Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 38
Filtrar
1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 720205, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504497

RESUMO

Patients with the monogenic immune dysregulatory syndrome autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED), which is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene, uniformly carry neutralizing autoantibodies directed against type-I interferons (IFNs) and many develop autoimmune pneumonitis, both of which place them at high risk for life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that target the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and block entry of SARS-CoV-2 in host cells. The use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab early during infection was associated with reduced COVID-19-associated hospitalization and death in patients at high risk for progressing to severe disease, which led the US Food and Drug Administration to issue an emergency use authorization for their administration in non-hypoxemic, non-hospitalized high-risk patients. However, the safety and efficacy of these mAbs has not been evaluated in APECED patients. We enrolled two siblings with APECED on an IRB-approved protocol (NCT01386437) and admitted them prophylactically at the NIH Clinical Center for evaluation of mild-to-moderate COVID-19. We assessed the safety and clinical effects of early treatment with bamlanivimab and etesevimab. The administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab was well tolerated and was associated with amelioration of COVID-19 symptoms and prevention of invasive ventilatory support, admission to the intensive care, and death in both patients without affecting the production of antibodies to the nucleocapsid protein of SARS-CoV-2. If given early in the course of COVID-19 infection, bamlanivimab and etesevimab may be beneficial in APECED and other high-risk patients with neutralizing autoantibodies directed against type-I IFNs.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interferons/genética , Interferons/imunologia , Masculino , Mutação , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/complicações , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/genética , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia
3.
Sci Immunol ; 6(62)2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413139

RESUMO

Circulating autoantibodies (auto-Abs) neutralizing high concentrations (10 ng/mL, in plasma diluted 1 to 10) of IFN-α and/or -ω are found in about 10% of patients with critical COVID-19 pneumonia, but not in subjects with asymptomatic infections. We detect auto-Abs neutralizing 100-fold lower, more physiological, concentrations of IFN-α and/or -ω (100 pg/mL, in 1/10 dilutions of plasma) in 13.6% of 3,595 patients with critical COVID-19, including 21% of 374 patients > 80 years, and 6.5% of 522 patients with severe COVID-19. These antibodies are also detected in 18% of the 1,124 deceased patients (aged 20 days-99 years; mean: 70 years). Moreover, another 1.3% of patients with critical COVID-19 and 0.9% of the deceased patients have auto-Abs neutralizing high concentrations of IFN-ß. We also show, in a sample of 34,159 uninfected subjects from the general population, that auto-Abs neutralizing high concentrations of IFN-α and/or -ω are present in 0.18% of individuals between 18 and 69 years, 1.1% between 70 and 79 years, and 3.4% >80 years. Moreover, the proportion of subjects carrying auto-Abs neutralizing lower concentrations is greater in a subsample of 10,778 uninfected individuals: 1% of individuals <70 years, 2.3% between 70 and 80 years, and 6.3% >80 years. By contrast, auto-Abs neutralizing IFN-ß do not become more frequent with age. Auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs predate SARS-CoV-2 infection and sharply increase in prevalence after the age of 70 years. They account for about 20% of both critical COVID-19 cases in the over-80s, and total fatal COVID-19 cases.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , COVID-19/mortalidade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
4.
Immunol Cell Biol ; 99(9): 917-921, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309902

RESUMO

Type-I interferons (IFNs) mediate antiviral activity and have emerged as important immune mediators during coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). Several lines of evidence suggest that impaired type-I IFN signaling may predispose to severe COVID-19. However, the pathophysiologic mechanisms that contribute to illness severity remain unclear. In this study, our goal was to gain insight into how type-I IFNs influence outcomes in patients with COVID-19. To achieve this goal, we compared clinical outcomes between 26 patients with neutralizing type-I IFN autoantibodies (AAbs) and 192 patients without AAbs who were hospitalized for COVID-19 at three Italian hospitals. The presence of circulating AAbs to type-I IFNs was associated with an increased risk of admission to the intensive care unit and a delayed time to viral clearance. However, survival was not adversely affected by the presence of type-I IFN AAbs. Our findings provide further support for the role of type-I IFN AAbs in impairing host antiviral defense and promoting the development of critical COVID-19 pneumonia in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-infected individuals.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19 , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Itália
5.
J Exp Med ; 218(7)2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890986

RESUMO

Patients with biallelic loss-of-function variants of AIRE suffer from autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1 (APS-1) and produce a broad range of autoantibodies (auto-Abs), including circulating auto-Abs neutralizing most type I interferons (IFNs). These auto-Abs were recently reported to account for at least 10% of cases of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia in the general population. We report 22 APS-1 patients from 21 kindreds in seven countries, aged between 8 and 48 yr and infected with SARS-CoV-2 since February 2020. The 21 patients tested had auto-Abs neutralizing IFN-α subtypes and/or IFN-ω; one had anti-IFN-ß and another anti-IFN-ε, but none had anti-IFN-κ. Strikingly, 19 patients (86%) were hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia, including 15 (68%) admitted to an intensive care unit, 11 (50%) who required mechanical ventilation, and four (18%) who died. Ambulatory disease in three patients (14%) was possibly accounted for by prior or early specific interventions. Preexisting auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs in APS-1 patients confer a very high risk of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia at any age.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Pneumonia/imunologia , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Exp Med ; 218(4)2021 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544838

RESUMO

Yellow fever virus (YFV) live attenuated vaccine can, in rare cases, cause life-threatening disease, typically in patients with no previous history of severe viral illness. Autosomal recessive (AR) complete IFNAR1 deficiency was reported in one 12-yr-old patient. Here, we studied seven other previously healthy patients aged 13 to 80 yr with unexplained life-threatening YFV vaccine-associated disease. One 13-yr-old patient had AR complete IFNAR2 deficiency. Three other patients vaccinated at the ages of 47, 57, and 64 yr had high titers of circulating auto-Abs against at least 14 of the 17 individual type I IFNs. These antibodies were recently shown to underlie at least 10% of cases of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia. The auto-Abs were neutralizing in vitro, blocking the protective effect of IFN-α2 against YFV vaccine strains. AR IFNAR1 or IFNAR2 deficiency and neutralizing auto-Abs against type I IFNs thus accounted for more than half the cases of life-threatening YFV vaccine-associated disease studied here. Previously healthy subjects could be tested for both predispositions before anti-YFV vaccination.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes , COVID-19 , Doenças Genéticas Inatas , Interferon-alfa , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacina contra Febre Amarela , Vírus da Febre Amarela , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/imunologia , Feminino , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/imunologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/genética , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/deficiência , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Vacinas Atenuadas/genética , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Vacina contra Febre Amarela/efeitos adversos , Vacina contra Febre Amarela/genética , Vacina contra Febre Amarela/imunologia , Vírus da Febre Amarela/genética , Vírus da Febre Amarela/imunologia
7.
Mycoses ; 64(6): 576-582, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476401

RESUMO

The development of disseminated cryptococcosis has historically occurred in patients living with advanced human immunodeficiency virus or other immunosuppressive conditions affecting T-cell function. Recently, patients with anti-cytokine neutralising autoantibodies have been recognised to be at risk for disseminated infections by opportunistic intracellular pathogens, including Cryptococcus species. Herein, we present a previously healthy 26-year-old man who was evaluated with disseminated cryptococcosis involving the bone, lung, mediastinum and brain. The patient's serum cryptococcal antigen titres were >1:1,100,000, and evaluation for an underlying immunodeficiency revealed high titres for anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) autoantibodies. We also review the literature of all published cases of disseminated cryptococcosis associated with the presence of anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies. Clinicians should have a heightened awareness of anti-cytokine autoantibodies in patients without a known immunodeficiency and development disseminated infections by opportunistic intracellular pathogens.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Criptococose , Cryptococcus/imunologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/imunologia , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/complicações , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Osso e Ossos/microbiologia , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Criptococose/imunologia , Criptococose/patologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/imunologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/patologia , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Meningite Criptocócica/diagnóstico , Meningite Criptocócica/patologia
8.
Science ; 371(6526)2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446526

RESUMO

Human monogenic disorders have revealed the critical contribution of type 17 responses in mucosal fungal surveillance. We unexpectedly found that in certain settings, enhanced type 1 immunity rather than defective type 17 responses can promote mucosal fungal infection susceptibility. Notably, in mice and humans with AIRE deficiency, an autoimmune disease characterized by selective susceptibility to mucosal but not systemic fungal infection, mucosal type 17 responses are intact while type 1 responses are exacerbated. These responses promote aberrant interferon-γ (IFN-γ)- and signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1)-dependent epithelial barrier defects as well as mucosal fungal infection susceptibility. Concordantly, genetic and pharmacologic inhibition of IFN-γ or Janus kinase (JAK)-STAT signaling ameliorates mucosal fungal disease. Thus, we identify aberrant T cell-dependent, type 1 mucosal inflammation as a critical tissue-specific pathogenic mechanism that promotes mucosal fungal infection susceptibility in mice and humans.


