Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 233
Filtrar
1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180486, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1059147

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the health-related quality of life of patients with a permanent cardiac pacemaker. Method: descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study conducted in the arrhythmia outpatient unit of a university hospital located in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil. The consecutive and non-probabilistic sample was composed of both sexes, older than 29 years old, having a pacemaker for at least one month. Those lacking the cognitive condition to answer the questionnaires, as well as those with dyspnea, weakness, or fatigue at the time the instruments were applied, or with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, were excluded. The generic instrument Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, composed of 36 questions distributed into eight domains along with the specific instrument Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, composed of 20 questions distributed into three domains, were used to assess health-related quality of life. Results: 88 patients participated; most were men, had a partner, and were aged 64.3 (±13) years old on average. The domains from the Medical Outcomes Study 36 that obtained the highest means, that is, were the best-rated, were Social Functioning (78.1; ±26.8) and Emotional Well-Being (68.2; ±23.9), while the lowest means were obtained by Physical Health (48.2; ±41.4) and Physical Functioning (58.5; ±27.9). In regard to the Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, the Arrhythmia domain had the highest mean and best quality of life (78.2; ±20.7), while the lowest mean was Dyspnea (71.1; ±26.8). Conclusion: the patients gave the highest health-related quality of life ratings in regard to mental domains and the lowest ratings for the physical domains.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de pacientes con marcapaso cardíaco definitivo. Método: estudio observacional descriptivo, transversal, realizado en el ambulatorio de arritmia de un hospital universitario del interior del estado de Sao Paulo. La muestra consecutiva y no probabilística estuvo constituida de pacientes de los dos sexos, mayores de 18 años, con marcapaso hace, por lo menos, un mes. Fueron excluidos los que no presentaron condiciones cognitivas para responder a los cuestionarios, como también aquellos que presentaron disnea, debilidad y fatiga, en el momento de la aplicación de los instrumentos; y, también aquellos con desfibrilador cardioversor implantable. Para la evaluación de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, se utilizó el instrumento genéricoMedical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, compuesto por 36 preguntas distribuidas en ocho dominios, y el instrumento específicoAssessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, compuesto por 20 preguntas distribuidas en tres dominios. Resultados: participaron 88 pacientes, la mayoría del sexo masculino y con compañero, con edad media de 64,3 (±13) años. Los dominios que presentaron mayores medias, así como mejores evaluaciones, fueron Aspectos Sociales (78,1; ±26,8) y Salud Mental (68,2; ±23,9), y las menores fueron Aspectos Físicos (48,2; ±41,4) y Capacidad Funcional (58,5; ±27,9), referentes alMedical OutcomesStudy 36. En cuanto al Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, el dominio de mayor media y mejor calidad de vida fue Arritmia (78,2; ±20,7), y el de menor, Disnea (71,1; ±26,8). Conclusión: los pacientes presentaron mejores evaluaciones da calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en los dominios mentales y peores en los dominios físicos.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pacientes com marca-passo cardíaco definitivo. Método: estudo observacional descritivo, transversal, realizado no ambulatório de arritmia de um hospital universitário do interior paulista. Amostra consecutiva e não probabilística foi constituída de pacientes de ambos os sexos, maiores de 18 anos, com marca-passo há pelo menos um mês. Foram excluídos os que não apresentaram condições cognitivas para responder aos questionários, como também aqueles que apresentaram dispneia, fraqueza e fadiga no momento da aplicação dos instrumentos e com cardioversor desfibrilador implantável. Para a avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, utilizou-se o instrumento genérico Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, composto por 36 questões distribuídas em oito domínios, e o instrumento específico Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, composto por 20 questões distribuídas em três domínios. Resultados: participaram 88 pacientes, a maioria do sexo masculino e com companheiro, com a média de idade de 64,3 (±13). Os domínios que apresentaram maiores médias, assim como melhores avaliações, foram Aspectos Sociais (78,1; ±26,8) e Saúde Mental (68,2; ±23,9), e as menores foram em Aspectos Físicos (48,2; ±41,4) e Capacidade Funcional (58,5; ±27,9), referentes ao Medical Outcomes Study 36. Quanto ao Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, o domínio de maior média e melhor qualidade de vida foi Arritmia (78,2; ±20,7), e o de menor, Dispneia (71,1; ±26,8). Conclusão: os pacientes apresentaram melhores avaliações da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde nos domínios mentais e piores nos domínios físicos.

