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Support Care Cancer ; 30(1): 177-185, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245359


PURPOSE: Breast cancer survivors are at increased risk of adverse outcomes, called late effects, years after the completion of active treatment. Late effects can significantly impair physical functioning. The current study aimed to explore breast cancer survivors' experiences of late effects, their emotional responses to existing or potential late effects and their perceived impact. METHODS: A total of 36 women treated for breast cancer in the last 10 years participated in semi-structured telephone interviews. Participant views were sought with respect to knowledge, experience, and perceived longer-term risk. A thematic analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Four themes emerged from the data: (1) late effects awareness, (2) framing and coping, (3) uncertainty and (4) management. There was a range of emotional responses to late effects; however, many participants reported being unaware of their risk of late effects. Participants conceptualised late effects as any long-term effect of treatment regardless of the time of onset. Women reported living with constant uncertainty and feared cancer recurrence. Many were focused on managing long-term treatment side effects, rather than late effects. CONCLUSION: Many women undergo treatment and remain unaware of associated late effect risks. National guidelines recommend patients be informed about late effects; however, the results of this study suggest a gap between policy and practice. Evidence-based interventions are needed to equip women with strategies to physically and emotionally manage late effects.

Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sobreviventes
Clin Psychol Psychother ; 28(4): 844-851, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283914


OBJECTIVE: When a client feels a threat to their freedom or autonomy as a result of external feedback, they can act out and respond in maladaptive ways. This state-referred to as reactance-has potential ramifications on interpersonal functioning. However, the underlying factors exacerbating this response including self-esteem and gender are yet to be extensively explored in a clinical sample. The present study examined whether verbal and/or behavioural reactance mediate the relationship between self-esteem and interpersonal problems and if this mediational relationship differs between men and women. METHOD: Patients with personality dysfunction (N = 136) completed pretreatment assessments of reactance, self-esteem, and interpersonal problems, and a conditional process model using these constructs was tested. RESULTS: Findings indicated that the moderated mediation model was significant, pointing to behavioural reactance as a significant mediator in the association between self-esteem and interpersonal problems. Furthermore, the findings revealed that gender moderated the relationship between self-esteem and behavioural reactance, indicating that this association may apply specifically to men low in self-esteem. DISCUSSION: These results shed light on how behavioural reactance may be an important manifestation of low self-esteem for men and a key contributor to their interpersonal problems. The findings draw attention to the importance of considering different factors at play when working with reactant individuals in therapy.

Relações Interpessoais , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adulto , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem