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2.
Eur J Haematol ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922303

RESUMO

We herein report the case of a 73-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with leukemic non-nodal MCL. This patient had received six cycles of bendamustine, which resulted in a transient remission, and a second-line therapy with ibrutinib, which unfortunately failed to induce remission. We started a treatment with single-agent obinutuzumab at a dose of 20 mg on day 1, 50 mg on day 2-4, 330 mg on day 5, and 1000 mg on day 6. The laboratory analysis showed a rapid decrease of leukocyte count. Four weeks later, we repeated the treatment with obinutuzumab at a dose of 1000 mg q4w and started a therapy with venetoclax at a dose of 400 mg qd, which could be increased to 800 mg qd from the third cycle. This combination therapy was well tolerated. The patient achieved a complete remission (CR) after three cycles of obinutuzumab and venetoclax. To date, the patient has a progression-free survival of 17 months under ongoing obinutuzumab maintenance q4w. This is the first report about obinutuzumab and venetoclax induced CR in rituximab-intolerant patient with an ibrutinib-resistant MCL. This case suggests that obinutuzumab- and venetoclax-based combination therapy might be salvage therapy in patients with ibrutinib-resistant MCL.

3.
Blood ; 135(3): 181-190, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697802

RESUMO

The genetic background of follicular lymphomas (FLs) diagnosed in advanced clinical stages III/IV, and which are frequently characterized by t(14;18), has been substantially unraveled. Molecular features, as exemplified in the clinicogenetic risk model m7FLIPI, are important tools in risk stratification. In contrast, little information is available concerning localized-stage FL (clinical stages I/II), which accounts for ∼20% of newly diagnosed FL in which the detection rate of t(14;18) is only ∼50%. To investigate the genetic background of localized-stage FL, patient cohorts with advanced-stage FL or localized-stage FL, uniformly treated within phase 3 trials of the German Low-Grade Lymphoma Study Group, were comparatively analyzed. Targeted gene expression (GE) profiling of 184 genes using nCounter technology was performed in 110 localized-stage and 556 advanced-stage FL patients. By penalized Cox regression, a prognostic GE signature could not be identified in patients with advanced-stage FL, consistent with results from global tests and univariate regression. In contrast, it was possible to define robust GE signatures discriminating localized-stage and advanced-stage FL (area under the curve, 0.98) by penalized logistic regression. Of note, 3% of samples harboring an "advanced-stage signature" in the localized-stage cohort exhibited inferior failure-free survival (hazard ratio [HR], 7.1; P = .0003). Likewise, in the advanced-stage cohort, 7% of samples with a "localized-stage signature" had prolonged failure-free survival (HR, 2.3; P = .017) and overall survival (HR, 3.4; P = .072). These data support the concept of a biological difference between localized-stage and advanced-stage FL that might contribute to the superior outcome of localized FL.

4.
Leukemia ; 34(2): 543-552, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530861

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a disease with heterogeneous outcome. Stromal signatures have been correlated to survival in DLBCL. Their use, however, is hampered by the lack of assays for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded material (FFPE). We constructed a lymphoma-associated macrophage interaction signature (LAMIS) interrogating features of the microenvironment using a NanoString assay applicable to FFPE. The clinical impact of the signature could be validated in a cohort of 466 patients enrolled in prospective clinical trials of the German High-Grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Study Group (DSHNHL). Patients with high expression of the signature (LAMIShigh) had shorter EFS, PFS, and OS. Multivariate analyses revealed independence from IPI factors in EFS (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.4, p-value = 0.001), PFS (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.2-2.5, p-value = 0.001) and OS (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.7, p-value = 0.001). Multivariate analyses adjusted for the IPI factors showed the signature to be independent from COO, MYC rearrangements and double expresser status (DE). LAMIShigh and simultaneous DE status characterized a patient subgroup with dismal prognosis and early relapse. Our data underline the importance of the microenvironment in prognosis. Combined analysis of stromal features, the IPI and DE may provide a new rationale for targeted therapy.

5.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(2): 365-370, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828368

RESUMO

INDROCUTION: The local immune contexture in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) has important prognostic value after neoadjuvant chemoradiation and surgical resection. In this study, we examined the prognostic role of Indoleamine-2,3-Dioxygenase (IDO1) and infiltrating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8+) according to the nodal stage of LARC patients. MASTERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of IDO1 and CD8 was evaluated through immunohistochemistry in 106 archival tumour tissue samples from patients following neoadjuvant chemoradiation and radical resection. The average infiltration of IDO1+ and CD8+ cells was calculated and expressed as total scores as previously described. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to describe overall and disease-free survival. RESULTS: In nodal-positive tumours (N+), IDO-positivity was associated with a reduced disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.063) and CD8-positivity with an impaired OS (p = 0.024). Patients with a N+ LARC and a high total IDO1 score showed a clear advantage regarding five-year disease-free survival rates compared with patients with a low total IDO1 score (N+ 5y-DFS IDO1 high: 66.7% vs IDO low: 19%). We also detected better 5-years-OS rates in N+ LARC with a high total CD8 score (N+ 5y-OS CD8 high: 83.3% vs CD8 low: 32.3%). These survival benefits were not evident in patients with N-tumours. CONCLUSION: Analysis of the local CD8 and IDO1 expression influences prognosis in nodal-positive LARC patients after multimodal therapy and may be a helpful tool in specifying individual adjuvant treatment strategies according to different immune profiles.

6.
Lancet ; 394(10216): 2271-2281, 2020 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Six cycles of R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) are the standard treatment for aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In the FLYER trial, we assessed whether four cycles of CHOP plus six applications of rituximab are non-inferior to six cycles of R-CHOP in a population of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with favourable prognosis. METHODS: This two-arm, open-label, international, multicentre, prospective, randomised phase 3 non-inferiority trial was done at 138 clinical sites in Denmark, Israel, Italy, Norway, and Germany. We enrolled patients aged 18-60 years, with stage I-II disease, normal serum lactate dehydrogenase concentration, ECOG performance status 0-1, and without bulky disease (maximal tumour diameter <7·5 cm). Randomisation was computer-based and done centrally in a 1:1 ratio using the Pocock minimisation algorithm after stratification for centres, stage (I vs II), and extralymphatic sites (no vs yes). Patients were assigned to receive either six cycles of R-CHOP or four cycles of R-CHOP plus two doses of rituximab. CHOP comprised cyclophosphamide (750 mg/m2), doxorubicin (50 mg/m2), and vincristine (1·4 mg/m2, with a maximum total dose of 2 mg), all administered intravenously on day 1, plus oral prednisone or prednisolone at the discretion of the investigator (100 mg) administered on days 1-5. Rituximab was given at a dose of 375 mg/m2 of body surface area. Cycles were repeated every 21 days. No radiotherapy was planned except for testicular lymphoma treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival after 3 years. The primary analysis was done in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of assigned treatment. A non-inferiority margin of -5·5% was chosen. The trial, which is completed, was prospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00278421. FINDINGS: Between Dec 2, 2005, and Oct 7, 2016, 592 patients were enrolled, of whom 295 patients were randomly assigned to receive six cycles of R-CHOP and 297 were assigned to receive four cycles of R-CHOP plus two doses of rituximab. Four patients in the four-cycles group withdrew informed consent before the start of treatment, so 588 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. After a median follow-up of 66 months (IQR 42-100), 3-year progression-free survival of patients who had four cycles of R-CHOP plus two doses of rituximab was 96% (95% CI 94-99), which was 3% better (lower limit of the one-sided 95% CI for the difference was 0%) than six cycles of R-CHOP, demonstrating the non-inferiority of the four-cycles regimen. 294 haematological and 1036 non-haematological adverse events were documented in the four-cycles group compared with 426 haematological and 1280 non-haematological adverse events in the six-cycles group. Two patients, both in the six-cycles group, died during study therapy. INTERPRETATION: In young patients with aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and favourable prognosis, four cycles of R-CHOP is non-inferior to six cycles of R-CHOP, with relevant reduction of toxic effects. Thus, chemotherapy can be reduced without compromising outcomes in this population. FUNDING: Deutsche Krebshilfe.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Adulto , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dinamarca , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Israel , Itália , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Noruega , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
7.
Cancer Sci ; 111(2): 749-759, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849147

RESUMO

The revised WHO classification newly defined the entities "High-grade B-cell lymphoma with MYC and BCL2, and/or BCL6 rearrangements (HGBL-DH/TH)" and "HGBL, NOS." Standard immunochemotherapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), R-CHOP, is insufficient for HGBL patients, and there are currently no optimized therapeutic regimens for HGBL. We previously reported that CCND3, which encodes cyclin D3, harbored high mutation rates in Burkitt lymphoma (BL), HGBL and a subset of DLBCL. Furthermore, the knockdown of cyclin D3 expression was toxic to germinal center (GC)-derived B-cell lymphomas. Thus, the fundamental function of cyclin D3 is important for the pathogenesis of GC-derived B-cell lymphoma. We herein used two structurally different CDK4/6 inhibitors, palbociclib and abemaciclib, and examined their suppressive effects on cell proliferation and their ability to induce apoptosis in various aggressive B-cell lymphoma cell lines. The results obtained demonstrated that abemaciclib more strongly suppressed cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in GC-derived B-cell lymphoma cell lines than the control, but only slightly inhibited those features in activated B-cell (ABC)-like DLBCL cell lines. Palbociclib exerted partial or incomplete effects compared with the control and the effect was intermediate between abemaciclib and the control. Moreover, the effects of abemaciclib appeared to depend on cyclin D3 expression levels based on the results of the expression analysis of primary aggressive B-cell lymphoma samples. Therefore, abemaciclib has potential as a therapeutic agent for aggressive GC-derived B-cell lymphomas.

8.
Eur J Dermatol ; 29(5): 468-476, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789272

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a predominantly T-cell-mediated autoimmune disorder with a characteristic sequence of Th1 and Th2 inflammation resulting in fibrosis. The contribution of differentiated memory T-cell subpopulations and methylation of CpG regions of Th1- or Th2-specific transcription factor genes on the inflammatory cytokine signature in SSc is not well understood. The study aimed to investigate phenotypic differentiation, the cytokine signature, sensitivity of memory T cells to in vitro suppression by autologous regulatory T cells (Tregs), and methylation of Th1- and Th2-specific transcription factor genes in patients with limited (lcSSc) and diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) compared to healthy donors (HD). Phenotype/intracellular cytokine production and methylation of Th1- and Th2-specific transcription factor genes were determined by flow cytometry and epigenetic analysis, respectively, and compared between patients with lcSSc, dcSSc and HD. Discrimination of CD4+ T cells that lack CCR7 expression revealed that CCR7- CD4+ memory T cells and effectors are producers of intracellular TNFα, IL-13 and IL-4, particularly in dcSSc. A proportional increase in CCR7- memory T cells was demonstrated by SSc-derived CD4+ T-cells after insufficient suppression by Tregs. A higher level of methylation of GATA3 or STAT4 (Th2- and Th1-specific transcription factor genes, respectively) was observed in dcSSc. An abundance of specific CD4+ memory T-cell subpopulations strongly contributes to the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in dcSSc. Our results suggest that therapeutic concepts should focus more intensively on the memory phenotype to control T cell-mediated inflammation in SSc patients.

9.
Ocul Oncol Pathol ; 5(6): 418-423, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768365

RESUMO

Background/Aims: To report a case of Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) presenting as a solitary, choroidal mass, initially suspicious for uveal melanoma, in a 72-year-old woman. Methods: Retrospective case report of a single patient. Results: A 72-year-old woman presented with sudden vision loss in the right eye. A month prior, visual acuity was 20/40, but she was noted to have a choroidal mass confirmed with B-scan ultrasonography. Patient's vision deteriorated significantly a month later and a shallow retinal detachment was newly noted. Magnetic resonance imaging was obtained, demonstrating a hyperintense intraocular tumor on TI imaging. Patient underwent enucleation of the right eye for suspicion of a uveal melanoma. Pathology revealed a mixed cellular infiltrate with histiocytes, some exhibiting emperipolesis. Macrophage immunohistochemical stains were positive, while melanocytic markers were negative. A diagnosis of RDD was made. Subsequently, the patient had a negative workup for systemic involvement. A final diagnosis of intraocular RDD without extraocular and systemic involvement was determined. Conclusion: We describe a rare presentation of RDD as a solitary choroidal mass in an elderly patient with overlapping features of uveal melanoma. Definitive diagnosis could only be made on histology. RDD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a choroidal lesion in the elderly.