2.
Burns ; 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare perceived stigmatization, symptoms of depression and self-esteem of adults from Brazilian general population with Brazilian burns survivors and to verify the possible correlations between these populations. METHOD: The general population and burn survivors administered the adapted Brazilian versions of the Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire (BR-PSQ-R), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The Student's t-test for independent samples was employed to identify significant differences between the means of the results from the BR-PSQ-R, BDI and RSES instruments, and the Pearson correlation was used to detect correlations between constructs. The significance level was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Participants of this study included: 102 individuals from the general population and 240 burn survivors. The difference between the BR-PSQ-R mean scores of the two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.077). The mean scores for the BDI (p = 0.001) and RSES (p = 0.001) where found to be lower in the general population, when compared to burn survivors. Moderate correlations were identified between the perceived stigmatization and depression (r = 0.43; p < 0.001) and perceived stigmatization and self-esteem (r = -0.35; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Participants from the general population and burn survivors exhibit similar levels of perception of stigmatization; the general population presented fewer symptoms of depression and a higher self-esteem when compared to burn survivors.

3.
Burns ; 45(3): 717-724, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342792

RESUMO

This was a methodological study whose objective was to culturally adapt the 5-D itch scale for Brazilian Portuguese and verify its practicability, acceptability and reliability for burn survivors. This study followed the five internationally recommended steps for the adaptation process: translation, synthesis, back translation, assessment by an expert committee and pretesting process; besides, an evaluation of its practicability, acceptability and reliability was conducted. The pretest was carried out with thirty burn survivors - hospitalized or on outpatient follow-up - from two public hospitals in the state of São Paulo. Most burn survivors were male (18; 60%), aged at mean of 39.2 (SD=11.1), with deep partial burn injuries (16; 59.3%), percentage of total burn surface area of 12.3 (SD=9.8); and most accidents occurred at domestic environment (18; 60%). The Brazilian version had semantic and idiomatic, conceptual and cultural equivalences, with a satisfactory content validity index for each item (CVI-I). Mean application time was 3.5minutes, acceptability was good, and there was evidence of reliability for the total score (0.793). The Brazilian version of the 5-D itch scale showed equivalence and evidence of reliability for assessing pruritus and its impact in burn survivors.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Prurido/fisiopatologia , Sobreviventes , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Brasil , Queimaduras/complicações , Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prurido/diagnóstico , Prurido/etiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Nurs Meas ; 26(3): 425-434, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to analyze the factor structure and the reliability of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Burn Specific Health Scale-Revised (BSHS-R) in a sample of Brazilian burned adults. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study. The internal consistency was analyzed using Cronbach's α, considering coefficients ≥.70 as appropriate. We conducted confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to test the hypothesis that the BSHS-R Brazilian-Portuguese version has a factor structure similar to the original. We assessed the factor structure of the BSHS-R Brazilian-Portuguese version by CFA, examining three models: three-factor, six-factor, and seven-factor structure. RESULTS: The participants were 299 burned adults. The CFA indicated good model fit indices for the seven-factor model (root mean square error of approximation = .062; goodness-of-fit index = .844; adjusted goodness-of-fit index = .809; Akaike information criterion = 1,054.06). The seven-factor BSHS-R Brazilian-Portuguese version showed Cronbach's α of .93. CONCLUSIONS: The BSHS-R Brazilian-Portuguese version with seven factors is reliable and valid and measures the perceived health status construct.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/psicologia , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Psicometria , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Queimaduras/enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(6): 2938-2944, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term results of an educational program compared to usual care. METHOD: A longitudinal study in which 56 participants from a previous study (randomized controlled clinical trial) were evaluated twelve months after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study: 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A repeated measures analysis of variance was performed (significance level 0.05). RESULTS: Participants in the educational program showed improvement of HRQoL in the Role-Emotional domain, while those in the usual care did not present changes (p=0.05). Both groups showed improvement in the Role-Physical (p = 0.001) and Bodily Pain (p=0.01) domains over time. There were no differences in the symptoms of anxiety and depression. CONCLUSION: One year after the PCI, there were significant differences between groups only for the Role-Emotional domain of the SF-36.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Educação em Saúde/normas , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Angioplastia/educação , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Escolaridade , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
6.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(6): 2938-2944, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977591

