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1.
J Autoimmun ; 124: 102729, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Belimumab was recently approved for treatment of lupus glomerulonephritis (LN). AIM: To evaluate renal response and its predictors in LN patients receiving belimumab in real-life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We considered all patients fulfilling the SLEDAI-2K renal items and/or having estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)≤60 ml/min/1.73 m2, with positive anti-dsDNA and/or low C3/C4 enrolled in the multicentre Italian lupus cohort BeRLiSS (BElimumab in Real LIfe Setting Study), treated with monthly IV Belimumab 10 mg/kg over standard treatment. Primary efficacy renal response (PERR), defined as proteinuria ≤0.7 g/24 h, eGFR≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2 without rescue therapy, was considered as primary outcome. Complete renal response (CRR; proteinuria <0.5 g/24 h, eGFR≥90 ml/min/1.73 m2) was considered as secondary outcome. Prevalence and predictors of PERR were evaluated at 6, 12, 24 months by multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Among the 466 SLE patients of BeRLiSS, 91 fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 79 females, median age 41.0 (33.0-47.0) years, median follow-up 22.0 (12.0-36.0) months. Sixty-four (70.3%) achieved PERR, of whom 38.4% reached CRR. Among patients achieving PERR at 6 months, 86.7% maintained response throughout the follow-up. At multivariable analysis, hypertension (OR [95%CI]: 0.28 [0.09-0.89], p = 0.032), high baseline serum creatinine (0.97 [0.95-0.99], p = 0.01) and high baseline proteinuria (0.37, [0.19-0.74], p = 0.005) negatively predicted PERR. Positive predictors of PERR at 12 and 24 months were baseline anti-Sm positivity (OR [95%CI]: 6.2 [1.21-31.7], p = 0.029; 19.8 [2.01-186.7], p = 0.009, respectively) and having achieved PERR at 6 months (14.4 [3.28-63.6]; 11.7 [2.7-48.7], p = 0.001 for both). CONCLUSIONS: Add-on therapy with belimumab led to durable renal response in patients with LN in a real-life setting.

4.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61(1): 57, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526144

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Depression is a quite common comorbidity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and is thought to influence its severity. This study aims to estimate, in a large cohort of Italian patients with RA, the prevalence of depression and to investigate the clinical correlates of depression in terms of disease activity and disability. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study enrolling 490 outpatients with RA (80% female, mean age 59.5). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to assess the presence of depression with a cut-off of 11. We collected data about disease activity and disability with DAS28, TJC-68, PhGA, PGA, VAS, DAS28, SDAI, CDAI and HAQ. RESULTS: Prevalence of depression was 14.3% (95% CI: 11-17%). Depressed patients, when compared with not depressed ones, were found to have higher scores for TJC-68 (p = 0.011), PhGA (p = 0.001), PGA (p = 0.001), VAS (p = 0.001), DAS28 (p = 0.007), SDAI (p = 0.001), CDAI (p = 0.001) and HAQ (p = 0.001). Out of the 70 depressed patients, 30 subjects, already known to be depressed in the past, were still depressed at the time of the assessment, with only 11 (15.7%) under antidepressants. A multivariate analysis showed that male sex, higher PGA score, use of antidepressants and higher HAQ score were significantly associated with an increased risk of depression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that depression is common in RA and may affect its activity mainly via an alteration in the perception of the disease. Although its important implications, depression is still under-diagnosed and its management is inadequate.

5.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405441

RESUMO

The determinants of the susceptibility to severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) manifestations are yet not fully understood. Amino-bisphosphonates (N-BPs) have anti-inflammatory properties and have been shown to reduce the incidence of lower respiratory infections, cardiovascular events, and cancer. We conducted a population-based retrospective observational cohort study with the primary objective of determining if oral N-BPs treatment can play a role in the susceptibility to development of severe COVID-19. Administrative International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical ModificationI (ICD-9-CM) and anatomical-therapeutic chemical (ATC) code data, representative of Italian population (9% sample of the overall population), were analyzed. Oral N-BPs (mainly alendronate and risedronate) were included in the analysis, zoledronic acid was excluded because of the low number of patients at risk. Incidence of COVID-19 hospitalization was 12.32 (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.61-15.04) and 11.55 (95% CI, 8.91-14.20), of intensive care unit (ICU) utilization because of COVID-19 was 1.25 (95% CI, 0.38-2.11) and 1.42 (95% CI, 0.49-2.36), and of all-cause death was 4.06 (95% CI, 2.50-5.61) and 3.96 (95% CI, 2.41-5.51) for oral N-BPs users and nonusers, respectively. Sensitivity analyses that excluded patients with prevalent vertebral or hip fragility fractures and without concomitant glucocorticoid treatment yielded similar results. In conclusion, we found that the incidence of COVID-19 hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) utilization, and COVID-19 potentially related mortality were similar in N-BPs-treated and nontreated subjects. Similar results were found in N-BPs versus other anti-osteoporotic drugs. We provide real-life data on the safety of oral N-BPs in terms of severe COVID-19 risk on a population-based cohort. Our results do not support the hypothesis that oral N-BPs can prevent COVID-19 infection and/or severe COVID-19; however, they do not seem to increase the risk. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).

