged in creating awareness about the condition. CONCLUSIONS: Free surgical treatment substantially improved the health and social life for most of the study participants. The impact of the surgery extended to the communities in which the women lived through increased openness and awareness and thus had the potential to ensure increased disclosure among other women who suffer from this treatable condition.

12.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 16(7): 1064-1072.e4, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29378314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complication that can follow gastrointestinal infection, but it is not clear if patients also develop chronic fatigue. We investigated the prevalence and odds ratio of IBS and chronic fatigue 10 years after an outbreak of Giardia lamblia, compared with a control cohort, and changes in prevalence over time. METHODS: We performed a prospective follow-up study of 1252 laboratory-confirmed cases of giardiasis (exposed), which developed in Bergen, Norway in 2004. Statistics Norway provided us with information from 2504 unexposed individuals from Bergen, matched by age and sex (controls). Questionnaires were mailed to participants 3, 6, and 10 years after the outbreak. Results from the 3- and 6-year follow-up analyses have been published previously. We report the 10-year data and changes in prevalence among time points, determined by logistic regression using generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: The prevalence of IBS 10 years after the outbreak was 43% (n = 248) among 576 exposed individuals and 14% (n = 94) among 685 controls (adjusted odds ratio for development of IBS in exposed individuals, 4.74; 95% CI, 3.61-6.23). At this time point, the prevalence of chronic fatigue was 26% (n = 153) among 587 exposed individuals and 11% (n = 73) among 692 controls (adjusted odds ratio, 3.01; 95% CI, 2.22-4.08). The prevalence of IBS among exposed persons did not change significantly from 6 years after infection (40%) to 10 years after infection (43%; adjusted odds ratio for the change 1.03; 95% CI, 0.87-1.22). However, the prevalence of chronic fatigue decreased from 31% at 6 years after infection to 26% at 10 years after infection (adjusted odds ratio for the change 0.74; 95% CI, 0.61-0.90). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of IBS did not change significantly from 6 years after an outbreak of Giardia lamblia infection in Norway to 10 years after. However, the prevalence of chronic fatigue decreased significantly from 6 to 10 years afterward. IBS and chronic fatigue were still associated with giardiasis 10 years after the outbreak.

13.
Int Urogynecol J ; 29(5): 679-684, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151168

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This formative qualitative follow-up study addresses validity concerns in the Dabat Incontinence and Prolapse (DABINCOP) study, which aimed to determine the prevalence of pelvic floor disorders in north-west Ethiopia. A pilot study using a questionnaire validated by pelvic exam showed severe underreporting of clinically relevant pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The objective of the follow-up study was to explore the reasons behind the underreporting and to gather information to strengthen the sensitivity and local relevance of the questionnaire to be employed in the main study. METHODS: A qualitative formative study nested within the DABINCOP study was carried out in rural and semiurban communities using an interpretive approach and in-depth qualitative interviews. Women (5) who had not self-reported POP in the pilot but were diagnosed with severe prolapse after pelvic examination, and health-care workers in the research team (7) were interviewed individually within 1 year of the pilot. Systematic text condensation was used in the analysis. RESULTS: The women explained that shame and fear of social exclusion, lack of trust in the study and data collectors, and lack of hope for cure prevented them from disclosing. The health-care workers reported weaknesses in the questionnaire and the research approach. Time pressure and competition among data collectors may have compromised women's motivation to disclose. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that qualitative research may fruitfully be employed in the formative phase of an epidemiological study on sensitive reproductive health problems to enhance local relevance of the tool and overall validity of the study.

14.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 96(10): 1214-1222, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28626856

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Contradictory results have been reported regarding most delivery parameters as risk factors for urinary incontinence. We investigated the association between the incidence of urinary incontinence six months postpartum and single obstetric risk factors as well as combinations of risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health during 1998-2008. This substudy was based on 7561 primiparous women who were continent before and during pregnancy. Data were obtained from questionnaires answered at weeks 15 and 30 of pregnancy and six months postpartum. Data were linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Single and combined delivery- and neonatal parameters were analyzed by logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Birthweight was associated with significantly higher risk of urinary incontinence six months postpartum [3541-4180 g: odds ratio (OR) 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-1.6; >4180 g: OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.2-2.0]. Fetal presentation, obstetric anal sphincter injuries, episiotomy and epidural analgesia were not significantly associated with increased risk of urinary incontinence. The following combinations of risk factors among women delivering by spontaneous vaginal delivery increased the risk of urinary incontinence six months postpartum; birthweight ≥3540 g and ≥36 cm head circumference; birthweight ≥3540 g and forceps, birthweight ≥3540 g and episiotomy; and ≥36 cm head circumference and episiotomy. CONCLUSION: Some combinations of delivery parameters and neonatal parameters seem to act together and may increase the risk of incidence of urinary incontinence six months postpartum in a synergetic way.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Puerperais/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Episiotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Noruega/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco
16.
Int Urogynecol J ; 28(3): 361-366, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27475794

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to explore how women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a low-income setting explain, experience, and handle the potential practical and social consequences of the condition. METHODS: An explorative qualitative design was employed using in-depth interviews in the data collection. A total of 24 women with different degrees of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse were included; 18 were recruited at the hospital and 6 from the community. Fieldwork was carried out in the Amhara region of northwest Ethiopia in 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: The informants held that the pelvic organ prolapse was caused by physical strain on their body, such as childbirth, food scarcity or hard physical work, particularly during pregnancy and shortly after delivery. Severe difficulties and pain while carrying out daily chores were common among the women. The informants used a variety of strategies to manage their work while striving to avoid disclosure of their condition. Disclosure was related to embarrassment and fear of discrimination from people living close to them, including the fear of being expelled from the household. Most of the informants, however, experienced substantial support from relatives, friends, and at times also from their husband, after disclosing their condition. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights how symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse may severely affect women's lives in a low-income setting. The condition is perceived to be both caused by and aggravated by the heavy physical burdens of daily work.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Revelação , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/etiologia , Pobreza , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Comportamento Sexual , Apoio Social , Cônjuges/psicologia , Estereotipagem , Adulto Jovem
17.
Scand J Prim Health Care ; 34(4): 360-367, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27845596