RESUMO

ASTRACT Objective: To evaluate the long-term results of an educational program compared to usual care. Method: A longitudinal study in which 56 participants from a previous study (randomized controlled clinical trial) were evaluated twelve months after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study: 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A repeated measures analysis of variance was performed (significance level 0.05). Results: Participants in the educational program showed improvement of HRQoL in the Role-Emotional domain, while those in the usual care did not present changes (p=0.05). Both groups showed improvement in the Role-Physical (p = 0.001) and Bodily Pain (p=0.01) domains over time. There were no differences in the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Conclusion: One year after the PCI, there were significant differences between groups only for the Role-Emotional domain of the SF-36.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar resultados a largo plazo de un programa educativo comparado con el cuidado usual. Método: Estudio longitudinal con 56 participantes de un estudio previo (ensayo clínico controlado y aleatorizado), que fueron evaluados 12 meses después de la intervención coronaria percutánea (ICP). La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) fue evaluada por el Cuestionario de Salud SF-36 (36-Item Short Form) y los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión por la Escala de Ansiedad y Depresión Hospitalaria (sigla en inglés: HADS). Se realizó un análisis de varianza de medidas repetidas (nivel de significancia 0,05). Resultados: Los participantes del programa educativo presentaron mejoría de la CVRS en el dominio Rol Emocional, mientras que los participantes del cuidado usual no presentaron alteración (p=0,05). Con el tiempo, ambos grupos presentaron mejoría en los dominios Rol Físico (p=0,001) y Dolor Corporal (p=0,01). No hubo diferencias en los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. Conclusión: Un año después de la ICP, hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos sólo para el dominio Rol Emocional del SF-36.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar resultados em longo prazo de um programa educativo comparado com o cuidado usual. Método: Estudo longitudinal com 56 participantes de um estudo prévio (ensaio clínico controlado e aleatorizado), que foram avaliados doze meses após intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP). A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) foi avaliada pelo Medical Outcomes Study: 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) e os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão pela Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Foi realizada análise de variância de medidas repetidas (nível de significância 0,05). Resultados: Os participantes do programa educativo apresentaram melhora da QVRS, no domínio Aspectos Emocionais, enquanto aqueles do cuidado usual não apresentaram alteração (p=0,05). Com o tempo, ambos os grupos apresentaram melhora nos domínios Aspectos Físicos (p=0,001) e Dor (p=0,01). Não houve diferenças nos sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. Conclusão: Um ano após a ICP, houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos apenas para o domínio Aspectos Emocionais do SF-36.

7.
Burns ; 44(3): 494-511, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28624354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The school is an essential context for children's social interaction with peers and to develop academic skills. Therefore, a fast reintegration can help children with burns to normalize their life. Thus, school reintegration is an important outcome after burns. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature addressing school reintegration programs of pediatric burns survivors. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched independently by two reviewers. The search yielded 13 eligible publications. A qualitative content analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The two themes identified centered around (1) the roles, obstacles, and support for the different stakeholders (i.e., the child, parents and teacher) and (2) the contents of the school reintegration programs in which subthemes such as purpose, planning, essential elements, team, and effect were distinguished. The results show that return to school should start as soon as the child is admitted to the hospital and the program should acknowledge the different stakeholders' needs and tailor the program to these needs. CONCLUSION: The review emphasizes the necessity of an integrated school reintegration program empowering both the child, the parents and the teachers and tailored to the child's specific situation. Furthermore, it offers recommendations for further improvement of the field.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Relações Interpessoais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Sobreviventes , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Grupo Associado , Papel (figurativo) , Professores Escolares
8.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 27(3): e4530017, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-962950

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre os estressores percebidos na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e a instabilidade hemodinâmica no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos à primeira cirurgia cardíaca. Método: estudo observacional analítico, de coorte prospectiva, desenvolvido em hospital universitário do interior paulista. Uma amostra consecutiva e não probabilística foi constituída por pacientes submetidos à primeira cirurgia cardíaca de revascularização do miocárdio ou correção de valvopatias. A Escala de Avaliação de Estressores em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (com valores de 0-200; o maior valor indica maior estresse) e os marcadores de perfusão tecidual foram utilizados na avaliação das variáveis de interesse. Resultados: participaram do estudo 150 pacientes. Os pacientes com instabilidade hemodinâmica (n=91) apresentaram média de 75,6 pontos na avaliação dos estressores e aqueles sem instabilidade hemodinâmica (n=59) apresentaram média de 72,8 pontos, não havendo diferença estatisticamente significante entre eles (p=0,398; teste t de Student). Conclusão: na amostra estudada não foi constata relação entre estressores percebidos na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e a instabilidade hemodinâmica no pós-operatório de cirurgias cardíacas.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la relación entre los estresores percibidos en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva y la inestabilidad hemodinámica en el post-operatorio de pacientes sometidos a la primera cirugía cardíaca. Método: estudio observacional analítico de cohorte prospectivo y desarrollado en un hospital universitario del interior paulista. Una muestra consecutiva y no probabilística fue constituida por pacientes sometidos a la primera cirugía cardíaca de revascularización del miocardio o corrección de valvulopatías. La Escala de Evaluación de los Estresores en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva (con valores de 0-200; el mayor valor indica un mayor estrés) y los marcadores de perfusión tisular fueron utilizados en la evaluación de las variables de interés. Resultados: participaron del estudio 150 pacientes. Los pacientes con inestabilidad hemodinámica (n=91) presentaron una media de 75,6 puntos en la evaluación de los estresores y aquellos pacientes sin inestabilidad hemodinámica (n=59) presentaron una media de 72,8 puntos, no habiendo ninguna diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre ellos (p=0,398; test t de Student). Conclusión: en la muestra estudiada no fue constatada ninguna relación entre los estresores percibidos en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva y la inestabilidad hemodinámica en el post-operatorio de las cirugías cardíacas.


