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1.
J Pain Res ; 15: 1003-1010, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422656

RESUMO

Background: In the Italian Campania Region, 30.517 new cases of solid cancer have been diagnosed, in 2019. Of those, patients with metastatic disease are up to 20%. This class of patients is extremely diversified and copious, and the offer of radiotherapy may vary in different geographical areas within the same region. The aim of this observational multicenter retrospective and prospective trial is to evaluate the occurrence of metastatic metastatic cancer patients candidates for palliative radiotherapy in several areas of a great Italian region, the management of the disease through RT approaches, and its impact on cancer-related pain and overall HRQoL. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective and prospective observational investigation. The retrospective part of the study concerns all patients enrolled with a diagnosis of metastatic disease and treated in RT centers within the Campania Region between January 2019 and July 2020. The prospective phase is going to involve all the metastatic patients with an indication of palliative RT. Considering regional epidemiological data, we expect an enrollment of 12.500-21.000 patients in 5 years. Conclusion: The MAMETIC Trial in an observational study designed for investigating on the use of radiotherapy in patients with advanced disease within a regional area, and for evaluating the local response to the patient's request. It can be a unique opportunity, not only to highlight possible geographic differences but also to regularly collect and share data to standardize the therapeutic offer within the regional area. ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT04595032, retrospectively registered.

2.
Tumori ; : 3008916221079662, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the availability of multiple treatment options for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), new real-world data on disease management and drugs' performance are needed. METHODS: We described characteristics, management and clinical outcomes of patients receiving first-line mCRPC treatment within the Italian cohort of the real-world, prospective, international Prostate Cancer Registry. Patients were enrolled consecutively (2013-2016) in 32 Italian sites and followed for 3 years. RESULTS: 238 patients were included: 157 received first-line abiraterone acetate plus prednisone ("abiraterone" thereafter) and 70 first-line docetaxel; 11 patients receiving other treatments were not considered. Compared with docetaxel-treated patients, those receiving abiraterone were significantly older (age ⩾75: 63.7% vs 38.6%), less frequently had a Gleason score >8 (48.2% vs 67.6%, p<0.005) at initial diagnosis, and more frequently an ECOG score ⩾1 (52.7% vs 36.2%, p<0.05) and comorbidities (76.4% vs 57.1%, p<0.05) at baseline; they reported a lower analgesic use (15.3% vs 30%, p<0.005). In the abiraterone group (median follow-up 22.1 months), median time to progression (TTP) and progression-free survival (PFS) were, respectively, 14.4 months (95% confidence interval, CI, 10.6-18.0) and 13.0 months (95% CI, 9.1-16.8); median overall survival (OS) was not reached, and 3-year OS was 59.1%. In the docetaxel treatment group (median follow-up 25.3 months), median TTP, PFS and OS were, respectively, 8.2 months (95% CI, 6.1-10.3), 8.2 months (95% CI, 5.8-10.3) and 33.2 months (95% CI, 19.2-not estimable). CONCLUSION: This investigation provided valuable information on the overall mCRPC treatment pattern and the effectiveness of first-line abiraterone and docetaxel in a population representative of everyday practice.

3.
Eur J Cancer ; 155: 56-63, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical data suggest that docetaxel and enzalutamide interfere with androgen receptor translocation and signalling. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of their concurrent administration in the first-line treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, phase II trial, previously untreated mCRPC patients were randomised 1:1 to receive eight 21-d courses of docetaxel 75 mg/m2, oral prednisone 5 mg twice daily and oral enzalutamide 160 mg/d (arm DE), or the same treatment without enzalutamide (arm D). The primary end-point was the percentage of patients without investigator-assessed disease progression 6 months after the first docetaxel administration. RESULTS: The 246 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel, prednisone and enzalutamide (n = 120) or docetaxel and prednisone (n = 126). The 6-month progression rate was 12.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.1-20.6) in arm DE and 27.8% (95% CI 22.8-39.4) in arm D (chi-squared test 10.01; P = 0.002). The most frequent grade III-IV adverse events were fatigue (12.5% in arm DE versus 5.6% in arm D), febrile neutropenia (9.3% versus 4.0%) and neutropenia (7.6% versus 5.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of enzalutamide and docetaxel appears to be more clinically beneficial than docetaxel alone in previously untreated mCRPC patients, although serious adverse events were more frequent. Our findings suggest that first-line treatment with this combination could lead to an additional clinical benefit when prompt and prolonged disease control is simultaneously required. Clearly, these results should be considered cautiously because of the study's phase II design and the absence of an overall survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: EudraCT 2014-000175-43 - NCT02453009.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Nitrilas/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/farmacologia
4.
Future Oncol ; 17(29): 3893-3899, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296622