6.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371803

RESUMO

Comparative pharmacodynamic (PD) analyses on different dosing schedules for cholecalciferol supplementation are limited. This was an open-label, randomized, parallel-group study involving 75 healthy individuals deficient in vitamin D (baseline 25OHD < 20 ng/mL) receiving oral cholecalciferol with three different dosing regimens: Group A: 10,000 IU/day for 8 weeks followed by 1000 IU/day for 4 weeks; Group B: 50,000 IU/week for 12 weeks and Group C: 100,000 IU every other week for 12 weeks. Regulators of calcium and phosphate homeostasis, bone turnover markers and Wnt inhibitors were measured at baseline, Day 28, 53, 84, and 112. The 1,25OH2D increased at each time point. The increase was greater (p < 0.05) for group A vs. B and C at Day 28, and vs. group B at Day 56. No significant difference among groups was observed for the other biomarkers. The 24,25OH2D remained stable over time. PTH decreased at Day 84 and FGF-23 increased at all time points. CTX-I and PINP increased slightly at Day 28. BALP decreased from Day 56 onward. Dkk-1 increased from Day 56 onward, while sclerostin did not show significant changes. In healthy individuals deficient in vitamin D, vitamin D supplementation exerted effects on multiple regulators of calcium, phosphate and bone metabolism, without marked differences using the three regimens.


Assuntos
Colecalciferol/administração & dosagem , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/sangue , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatos/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue
7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 620920, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093428

RESUMO

The relationship between endocrine hormones and the spectrum of rheumatic conditions has long been discussed in the literature, focusing primarily on sexual hormones, such as estrogens, androgens, prolactin (PRL). Estrogens are indeed involved in the pathogenesis of the main inflammatory arthritis thanks to their effects on the immune system, both stimulatory and inhibitory. The PRL system has been discovered in synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), patients and has been propose as a new potential therapeutic target. Besides sexual hormones, in the last years scientific interest about the crosstalk of immune system with other class of hormones has grown. Hormones acting on the bone tissue (i.e. parathyroid hormone, vitamin D) and modulators of the Wnt pathway (i.e. Dickkopf-1) have been demonstrated to play active role in inflammatory arthritis course, defining a new field of research named osteoimmunology. PTH, which is one of the main determinants of Dkkopf-1, plays a crucial role in bone erosions in RA and a correlation between PTH, Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) and disease activity has been found in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). In PSA is under studying the interaction among IL-17 and bone metabolism. The purpose of this review is to discuss and summarize the recent data about the interaction between endocrine hormone and immune system in the main rheumatic disorders, covering in particular the role of bone-related hormones and cytokines. We will describe this relationship from a biochemical, diagnostic and therapeutic perspective, with a particular focus on RA, PsA and AS.