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore significant experiences of adolescents as next of kin that the general practitioner (GP) should identify and recognize. DESIGN: Qualitative study with focus-group interviews. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Three focus-group interviews were conducted with a total of 15 Norwegian adolescents each with an ill or substance-abusing parent. The participants were recruited from existing support groups. RESULTS: The adolescents' days were dominated by unpredictability in their family situation and their own exhausting efforts to keep up an ordinary youth life. Mostly, they consulted GPs for somatic complaints. In encounters with the GP, they wanted to be met both as a unique person and as a member of a family with burdens. Their expectations from the GP were partly negatively formed by their experiences. Some had experienced that both their own and their parent's health problems were not addressed properly. Others reported that the GP did not act when he or she should have been concerned about their adverse life situation. The GP may contribute to better long-term psychosocial outcomes by ensuring that the adolescents receive information about the parent's illness and have someone to talk to about their feelings and experiences. In addition, the GP may help by supporting their participation in relieving activities. CONCLUSION: Burdened adolescents seek a GP most often for somatic complaints. The GP has a potential to support them by taking the initiative to talk about their life situation, and by recognizing their special efforts. Key points Little is known about how a general practitioner can support adolescents with ill or substance-abusing parents. Adolescents experience unpredictability in life and strive to find balance between their own needs and the restrictions caused by parental illness. In encounters with adolescents having ill parents, the GP should take the initiative to talk about their family situation. The GP may help them by recognizing their experiences and struggles, give information, offer talks and support coping strategies.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados , Doença Crônica , Clínicos Gerais , Pais , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente , Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia , Aconselhamento , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega , Satisfação do Paciente , Relações Médico-Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
BMC Fam Pract ; 17(1): 154, 2016 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27821069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe illness among parents may interfere with their parenting. Children having ill or substance-abusing parents are at risk of own health problems and psychosocial difficulties. The health care system should identify families in need of help and provide the help needed. For ill parents, it can be difficult to seek help and advices for their parenting. The aim of this study was to identify important factors for the general practitioner (GP) to bear in mind during encounters with ill and substance-abusing parents, to enable the GP to provide appropriate support for the children. METHOD: A qualitative approach was chosen and the data material was semi-structured individual interviews with 12 parents with mental illness, substance abuse or severe somatic illness. The participants were recruited through GPs in Norway, and the interviews were performed in 2014. We used systematic text condensation for analysis. RESULTS: It was important for the participants that the GP was oriented about their family and children's situation. They wanted to be regarded as competent parents in ordinary families; however, they were aware that their illness affected their parenting. They expressed a need for advice about how to inform the children of their illness and talk to them about their challenges, and, if necessary, utilize helpers who could inform the children and talk to them directly. There were often many agencies involved, and it was important that the helpers cooperated and shared information. In addition, the parents were in need of information about support services. CONCLUSION: Ill parents in this study conveyed a double message to their helpers. They wanted to be considered as responsible and well-intended parents who wished the best for their children. At the same time they needed support in parenting. The GP should take the time to listen to the parents' first spontaneous description about an ordinary daily life (while realising that it may not necessarily be an accurate report), then explore their worries and needs of support.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados , Medicina Geral , Poder Familiar , Pais/psicologia , Apoio Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Criança , Aconselhamento , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 16(1): 428, 2016 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27553244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) constitute a vital part of a strong primary health care system. We need further knowledge concerning factors that may affect the patients' experiences in their meetings with the GPs. We investigated to what degree organizational factors and GP characteristics are associated with patients' communicative experiences in a consultation. METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian part of the international, multi-center study Quality and Costs of Primary Care in Europe (QUALICOPC). We included 198 Norwegian GPs and 1529 patients. The patients completed a survey concerning experiences in a consultation with a GP on the inclusion day. The GPs completed a survey regarding organizational aspects of their own practice. Main outcome measures were seven statements concerning how the patients experienced the communication with the GP during the consultation. A generalized estimating equation logistic regression model was used to identify variations in patient experiences associated with characteristics of the GPs and their practices. RESULTS: The patients reported overall positive experiences with their GP consultations. Patients who consulted a GP with a short patient list were less likely than patients who consulted a GP with a medium sized list to regard the GP as polite (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.2; 95 % CI 0.1-0.7), to report that the GP asked questions about their health problems (OR 0.6; 0.4-1.0) or that the GP used sufficient time (OR 0.5; CI 0.3-0.9). Patients who consulted a GP with a long patient list compared to patients who consulted a GP with a medium sized list were less likely to feel that they could cope better after the GP visit (OR 0.5; 0.3-0.9) and more likely to feel that the GP hardly looked at them while talking (OR 1.8; 1.0-3.0). No associations with patient experiences were found with the average duration of the consultations, whether the GP worked in a fee-for-service model or whether the GP was the patient's regular doctor. CONCLUSIONS: Norwegian patients report predominantly positive experiences when consulting a GP. Positive communication experiences are most likely to be reported when the GP has a medium sized patient list.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral/organização & administração , Relações Médico-Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado , Feminino , Medicina Geral/normas , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Razão de Chances , Satisfação do Paciente , Padrões de Prática Médica , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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