RESUMO

Oligometastatic prostate cancer is an intermediate state between localized disease and widespread metastasis. Its biological and clinical peculiarities are still to be elucidated. New imaging techniques contribute to the detection of patients with oligometastatic disease. PET/CT scanning with prostate-specific membrane antigen can improve the selection of men with true early, low-volume oligometastatic disease, who are candidates for metastasis-directed therapy. Clinical studies demonstrated that androgen deprivation therapy can be delayed in oligometastatic patients with a low tumor burden, although no survival benefit has been demonstrated at present. This article presents available evidence on the treatment strategies for oligometastatic prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Superfície , Glutamato Carboxipeptidase II , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
5.
In Vivo ; 35(3): 1849-1856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of intra-fractional monitoring and correction of prostate position with the Image Guided Radio Therapy (IGRT) system can increase the spatial accuracy of dose delivery. Clarity is a system used for intrafraction prostate-motion management, it provides a real-time visualization of prostate with a transperineal ultrasound. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of Clarity-IGRT on proper intrafraction alignment and monitoring, its impact on Planning Tumor Volume margin and on urinary and rectal toxicity in elderly patients not eligible for surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five elderly prostate cancer patients, median age=75 years (range=75-90 years) were treated with Volumetric Radiotherapy and Clarity-IGRT using 3 different schemes: A) 64.5/72 Gray (Gy) in 30 fractions on prostate and seminal vesicles (6 patients); B) 35 Gy in 5 fractions on prostate and seminal vesicles (12 patients); C): 35 Gy in 5 fractions on prostate (7 patients). Ultrasound identification of the overlapped structures to the detected ones during simulation has been used in each session. A specific software calculates direction and entity of necessary shift to obtain the perfect match. The average misalignment in the three-dimensional space has been determined and shown in a box-plot. RESULTS: All patients completed treatment with mild-moderate toxicity. During treatment, genitourinary toxicity was 32% Grade 1; 4% Grade 2, rectal was 4% Grade 1. At follow-up of 3 months, genitourinary toxicity was 20% Grade 1; 4% Grade 2, rectal toxicity was 4% Grade 2. At follow-up of 6 months, genitourinary toxicity was 4% Grade 1; 4% Grade 2. Rectal toxicity was 4% Grade 2. CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy with the Clarity System allows a reduction of PTV margins, the amount of fractions can be reduced increasing the total dose, not exacerbating urinary and rectal toxicity with greater patient's compliance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia
6.
Immunotherapy ; 13(1): 67-77, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045887

RESUMO

Monoclonal antibodies targeting the checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs), programmed cell death protein-1 or programmed cell death ligand-1, are changing the landscape of urothelial carcinoma therapeutics. Overall, clinical studies in metastatic or advanced urothelial cancer showed that CPIs provided a slight improvement in survival and a relevant advantage in safety, compared with chemotherapy. After reviewing published and ongoing trials, the authors discuss expected answers to unmet needs, with a special attention to the research of biological markers for patients with urothelial cancer eligible for treatment with CPIs in this article.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/imunologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/secundário
7.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 18(6): 477-488, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy has brought clinical benefits to patients with metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC). Most patients tolerate immunotherapy but serious immune-related adverse events (irAEs) have been reported. Some studies indicate a correlation between irAEs and clinical response in other cancer types (eg, lung cancer and melanoma). For patients with mRCC, the impact of irAE on clinical outcome is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 167 patients with mRCC treated with nivolumab as standard of care between March 2017 and January 2018 in 16 Italian centers was performed. irAEs were assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.4.0. RESULTS: Any grade and grade 3/4 irAEs occurred in 46% and 8.9% of patients, respectively. The median time to appearance of irAEs was 10 weeks; 38.8% of patients required steroid treatment. The most common irAEs were cutaneous (33.7%) and gastrointestinal (23.3%). The median overall survival and progression-free survival were 20.13 and 7.86 months, respectively. Patients with irAEs showed a greater overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-0.63) and progression-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.29-0.66) benefit as well as better overall response rate (27.3% vs. 13.7%; odds ratio, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.03-5.44) and disease control rate (68.8% vs. 48%; odds ratio, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.23-4.67) if compared with those without irAEs. No correlation was found between steroid use and clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis revealed that the appearance of irAEs was associated with better outcomes in patients treated with nivolumab. This data may be limited by sample size and the retrospective nature of the study.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Target Oncol ; 15(4): 495-501, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis has been recognized as the most important factor for tumor invasion, proliferation, and progression in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). However, few clinical data are available regarding the efficacy of cabozantinib following immunotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of cabozantinib in patients previously treated with immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with mRCC who received cabozantinib immediately after nivolumab were included. The primary endpoint was to assess the outcome in terms of efficacy and activity. RESULTS: Eighty-four mRCC patients met the criteria to be included in the final analysis. After a median follow-up of 9.4 months, median overall survival was 17.3 months. According to the IMDC criteria, the rates of patients alive at 12 months in the good, intermediate, and poor prognostic groups were 100%, 74%, and 33%, respectively (p < 0.001). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11.5 months (95% CI 8.3-14.7); no difference was found based on duration of previous first-line therapy or nivolumab PFS. The overall response rate was 52%, stable disease was found as the best response in 25.3% and progressive disease in 22.7% of patients. Among the 35 patients with progressive disease on nivolumab, 26 (74.3%) patients showed complete/partial response or stable disease with cabozantinib as best response after nivolumab. The major limitations of this study are the retrospective nature and the short follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Cabozantinib was shown to be effective and active in patients previously receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors. Therefore, cabozantinib can be considered a valid therapeutic option for previously treated mRCC patients, irrespective of the type and duration of prior therapies.


Assuntos
Anilidas/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anilidas/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Masculino , Piridinas/farmacologia , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/farmacologia
10.
Front Oncol ; 10: 594, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411599

RESUMO

Purpose: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) interventions are widely used by patients with chronic disorders, including cancer, and may interact with cancer treatment. Physicians are often unaware of this, probably due to poor patient-physician communication on CAM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate physicians' knowledge, attitudes and practice patterns regarding CAM in a survey conducted in Italy. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 438 physicians (11 Italian hospitals) who predominantly treat patients with chronic disease, to collect personal and professional data and information on attitudes toward CAM and its possible role in Conventional Medicine (CM). Results: Of the 438 participants, most were specialists in oncology (18%), internal medicine (17%), surgery (15%), and radiotherapy (11%). Most worked at university (44%) or research hospitals (31%). Forty-two percent of participants believed that CAM could have an integrative role within CM. Oncologists were the physicians who were best informed on CAM (58%). Physicians working at research institutes or university hospitals had a greater knowledge of CAM than those employed at general hospitals (p < 0.0001), and those who were also involved in research activity had a greater knowledge of CAM than those who were not (p < 0.003). Length of work experience was significantly related to CAM knowledge. Moreover, 55% of participants suggest CAM interventions to their patients and 44% discuss CAM with them. The best-known interventions were acupuncture, Aloe vera and high-dose vitamin C. Conclusion: CAM use by patients with chronic disease and/or cancer has become a topical issue for the scientific community and for physicians. Knowing the reasons that prompt these patients to use CAM and guiding them in their decisions would improve treatment and outcomes and also benefit healthcare systems. Our findings contribute to a greater understanding of CAM knowledge, attitudes, and practice among Italian physicians. Further research is needed to identify the more effective CAM treatments and to work toward an integrated healthcare model.

11.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(11): 2633-2638, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249345

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the fracture risk and survival outcomes in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who received sequentially abiraterone acetate (AA) and radium 223 [223Ra]RaCl2 in the daily clinical practice. MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of mCRPC patients who received [223Ra]RaCl2 immediately after progressing during an AA treatment line in everyday clinical practice. RESULTS: We reviewed data of a consecutive series of 94 mCRPC patients. Most of the patients (85.1%) received [223Ra]RaCl2 as second- or third-line treatment. [223Ra]RaCl2 treatment was well-tolerated; there were only four cases of grade 3 anaemia, two cases of grade 3 leukopenia and one case of grade 3 neutropenia. The overall fracture rate is 2.1%; one fracture was recorded during the course of [223Ra]RaCl2 treatment, and one was recorded 1 month after its end. The fractures both occurred at metastatic sites. Median OS from [223Ra]RaCl2 start was more than 14 months regardless of the treatment line when [223Ra]RaCl2 was administered. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study show that the treatment with [223Ra]RaCl2 immediately after AA was active and safe with a very low risk of a fracture. Thus, the present observational report makes a valuable contribution to the current debate concerning the risks and benefits of including [223Ra]RaCl2 in the therapeutic algorithm.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Rádio (Elemento) , Acetato de Abiraterona/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Rádio (Elemento)/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Immunotherapy ; 12(2): 151-159, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32089035

RESUMO

Aim: INVIDIa was a retrospective, multicenter study, exploring the clinical efficacy of influenza vaccine in 300 cancer patients undergoing immunotherapy. Overall survival (OS) was immature at the initial report. Methods: We reported the final OS analysis from the original study population and within subgroups. Results: Both at the univariate and multivariate analysis, the occurrence of influenza syndrome (IS) was significantly related to better OS in the overall population (OR: 0.53 [95% CI: 0.32-0.88]; p = 0.01). In the lung cancer subgroup, receiving flu vaccine and/or developing IS was related to better OS (p = 0.04). Within elderly patients, the flu vaccine was the main variable for the relative OS advantage (p = 0.05). Conclusion: Receiving the flu vaccine and/or developing IS was related to better OS within the INVIDIa population.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana/complicações , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Itália , Masculino , Neoplasias/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Síndrome
13.
Cancer Med ; 8(16): 6832-6840, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568647

RESUMO

Extragonadal germ cell tumors (EGGCTs) are uncommon neoplasms, which arise in anatomical locations other than gonads. The pathogenesis of these neoplasms is still poorly understood and it is a matter of debate if they really represent extragondal primary neoplasms or rather extragondal metastasis from occult gonadal neoplasms. The actual observations suggest that EGGCTs represent a unique entity, so their biology and behavior are substantially different from gonadal counterparts. The diagnosis of EGGCTs is often challenging, and differential diagnosis is particularly wide. Nevertheless, a correct diagnosis is essential for the correct management of the patient. We summarize the state of art about EGGCTs, with particular emphasis on diagnosis and prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Humanos , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/patologia , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/terapia , Prognóstico
14.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 296, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This multi-institutional retrospective real life study was conducted in 22 Italian Oncology Centers and evaluated the role of Axitinib in second line treatment in not selected mRCC patients. METHODS: 148 mRCC patients were evaluated. According to Heng score 15.5%, 60.1% and 24.4% of patients were at poor risk, intermediate and favorable risk, respectively. RESULTS: PFS, OS, DCR and ORR were 7.14 months, 15.5 months, 70.6% and 16.6%, respectively. The duration of prior sunitinib treatment correlated with a longer significant mPFS, 8.8 vs 6.3 months, respectively. Axitinib therapy was safe, without grade 4 adverse events. The most frequent toxicities of all grades were: fatigue (50%), hypertension (26%), and hypothyroidism (18%). G3 blood pressure elevation significantly correlated with longer mPFS and mOS compared to G1-G2 or no toxicity. Dose titration (DT) to 7 mg and 10 mg bid was feasible in 24% with no statistically significant differences in mPFS and mOS. The sunitinib-axitinib sequence was safe and effective, the mOS was 41.15 months. At multivariate analysis, gender, DCR to axitinib and to previous sunitinib correlated significantly with PFS; whereas DCR to axitinib, nephrectomy and Heng score independently affected overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Axitinib was effective and safe in a not selected real life mRCC population. Trial registration INT - Napoli - 11/16 oss. Registered 20 April 2016. http://www.istitutotumori.na.it.