8.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 158, 2021 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic stiffness index (AoSI) has to be considered a proxy outcome measure in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to comparatively describe AoSI progression in two groups of RA patients on long-term treatment with conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) with or without tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi). METHODS: AoSI was evaluated by Doppler echocardiography at the level of the aortic root, using a two-dimensional guided M-mode evaluation. Eligible participants were assessed at baseline and after 12 months. Changes in serum lipids, glucose and arterial blood pressure were assessed. All patients who did not change DMARD treatment during follow-up were consecutively selected for this study. RESULTS: We included 107 (64 TNFi and 43 csDMARDs) RA patients. Most patients (74%) were in remission or low disease activity and had some CVD risk factors (45.8% hypertension, 59.8% dyslipidaemia, 45.3% smoking). The two groups did not differ significantly for baseline AoSI (5.95±3.73% vs 6.08±4.20%, p=0.867). Follow-up AoSI was significantly increased from baseline in the csDMARDs group (+1.00%; p<0.0001) but not in the TNFi group (+0.15%, p=0.477). Patients on TNFi had significantly lower follow-up AoSI from baseline than the csDMARDs group (-1.02%, p<0.001; ANCOVA corrected for baseline AoSI, age and systolic blood pressure). Furthermore, follow-up AoSI was significantly lower in TNFi than in csDMARDs users with an increasing number of CVD risk factors. CONCLUSION: Long-term treatment with TNFi was associated with reduced aortic stiffness progression in patients with established RA and several CVD risk factors.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Rigidez Vascular , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
9.
ACR Open Rheumatol ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that environmental air pollution is associated with the development of chronic inflammatory arthritides (CIA). The role of air pollutants on the biological treatment (biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs [bDMARDs]) response of CIA is still unclear. METHODS: We retrieved longitudinal data on patients affected by CIA on biological therapies and on the daily concentration of air pollutants in the Verona area. We designed a case-crossover study to compare the exposure to pollutants in the 60-day period preceding a drug switch or swap due to disease progression referent to the 60-day period preceding a visit with stable treatment for at least 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 1257 patients with CIA (863 with rheumatoid arthritis, 256 with psoriatic arthritis, and 138 with ankylosing spondylitis) with 5454 follow-up visits were included in the study (median follow-up 2.09 years [interquartile range: 0.82-2.58 years]). A total of 282 patients were included in the case-crossover study. We retrieved 13 636 daily air pollution records. We found that air pollutants' concentrations were higher in the 60-day period before a failure of bDMARD response and prior to a switch or swap compared with the period preceding a visit with stable bDMARD therapy for at least 6 months. CONCLUSION: We found that environmental air pollution was a determinant of poor response to bDMARDs in a cohort of patients with CIA followed over a 5-year period. An intervention aimed at decreasing fossil combustion emissions might have beneficial effects on biologic persistence rates of patients with CIA and economic expenditures related to switches and swaps.

10.
Panminerva Med ; 63(2): 214-223, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transplantation (Tx) is an effective therapeutic option in patients with end-stage organ failure and osteoporosis and related fractures are a recognized complication in these patients. Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of neridronate in patients with reduced bone mass after Tx of the heart, liver or lung. METHODS: In this multicenter randomized double-blind controlled trial (RCT), 22 patients were treated with neridronate (25 mg i.m./month) and 17 received placebo. All patients received daily oral calcium (500 mg) and vitamin D (400 IU). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was evaluated at 0, 6 and 12 months and markers of bone turnover at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients (11 heart Tx, 21 liver Tx, 7 lung Tx), aged 49.3±9.1 years, with a T-score <-2.0 SD at lumbar spine or femoral level were included. In neridronate-treated patients, a significant increase in lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) was observed after 12 months vs. placebo control (0.92±0.13 g/cm2 vs. 0.84±0.08 g/cm2; P=0.005). Femur and hip BMD remained unchanged between groups. Total alkaline phosphatase, bone alkaline phosphatase and beta-cross-laps significantly decreased over the 12 months in neridronate-treated patients vs. placebo, respectively (107.4±74 U/L vs. 157.6±107.1 U/L, P=0.002; 5.7±3.3 µg/L vs. 11.7±4.3 µg/L, P<0.001 and 0.25±0.13 ng/mL vs. 0.73±0.57 ng/mL, P<0.001). No difference was observed between neridronate and placebo groups regarding safety profile. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first RCT that demonstrates the efficacy of neridronate in increasing bone density and reducing bone turnover in organ Tx recipients with significant skeletal morbidity.