ABSTRACT Objective: assess the relation between the perceived stressors at the Intensive Care Unit and hemodynamic instability in the postoperative period of patients submitted to the first cardiac surgery. Method: observational analytic prospective cohort study, developed at a university hospital in the interior of São Paulo State. A consecutive and non-probabilistic sample was constituted, consisting of patients submitted to the first coronary artery bypass graft or heart valve disease correction. The Environmental Stressor Questionnaire (range 0-200, with higher scores indicating greater stress) and tissue perfusion markers were used to assess the research variables. Results: 150 patients participated in the study. The average score for the assessment of stressors was 75.6 for patients with hemodynamic instability (n=91) and 72.8 for patients without hemodynamic instability, without a statistically significant difference (p=0.398; Student's t-test). Conclusion: in the study sample, we found no relation between perceived stressors at the Intensive Care Unit and hemodynamic instability in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery.

9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 22(6): 2003-2012, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28614519

RESUMO

This case study aimed to interpret the underlying historical and cultural aspects of the provision of care at an indigenous healthcare service facility. This is an interpretive, case study-type research with qualitative approach, which was conducted in 2012 at the Indigenous Health Support Center (CASAI) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by means systematic observation, documentary analyses and semi-structured interviews with ten health professionals. Data review was performed according to an approach based on social anthropology and health anthropology. The anthropological concepts of social code and ethnocentrism underpinned the interpretation of outcomes. Two categories were identified: CASAI, a space between streets and village; Ethnocentrism and indigenous health care. Healthcare practice and current social code are influenced by each other. The street social code prevails in the social environment under study. The institutional organization and professionals' appreciation of the indigenous biological body are decisive to provision of care under the streets social code perspective. Professionals' concepts evidence ethnocentrism in healthcare. Workers, however, try to adopt a relativized view vis-à-vis indigenous people at CASAI.


Assuntos
Características Culturais , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/organização & administração , Índios Sul-Americanos , Brasil , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto
10.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 22(6): 2003-2012, jun. 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-840008

RESUMO

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo interpretar os aspectos culturais e históricos subjacentes ao tecido social em que o cuidar é construído no contexto de atenção à saúde indígena. Trata-se de pesquisa interpretativa com abordagem qualitativa, do tipo estudo de caso. Foi conduzida em 2012 em uma Casa de Apoio à Saúde do Índio (CASAI) do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Na coleta de dados utilizaram-se técnicas de observação sistemática, análise documental e entrevistas semiestruturadas com dez profissionais. Efetuou-se análise dos dados à luz da abordagem da Antropologia Social e da Saúde. Os conceitos antropológicos código social e etnocentrismo fundamentaram a intepretação dos resultados. Identificaram-se duas categorias: CASAI, um espaço entre a rua e a aldeia; Etnocentrismo e o cuidado em saúde indígena. O tipo de prática de saúde exercido e o código social vigente são interinfluenciáveis. No espaço social estudado, a lógica social vigente é da rua. A organização institucional e a valorização dos profissionais sobre o corpo biológico indígena são determinantes para construção do cuidado sob a ética da rua. As concepções dos profissionais revelam indícios de etnocentrismo no cuidado em saúde. Os trabalhadores empreendem, entretanto, olhar relativizado sobre os indígenas na CASAI.


Abstract This case study aimed to interpret the underlying historical and cultural aspects of the provision of care at an indigenous healthcare service facility. This is an interpretive, case study-type research with qualitative approach, which was conducted in 2012 at the Indigenous Health Support Center (CASAI) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by means systematic observation, documentary analyses and semi-structured interviews with ten health professionals. Data review was performed according to an approach based on social anthropology and health anthropology. The anthropological concepts of social code and ethnocentrism underpinned the interpretation of outcomes. Two categories were identified: CASAI, a space between streets and village; Ethnocentrism and indigenous health care. Healthcare practice and current social code are influenced by each other. The street social code prevails in the social environment under study. The institutional organization and professionals’ appreciation of the indigenous biological body are decisive to provision of care under the streets social code perspective. Professionals’ concepts evidence ethnocentrism in healthcare. Workers, however, try to adopt a relativized view vis-à-vis indigenous people at CASAI.


Assuntos
Humanos , Características Culturais , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/organização & administração , Índios Sul-Americanos , Brasil , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Entrevistas como Assunto
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 22(6): 2003-2012, Jun. 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-890365

RESUMO

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo interpretar os aspectos culturais e históricos subjacentes ao tecido social em que o cuidar é construído no contexto de atenção à saúde indígena. Trata-se de pesquisa interpretativa com abordagem qualitativa, do tipo estudo de caso. Foi conduzida em 2012 em uma Casa de Apoio à Saúde do Índio (CASAI) do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Na coleta de dados utilizaram-se técnicas de observação sistemática, análise documental e entrevistas semiestruturadas com dez profissionais. Efetuou-se análise dos dados à luz da abordagem da Antropologia Social e da Saúde. Os conceitos antropológicos código social e etnocentrismo fundamentaram a intepretação dos resultados. Identificaram-se duas categorias: CASAI, um espaço entre a rua e a aldeia; Etnocentrismo e o cuidado em saúde indígena. O tipo de prática de saúde exercido e o código social vigente são interinfluenciáveis. No espaço social estudado, a lógica social vigente é da rua. A organização institucional e a valorização dos profissionais sobre o corpo biológico indígena são determinantes para construção do cuidado sob a ética da rua. As concepções dos profissionais revelam indícios de etnocentrismo no cuidado em saúde. Os trabalhadores empreendem, entretanto, olhar relativizado sobre os indígenas na CASAI.


Abstract This case study aimed to interpret the underlying historical and cultural aspects of the provision of care at an indigenous healthcare service facility. This is an interpretive, case study-type research with qualitative approach, which was conducted in 2012 at the Indigenous Health Support Center (CASAI) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by means systematic observation, documentary analyses and semi-structured interviews with ten health professionals. Data review was performed according to an approach based on social anthropology and health anthropology. The anthropological concepts of social code and ethnocentrism underpinned the interpretation of outcomes. Two categories were identified: CASAI, a space between streets and village; Ethnocentrism and indigenous health care. Healthcare practice and current social code are influenced by each other. The street social code prevails in the social environment under study. The institutional organization and professionals' appreciation of the indigenous biological body are decisive to provision of care under the streets social code perspective. Professionals' concepts evidence ethnocentrism in healthcare. Workers, however, try to adopt a relativized view vis-à-vis indigenous people at CASAI.

12.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 21(4): e20170029, 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-891665

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the constitutive elements of the work process and care production in an Indigenous Health Support Service. Methods: Case study. Systematic observation and semi-structured interviews were conducted in January and February of 2012. The participants were 10 nursing professionals of an Indigenous Health Support Center, located in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. The work process was used as a conceptual and analytical category. Results: Through interpretative analysis, the data were organized into three categories. The results showed that care production was focused on procedures and guided by rigid institutional rules and bureaucracy. The prioritization of institutional rules and procedures was detrimental to the provision of person-centered care. Conclusion: The temporary employment contracts and rigid bureaucratic organization generated a tense work environment. These aspects do not maximize the efforts of the nursing staff to provide person-centered care.


Objetivo: Comprender los elementos constitutivos del proceso de trabajo y la producción de la atención en una institución de apoyo a la salud indígena. Métodos: Estudio de caso realizado en una casa de apoyo de salud indígena, en Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Fueron realizadas entrevistas semiestructuradas y la observación sistemática con 10 profesionales de enfermería. Se realizó el análisis temático, utilizando el proceso de trabajo como referencial teórico. Resultados: Emergieron tres categorías: la atención se centra en procedimientos técnicos y es guiada por burocracia y normas institucionales; hay una priorización de las normas; y procedimientos institucionales a expensas de la atención centrada en el sujeto. Conclusiones: El contrato de trabajo temporal y la organización burocrática producen un ambiente tenso en el trabajo, lo que no potencializa los esfuerzos del personal de enfermería en prestar una atención centrada al indígena.


Objetivo: Compreender os elementos constitutivos do processo de trabalho e a produção do cuidado em uma instituição de apoio à saúde indígena. Métodos: Estudo de caso. Procedeu-se observação sistemática e entrevistas semiestruturadas com 10 profissionais de enfermagem de fevereiro a janeiro de 2012 em uma Casa de Apoio à Saúde do Índio, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Realizou-se análise interpretativa, utilizando processo de trabalho como categoria conceitual e analítica. Resultados: Obteve-se três categorias. A produção do cuidado tem como foco procedimentos técnicos e normas institucionais rígidas. Há priorização de regras institucionais e procedimentos em detrimento do cuidado singularizado. Conclusões: O vínculo empregatício por contrato temporário e a organização burocrática geram um clima tenso de trabalho. Tais aspectos não potencializam os esforços dos trabalhadores em prestar o cuidado centrado na pessoa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Gestão em Saúde , Saúde de Populações Indígenas
13.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 21(4): e20170029, 2017. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-891706

RESUMO

Objetivo: Compreender os elementos constitutivos do processo de trabalho e a produção do cuidado em uma instituição de apoio à saúde indígena. Métodos: Estudo de caso. Procedeu-se observação sistemática e entrevistas semiestruturadas com 10 profissionais de enfermagem de fevereiro a janeiro de 2012 em uma Casa de Apoio à Saúde do Índio, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Realizou-se análise interpretativa, utilizando processo de trabalho como categoria conceitual e analítica. Resultados: Obteve-se três categorias. A produção do cuidado tem como foco procedimentos técnicos e normas institucionais rígidas. Há priorização de regras institucionais e procedimentos em detrimento do cuidado singularizado. Conclusões: O vínculo empregatício por contrato temporário e a organização burocrática geram um clima tenso de trabalho. Tais aspectos não potencializam os esforços dos trabalhadores em prestar o cuidado centrado na pessoa.


Objetivo: Comprender los elementos constitutivos del proceso de trabajo y la producción de la atención en una institución de apoyo a la salud indígena. Métodos: Estudio de caso realizado en una casa de apoyo de salud indígena, en Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Fueron realizadas entrevistas semiestructuradas y la observación sistemática con 10 profesionales de enfermería. Se realizó el análisis temático, utilizando el proceso de trabajo como referencial teórico. Resultados: Emergieron tres categorías: la atención se centra en procedimientos técnicos y es guiada por burocracia y normas institucionales; hay una priorización de las normas; y procedimientos institucionales a expensas de la atención centrada en el sujeto. Conclusiones: El contrato de trabajo temporal y la organización burocrática producen un ambiente tenso en el trabajo, lo que no potencializa los esfuerzos del personal de enfermería en prestar una atención centrada al indígena.


Objective: To understand the constitutive elements of the work process and care production in an Indigenous Health Support Service. Methods: Case study. Systematic observation and semi-structured interviews were conducted in January and February of 2012. The participants were 10 nursing professionals of an Indigenous Health Support Center, located in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. The work process was used as a conceptual and analytical category. Results: Through interpretative analysis, the data were organized into three categories. The results showed that care production was focused on procedures and guided by rigid institutional rules and bureaucracy. The prioritization of institutional rules and procedures was detrimental to the provision of person-centered care. Conclusion: The temporary employment contracts and rigid bureaucratic organization generated a tense work environment. These aspects do not maximize the efforts of the nursing staff to provide person-centered care


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde de Populações Indígenas , Cuidados de Enfermagem
14.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 24: e2836, 2016 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27901221

RESUMO

Objectives: to analyze the relationship between anxiety and depression symptoms, resilience and self-esteem with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics; correlate resilience and self-esteem with age and duration of the disease; check associations between anxiety and depression with measures of resilience and self-esteem among individuals with cardiovascular diseases. Method: correlational study conducted in a large university hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The population was composed of adult inpatients with cardiovascular diseases. A non-probabilistic consecutive sample was composed of 120 patients. Variables of interest were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Resilience Scale, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results: anxiety and depression symptoms were present in 32.5% and 17.5% of the patients, respectively, and were associated with the female sex (p = 0.002; p = 0.022). Manifestations of depression were associated with the presence of comorbidities (p = 0.020). More resilient patients did not present depression symptoms (p < 0.001) and anxious women were more resilient (p = 0.042). The highest scores regarding self-esteem were present in patients with anxiety and depression. Men presented higher resilience and lower self-esteem compared to women. Conclusion: patients with anxiety and depression were less resilient but presented higher self-esteem.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Autoimagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
J Ther Ultrasound ; 4: 21, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27536356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin function is dependent on its biomechanical characteristics, resistance, malleability, and elasticity. Therapeutic ultrasound may increase cutaneous malleability thus and optimize the rehabilitation process on specific diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate possible alterations of biomechanical characteristics of the normal skin after therapeutic ultrasound application. METHODS: Thirty-one volunteers took part of the study, and the average age was 31.61 ± 8.37 years old. Biomechanical characteristics evaluation of the skin was performed with the Cutometer MPA 580 (Courage + Khazaka Electronic-Köln, Germany) of 2-mm probe hole and 500-mbar vacuum. Skin characteristics were analyzed before and after therapeutic ultrasound application, and the variables R0 (distensibility), R2 (gross elasticity), and R6 (viscoelasticity) were used for the study. Areas of therapeutic ultrasound application (continuous, 3 MHz, 1 W/cm(2) SATA) were defined at the upper limbs and standardized using a neoprene template. Sociodemographic data of volunteers were analyzed using SPSS 15.0. To analyze the distribution of the data, the Shapiro-Wilk test was used, which showed the normal distribution for R0 values, R2 and R6. For this procedure, the PROC TTEST from SAS® 9.0 software and Minitab 16 software, with significance, was set at the 0.05 level. RESULTS: In relation to R0, a significant increase (p = 0.001) was observed for the distensibility, when compared to values of pre- (0.3273 mm) and immediately post- (0.3795 mm) resource application which feature a greater distensibility. Related to R2 values, a significant increase (p = .001) of the gross elasticity at pre- (0.8419) and post- (0.8884) therapeutic ultrasound application was found. CONCLUSIONS: Therapeutic ultrasound promotes significant alterations of the biomechanical characteristics of the skin. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, 1111-1146-7342.

16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 69(4): 741-50, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27508481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to investigate stressors perceived by patients in the immediate postoperative of cardiac surgery and their association with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHOD: a prospective correlational study conducted in a city in São Paulo, between August 2013 and December 2014. A non-probabilistic sample included patients submitted to their first coronary artery bypass graft or mitral valve surgery. The "Environmental Stressor Questionnaire" adapted to Portuguese was used. RESULTS: 105 patients participated in the study. The item "being thirsty" was evaluated as the most stressful and "the nursing staff member does not introduce himself/herself by the name" as the least stressful. Among sociodemographic and clinical variables (gender, age, type and time of surgery, pain, intubation time, use of psychotropic medications and length of stay in the intensive care unit), only pain presented a significant association with the stressors. CONCLUSION: knowing stressors can help implement practices associated with their reduction, favoring patients' recovery.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estresse Fisiológico , Estresse Psicológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 69(4): 741-750, jul.-ago. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-789016

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: investigar os estressores percebidos pelos pacientes no pós-operatório imediato de cirurgia cardíaca e sua relação com características sociodemográficas e clínicas. Método: estudo correlacional, prospectivo, desenvolvido no interior paulista, entre agosto/2013 e dezembro/2014. Uma amostra não probabilística foi constituída por pacientes submetidos à primeira cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio e/ou correção de valvulopatias. Utilizamos a "Escala de Avaliação de Estressores em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva". Resultados: participaram 105 pacientes. O item avaliado como mais estressante foi "ter sede", e o menos estressante foi "membro da equipe de enfermagem não se apresentar pelo nome". Das variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas investigadas (sexo, idade, tipo e tempo de cirurgia, dor, tempo de entubação, uso de psicotrópico e tempo na unidade de terapia intensiva), apenas dor apresentou relação significativa com os estressores. Conclusão: conhecer os estressores pode auxiliar na implementação de práticas relacionadas à sua redução, favorecendo a recuperação dos pacientes.


RESUMEN Objetivo: investigar los estresores percibidos por pacientes durante postoperatorio inmediato de cirugía cardíaca, y su relación con características sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: estudio correlacional, prospectivo, desarrollado en el interior paulista entre agosto/2013 y diciembre/2014. Constituida muestra no probabilística con pacientes sometidos a primera cirugía de revascularización del miocardio y/o corrección de valvulopatías. Utilizamos la "Escala de Evaluación de Estresores en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva". Resultados: participaron 105 pacientes. El ítem considerado como más estresante fue "tener sed"; el menos estresante fue "personal de enfermería no se presenta por su nombre". De las variables demográficas y clínicas investigadas (sexo, edad, tipo y tiempo de cirugía, dolor, tiempo de entubamiento, uso de psicotrópico y tiempo en unidad de terapia intensiva), solamente dolor mostró relación significativa con los estresores. Conclusión: conocer los estresores puede ayudar a implementar prácticas relacionadas con su reducción, favoreciendo la recuperación de los pacientes.


ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate stressors perceived by patients in the immediate postoperative of cardiac surgery and their association with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Method: a prospective correlational study conducted in a city in São Paulo, between August 2013 and December 2014. A non-probabilistic sample included patients submitted to their first coronary artery bypass graft or mitral valve surgery. The "Environmental Stressor Questionnaire" adapted to Portuguese was used. Results: 105 patients participated in the study. The item "being thirsty" was evaluated as the most stressful and "the nursing staff member does not introduce himself/herself by the name" as the least stressful. Among sociodemographic and clinical variables (gender, age, type and time of surgery, pain, intubation time, use of psychotropic medications and length of stay in the intensive care unit), only pain presented a significant association with the stressors. Conclusion: knowing stressors can help implement practices associated with their reduction, favoring patients' recovery.

18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 69(3): 443-50, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27355292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to compare the health status of traffic accident victims, at hospital discharge and after six months, and to analyze the predictive variables of their health status and return to work. METHOD: observational, longitudinal study. Data were collected through interviews and medical records of 102 patients with a mean age of 33 years; with the majority being men and victims of motorcycle accidents. The variables were analyzed by means of validated tools, student's t-test, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression. RESULTS: there was an improvement of perception in the patients' health status six months after hospital discharge and functional capacity. The individuals who returned to work showed better health-related quality of life evaluation. CONCLUSION: improvement of the perceived health status six months after hospital discharge was found. Factors that influenced the patients' return to work were not identified.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Nível de Saúde , Retorno ao Trabalho , Ferimentos e Lesões/reabilitação , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 69(3): 443-450, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-785124

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: comparar o estado de saúde de vítimas de acidente de trânsito, na alta hospitalar e após 6 meses, bem como analisar as variáveis preditoras do estado de saúde e retorno ao trabalho. Método: estudo observacional, longitudinal. Dados coletados por entrevistas e consulta aos prontuários, com 102 pacientes com média de idade de 33 anos; a maioria, homens e vítimas de acidente motociclístico. As variáveis foram avaliadas por instrumentos validados, analisadas por teste "t" de Student, regressão linear múltipla e regressão logística. Resultados: houve melhora da percepção do estado de saúde 6 meses após alta associada à idade, medida geral do estado de saúde imediatamente após a alta e capacidade funcional. Os indivíduos que retornaram ao trabalho apresentaram melhor avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde. Conclusão: constatou-se melhora da percepção do estado de saúde 6 meses após a alta. Não foram identificados fatores que influenciaram o retorno ao trabalho.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comparar el estado de salud de víctimas de accidentes de tránsito al alta hospitalaria y seis meses después, y analizar las variables predictoras del estado de salud y de retorno al trabajo. Método: estudio observacional, longitudinal. Datos recolectados por entrevistas y consulta de historias clínicas, con 102 pacientes, media etaria de 33 años, mayoritariamente hombres, víctimas de accidente motociclístico. Variables evaluadas por instrumentos validados, analizadas por test "t" de Student, regresión lineal múltiple y regresión logística. Resultados: Hubo mejora de la percepción del estado de salud 6 meses después del alta, asociada a edad, medida general del estado de salud, inmediatamente después del alta y capacidad funcional. Los individuos que retornaron al trabajo presentaron mejor evaluación de calidad de vida relacionada a la salud. Conclusión: se constató mejora de percepción del estado de salud 6 meses después del alta. No fueron identificados factores que influyeron en el regreso laboral.


ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the health status of traffic accident victims, at hospital discharge and after six months, and to analyze the predictive variables of their health status and return to work. Method: observational, longitudinal study. Data were collected through interviews and medical records of 102 patients with a mean age of 33 years; with the majority being men and victims of motorcycle accidents. The variables were analyzed by means of validated tools, student's t-test, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression. Results: there was an improvement of perception in the patients' health status six months after hospital discharge and functional capacity. The individuals who returned to work showed better health-related quality of life evaluation. Conclusion: improvement of the perceived health status six months after hospital discharge was found. Factors that influenced the patients' return to work were not identified.

20.
J Adv Nurs ; 72(10): 2508-23, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27189899

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to compare health status, self-efficacy, symptoms of depression and anxiety and post-traumatic stress between two groups of burn victims receiving information on self-care through routine care or an educational programme with telephone reinforcement. BACKGROUND: Self-care post discharge is an important factor on quality of life of burn victims. Reinforcement of self-care programme via telephone follow-up might improve self-efficacy and general health perception in burn victims. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. METHOD: From 2011-2012, we randomized 108 burn victims either to an educational programme on self-care tailored for burn victims according to the cognitive social theory and reinforcement by telephone every 4-6 weeks for 6 months post discharge, or to the routine instructions given at discharge from the hospital. During hospitalization, at discharge, at 6 and 12 months post discharge, we collected data on socio-demographic characteristics, Burns Specific Health Scale Revised (BSHS-R), Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale (PSE), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS) and Impact of the Event Scale (IES). We analysed data using t-test, Chi-square test and linear regression models. RESULTS: Groups were similar regarding clinical and demographic characteristics, except for age. At 6-month follow-up, there were no differences between the groups on BSHS-R, PSE and HADS Depression, while the intervention group showed fewer symptoms of anxiety (HADS Anxiety) and lower IES scores than the control group. CONCLUSION: The educational programme, when compared with usual care, reduced anxiety symptoms and post-traumatic stress. Educational programmes with telephone follow-up might be a viable intervention to improve self-care for burn victims.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Telefone , Brasil , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA