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1.
Prostate ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted radioligand therapy (RLT) may be associated with renal toxicity. We aimed to identify predictive parameters for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) undergoing RLT. METHODS: In 46 mCRPC patients scheduled for Lu-177-PSMA-RLT, pretherapeutic estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR [ml/min/1.73 m2 ]), Tc-99m-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (Tc-99m-MAG3) clearance and baseline Ga-68-PSMA-ligand positron emission tomography (PET)-derived renal cortical uptake and PSMA-tumor volume (TV) were determined. We tested the predictive capability of these parameters and clinical risk factors for the occurrence of CKD (defined as CTCAE vers. 5.0 grade 2 or higher) during follow-up. RESULTS: After 4 ± 3 cycles of RLT average eGFR declined from 76 ± 17 to 72 ± 20 ml/min/1.73 m2 (p = 0.003). Increased estimated renal radiation dose (eRRD) was significantly associated with renal functional decline (p = 0.008). During follow-up, 16/46 (30.4%) developed CKD grade 2 (no grade 3 or higher). In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, pretherapeutic eGFR was highly accurate in identifying the occurrence of CKD vs no CKD with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.945 (p < 0.001; best threshold, 77 ml/min/1.73 m2 ), followed by Tc-99m-MAG3-derived tubular extraction rate (TER; AUC, 0.831, p < 0.001; best threshold, 200 ml/min/1.73 m2 ). Renal PET signal (p = 0.751) and PSMA-TV (p = 0.942), however, were not predictive. Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed adverse renal outcome for patients with lower eGFR (p = 0.001) and lower scintigraphy-derived TER (p = 0.009), with pretherapeutic eGFR emerging as the sole predictive parameter in multivariate analysis (p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Serious adverse renal events are not a frequent phenomenon after PSMA-targeted RLT. However, in patients developing moderate CKD after RLT, pretherapeutic eGFR is an independent predictor for renal impairment during follow-up.

3.
Metab Brain Dis ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570340

RESUMO

Status epilepticus (SE) is a clinical emergency with high mortality. SE can trigger neuronal death or injury and alteration of neuronal networks resulting in long-term cognitive decline or epilepsy. Among the multiple factors contributing to this damage, imbalance between oxygen and glucose requirements and brain perfusion during SE has been proposed. Herein, we aimed to quantify by neuroimaging the spatiotemporal course of brain perfusion during and after lithium-pilocarpine-induced SE in rats. To this purpose, animals underwent 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT imaging at different time points during and after SE using a small animal SPECT/CT system. 99mTc-HMPAO regional uptake was normalized to the injected dose. In addition, voxel-based statistical parametric mapping was performed. SPECT imaging showed an increase of cortical perfusion before clinical seizure activity onset followed by regional hypo-perfusion starting with the first convulsive seizure and during SE. Twenty-four hours after SE, brain 99mTc-HMPAO uptake was widely decreased. Finally, chronic epileptic animals showed regionally decreased perfusion affecting hippocampus and cortical sub-regions. Despite elevated energy and oxygen requirements, brain hypo-perfusion is present during SE. Our results suggest that insufficient compensation of required blood flow might contribute to neuronal damage and neuroinflammation, and ultimately to chronic epilepsy generated by SE.

4.
J Med Chem ; 64(16): 12359-12378, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370949

RESUMO

The diagnosis of bacterial infections at deep body sites benefits from noninvasive imaging of molecular probes that can be traced by positron emission tomography (PET). We specifically labeled bacteria by targeting their iron transport system with artificial siderophores. The cyclen-based probes contain different binding sites for iron and the PET nuclide gallium-68. A panel of 11 siderophores with different iron coordination numbers and geometries was synthesized in up to 8 steps, and candidates with the best siderophore potential were selected by a growth recovery assay. The probes [68Ga]7 and [68Ga]15 were found to be suitable for PET imaging based on their radiochemical yield, radiochemical purity, and complex stability in vitro and in vivo. Both showed significant uptake in mice infected with Escherichia coli and were able to discern infection from lipopolysaccharide-triggered, sterile inflammation. The study qualifies cyclen-based artificial siderophores as readily accessible scaffolds for the in vivo imaging of bacteria.

5.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 7755-7766, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335962

RESUMO

Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) evokes an organized remodeling process characterized by the activation and transdifferentiation of quiescent cardiac fibroblasts to generate a stable collagen rich scar. Early fibroblast activation may be amenable to targeted therapy, but is challenging to identify in vivo. We aimed to non-invasively image active fibrosis by targeting the fibroblast activation protein (FAP) expressed by activated (myo)fibroblasts, using a novel positron emission tomography (PET) radioligand [68Ga]MHLL1 after acute MI. Methods: One-step chemical synthesis and manual as well as module-based radiolabeling yielded [68Ga]MHLL1. Binding characteristics were evaluated in murine and human FAP-transfected cells, and stability tested in human serum. Biodistribution in healthy animals was interrogated by dynamic PET imaging, and metabolites were measured in blood and urine. The temporal pattern of FAP expression was determined by serial PET imaging at 7 d and 21 d after coronary artery ligation in mice as percent injected dose per gram (%ID/g). PET measurements were validated by ex vivo autoradiography and immunostaining for FAP and inflammatory macrophages. Results: [68Ga]MHLL1 displayed specific uptake in murine and human FAP-positive cells (p = 0.0208). In healthy mice the tracer exhibited favorable imaging characteristics, with low blood pool retention and dominantly renal clearance. At 7 d after coronary artery ligation, [68Ga]MHLL1 uptake was elevated in the infarct relative to the non-infarcted remote myocardium (1.3 ± 0.3 vs. 1.0 ± 0.2 %ID/g, p < 0.001) which persisted to 21 d after MI (1.3 ± 0.4 vs. 1.1 ± 0.4 %ID/g, p = 0.013). Excess unlabeled compound blocked tracer accumulation in both infarct and non-infarct remote myocardium regions (p < 0.001). Autoradiography and histology confirmed the regional uptake of [68Ga]MHLL1 in the infarct and especially border zone regions, as identified by Masson trichrome collagen staining. Immunostaining further delineated persistent FAP expression at 7 d and 21 d post-MI in the border zone, consistent with tracer distribution in vivo. Conclusion: The simplified synthesis of [68Ga]MHLL1 bears promise for non-invasive characterization of fibroblast activation protein early in remodeling after MI.


Assuntos
Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Radioisótopos de Gálio/farmacologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Animais , Autorradiografia/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Endopeptidases/fisiologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Radioisótopos de Gálio/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Distribuição Tecidual/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
6.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(7)2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371788

RESUMO

In this work, a method for the preparation of the highly lipophilic labeling synthon [89Zr]Zr(oxinate)4 was optimized for the radiolabeling of liposomes and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). The aim was to establish a robust and reliable labeling protocol for enabling up to one week positron emission tomography (PET) tracing of lipid-based nanomedicines and transplanted or injected cells, respectively. [89Zr]Zr(oxinate)4 was prepared from oxine (8-hydroxyquinoline) and [89Zr]Zr(OH)2(C2O4). Earlier introduced liquid-liquid extraction methods were simplified by the optimization of buffering, pH, temperature and reaction times. For quality control, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and centrifugation were employed. Subsequently, the 89Zr-complex was incorporated into liposome formulations. PET/CT imaging of 89Zr-labeled liposomes was performed in healthy mice. Cell labeling was accomplished in PBS using suspensions of 3 × 106 hiPSCs, each. [89Zr]Zr(oxinate)4 was synthesized in very high radiochemical yields of 98.7% (96.8% ± 2.8%). Similarly, high internalization rates (≥90%) of [89Zr]Zr(oxinate)4 into liposomes were obtained over an 18 h incubation period. MicroPET and biodistribution studies confirmed the labeled nanocarriers' in vivo stability. Human iPSCs incorporated the labeling agent within 30 min with ~50% efficiency. Prolonged PET imaging is an ideal tool in the development of lipid-based nanocarriers for drug delivery and cell therapies. To this end, a reliable and reproducible 89Zr radiolabeling method was developed and tested successfully in a model liposome system and in hiPSCs alike.

7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(12)2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208246

RESUMO

177Lu-Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-radioligand therapy (RLT) is a promising treatment option in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). We aimed to determine the predictive value of pretherapeutic PSMA-ligand positron emission tomography (PET) and established clinical parameters for early biochemical response after two cycles of RLT. In total, 71 mCRPC patients who had undergone PET/computed tomography (CT) with 68Ga-PSMA-11 prior to two cycles of 177Lu-PSMA-617 RLT were included. Malignant lesions on pretherapeutic PET/CTs were manually segmented and average maximum PSMA expression (maximum standardized uptake values, SUVmax), whole-body PSMA-tumor volume (TV), and whole-body total lesion (TL)-PSMA were calculated. We then tested the predictive performance of these parameters for early biochemical response (defined as prostate-sepcific antigen (PSA) decrease of ≥50% according to PCWG2) after two cycles of RLT, relative to established clinical parameters. Early PSA response was observed in 34/71 patients. PSA change after two cycles of RLT correlated with pretherapeutic SUVmax (r = -0.49; p < 0.001), but not with PSMA-TV (r = 0.02; p = 0.89) or TL-PSMA (r = -0.15; p = 0.22). A cut-off of 19.8 for SUVmax and 75.5 years for age was defined by receiver operating characteristics and revealed a significant outcome difference for early biochemical response between patients with adversely low vs. high PSMA expression and low vs. high age (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis identified SUVmax (HR, 7.94, p = 0.001) and age (HR, 8.05, p = 0.002) as independent predictors for PSA response early in the treatment course. Thus, high age and high PSMA expression in patients scheduled for RLT identify patients with early biochemical response. This study provides a rationale for further prospective studies exploring PET-guided treatment intensification in selected patients.

9.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 48(12): 4077-4088, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hematotoxicity is a potentially dose-limiting adverse event in patients with metastasized castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) undergoing prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-directed radioligand therapy (RLT). We aimed to identify clinical or PSMA-targeted imaging-derived parameters to predict hematological adverse events at early and late stages in the treatment course. METHODS: In 67 patients with mCRPC scheduled for 177Lu-PSMA-617 RLT, pretherapeutic osseous tumor volume (TV) from 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT and laboratory values were assessed. We then tested the predictive capability of these parameters for early and late hematotoxicity (according to CTCAE vers. 5.0) after one cycle of RLT and in a subgroup of 32/67 (47.8%) patients after four cycles of RLT. RESULTS: After one cycle, 10/67 (14.9%) patients developed leukocytopenia (lymphocytopenia, 39/67 [58.2%]; thrombocytopenia, 17/67 [25.4%]). A cut-off of 5.6 × 103/mm3 for baseline leukocytes was defined by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and separated between patients with and without leukocytopenia (P < 0.001). Baseline leukocyte count emerged as a stronger predictive factor in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 33.94, P = 0.001) relative to osseous TV (HR, 14.24, P = 0.01). After four cycles, 4/32 (12.5%) developed leukocytopenia and the pretherapeutic leukocyte cut-off (HR, 9.97, P = 0.082) tended to predict leukocytopenia better than TV (HR, 8.37, P = 0.109). In addition, a cut-off of 1.33 × 103/mm3 for baseline lymphocytes separated between patients with and without lymphocytopenia (P < 0.001), which was corroborated in multivariate analysis (HR, 21.39, P < 0.001 vs. TV, HR, 4.57, P = 0.03). After four cycles, 19/32 (59.4%) developed lymphocytopenia and the pretherapeutic cut-off for lymphocytes (HR, 46.76, P = 0.007) also demonstrated superior predictive performance for late lymphocytopenia (TV, HR, 5.15, P = 0.167). Moreover, a cut-off of 206 × 103/mm3 for baseline platelets separated between patients with and without thrombocytopenia (P < 0.001) and also demonstrated superior predictive capability in multivariate analysis (HR, 115.02, P < 0.001 vs.TV, HR, 12.75, P = 0.025). After four cycles, 9/32 (28.1%) developed thrombocytopenia and the pretherapeutic cut-off for platelets (HR, 5.44, P = 0.048) was also superior for the occurrence of late thrombocytopenia (TV, HR, 1.44, P = 0.7). CONCLUSIONS: Pretherapeutic leukocyte, lymphocyte, and platelet levels themselves are strong predictors for early and late hematotoxicity under PSMA-directed RLT, and are better suited than PET-based osseous TV for this purpose.


Assuntos
Hematologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Dipeptídeos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978829

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) can cause long-term impairment of brain function. Possible pathomechanisms include alterations of the cerebral immune system. This study used positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with the translocator protein (TSPO) ligand 18F-GE-180 to evaluate microglial activation in liver-transplanted patients under different regimens of immunosuppression. METHODS: PET was performed in 22 liver-transplanted patients (3 CNI free, 9 with low-dose CNI, 10 with standard-dose CNI immunosuppression) and 9 healthy controls. The total distribution volume (VT) estimated in 12 volumes-of-interest was analyzed regarding TSPO genotype, CNI therapy, and cognitive performance. RESULTS: In controls, VT was about 80% higher in high affinity binders (n = 5) compared to mixed affinity binders (n = 3). Mean VT corrected for TSPO genotype was significantly lower in patients compared to controls, especially in patients in whom CNI dose had been reduced because of nephrotoxic side effect. CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence of chronic suppression of microglial activity in liver-transplanted patients under CNI therapy especially in patients with high sensitivity to CNI toxicity.

11.
Front Oncol ; 11: 664225, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954116

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the outcome of radiotherapy (RT) to all PSMA ligand positive metastases for patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Patients and methods: A total of 42 patients developed oligometastatic mCRPC and received PSMA PET-guided RT of all metastases. The main outcome parameters were biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS), and second-line systemic treatment free survival (SST-FS). Results: A total of 141 PSMA ligand-positive metastases were irradiated. The median follow-up time was 39.0 months (12-58 months). During the follow-up five out of 42 (11.9%) patients died of progressive mPCa. Five out of 42 (11.9%) patients showed no biochemical responses and presented with a PSA level ≥10% of the baseline PSA at first PSA level measurement after RT and were classified as non-responders. The median PSA level before RT was 4.79 ng/mL (range, 0.4-46.1), which decreased significantly to a median PSA nadir level of 0.39 ng/mL (range, <0.07-32.8; p=0.002). The median PSA level at biochemical progression after PSMA ligand-based RT was 2.75 ng/mL (range, 0.27-53.0; p=0.24) and was not significantly different (p=0.29) from the median PSA level (4.79 ng/mL, range, 0.4-46.1) before the PSMA ligand-based RT. The median bPFS was 12.0 months after PSMA ligand PET-based RT (95% CI, 11.2-15.8) and the median SST-FS was 15.0 months (95% CI, 14.0-21.5). Conclusion: In well-informed and closely followed-up patients, PSMA PET-guided RT represents a viable treatment option for patients with oligometastatic mCRPC to delay further systemic therapies.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize γ-H2AX and 53BP1 foci formation in patients receiving somatostatin receptor-targeted radioligand therapy, and explored its role for predicting treatment-related hematotoxicity, and treatment response. METHODS: A prospective analysis of double-strand break (DSB) markers was performed in 21 patients with advanced gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. γ-H2AX and 53BP1 foci formation were evaluated in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) at baseline, +1 h and +24 h after administration of 7.4 GBq (177Lu)Lu-DOTA-TATE. Hematotoxicity was evaluated using standard hematology. Therapy response was assessed using (68Ga)Ga-DOTA-TATE PET/CT before enrollment and after 2 cycles of PRRT according to the volumetric modification of RECIST 1.1. RESULTS: DSB marker kinetics were heterogeneous among patients. Subclinical hematotoxicity was associated with γ-H2AX and 53BP1 foci formation (e.g., change in platelet count vs change in γ-H2AX+ cells between baseline and +1 h (r = -0.6080; p = 0.0045). Patients showing early development of new metastases had less γ-H2AX (p = 0.0125) and less 53BP1 foci per cell at +1 h (p = 0.0289), and demonstrated a distinct kinetic pattern with an absence of DSB marker decrease at +24 h (γ-H2AX: p = 0.0025; 53BP1: p = 0.0008). CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of γ-H2AX and 53BP1 foci formation in PBLs of patients receiving radioligand therapy may hold promise for predicting subclinical hematotoxicity and early treatment response.

15.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809226

RESUMO

Tumor microenvironment inflammation contributes to the proliferation and survival of malignant cells, angiogenesis, metastasis, subversion of adaptive immunity, and reduced treatment response. We aimed to evaluate the early predictive and prognostic significance of markers of systemic inflammation in patients receiving somatostatin-receptor targeted peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). This retrospective observational cohort study included 33 patients with advanced gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) treated with PRRT. Pretreatment blood-based inflammatory biomarkers, e.g., C-reactive protein levels (CRP), white blood cell count (WBC), and absolute neutrophil count (ANC), were documented and inflammation indexes, e.g., neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and Platelet × CRP multiplier (PCM), were calculated. Tumor burden was determined using [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-TATE PET/CT before enrollment and every 2 cycles thereafter until progression. Therapy response was assessed using RECIST 1.1, including its volumetric modification. Inflammatory biomarkers and inflammatory indexes demonstrated marked heterogeneity among patients, and were significantly higher in non-responders (e.g., CRP (p < 0.001), ANC (p = 0.002), and PCM (p < 0.001)). Change in whole-body tumor burden after two cycles of PRRT was significantly associated with CRP (p = 0.0157) and NLR (p = 0.0040) in multivariate regression analysis. A cut-off of 2.5 mg/L for CRP (AUC = 0.84, p = 0.001) revealed a significant outcome difference between patients with adversely high vs. low CRP (median PFS 508 days vs. not yet reached (HR = 4.52; 95% CI, 1.27 to 16.18; p = 0.02)). Tumor-driven systemic inflammatory networks may be associated with treatment response, change in tumor burden, and prognosis in patients with GEP-NETs receiving PRRT.

16.
Chest ; 159(3): 1094-1106, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease for which two antifibrotic drugs recently were approved. However, an unmet need exists to predict responses to antifibrotic treatment, such as pirfenidone. Recent data suggest that upregulated expression of CXCR4 is indicative of outcomes in IPF. RESEARCH QUESTION: Can quantitative, molecular imaging of pulmonary CXCR4 expression as a biomarker for disease activity predict response to the targeted treatment pirfenidone and prognosis in patients with IPF? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: CXCR4 expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry examination of lung tissues and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis of BAL. PET-CT scanning with the specific CXCR4 ligand 68Ga-pentixafor was performed in 28 IPF patients and compared with baseline clinical characteristics. In 16 patients, a follow-up scan was obtained 6 to 12 weeks after initiation of treatment with pirfenidone. Patients were followed up in our outpatient clinic for ≥ 12 months. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry analysis showed high CXCR4 staining of epithelial cells and macrophages in areas with vast fibrotic remodeling. Targeted PET scanning revealed CXCR4 upregulation in fibrotic areas of the lungs, particularly in zones with subpleural honeycombing. Baseline CXCR4 signal demonstrated a significant correlation with Gender Age Physiology stage (r = 0.44; P = .02) and with high-resolution CT scan score (r = 0.38; P = .04). Early changes in CXCR4 signal after initiation of pirfenidone treatment correlated with the long-term course of FVC after 12 months (r = -0.75; P = .0008). Moreover, patients with a high pulmonary CXCR4 signal on follow-up PET scan after 6 weeks into treatment demonstrated a statistically significant worse outcome at 12 months (P = .002). In multiple regression analysis, pulmonary CXCR4 signal on follow-up PET scan emerged as the only independent predictor of long-term outcome (P = .0226). INTERPRETATION: CXCR4-targeted PET imaging identified disease activity and predicted outcome of IPF patients treated with pirfenidone. It may serve as a future biomarker for personalized guidance of antifibrotic treatment.

17.
Ann Nucl Med ; 35(1): 132-138, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The interplay between systemic inflammation, activity of lymphoid organs and lymphoma activity in CD19-targeting chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T-cell immunotherapy, and its significance for response and toxicity, is not well defined. METHODS: Using serial 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), metabolic parameters of lymphoma and lymphoid organs were analyzed in ten patients receiving Tisagenlecleucel (an autologous CD19 CAR-T cell product) for relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The prevalence and severity of toxicity (e.g., neurotoxicity) were noted. RESULTS: Achieving remission required early metabolic response (P = 0.0476). Early suppression of metabolic activity of lymphoid organs (spleen, P = 0.0368; lymph nodes, P = 0.0470) was associated with poor outcome. Lymphoma metabolic activity was significantly higher in patients with neurotoxicity (P = 0.0489). CONCLUSIONS: Early metabolic changes in lymphoma lesions and off-target lymphoid organs parallel medium-term response to CAR-T-cell therapy. PET can identify patients at risk for severe toxicity.

18.
Eur Heart J ; 41(37): 3564-3575, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901270

RESUMO

AIMS: Balance between inflammatory and reparative leucocytes allows optimal healing after myocardial infarction (MI). Interindividual heterogeneity evokes variable functional outcome complicating targeted therapy. We aimed to characterize infarct chemokine CXC-motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) expression using positron emission tomography (PET) and establish its relationship to cardiac outcome. We tested whether image-guided early CXCR4 directed therapy attenuates chronic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice (n = 180) underwent coronary ligation or sham surgery and serial PET imaging over 7 days. Infarct CXCR4 content was elevated over 3 days after MI compared with sham (%ID/g, Day 1:1.1 ± 0.2; Day 3:0.9 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1, P < 0.001), confirmed by flow cytometry and histopathology. Mice that died of left ventricle (LV) rupture exhibited persistent inflammation at 3 days compared with survivors (1.2 ± 0.3 vs. 0.9 ± 0.2% ID/g, P < 0.001). Cardiac magnetic resonance measured cardiac function. Higher CXCR4 signal at 1 and 3 days independently predicted worse functional outcome at 6 weeks (rpartial = -0.4, P = 0.04). Mice were treated with CXCR4 blocker AMD3100 following the imaging timecourse. On-peak CXCR4 blockade at 3 days lowered LV rupture incidence vs. untreated MI (8% vs. 25%), and improved contractile function at 6 weeks (+24%, P = 0.01). Off-peak CXCR4 blockade at 7 days did not improve outcome. Flow cytometry analysis revealed lower LV neutrophil and Ly6Chigh monocyte content after on-peak treatment. Patients (n = 50) early after MI underwent CXCR4 PET imaging and functional assessment. Infarct CXCR4 expression in acute MI patients correlated with contractile function at time of PET and on follow-up. CONCLUSION: Positron emission tomography imaging identifies early CXCR4 up-regulation which predicts acute rupture and chronic contractile dysfunction. Imaging-guided CXCR4 inhibition accelerates inflammatory resolution and improves outcome. This supports a molecular imaging-based theranostic approach to guide therapy after MI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Imagem Molecular , Miocárdio , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Receptores CXCR4 , Remodelação Ventricular
19.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(12): e521-e522, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657878

RESUMO

Gallbladder visualization represents a rare incidental finding when using somatostatin receptor-targeted SPECT radiopharmaceuticals such as In-octreotide. We present the case of a 30-year-old man with pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma who underwent Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT for restaging of metastatic disease and subsequent treatment with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with Lu-DOTATATE. Posttherapeutic SPECT/CT, but not pretherapeutic or posttherapeutic PET/CT, showed gallbladder visualization, evidencing Lu-DOTATATE excretion into the bile. This case highlights that biliary Lu-DOTATATE excretion may represent a rare mimicker of hepatic metastases and emphasizes the role SPECT/CT for precise anatomical correlation to avoid misinterpretation.


Assuntos
Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Octreotida/análogos & derivados , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Receptores de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Vesícula Biliar/efeitos da radiação , Hemangioendotelioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangioendotelioma/patologia , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Octreotida/metabolismo , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Compostos Organometálicos/metabolismo
20.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 196(11): 1006-1017, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399639

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of prostate cancer (PCa) patients diagnosed with oligorecurrent disease and treated with a first and a second PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand) PET(positron-emission tomography)-directed radiotherapy (RT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with oligorecurrent relapse after curative therapy received a first PSMA PET-directed RT of all metastases. After biochemical progression, all patients received a second PSMA PET-directed RT of all metastases. The main outcome parameters were biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) and androgen deprivation therapy-free survival (ADT-FS). The intervals of BPFS were analyzed separately as follows: the interval from the last day of PSMA PET-directed RT to the first biochemical progression was defined as bPFS_1 and the interval from second PSMA PET-directed RT to further biochemical progression was defined as bPFS_2. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 39.5 months (18-60). One out of 32 (3.1%) patients died after 47 months of progressive metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa). All patients showed biochemical responses after the first PSMA PET-directed RT and the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level before RT was 1.70 ng/mL (0.2-3.8), which decreased significantly to a median PSA nadir level of 0.39 ng/mL (range <0.07-3.8; p = 0.004). The median PSA level at biochemical progression after the first PSMA PET-directed RT was 2.9 ng/mL (range 0.12-12.80; p = 0.24). Furthermore, the PSA level after the second PSMA PET-directed RT at the last follow-up (0.52 ng/mL, range <0.07-154.0) was not significantly different (p = 0.36) from the median PSA level (1.70 ng/mL, range 0.2-3.8) before the first PSMA PET-directed RT. The median bPFS_1 was 16.0 months after the first PSMA PET-directed RT (95% CI 11.9-19.2) and the median bPFS_2 was significantly shorter at 8.0 months (95% CI 6.3-17.7) after the second PSMA PET-directed RT (p = 0.03; 95% CI 1.9-8.3). Multivariate analysis revealed no significant parameter for bPFS_1, whereas extrapelvic disease was the only significant parameter (p = 0.02, OR 2.3; 95% CI 0.81-4.19) in multivariate analysis for bPFS_2. The median ADT-FS was 31.0 months (95% CI 20.1-41.8) and multivariate analysis showed that patients with bone metastases, compared to patients with only lymph node metastases at first PSMA PET-directed RT, had a significantly higher chance (p = 0.007, OR 4.51; 95% CI 1.8-13.47) of needing ADT at the last follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: If patients are followed up closely, including PSMA PET scans, a second PSMA PET-directed RT represents a viable treatment option for well-informed and well-selected patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Antígenos de Neoplasias/análise , Antígenos de Superfície/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Glutamato Carboxipeptidase II/análise , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Progressão da Doença , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Irradiação Linfática , Metástase Linfática/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos
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