Assuntos
Candida albicans/imunologia , Candidíase Mucocutânea Crônica/genética , Candidíase Mucocutânea Crônica/imunologia , Imunidade nas Mucosas/imunologia , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/genética , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade nas Mucosas/genética , Vigilância Imunológica/genética , Vigilância Imunológica/imunologia , Interferon gama/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Janus Quinases/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/imunologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Receptores de Interleucina-17/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Science ; 370(6515)2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972996

RESUMO

Interindividual clinical variability in the course of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is vast. We report that at least 101 of 987 patients with life-threatening coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia had neutralizing immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies (auto-Abs) against interferon-ω (IFN-ω) (13 patients), against the 13 types of IFN-α (36), or against both (52) at the onset of critical disease; a few also had auto-Abs against the other three type I IFNs. The auto-Abs neutralize the ability of the corresponding type I IFNs to block SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro. These auto-Abs were not found in 663 individuals with asymptomatic or mild SARS-CoV-2 infection and were present in only 4 of 1227 healthy individuals. Patients with auto-Abs were aged 25 to 87 years and 95 of the 101 were men. A B cell autoimmune phenocopy of inborn errors of type I IFN immunity accounts for life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia in at least 2.6% of women and 12.5% of men.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Interferon alfa-2/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Infecções Assintomáticas , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While most cases of varicella or zoster are self-limited, patients with certain immune deficiencies may develop severe or life-threatening disease. METHODS: We studied a patient with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) CNS vasculopathy and as part of the evaluation, tested his plasma for antibodies to cytokines. We reviewed the literature for cases of varicella or zoster associated with primary and acquired immunodeficiencies. RESULTS: We found that a patient with VZV CNS vasculopathy had antibody that neutralized interferon (IFN)-α, but not IFN-γ. The patient's plasma blocked phosphorylation in response to stimulation with IFN-α in healthy control peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In addition to acquired immunodeficiencies like HIV or autoantibodies to IFN, variants in specific genes have been associated with severe varicella and/or zoster. While these genes encode proteins with very different activities, many affect IFN signaling pathways, either those that sense double-stranded RNA or cytoplasmic DNA that trigger IFN production, or those involved in activation of IFN stimulated genes in response to binding of IFN with its receptor. CONCLUSIONS: Immune deficiencies highlight the critical role of IFN in control of VZV infections and suggest new approaches for treatment of VZV infection in patients with certain immune deficiencies.

11.
Clin Infect Dis ; 71(1): 53-62, 2020 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The natural history of anti-interferon-γ (IFN-γ) autoantibody-associated immunodeficiency syndrome is not well understood. METHODS: Data of 74 patients with anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies at Srinagarind Hospital, Thailand, were collected annually (median follow-up duration, 7.5 years). Annual data for 19 patients and initial data for 4 patients with anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies at the US National Institutes of Health were collected (median follow-up duration, 4.5 years). Anti-IFN-γ autoantibody levels were measured in plasma samples. RESULTS: Ninety-one percent of US patients were of Southeast Asian descent; there was a stronger female predominance (91%) in US than Thai (64%) patients. Mycobacterium abscessus (34%) and Mycobacterium avium complex (83%) were the most common nontuberculous mycobacteria in Thailand and the United States, respectively. Skin infections were more common in Thailand (P = .001), whereas bone (P < .0001), lung (P = .002), and central nervous system (P = .03) infections were more common in the United States. Twenty-four percent of Thai patients died, most from infections. None of the 19 US patients with follow-up data died. Anti-IFN-γ autoantibody levels decreased over time in Thailand (P < .001) and the United States (P = .017), with either cyclophosphamide (P = .01) or rituximab therapy (P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies in Thailand and the United States had distinct demographic and clinical features. While titers generally decreased with time, anti-IFN-γ autoantibody disease had a chronic clinical course with persistent infections and death. Close long-term surveillance for new infections is recommended.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Mycobacterium abscessus , Autoanticorpos , Feminino , Humanos , Tailândia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1433, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354696