10.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(11): 1413-1424, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685988

RESUMO

Tumours depend on altered rates of protein synthesis for growth and survival, which suggests that mechanisms controlling mRNA translation may be exploitable for therapy. Here, we show that loss of APC, which occurs almost universally in colorectal tumours, strongly enhances the dependence on the translation initiation factor eIF2B5. Depletion of eIF2B5 induces an integrated stress response and enhances translation of MYC via an internal ribosomal entry site. This perturbs cellular amino acid and nucleotide pools, strains energy resources and causes MYC-dependent apoptosis. eIF2B5 limits MYC expression and prevents apoptosis in APC-deficient murine and patient-derived organoids and in APC-deficient murine intestinal epithelia in vivo. Conversely, the high MYC levels present in APC-deficient cells induce phosphorylation of eIF2α via the kinases GCN2 and PKR. Pharmacological inhibition of GCN2 phenocopies eIF2B5 depletion and has therapeutic efficacy in tumour organoids, which demonstrates that a negative MYC-eIF2α feedback loop constitutes a targetable vulnerability of colorectal tumours.

11.
Leukemia ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690822

RESUMO

The proximal DNA damage response kinase ATM is frequently inactivated in human malignancies. Germline mutations in the ATM gene cause Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), characterized by cerebellar ataxia and cancer predisposition. Whether ATM deficiency impacts on tumor initiation or also on the maintenance of the malignant state is unclear. Here, we show that Atm reactivation in initially Atm-deficient B- and T cell lymphomas induces tumor regression. We further find a reduced T cell abundance in B cell lymphomas from Atm-defective mice and A-T patients. Using T cell-specific Atm-knockout models, as well as allogeneic transplantation experiments, we pinpoint impaired immune surveillance as a contributor to cancer predisposition and development. Moreover, we demonstrate that Atm-deficient T cells display impaired proliferation capacity upon stimulation, due to replication stress. Altogether, our data indicate that T cell-specific restoration of ATM activity or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may prevent lymphomagenesis in A-T patients.

12.
Haematologica ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601693

RESUMO

Oncogenic RAS provides crucial survival signaling for up to half of multiple myeloma cases, but has so far remained a clinically undruggable target. RAL is a member of the RAS superfamily of small GTPases and is considered to be a potential mediator of oncogenic RAS signaling. In primary multiple myeloma, we found RAL to be overexpressed in the vast majority of samples when compared with pre-malignant monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance or normal plasma cells. We analyzed the functional effects of RAL abrogation in myeloma cell lines and found that RAL is a critical mediator of survival. RNAi-mediated knockdown of RAL resulted in rapid induction of tumor cell death, an effect which was independent from signaling via mitogen-activated protein kinase, but appears to be partially dependent on Akt activity. Notably, RAL activation was not correlated with the presence of activating RAS mutations and remained unaffected by knockdown of oncogenic RAS. Furthermore, transcriptome analysis yielded distinct RNA expression signatures after knockdown of either RAS or RAL. Combining RAL depletion with clinically relevant anti-myeloma agents led to enhanced rates of cell death. Our data demonstrate that RAL promotes multiple myeloma cell survival independently of oncogenic RAS and, thus, this pathway represents a potential therapeutic target in its own right.