11.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A low calcium intake is a well-known factor that influences the bone mineral density (BMD) maintenance. In the presence of inadequate calcium intake, secondary hyperparathyroidism develops, leading to an increased bone turnover and fracture risk. AIMS: To assess the dietary calcium intake in relation with osteoporosis and fragility fracture in a cohort of Italian individuals evaluated for low BMD. METHODS: A 7-day food-frequency questionnaire was administered to 1793 individuals, who were consecutively referred at the Centers of the Italian Society for Osteoporosis, Mineral Metabolism and Skeletal Diseases (SIOMMMS) for low BMD. RESULTS: In 30.3% and 20.9% of subjects, the calcium intake was inadequate (< 700 mg/day) and adequate (> 1200 mg/day), respectively. As compared with patients with adequate calcium intake, those with inadequate calcium intake were younger (65.5 ± 10.8 vs 63.9 ± 11.5 years, p = 0.03) and they more frequently reported adverse reactions to food (3.2% vs 7.2% p = 0.01) and previous major fragility fractures (20.8% vs 27.0%, p = 0.03). Patients with calcium intake < 700 mg/day showed a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, idiopathic hypercalciuria and food allergy/intolerance (8.1%, 5.1%, 7.2%, respectively) than patients with calcium intake > 700 mg/day (5.3%, 3.0%, 4.1%, respectively, p < 0.04 for all comparisons), also after adjusting for age, gender and body mass index. In 30.3% of fractured subjects, the calcium intake was < 700 mg/day. DISCUSSION: In Italy, a low calcium intake is highly prevalent in individuals at risk for low BMD. Importantly, an inadequate calcium intake is highly prevalent even in patients with history of fragility fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Only about a fifth of patients being assessed for low BMD in an Italian SIOMMMS referral Centre have an adequate calcium intake.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 89, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies on community populations found that metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with higher risk for total incident cancer with a predisposition for specific types of cancer. These findings have never been analyzed in patients with chronic inflammatory rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD). We assessed prevalence/incidence and factors related to the development of cancer in a large cohort of these patients and evaluate whether MetS and its components were associated with cancer independent of traditional markers of inflammation. METHODS: Between March 2014 and April 2016, 474 patients with RMD involved in a cardiovascular primary prevention program were consecutively recruited into this ambispective (combination of retrospective/prospective) study. They underwent clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic evaluations. MetS was diagnosed according to the ATPIII criteria. RESULTS: Duration of follow-up was 42 [18-60] months. Patients with a diagnosis of cancer (made before recruitment or during follow-up) were 46 (9.7%). Cancer was diagnosed in 22/76 patients (29%) with MetS and in 24/398 patients (6%, p < 0.001) without MetS; nearly two thirds of malignancies belonged to those traditionally related to MetS. MetS was the strongest cancer risk factor. Cancer was positively associated with the number of MetS components identified in each patient. Beyond MetS, cancer was associated to older age and increased inflammatory disease activity; this information allowed to build a simple performance indicator highly sensitive for cancer development. CONCLUSION: In light of our results, an increasingly accurate assessment of MetS would be required in patients with RMD as potential measure of clinical outcomes including the risk of cancer.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Neoplasias , Doenças Reumáticas , Idoso , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 56, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723677

RESUMO

In the present observational cohort study in 4902 men and 9804 women, we found that the factors associated with osteoporosis care utilization in men were comorbidities, adjuvant hormonal therapy for prostate cancer, vertebral or hip fractures, and glucocorticoid treatment. INTRODUCTION: Male osteoporosis is associated with an important clinical and economic burden worldwide; nevertheless, undertreatment of men with osteoporosis is common. Understanding the factors associated with referral to bone specialists may help to define future interventions to improve access to osteoporosis care for male patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a nationwide cohort (DeFRACalc79 database). DeFRACalc79 is a tool that estimates the fracture risk by considering clinical and densitometric risk factors, including the presence of prior hip or vertebral and non-vertebral or non-hip fractures. We compared the clinical characteristics of male individuals with an age-matched cohort of women. Propensity score generation with a 2:1 female-to-male ratio was performed using a logistic regression model to age-match the cohorts. RESULTS: We analyzed a sample of 4902 men at high risk for osteoporosis. We found that the factors associated with osteoporosis care utilization in men were the presence of comorbidities (OR 1.939, 95% CI 1.799-2.090), adjuvant hormonal therapy for prostate cancer (OR 1.482, 95% CI 1.315-1.670), the presence of vertebral or hip fractures (OR 1.490, 95% CI 1.378-1.611), and glucocorticoid treatment (OR 2.573, 95% CI 2.274-2.832). CONCLUSIONS: Men are more commonly referred to the bone specialist with a prevalent fragility fracture and/or diagnosis of secondary osteoporosis as compared with women. Our study suggests that there is a lack of screening for the primary prevention of osteoporosis in men as compared with that in women.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 24(4): 510-518, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719195

