Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Phys Rev E ; 105(5-1): 054111, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35706175

RESUMO

We study the ground-state properties of a quantum sunburst model, composed of a quantum Ising spin ring in a transverse field, symmetrically coupled to a set of ancillary isolated qubits, to maintain a residual translation invariance and also a Z_{2} symmetry. The large-size limit is taken in two different ways: either by keeping the distance between any two neighboring ancillary qubits fixed or by fixing their number while increasing the ring size. Substantially different regimes emerge, depending on the various Hamiltonian parameters: For small energy scale δ of the ancillary subsystem and small ring-qubit interaction κ, we observe rapid and nonanalytic changes in proximity to the quantum transitions of the Ising ring, both first order and continuous, which can be carefully controlled by exploiting renormalization-group and finite-size scaling frameworks. Smoother behaviors are instead observed when keeping δ>0 fixed and in the Ising disordered phase. The effect of an increasing number n of ancillary spins turns out to scale proportionally to sqrt[n] for sufficiently large values of n.

2.
Phys Rev E ; 105(3-1): 034139, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428084

RESUMO

We study the effects of symmetry-breaking defects at continuous quantum transitions (CQTs) of homogeneous systems, which may arise from localized external fields coupled to the order-parameter operator. The problem is addressed within renormalization-group (RG) and finite-size scaling frameworks. We consider the paradigmatic one-dimensional quantum Ising models at their CQT, in the presence of defects which break the global Z_{2} symmetry. We show that such defects can give rise to notable critical crossover regimes where the ground-state properties experience substantial and rapid changes, from symmetric conditions to characterization of these crossover phenomena driven by defects. In particular, this is demonstrated by analyzing the ground-state fidelity associated with small changes of the defect strength. Within the critical crossover regime, the fidelity susceptibility shows a power-law divergence when increasing the system size, related to the RG dimension of the defect strength; in contrast, outside the critical defect regime, it remains finite. We support the RG scaling arguments with numerical results.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(23): 236402, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337187

RESUMO

The exactly solvable Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model has recently received considerable attention in both condensed matter and high energy physics because it describes quantum matter without quasiparticles, while being at the same time the holographic dual of a quantum black hole. In this Letter, we examine SYK-based charging protocols of quantum batteries with N quantum cells. Extensive numerical calculations based on exact diagonalization for N up to 16 strongly suggest that the optimal charging power of our SYK quantum batteries displays a superextensive scaling with N that stems from genuine quantum mechanical effects. While the complexity of the nonequilibrium SYK problem involved in the charging dynamics prevents us from an analytical proof, we believe that this Letter offers the first (to the best of our knowledge) strong numerical evidence of a quantum advantage occurring due to the maximally entangling underlying quantum dynamics.

4.
Phys Rev E ; 102(1-1): 012143, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795036

RESUMO

We address the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of a many-body system when one of its Hamiltonian parameters is driven across a first-order quantum transition (FOQT). In particular, we consider systems subject to boundary conditions favoring one of the two phases separated by the FOQT. These issues are investigated within the paradigmatic one-dimensional quantum Ising model, at the FOQTs driven by the longitudinal magnetic field h, with boundary conditions that favor the same magnetized phase (EFBC) or opposite magnetized phases (OFBC). We study the dynamic behavior for an instantaneous quench and for a protocol in which h is slowly varied across the FOQT. We develop a dynamic finite-size scaling theory for both EFBC and OFBC, which displays some remarkable differences with respect to the case of neutral boundary conditions. The corresponding relevant timescale shows a qualitative different size dependence in the two cases: it increases exponentially with the size in the case of EFBC, and as a power of the size in the case of OFBC.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4820, 2019 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645569

RESUMO

Transport phenomena are central to physics, and transport in the many-body and fully-quantum regime is attracting an increasing amount of attention. It has been recently revealed that some quantum spin chains support ballistic transport of excitations at all energies. However, when joining two semi-infinite ballistic parts, such as the XX and XXZ spin-1/2 models, our understanding suddenly becomes less established. Employing a matrix-product-state ansatz of the wavefunction, we study the relaxation dynamics in this latter case. Here we show that it takes place inside a light cone, within which two qualitatively different regions coexist: an inner one with a strong tendency towards thermalization, and an outer one supporting ballistic transport. We comment on the possibility that even at infinite time the system supports stationary currents and displays a non-zero Kapitza boundary resistance. Our study paves the way to the analysis of the interplay between transport, integrability, and local defects.