14.
Blood ; 134(24): 2159-2170, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562134

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of mature T-cell malignancies; approximately one-third of cases are designated as PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Using gene-expression profiling (GEP), we have previously defined 2 major molecular subtypes of PTCL-NOS, PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21, which have distinct biological differences in oncogenic pathways and prognosis. In the current study, we generated an immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithm to identify the 2 subtypes in paraffin tissue using antibodies to key transcriptional factors (GATA3 and TBX21) and their target proteins (CCR4 and CXCR3). In a training cohort of 49 cases of PTCL-NOS with corresponding GEP data, the 2 subtypes identified by the IHC algorithm matched the GEP results with high sensitivity (85%) and showed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) (P = .03). The IHC algorithm classification showed high interobserver reproducibility among pathologists and was validated in a second PTCL-NOS cohort (n = 124), where a significant difference in OS between the PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21 subtypes was confirmed (P = .003). In multivariate analysis, a high International Prognostic Index score (3-5) and the PTCL-GATA3 subtype identified by IHC were independent adverse predictors of OS (P = .0015). Additionally, the 2 IHC-defined subtypes were significantly associated with distinct morphological features (P < .001), and there was a significant enrichment of an activated CD8+ cytotoxic phenotype in the PTCL-TBX21 subtype (P = .03). The IHC algorithm will aid in identifying the 2 subtypes in clinical practice, which will aid the future clinical management of patients and facilitate risk stratification in clinical trials.

15.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(35): 3359-3368, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498031

RESUMO

PURPOSE: MYC rearrangement (MYC-R) occurs in approximately 10% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) and has been associated with poor prognosis in many studies. The impact of MYC-R on prognosis may be influenced by the MYC partner gene (immunoglobulin [IG] or a non-IG gene). We evaluated a large cohort of patients through the Lunenburg Lymphoma Biomarker Consortium to validate the prognostic significance of MYC-R (single-, double-, and triple-hit status) in DLBCL within the context of the MYC partner gene. METHODS: The study cohort included patients with histologically confirmed DLBCL morphology derived from large prospective trials and patient registries in Europe and North America who were uniformly treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone therapy or the like. Fluorescence in situ hybridization for the MYC, BCL2, BCL6, and IG heavy and light chain loci was used, and results were correlated with clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 5,117 patients were identified of whom 2,383 (47%) had biopsy material available to assess for MYC-R. MYC-R was present in 264 (11%) of 2,383 patients and was associated with a significantly shorter progression-free and overall survival, with a strong time-dependent effect within the first 24 months after diagnosis. The adverse prognostic impact of MYC-R was only evident in patients with a concurrent rearrangement of BCL2 and/or BCL6 and an IG partner (hazard ratio, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.6 to 3.6; P < .001). CONCLUSION: The negative prognostic impact of MYC-R in DLBCL is largely observed in patients with MYC double hit/triple-hit disease in which MYC is translocated to an IG partner, and this effect is restricted to the first 2 years after diagnosis. Our results suggest that diagnostic strategies should be adopted to identify this high-risk cohort, and risk-adjusted therapeutic approaches should be refined further.

16.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(31): 2835-2845, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498753

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Combined-modality treatment (CMT) with 2× ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) and small-field radiotherapy is standard of care for patients with early-stage favorable Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). However, the role of radiotherapy has been challenged. Positron emission tomography (PET) after 2× ABVD (PET-2) might help to predict individual outcomes and guide treatment. METHODS: Between November 2009 and December 2015, we recruited patients age 18 to 75 years with newly diagnosed, early-stage favorable HL for this international randomized phase III trial. Patients were assigned to standard CMT of 2× ABVD and 20-Gy involved-field radiotherapy or PET-guided treatment, omitting involved-field radiotherapy after negative PET-2 (Deauville score < 3). Primary objectives were to exclude inferiority of 10% or more in 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) of ABVD alone compared with CMT in a per-protocol analysis among PET-2-negative patients (noninferiority margin for hazard ratio, 3.01) and to confirm PET-2 positivity (Deauville score ≥ 3) as a risk factor for PFS among CMT-treated patients. RESULTS: We enrolled 1,150 patients. Median follow-up was 45 months. Among 628 PET-2-negative, per-protocol-treated patients, 5-year PFS was 93.4% (95% CI, 90.4% to 96.5%) with CMT and 86.1% (95% CI, 81.4% to 90.9%) with ABVD (difference 7.3% [95% CI, 1.6% to 13.0%]; hazard ratio, 1.78 [95% CI, 1.02 to 3.12]). Five-year overall survival was 98.1% (95% CI, 96.5% to 99.8%) with CMT and 98.4% (95% CI, 96.5% to 100.0%) with ABVD. Among 693 patients who were assigned to CMT, 5-year PFS was 93.2% (95% CI, 90.2% to 96.2%) among PET-2-negative patients and 88.4% (95% CI, 84.2% to 92.6%) in PET-2-positive patients (P = .047). When using the more common liver cutoff (Deauville score, 4) for PET-2 positivity, the difference was more pronounced (5-year PFS, 93.1% [95% CI, 90.7% to 95.5%] v 80.9% [95% CI, 72.2% to 89.7%]; P = .0011). CONCLUSION: In early-stage favorable HL, a positive PET after two cycles ABVD indicates a high risk for treatment failure, particularly when a Deauville score of 4 is used as a cutoff for positivity. In PET-2-negative patients, radiotherapy cannot be omitted from CMT without clinically relevant loss of tumor control.

17.
Am J Hematol ; 94(11): 1208-1213, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396979

RESUMO

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) can present with different histopathological growth patterns. The impact of these histopathological growth patterns on relapse characteristics is unknown. We therefore analyzed paired biopsies obtained at initial diagnosis and relapse from 33 NLPHL patients who had received first-line treatment within German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG) trial protocols, and from a second cohort of 41 relapsed NLPHL patients who had been treated outside GHSG studies. Among the 33 GHSG patients, 21 patients presented with a typical growth pattern at initial diagnosis, whereas 12 patients had a variant histology. The histopathological growth patterns at initial diagnosis and at relapse were consistent in 67% of cases. A variant histology at initial diagnosis was associated with a shorter median time to lymphoma recurrence (2.8 vs 5.2 years; P = .0219). A similar tendency towards a shorter median time to lymphoma recurrence was observed for patients presenting with a variant histology at relapse, irrespective of the growth pattern at initial diagnosis. Results obtained from the 41 NLPHL patients who had been treated outside GHSG studies were comparable (median time to lymphoma recurrence for variant histology vs typical growth pattern at initial diagnosis: 1.5 vs 7.0 years). In conclusion, the histopathological growth pattern remains consistent at relapse in the majority of NLPHL cases, and has major impact on the time of relapse.

18.
Br J Haematol ; 187(5): 627-637, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407320

RESUMO

Mutations in SOCS1 are frequent in primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma. In the latter, SOCS1 mutations affect the length of the encoded protein (major mutations) and are associated with shorter patient survival. Two independent studies examined the prognostic impact of SOCS1 mutations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and showed differing results. This may be due to the small number of included patients, the heterogeneity of patients' demographics and the distinct treatment schemes in these studies. To overcome the size limitations of these previous studies, we assessed SOCS1 mutations in the RICOVER-60 cohort. The cohort uniformly consists of elderly patients (aged 61-80 years) treated with the CHOP-14 scheme (cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone at 14-day intervals) with or without an additional rituximab treatment. Patient outcomes were analysed with regard to overall SOCS1 mutation frequency, major and minor mutations and a novel impact-based classifier - against the treatment modalities. Patients harbouring putative pathogenic SOCS1 mutations showed significant reduced overall survival within the CHOP plus rituximab group. Hence, putative pathogenic SOCS1 mutations seem to efface the beneficial effect of the therapeutic CD20 antibody. Comparing published data of whole exome and transcriptome sequencing of a large DLBCL cohort confirmed that predicted deleterious SOCS1 mutations forecast pre-eminent survival in early onset DLBCL.

20.
Diagn Pathol ; 14(1): 80, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, occurring usually in the form of nodules within the subcutaneous fat tissue of the extremities or trunk. In the literature, subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is described as a distinct type of T-cell lymphoma with a variable clinical behavior, depending on molecular phenotype of T-cell receptor (TCR) and on the presence or absence of hemophagocytic syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a bioptic and autoptic case of a 65-years old Caucasian man with panniculitic T-cell lymphoma with morphological and immunohistochemical features of SPTCL, limited to the retroperitoneal and mesenteric mass, i.e. without any cutaneous involvement, and associated with severe hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. CONCLUSION: A panniculitic T-cell lymphoma with morphological and molecular features of SPTCL, which is limited to mesentery, i.e. does not involve subcutaneous fat, seems to be exceedingly rare.

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