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) develop early changes in left ventricular (LV) geometry and experience cardiovascular events in excess than in the general population. This study was designed to assess prevalence, predictors and prognostic role of LV hypertrophy (LVH) in a selected group of RA patients with normal blood pressure and glycemia who should be at low risk for LVH. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 241 normotensive normoglycemic RA patients (mean age 53 ± 12 years, 61% women) involved in a primary prevention program for cardiovascular diseases who were followed-up for 40 (24-56) months. LVH was detected by echocardiography and defined as LV mass ≥49.2 g/m2.7 for men and ≥46.7 g/m2.7 for women. Primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death/hospitalization. RESULTS: LVH was detected in 39 patients (16%). Older age (>53 years), greater body mass index (BMI > 25 kg/m2 ), longer duration of RA disease, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) positivity and concentric LV geometry were the variables associated with LVH. During the follow-up, a cardiovascular event occurred in 12 of 39 (31%) patients with LVH and in 22 of 202 (11%; P < .001) patients without LVH. LVH independently predicted cardiovascular events (hazards ratio 3.28 [95% CI 1.03-9.20], P = .03) at Cox regression analysis together with C-reactive protein and ACPA positivity. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly one-sixth of normotensive normoglycemic RA patients analyzed in a primary prevention program for cardiovascular diseases has LVH which is associated with obesity and older age, and strongly predicts cardiovascular event in these subjects.

16.
Minerva Med ; 112(2): 246-254, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The MARTE study investigated the demographic, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients ongoing methotrexate (MTX) treatment for longer than 8 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study considered 587 RA patients from 67 Rheumatology Units across Italy. Data collected included demographic, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics, focusing on MTX prescription patterns (route of administration, dosing regimens, treatment duration, and discontinuation). RESULTS: As initial therapy, 90.6% of patients received one conventional synthetic Disease Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drug (csDMARD), with treatment started within the first 3 months from diagnosis in half of the patients. MTX was the first csDMARD in 46.2% of patients. The prevalent route of administration at diagnosis was the intramuscular (60.5%), while at study entry (baseline) 57.6% were receiving subcutaneous MTX. Patients who required a higher MTX dose at study entry were those who received a significantly lower starting MTX dose (P<0.001). Significantly higher MTX doses were currently required in men (P<0.001), current smokers (P=0.013), and overweight patients (P=0.028), whereas patients on oral therapy received significantly lower doses of MTX (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The MARTE study confirms once again the potential of the proper use of MTX in the treatment of RA. Data from our study suggest that a higher dose of MTX should be used since the first stages in overweight patients, men, and smokers.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Injeções Subcutâneas/estatística & dados numéricos , Itália , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pós-Menopausa , Fatores Sexuais , Fumantes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 60(10): 4591-4597, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Environmental air pollution has been linked to the pathogenesis of RA. Nevertheless, evidence linking higher concentrations of air pollutants with the risk of RA reactivations is missing. The objective of the present study was to determine the association between RA flares and air pollution. METHODS: We collected longitudinal data of patients affected by RA and of the daily concentration of air pollutants in the Verona area. We designed a case-crossover study. We compared the exposure to pollutants in the 30-day and 60-day periods preceding an arthritic flare referent to the 30-day and 60-day preceding a low-disease activity visit. RESULTS: The study included 888 patients with RA with 3396 follow-up visits; 13 636 daily air pollution records were retrieved. We found an exposure-response relationship between the concentration of air pollutants and the risk of having abnormal CRP levels. Patients exposed to greater concentrations of air pollutants were at higher risk of having CRP levels ≥5 mg/l. Concentrations of CO, NO, NO2, NOx, PM10, PM2.5 and O3 were higher in the 60-day period preceding a flare. CONCLUSIONS: We found a striking association between air pollution and RA disease severity and reactivations in a cohort of patients followed over a 5-year period. The exposure to high levels of air pollutants was associated with increased CRP levels and a higher risk of experiencing a flare of arthritis. This excessive risk was evident at very low levels of exposure.

18.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466642

RESUMO

Little information is available on the beneficial effects of cholecalciferol treatment in comorbid patients hospitalized for COVID-19. The aim of this study was to retrospectively examine the clinical outcome of patients receiving in-hospital high-dose bolus cholecalciferol. Patients with a positive diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 and overt COVID-19, hospitalized from 15 March to 20 April 2020, were considered. Based on clinical characteristics, they were supplemented (or not) with 400,000 IU bolus oral cholecalciferol (200,000 IU administered in two consecutive days) and the composite outcome (transfer to intensive care unit; ICU and/or death) was recorded. Ninety-one patients (aged 74 ± 13 years) with COVID-19 were included in this retrospective study. Fifty (54.9%) patients presented with two or more comorbid diseases. Based on the decision of the referring physician, 36 (39.6%) patients were treated with vitamin D. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed a significant predictive power of the four variables: (a) low (<50 nmol/L) 25(OH) vitamin D levels, (b) current cigarette smoking, (c) elevated D-dimer levels (d) and the presence of comorbid diseases, to explain the decision to administer vitamin D (area under the curve = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.67-0.87, p < 0.0001). Over the follow-up period (14 ± 10 days), 27 (29.7%) patients were transferred to the ICU and 22 (24.2%) died (16 prior to ICU and six in ICU). Overall, 43 (47.3%) patients experienced the combined endpoint of transfer to ICU and/or death. Logistic regression analyses revealed that the comorbidity burden significantly modified the effect of vitamin D treatment on the study outcome, both in crude (p = 0.033) and propensity score-adjusted analyses (p = 0.039), so the positive effect of high-dose cholecalciferol on the combined endpoint was significantly amplified with increasing comorbidity burden. This hypothesis-generating study warrants the formal evaluation (i.e., clinical trial) of the potential benefit that cholecalciferol can offer in these comorbid COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Colecalciferol/uso terapêutico , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/mortalidade , Colecalciferol/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 39(2): 344-350, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic inflammatory arthritis (CIAs), including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are characterised by high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, partly due to endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness of the carotid artery and aorta. The aim of the present study is to determine whether ultrasonography measures of carotid and aortic stiffness are correlated with left ventricular mass and function in patients affected by CIAs. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we consecutively enrolled outpatients diagnosed with CIAs with no overt CVD. For each participant we assessed disease characteristics, CVD risk factors, medications, including disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), blood pressure, lipids and glucose levels. Carotid ultrasonography was performed in all patients using carotid distensibility (CD) and aortic stiffness index (AoSI) as measures of arterial stiffness. Participants underwent the same day a full echocardiographic study including assessment of left ventricular function and mass (LVM). RESULTS: The study population comprised 208 CIAs patients (mean age 57.4±11.4 y; females 63.9%), including 137 (65.9%) RA, 42 (20.2%) PsA and 29 (13.9%) AS patients. In multiple regression analysis, CD correlated with age (ß=-0.198, p<0.0001), mean arterial pressure (ß=-0.281, p<0.0001) and treatment with DMARDs (ß=-1.976, p=0.021), while AoSI was not associated with any anthropometric, haemodynamic or clinical covariates. CD was inversely related to LVM (r=-0.20, p=0.005), whereas AoSI was directly correlated with diastolic function of the left ventricle (E/E'; r=0.191, p=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Our results underline the strict correlation between arterial stiffness and left ventricular mass and function in patients with CIAs.


Assuntos
Rigidez Vascular , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda
20.
Intern Emerg Med ; 16(1): 73-81, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221774

RESUMO

Inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), are associated with both cancer and cardiovascular (CV) adverse events. Cancer and CV abnormalities have coincident etiologic and pathophysiologic pathways in RA/PsA/AS patients. However, a comprehensive evaluation of CV system has never been performed in these patients in relation to the presence of cancer. This study was designed to assess the possible relationships between CV abnormalities and cancer among RA/PsA/AS patients. Between March 2014 and March 2015, 414 patients (214 RA, 125 PsA, and 75 SA) in sinus rhythm without known cardiac disease underwent clinical and color Doppler echocardiographic evaluation and were prospectively followed up. Patients had a mean age of 58 ± 12 years, 64% women. Forty-two patients (10.1%) had a diagnosis of cancer (made before enrollment in 24 cases and in 18 cases during the 36 months of follow-up). Skin cancer was the most frequent malignancy found, followed by thyroid, colon, pancreas, and breast cancer. Patients who had cancer were older with higher systolic blood pressure, more frequent hypertension and moderate/high disease activity, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and higher ascending aortic stiffness index (AOSI) than those who had not. At multivariate logistic regression analysis, LV diastolic dysfunction and abnormally high AOSI emerged as conditions associated with cancer together with older age and hypertension. Cancer in RA/PsA/AS adults without history of CV disease is closely associated with specific asymptomatic CV abnormalities, such as LV diastolic dysfunction and reduced vascular elasticity, which are independent of age and hypertension.

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