6.
Phys Rev E ; 97(5-1): 052148, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906825

RESUMO

We present a general dynamic finite-size scaling theory for the quantum dynamics after an abrupt quench, at both continuous and first-order quantum transitions. For continuous transitions, the scaling laws are naturally ruled by the critical exponents and the renormalization-group dimension of the perturbation at the transition. In the case of first-order transitions, it is possible to recover a universal scaling behavior, which is controlled by the size behavior of the energy gap between the lowest-energy levels. We discuss these findings in the framework of the paradigmatic quantum Ising ring, and support the dynamic scaling laws by numerical evidence.

7.
Phys Rev E ; 97(2-1): 022202, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29548167

RESUMO

We study the effect of many-body quantum interference on the dynamics of coupled periodically kicked systems whose classical dynamics is chaotic and shows an unbounded energy increase. We specifically focus on an N-coupled kicked rotors model: We find that the interplay of quantumness and interactions dramatically modifies the system dynamics, inducing a transition between energy saturation and unbounded energy increase. We discuss this phenomenon both numerically and analytically through a mapping onto an N-dimensional Anderson model. The thermodynamic limit N→∞, in particular, always shows unbounded energy growth. This dynamical delocalization is genuinely quantum and very different from the classical one: Using a mean-field approximation, we see that the system self-organizes so that the energy per site increases in time as a power law with exponent smaller than 1. This wealth of phenomena is a genuine effect of quantum interference: The classical system for N≥2 always behaves ergodically with an energy per site linearly increasing in time. Our results show that quantum mechanics can deeply alter the regularity or ergodicity properties of a many-body-driven system.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 118(23): 230402, 2017 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28644672

RESUMO

Alkaline-earth(-like) atoms, trapped in optical lattices and in the presence of an external gauge field, can form insulating states at given fractional fillings. We will show that, by exploiting these properties, it is possible to realize a topological fractional pump. Our analysis is based on a many-body adiabatic expansion, on simulations with time-dependent matrix product states, and, for a specific form of atom-atom interaction, on an exactly solvable model of fractional pump. The numerical simulations allow us to consider a realistic setup amenable of an experimental realization. As a further consequence, the measure of the center-of-mass shift of the atomic cloud would constitute the first measurement of a many-body Chern number in a cold-atom experiment.

9.
Nat Commun ; 7: 12782, 2016 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27681458

RESUMO

Thermodynamics relies on the possibility to describe systems composed of a large number of constituents in terms of few macroscopic variables. Its foundations are rooted into the paradigm of statistical mechanics, where thermal properties originate from averaging procedures which smoothen out local details. While undoubtedly successful, elegant and formally correct, this approach carries over an operational problem, namely determining the precision at which such variables are inferred, when technical/practical limitations restrict our capabilities to local probing. Here we introduce the local quantum thermal susceptibility, a quantifier for the best achievable accuracy for temperature estimation via local measurements. Our method relies on basic concepts of quantum estimation theory, providing an operative strategy to address the local thermal response of arbitrary quantum systems at equilibrium. At low temperatures, it highlights the local distinguishability of the ground state from the excited sub-manifolds, thus providing a method to locate quantum phase transitions.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 115(15): 156402, 2015 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26550737

RESUMO

In this Letter we present, in a number conserving framework, a model of interacting fermions in a two-wire geometry supporting nonlocal zero-energy Majorana-like edge excitations. The model has an exactly solvable line, on varying the density of fermions, described by a topologically nontrivial ground state wave function. Away from the exactly solvable line we study the system by means of the numerical density matrix renormalization group. We characterize its topological properties through the explicit calculation of a degenerate entanglement spectrum and of the braiding operators which are exponentially localized at the edges. Furthermore, we establish the presence of a gap in its single particle spectrum while the Hamiltonian is gapless, and compute the correlations between the edge modes as well as the superfluid correlations. The topological phase covers a sizable portion of the phase diagram, the solvable line being one of its boundaries.

11.
Nat Commun ; 6: 8134, 2015 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26350624

RESUMO

The joint action of a magnetic field and of interactions is crucial for the appearance of exotic quantum phenomena, such as the quantum Hall effect. Owing to their rich nuclear structure, equivalent to an additional synthetic dimension, one-dimensional alkaline-earth(-like) fermionic gases with synthetic gauge potential and atomic contact repulsion may display similar related properties. Here we show the existence and the features of a hierarchy of fractional insulating and conducting states by means of analytical and numerical methods. We demonstrate that the gapped states are characterized by density and magnetic order emerging solely for gases with effective nuclear spin larger than 1/2, whereas the gapless phases can support helical modes. We finally argue that these states are related to an unconventional fractional quantum Hall effect in the thin-torus limit and that their properties can be studied in state-of-the-art laboratories.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 113(2): 025301, 2014 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25062201

RESUMO

We study persistent currents for interacting one-dimensional bosons on a tight ring trap, subjected to a rotating barrier potential, which induces an artificial U(1) gauge field. We show that, at intermediate interactions, the persistent current response is maximal, due to a subtle interplay of effects due to the barrier, the interaction, and quantum fluctuations. These results are relevant for ongoing experiments with ultracold atomic gases on mesoscopic rings.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 110(16): 163605, 2013 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23679604

RESUMO

We introduce and study the properties of an array of QED cavities coupled by nonlinear elements, in the presence of photon leakage and driven by a coherent source. The nonlinear couplings lead to photon hopping and to nearest-neighbor Kerr terms. By tuning the system parameters, the steady state of the array can exhibit a photon crystal associated with a periodic modulation of the photon blockade. In some cases, the crystalline ordering may coexist with phase synchronization. The class of cavity arrays we consider can be built with superconducting circuits of existing technology.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 110(1): 015302, 2013 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23383804

RESUMO

By means of the time-dependent density-matrix renormalization-group (TDMRG) method we are able to follow the real-time dynamics of a single impurity embedded in a one-dimensional bath of interacting bosons. We focus on the impurity breathing mode, which is found to be well described by a single oscillation frequency and a damping rate. If the impurity is very weakly coupled to the bath, a Luttinger-liquid description is valid and the impurity suffers an Abraham-Lorentz radiation-reaction friction. For a large portion of the explored parameter space, the TDMRG results fall well beyond the Luttinger-liquid paradigm.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 108(24): 245302, 2012 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23004286

RESUMO

The nonequilibrium spin dynamics of a one-dimensional system of repulsively interacting fermions is studied by means of density-matrix renormalization group simulations. We focus on the short-time decay of the oscillation amplitudes of the centers of mass of spin-up and spin-down fermions. Because of many body effects, the decay is found to evolve from quadratic to linear in time, and eventually back to quadratic as the strength of the interaction increases. The characteristic rate of the decay increases linearly with the strength of repulsion in the weak-coupling regime, while it is inversely proportional to it in the strong-coupling regime. Our predictions can be tested in experiments on tunable ultracold few-fermion systems in one-dimensional traps.

16.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 81(5 Pt 1): 051135, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20866213

RESUMO

Using an approach based on the time-dependent density-matrix renormalization-group method, we study the thermalization in spin chains locally coupled to an external bath. Our results provide evidence that quantum chaotic systems do thermalize, that is, they exhibit relaxation to an invariant ergodic state which, in the bulk, is well approximated by the grand canonical state. Moreover, the resulting ergodic state in the bulk does not depend on the details of the baths. On the other hand, for integrable systems we found that the invariant state in general depends on the bath and is different from the grand canonical state.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(12): 127204, 2009 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19392319

RESUMO

We study the nonequilibrium dynamics of the quantum Ising model following an abrupt quench of the transverse field. We focus on the on-site autocorrelation function of the order parameter, and extract the phase-coherence time tau(Q)(phi) from its asymptotic behavior. We show that the initial state determines tau(Q)(phi) only through an effective temperature set by its energy and the final Hamiltonian. Moreover, we observe that the dependence of tau(Q)(phi) on the effective temperature fairly agrees with that obtained in thermal equilibrium as a function of the equilibrium temperature.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 100(6): 060501, 2008 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18352446

RESUMO

Quantum chaotic maps can efficiently generate pseudorandom states carrying almost maximal multipartite entanglement, as characterized by the probability distribution of bipartite entanglement between all possible bipartitions of the system. We show that such multipartite entanglement is robust, in the sense that, when realistic noise is considered, distillable entanglement of bipartitions remains almost maximal up to a noise strength that drops only polynomially with the number of qubits.

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 99(18): 186401, 2007 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17995423

RESUMO

By means of analytical and numerical methods we analyze the phase diagram of polaritons in one-dimensional coupled cavities. We locate the phase boundary, discuss the behavior of the polariton compressibility and visibility fringes across the critical point, and find a nontrivial scaling of the phase boundary as a function of the number of atoms inside each cavity. We also predict the emergence of a polaritonic glassy phase when the number of atoms fluctuates from cavity to cavity.

20.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 74(3 Pt 2): 036209, 2006 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17025731

RESUMO

We study the dynamics of the entanglement between two qubits coupled to a common chaotic environment, described by the quantum kicked rotator model. We show that the kicked rotator, which is a single-particle deterministic dynamical system, can reproduce the effects of a pure dephasing many-body bath. Indeed, in the semiclassical limit the interaction with the kicked rotator can be described as a random phase kick, so that decoherence is induced in the two-qubit system. We also show that our model can efficiently simulate non-Markovian environments.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...