RESUMO

Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT1)1 gain of function (GOF) pathogenic variants have been associated with increased levels of phosphorylated STAT1 and STAT1-dependent cellular responses. Delayed dephosphorylation was proposed as the underlying mechanism leading to the characteristically raised pSTAT1 levels. We examined the levels of STAT1 protein and message as well as rates of STAT1 phosphorylation, dephosphorylation, and degradation associated with STAT1 GOF pathogenic variants. Fresh peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 14 STAT1 GOF patients carrying 10 different pathogenic variants in the coiled-coil, DNA binding, and SH2 domains and healthy donors were used to study STAT1 levels and phosphorylation (pSTAT1) following IFNγ and IFNα stimulation. STAT1 protein levels were measured by flow cytometry and immunoblot. STAT1 mRNA levels were measured using quantitative reverse transcription PCR. STAT1 protein degradation was studied using cycloheximide. Patient IFNγ and IFNα induced peak pSTAT1 was higher than in healthy controls. The velocity of pSTAT1 dephosphorylation after treatment of IFNγ stimulated CD14+ monocytes with the Janus Kinase (JAK)-inhibitor ruxolitinib was significantly faster in patient cells. STAT1 protein levels in patient CD14+ monocytes and CD3+ T cells were higher than in healthy donors. There was a strong and positive correlation between CD14+ STAT1 protein levels and peak pSTAT1 levels. Patient fresh PBMC STAT1 mRNA levels were increased at rest and after 16 h of incubation. STAT1 protein degradation was similar in patient and healthy volunteer cells. Patient IFNγ receptors 1 and 2 and JAK2 levels were normal. One patient in our cohort was treated with the oral JAK inhibitor ruxolitinib. Treatment was associated with normalization of both STAT1 protein and peak pSTAT1 levels. After JAK inhibitor treatment was stopped the patient's CD14+ monocyte STAT1 protein and peak phosphorylation levels increased proportionally. These findings suggest that patients with STAT1 GOF mutations have higher levels of total STAT1 protein, leading to high levels of pSTAT1 after stimulation, despite rapid STAT1 dephosphorylation and normal degradation.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Mutação com Ganho de Função/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Micoses/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/genética , Fosforilação , Proteólise , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
13.
Elife ; 82019 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244471

RESUMO

The AIRE gene plays a key role in the development of central immune tolerance by promoting thymic presentation of tissue-specific molecules. Patients with AIRE-deficiency develop multiple autoimmune manifestations and display autoantibodies against the affected tissues. In 2016 it was reported that: i) the spectrum of autoantibodies in patients with AIRE-deficiency is much broader than previously appreciated; ii) neutralizing autoantibodies to type I interferons (IFNs) could provide protection against type 1 diabetes in these patients (Meyer et al., 2016). We attempted to replicate these new findings using a similar experimental approach in an independent patient cohort, and found no evidence for either conclusion.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Interferon Tipo I , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes , Autoanticorpos , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição
14.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 61, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941333

RESUMO

With the accessibility of next-generation sequencing modalities, an increasing number of primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDDs) such as common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have gained improved understanding of molecular pathogenesis and disease phenotype with the identification of a genetic etiology. We report a patient with early-onset CVID due to an autosomal dominant loss-of-function mutation in NFKB2 who developed a severe herpes vegetans cutaneous infection as well as concurrent herpes simplex virus viremia. The case highlights features of CVID, unique aspects of NF-κB2 deficiency including susceptibility to herpesvirus infections, the detection of neutralizing anticytokine antibodies, and the complexity of medical management of patients with a PIDD that can be aided by a known genetic diagnosis.

16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(5): 1844-1853.e2, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28859974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sumoylation is a posttranslational reversible modification of cellular proteins through the conjugation of small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) and comprises an important regulator of protein function. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the molecular mechanism of a novel mutation at the SUMO motif on signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1). METHODS: STAT1 sequencing and functional characterization were performed in transfection experiments by using immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation in STAT1-deficient cell lines. Transcriptional response and target gene activation were also investigated in PBMCs. RESULTS: We identified a novel STAT1 mutation (c.2114A>T, p.E705V) within the SUMO motif (702IKTE705) in a patient with disseminated Rhodococcus species infection, Norwegian scabies, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, hypothyroidism, and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The mutation is located in the tail segment and is predicted to disrupt STAT1 sumoylation. Immunoprecipitation experiments performed in transfected cells confirmed absent STAT1 sumoylation for E705V, whereas it was present in wild-type (WT) STAT1 cells, as well as the loss-of-function mutants L706S and Y701C. Furthermore, stimulation with IFN-γ led to enhanced STAT1 phosphorylation, enhanced transcriptional activity, and target gene expression in the E705V-transfected compared with WT-transfected cells. Computer modeling of WT and mutant STAT1 molecules showed variations in the accessibility of the phosphorylation site Y701, which corresponded to the loss-of-function and gain-of-function variants. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of a mutation in the STAT1 sumoylation motif associated with clinical disease. These data reinforce sumoylation as a key posttranslational regulatory modification of STAT1 and identify a novel mechanism for gain-of-function STAT1 disease in human subjects.


Assuntos
Mutação com Ganho de Função/imunologia , Mutação/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Ubiquitina/genética , Animais , Células COS , Candidíase Mucocutânea Crônica/genética , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Fosforilação/genética , Proteína SUMO-1/genética , Sumoilação/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética , Ativação Transcricional/genética , Transfecção/métodos
17.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 4(4): ofx202, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29226168

RESUMO

Heterozygous STAT1 gain-of-function (GOF) mutations are associated with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and a broad spectrum of infectious, inflammatory, and vascular manifestations. We describe therapeutic failures with the Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitor ruxolitinib in 2 STAT1 GOF patients with severe invasive or cutaneous fungal infections.

18.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 4(4): ofx211, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29181420

RESUMO

Cryptococcus gattii infections, especially including those with severe clinical manifestations, may be related to underlying host immunologic factors. We present 2 cases with autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a key cytokine in macrophage function. Immunologic evaluation for anti-GM-CSF antibodies may be important to inform management and counseling.

19.
Front Immunol ; 8: 820, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28769929

RESUMO

Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder typically caused by biallelic autoimmune regulator (AIRE) mutations that manifests with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) and autoimmunity. Patients with STAT1 gain-of-function (GOF) mutations also develop CMC and autoimmunity; they exhibit increased STAT1 protein levels at baseline and STAT1 phosphorylation (pSTAT1) upon interferon (IFN)-γ stimulation relative to healthy controls. AIRE interacts functionally with a protein that directly regulates STAT1, namely protein inhibitor of activated STAT1, which inhibits STAT1 activation. Given the common clinical features between patients with AIRE and STAT1 GOF mutations, we sought to determine whether APECED patients also exhibit increased levels of STAT1 protein and phosphorylation in CD14+ monocytes. We obtained peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 8 APECED patients and 13 healthy controls and assessed the levels of STAT1 protein and STAT1 tyrosine phosphorylation at rest and following IFN-γ stimulation, as well as the levels of STAT1 mRNA. The mean STAT1 protein levels in CD14+ monocytes exhibited a ~20% significant decrease in APECED patients both at rest and after IFN-γ stimulation relative to that of healthy donors. Similarly, the mean peak value of IFN-γ-induced pSTAT1 level was ~20% significantly lower in APECED patients compared to that in healthy controls. The decrease in STAT1 and peak pSTAT1 in APECED patients was not accompanied by decreased STAT1 mRNA or anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies; instead, it correlated with the presence of autoantibodies to type I IFN and decreased AIRE-/- monocyte surface expression of IFN-γ receptor 2. Our data show that, in contrast to patients with STAT1 GOF mutations, APECED patients show a moderate but consistent and significant decrease in total STAT1 protein levels, associated with lower peak levels of pSTAT1 molecules after IFN-γ stimulation.

20.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 4(2): ofx082, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28638843

RESUMO

Idiopathic CD4+ lymphopenia (ICL) predisposes to opportunistic infections (OIs) but can often remain asymptomatic and does not have a strong association with monogenic mutations. Likewise, cryptococcal meningoencephalitis, the most common OI in ICL, is not strongly associated with monogenic mutations. In this study, we describe 2 patients with ICL plus an additional immune defect: one from an E57K genetic mutation in the nuclear factor-κß essential modulator, and the other with acquired autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Thus, these cases may exemplify a "multi-hit model" in patients with ICL who acquire OIs.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...