Assuntos
Axitinibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axitinibe/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Metástase Neoplásica
15.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 99, 2019 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Italian Renal Cell Cancer Early Access Program was an expanded access program that allowed access to nivolumab, for patients (pts) with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) prior to regulatory approval. METHODS: Pts with previously treated advanced or mRCC were eligible to receive nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks. Pts included in the analysis had received ≥1 dose of nivolumab and were monitored for drug-related adverse events (drAEs) using CTCAE v.4.0. Immune-related (ir) AEs were defined as AEs displaying a certain, likely or possible correlation with immunotherapy (cutaneous, endocrine, hepatic, gastro-intestinal and pulmonary). The association between overall survival (OS) and irAEs was assessed, and associations between variables were evaluated with a logistic regression model. RESULTS: A total of 389 pts were enrolled between July 2015 and April 2016. Overall, the objective response rate was 23.1%. At a median follow-up of 12 months, the median progression-free survival was 4.5 months (95% CI 3.7-6.2) and the 12-month overall survival rate was 63%. Any grade and grade 3-4 drAEs were reported in 124 (32%) and 27 (7%) of pts, respectively, and there were no treatment-related deaths. Any grade irAEs occurred in 76 (20%) of patients, 8% cutaneous, 4% endocrine, 2% hepatic, 5% gastro-intestinal and 1% pulmonary. Of the 22 drAEs inducing treatment discontinuation, 10 (45%) were irAEs. Pts with drAEs had a significantly longer survival than those without drAEs (median OS 22.5 versus 16.4 months, p = 0.01). Pts with irAEs versus without irAEs had a more significant survival benefit (median OS not reached versus 16.8 months, p = 0.002), confirmed at the landmark analysis at 6 weeks. The occurrence of irAEs displayed a strong association with OS in univariable (HR 0.48, p = 0.003) and multivariable (HR 0.57, p = 0.02) analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance of irAEs strongly correlates with survival benefit in a real-life population of mRCC pts treated with nivolumab.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/imunologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/imunologia , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Future Oncol ; 15(10): 1115-1123, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887825

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate activity of metronomic cyclophosphamide (mCTX) in heavily pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. PATIENTS & METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a consecutive series of 74 mCRPC patients treated with at least one new agent after docetaxel failure, who received once-daily oral mCTX treatment at a fixed dose of 50 mg. RESULTS: The treatment was well tolerated. Sixteen percent of the patients experienced a major biochemical response. Median progression-free survival was 4.0 months, and median overall survival was 8.1 months. CONCLUSIONS: In the modern context of mCRPC, mCTX may represent a valuable and inexpensive alternative to new agents, which have shown similar activity in heavily pretreated patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/secundário , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 74: 35-42, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738364

RESUMO

In few years the scenario of metastatic prostate carcinoma treatment has radically changed due to improved knowledge of those mechanisms responsible of prostatic cancer cells survival and proliferation. Five new therapeutic agents (abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, cabazitaxel, radium-223, sipuleucel-T), all able to improve overall survival, have been introduced in the management of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Moreover, recent evidences showed that adding docetaxel chemotherapy or abiraterone acetate to androgen deprivation therapy significantly increases overall survival of de novo castration-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer patients. Due to this rapid therapeutic evolution clinicians face one crucial challenge: the choice of the best treatment sequencing. In particular, there are no prospective data to guide clinical decision in patients with progressive disease after docetaxel or abiraterone acetate treatment for castration sensitive disease. In this review we provide an overview of the therapeutic agents available for both castration-sensitive and castration-resistant prostate cancer. We propose some biological and clinical insights helpful in selecting the most appropriate treatment for patients progressing after metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer treatment with docetaxel or abiraterone acetate.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Acetato de Abiraterona/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas , Humanos , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Nitrilas , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Rádio (Elemento)/uso terapêutico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Extratos de Tecidos/uso terapêutico
18.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1400, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31921657

RESUMO

In the last decades, the prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has remarkably improved following the advent of the "targeted therapy" era. The expanding knowledge on the prominent role played by angiogenesis in RCC pathogenesis has led to approval of multiple anti-angiogenic agents such as sunitinib, pazopanib, axitinib, cabozantinib, sorafenib, and bevacizumab. These agents can induce radiological responses and delay cancer progression for months or years before onset of resistance, with a clinically meaningful activity. The need for markers of prognosis and efficacy of anti-angiogenic agents has become more compelling as novel systemic immunotherapy agents have also been approved in RCC and can be administered as an alternative to angiogenesis inhibitors. Anti PD-1 monoclonal antibody nivolumab has been approved in the second-line setting after tyrosine kinase inhibitors failure, while combination of nivolumab plus anti CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody ipilimumab has been approved as first-line therapy of RCC patients at intermediate or poor prognosis. In this review article, biomarkers of prognosis and efficacy of antiangiogenic therapies are summarized with a focus on those that have the potential to affect treatment decision-making in RCC. Biomarkers predictive of toxicity of anti-angiogenic agents have also been discussed.

19.
Anticancer Drugs ; 30(2): 179-185, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320608

RESUMO

In the pre-chemotherapy (CT) and post-CT settings of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AAP) significantly extended median overall survival and radiographic progression-free survival (PFS) compared with prednisone alone. Yet, few data are available on therapy efficacy in the subgroup with visceral metastases, who represent a small population with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical experience of AAP in patients with mCRPC with liver and/or lung metastases in real-world setting. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients with mCRPC with liver and/or lung metastases treated at the National Cancer Institute 'Fondazione G. Pascale' from September 2011 to May 2017. Co-primary end points were overall survival and radiographic PFS. Survival estimates were computed using Kaplan-Meier method. Secondary end points were response rate and safety. Of 143 patients with mCRPC treated, 18.9% (N=27) had visceral metastases: 85.2% (N=23) of the lung, 11.1% (N=3) of the liver and 3.7% (N=1) of both. Median PFS was 13.1 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 4.8-NA] in the pre-CT setting (N=11, median follow-up: 12.9 months), and 10.5 months (95% CI: 4.4-16.6) in the post-CT setting (N=16, median follow-up: 17.2 months). Pre-CT and post-CT patients with lung metastases had a median PFS of 16.5 months (95% CI: 4.3-NA) and 11.4 months (95% CI: 4.2-17.0), respectively. AAP tolerability was consistent with that previously reported in patients with mCRPC, without new safety concerns. Our finding provides preliminary evidence that AAP in real-world setting is a potential effective and safe therapeutic option for patients with mCRPC with a more advanced disease associated with the presence of visceral metastases, in both the pre-CT and post-CT settings.


Assuntos
Acetato de Abiraterona/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 17(1): e150-e155, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pazopanib has been approved for first-line treatment of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma on the basis of clinical trials that enrolled only patients with adequate renal function. Few data are available on the safety and efficacy of pazopanib in patients with renal insufficiency. This study investigated the effect of kidney function on treatment outcomes in such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of metastatic renal-cell carcinoma patients treated with pazopanib from January 2010 to June 2016 with respect to renal function. Patients with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease ≤ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (group A) were compared to patients with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (group B) in terms of progression-free survival, toxicities, response rates, and overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 229 patients were included: 128 in group A and 101 in group B. Median progression-free survival was 14 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.4-18.5) and 17 months (95% CI, 11.4-22.8), and overall survival was 30.5 months (95% CI, 8-53) and 41.4 months (95% CI, 21-62) for group A and group B, respectively, with no significant difference (P = .6). No significant difference between the 2 groups was reported in the incidence of adverse events. Dose reductions were more frequent in group A patients (66% vs. 36%; P = .04). CONCLUSION: Although the dose of pazopanib was reduced more frequently in patients with renal impairment, kidney function at therapy initiation does not adversely affect the safety and efficacy of pazopanib.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Indazóis , Neoplasias Renais/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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