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1.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The genetic component of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) development is ~90%. Of the known heritability, ~20% is explained by HLA-B27, and 113 identified AS-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) account for ~7.4%. The objectives were to construct a weighted genetic risk score (wGRS) using currently known genome-wide susceptibility SNP, and to evaluate its predictive ability for AS in the Norwegian population-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). METHODS: AS cases (n = 164) and controls (n = 49,032) were from the second (1995-1997) and third (2006-2008) waves of the HUNT study, to which the entire adult population of the northern region of Trøndelag was invited. A wGRS based on 110 SNP weighted by published OR for AS was constructed, representing each person's carriage of all risk variants. Logistic regression models including the wGRS alone or in combination with HLA-B27 carrier state and other adjustment variables (sex, age, smoking, body mass index, and hypertension) were developed. Discrimination among models was compared using area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: The wGRS was associated with AS (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.4-2.1), but showed low discrimination (AUC 0.62, 95% CI 0.58-0.67). HLA-B27 was significantly associated with AS (OR 50, 95% CI 32-81), showing high discrimination (AUC 0.88, 95% CI 0.85-0.90). Combining the wGRS and HLA-B27 improved prediction (AUC 0.90, 95% CI 0.87-0.92; p < 0.001 vs wGRS alone, p < 0.01 vs HLA-B27 alone). Further inclusion of adjustment variables gave a small improvement (AUC 0.91, 95% CI 0.89-0.94; p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Prediction in a population-based setting based on all currently known AS susceptibility SNP was better than HLA-B27 carrier state alone, although the improvement was small and of uncertain clinical value.

2.
Vaccine ; 36(16): 2213-2219, 2018 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29548607

RESUMO

The 2009 pandemic H1N1 (A(H1N1)pdm09) virus had a highly divergent hemagglutinin (HA) compared to pre-2009 seasonal H1N1 strains. Most peoples were immunologically naïve to the A(H1N1)pdm09, although hospital workers were exposed early in the pandemic before pandemic vaccines became available. Here, we evaluated how pre-existing antibodies influence the induction of cross-functional HA stalk antibodies following A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination. Fifty-six healthcare workers vaccinated with AS03 adjuvanted A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine were chosen by their pre-vaccination priming status (primed HI titers ≥ 40 or unprimed < 40). We analyzed the HA head- and stalk-specific serum IgG subclasses at pre- and 21 days post-vaccination. We also assessed the functionality of the HA stalk-specific antibodies to neutralize virus and mediate antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). Primed individuals had higher pre-existing HA head- and stalk-specific IgG1, as well as higher ADCC functionality of stalk antibodies. However, following vaccination with the adjuvanted pandemic vaccine, only the quantity of HA head specific IgG1 antibodies were significantly higher than in unprimed individuals. The priming status did not impact upon the cross-reactive HA stalk specific IgG antibodies or their ability to neutralize virus or induce ADCC post-vaccination. In conclusion, a single dose of AS03 adjuvanted pandemic vaccine elicited similar levels of functional antibodies in naïve and primed individuals. These findings are important for understanding the immunological factors that impact or modulate pandemic vaccine responses in humans.


Assuntos
Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/imunologia , Memória Imunológica , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/imunologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Testes de Inibição da Hemaglutinação , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Vacinação
3.
Virus Res ; 245: 29-43, 2018 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29273341

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of liver damage and hepatic inflammation. Upon infection, effective antiviral responses by CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, Natural killer (NK) cells, and monocytes can lead to partial or complete eradication of the viral infection. To date, many studies have shown that the production of inhibitory cytokines such as Interleukin 10 (IL-10), Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß), along with dysfunction of the dendritic cells (DCs), and the absence of efficient innate immune responses could lead to T cell exhaustion, development of persistent infection, and inability to eradicate the viral infection from liver. Understanding the immunopathogenesis of the virus could be useful in providing further insights toward novel strategies in the eradication of HBV infection.


Assuntos
Anergia Clonal/efeitos dos fármacos , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/administração & dosagem , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/virologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/biossíntese , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/síntese química , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Hepatite B Crônica/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Interleucina-10/agonistas , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/virologia , Fígado/imunologia , Fígado/virologia , Vacinação em Massa/métodos , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/virologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/virologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/agonistas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Viral/imunologia
4.
Rep Biochem Mol Biol ; 6(1): 51-58, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29090229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasing worldwide. Cytotoxic Tlymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) may play a role in the intensity of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between genetic variants of the CTLA-4 and HCV infection. METHODS: Restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (RFLP-PCR) was performed as the genotyping assay at four different positions (+49 A>G, -318 C>T, -1722 T>C, and - 1661 A>G). Haplotypes were analyzed using PHASE software. Sixty-five HCV patients and 65 healthy individuals as controls who were referred to the hepatitis clinic in Mashhad, Iran, were recruited. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood of participants. RESULTS: In a dominant analysis model of the -1661 position (GG vs. AA+AG), the AA genotype was more common in controls than in patients (adjusted P = 0.0003; OR = 0.15, 95% CI = 0.051 -0.42). The GCAT haplotype was also more prevalent in controls than in patients (adjusted P = 0.01; OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.20-0.81). Furthermore, the ACGT/ACGT diplotype was more common in controls than in patients (P = 0.0037; OR = 0.15, 95% CI = 0.04-0.54). In addition, the ACGT/ACAT diplotype was more frequent in patients than controls (adjusted P =0.003; OR = 2.48, 95% CI = 1.37- 4.50). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that polymorphisms in CTLA-4 and certain haplotypes may affect the risk of HCV infection in our population, although a larger sample size may be required to confirm this association.

5.
ARYA Atheroscler ; 13(4): 161-166, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29147125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the role of enteroviruses has been proved in heart diseases, extensive information is not available on the association between enteroviruses and unstable angina. In the present study, the authors compared the prevalence of enteroviruses in patients with and without unstable angina. METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 51 patients with unstable angina and 55 patients without unstable angina or myocardial infarction that were admitted to Imam Reza and Ghaem hospitals (Mashhad, northeast of Iran). Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed using specific primers for the detection of the enteroviruses in blood samples of study subjects. RESULTS: Patients with and without unstable angina were similar in age with mean ± standard deviation of 62.6 ± 12.8 and 59.7 ± 12.7 years, respectively (P = 0.243) and there were no differences in gender in these two groups (P = 0.174). Prevalence of the enteroviruses in patients with unstable angina was higher only in 66-80 years age group compared to the control group (patients without unstable angina, P = 0.032). There was a higher prevalence of enterovirus RNA positivity in the blood samples of women with unstable angina (75.9%) than those without unstable angina (41.7%, P = 0.011), however, no significant difference was observed in men (P = 0.983). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that enteroviral RNA positivity was higher in patients with unstable angina compared to those without unstable angina. However, the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant.

7.
Iran J Pathol ; 11(3): 222-230, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27799971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases responsible for high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therefore, designing new and effective therapeutics is of great importance. The aim of the current study was to construct a DNA vaccine containing structural proteins of HCV and evaluation of its expression in a eukaryotic system. METHODS: Structural proteins of HCV (core, E1, and E2) were isolated and amplified from JFH strain of HCV genotype 2a using PCR method. The PCR product was cloned into pCDNA3.1 (+) vector and finally were confirmed by restriction enzyme analysis and sequencing methods. The eukaryotic expression of the vector was confirmed by RT-PCR. RESULTS: A recombinant vector containing 2241bp fragment of HCV structural genes was constructed. The desired plasmid was sequenced and corresponded to 100% identity with the submitted sequences in GenBank. RT-PCR results indicated that the recombinant plasmid could be expressed efficiently in the eukaryotic expression system. CONCLUSION: Successful cloning of structural viral genes in pCDNA3.1 (+) vector and their expression in the eukaryotic expression system facilitates the development of new DNA vaccines against HCV. A DNA vaccine encoding core-E1-E2 antigens was designed. The desired expression vector can be used for further attempts in the development of vaccines.

8.
Iran Red Crescent Med J ; 18(6): e24675, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is frequently associated with elevated serum iron markers. Polymorphisms in the hemochromatosis (HFE) genes are responsible for iron accumulation in most cases of hemochromatosis, and may play a role in HCV infection. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the prevalence of HFE gene polymorphisms in a group of Iranian HCV-infected patients, and to explore the association of these polymorphisms with HCV infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: HFE gene polymorphisms were examined in a total of 69 HCV patients and 69 healthy controls using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques. Haplotype and diplotype analyses were performed using PHASE software. RESULTS: In a recessive analysis model of the His63Asp (H63D) locus (HH vs. HD + DD), the HH genotype was more common in patients compared to controls (adjusted P = 0.012; OR = 6.42 [95% CI: 1.51 - 27.33]). Also, in a recessive analysis model of the Cys282Tyr (C282Y) locus (CC vs. CY + YY), the CC genotype was more frequent in patients compared to controls (adjusted P = 0.03; OR = 5.06 [95% CI: 1.13 - 22.06]). In addition, there was a significant association between the HC haplotype and the HCDC diplotype and HCV infection. CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphism in the hemochromatosis gene may confer some degree of risk for HCV infection, and individuals carrying the H and C alleles may be susceptible to this disease; however, a larger sample of HCV patients and healthy individuals may be necessary to further illustrate the role of these polymorphisms in HCV.

9.
Iran J Basic Med Sci ; 19(7): 692-704, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27635192

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B is still a major public health issue despite the successful prophylactic vaccination attempts. Chronicity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is mainly due to its ability to debilitate host's immune system. Therefore, major measures have been taken to stop this process and help patients with chronic hepatitis B infection recover from their illness. While satisfactory results have been achieved using preventive HBV vaccines, a reliable and effective therapeutic treatment is still in need of extensive studies. Current treatments for chronic hepatitis B include direct antiviral agents and nucleoside/nucleotide analogs, which are not always effective and are also costly. In addition, due to the fact that chronic HBV is responsible for debilitation of the immune system, studies have focused on developing therapeutic vaccines to help host's immune system recover and limit the infection. Several approaches including but not restricted to recombinant peptide-based, DNA-based, viral vector-based, and cell-based approaches are currently in use to develop therapeutic vaccines against the chronic form of HBV infection. In the current review, the authors will first discuss the role of the immune system in chronic hepatitis B infection and will then focus on latest advancements in therapeutic vaccination of HBV especially the clinical trials that have been carried out so far.

10.
Iran J Pathol ; 11(1): 41-6, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26870142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for the development of cervical neoplasia. Infection with human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) is a major risk factor for the development of cervical cancer. The virus encodes three oncoproteins (E5, E6 and E7), of which, the E7 oncoprotein is the major protein involved in cell immortalization and transformation of the infected cells. The aim of the current study was to develop Michigan Cancer Foundation 7 (MCF7) cells, which could stably express E7 protein of HPV type 16. METHODS: E7 gene of HPV type 16 was introduced into MCF7 cells by Lipofectamine 2000 reagent and the transfected cells were treated with G418 antibiotic. After antibiotic selection of the transfected cells, stable expression of E7 gene of HPV16 was confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: Antibiotic selections of transfected cells were performed and transfected cells were alive in cytotoxic concentration of the antibiotic. RNA was extracted from transfected cells and E7 gene of HPV16 was amplified by RT-PCR method and a 350-bp band corresponds to E7 was observed. CONCLUSION: Results confirmed the stable transfection of cells. The stably transfected cells can be used as a useful tool in future studies on HPV16 and cancers caused by this virus.

11.
Iran J Microbiol ; 7(2): 72-8, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26622967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The main cause of serious nosocomial infections is a Gram-negative pathogen known as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). Carbapenems are widely used as an appropriate treatment for these infections, however resistance to these agents has been observed and is increasing. Metallo beta-lactamase (MBLs) enzyme is one of the main causes of resistance to carbapenem. In the current study the frequency and production of VIM1 and VIM2 by imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates of patients hospitalized in Imam Reza hospital were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 131 clinical samples were collected from patients hospitalized in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad during a 15-month period from May 2011 to November 2012. After verification of P. aeruginosa isolates, antibiotic resistance patterns of isolates were determined for 14 antibiotics by Kirby-Bauer standard disk diffusion according to the CLSI guidelines. Combined-disk test was used for phenotypic determination of MBLs-producing isolates and after DNA extraction, genotypic determination of VIM1 and VIM2 metallo beta-lactamase genes was carried out using Multiplex-PCR. RESULTS: Of 63 imipenem-resistant isolates (48.5%), 56 (88.8%) were MBL-producing in phenotypic assessments. Also amongst imipenem-resistant isolates, the frequency of VIM1 and VIM2 genes were 58.7 and 3.17%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results of the current study along with the results of the other conducted studies in Iran in recent years demonstrate that the average resistance to imipenem in P. aeruginosa isolates was 51.3% which has increased in comparison with the results in 2006 (32.9%). It was also determined that the frequency of VIM1 gene was more than VIM2 gene. In phenotypic assessment by using CD method, 49.6% of isolates were determined as MBLs-producing. The sensitivity and specificity of this method were verified in comparison with the results of PCR test.

13.
World J Gastroenterol ; 21(42): 11984-2002, 2015 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26576087

RESUMO

The hepatitis C virus (HCV), first described in 1989, is now a leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. With more than 170 million people infected globally, this virus is a major public health issue. The current standard therapy is based on interferon in combination with ribavirin. This costly therapy often fails to completely clear the infection and is associated with adverse side effects. Recent anti-HCV therapies are interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens for HCV, including simeprevir, sofosbuvir, and ledipasvir, which have effects on non-structural proteins. DAA regimens have several advantages, such as specifically targeting HCV viral replication, accompanied by very high sustained virological response rates and lower side effects like flu-like syndrome. These facts plus the fact that most HCV cases progress to chronic infection suggest the potential need for an efficient HCV vaccine. Different innovative methods, including methods based on peptide, recombinant protein, DNA, vector-based, and virus-like particles, have been introduced for the development of HCV vaccines. An extensive number of studies have been published on these vaccines, and some vaccines were even tested in clinical trials. In the current review, progress in the development of preventive and therapeutic vaccines against the HCV is reviewed in the context of peptide vaccines, recombinant protein vaccines, HCV-like particle, DNA vaccines and viral vectors expressing HCV genes.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Hepacivirus/imunologia , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Hepatite Viral/uso terapêutico , Animais , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepacivirus/patogenicidade , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/imunologia , Hepatite C/virologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Imunização , Fenótipo , Vacinas contra Hepatite Viral/imunologia
14.
Iran J Pathol ; 10(3): 192-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26351484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND &OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common female malignancy. Detection of DNA of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) in breast carcinomas suggests that the virus may play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of HPVs genotypes 6, 11, 16, 18 and 31 in paraffin-embedded tissue samples of invasive breast carcinomas. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty six paraffin-embedded tissue samples of breast cancer were studied. PCR was performed using specific primers for HPV genotypes. RESULTS: Of total 206 (63.2%) samples positive for Beta-globin gene, 54 (26.2%) were HPV-positive and 152 (73.8%) were negative for HPV. Distribution of HPV genotypes were as follows: 19 (25.7%) were positive for genotype 11, 5 (6.8%) were positive for genotype 6; and 2 cases (2.7%) were positive for both genotypes 6 and 11. Samples were also screened for HPV genotypes 16, 18 and 31 but none was positive. CONCLUSION: The current study confirmed the association of HPV and breast cancer. However, all samples were negative for high-risk HPV types 16, 18 and 31.

15.
Jundishapur J Microbiol ; 8(5): e19279, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26290686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies using cell culture systems for the replication of hepatitis C virus have opened new research dimensions, and paved the ways for further and detailed studies of the virus in vitro. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to cultivate hepatitis C virus in a cell culture system and evaluate viral amplification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to propagate hepatitis C virus, cloned whole genome of virus, JFH-1, was used. JFH-1 cDNA was introduced into strain JM109 of Escherichia coli and plasmid, containing the viral genome was purified from transformed bacteria. After XbaI digestion, RNA synthesis was induced using T7 RNA polymerase enzyme. Next, eukaryotic cell line Huh 7.5 was transfected by the purified RNA. Finally, Huh-7.5 cell line was infected with replicated virus and viral load was determined using real-time PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction). RESULTS: The amount of viral load, which was measured using real-time PCR was 17592 IU/mL. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, using cell culture, a high titer (in acceptable range) of infectious hepatitis C virus was produced. This method could be used in future studies.

17.
Iran J Med Sci ; 40(3): 268-71, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25999628

RESUMO

Herpes simplex virus types 1 (HSV-1) and 2 (HSV-2) are members of the Herpesviridae family. About 40% to 80% of the world populations are infected with HSV and its prevalence is high in Iran. The high prevalence of this virus in the community and the ability of the virus in causing fatal diseases among immunocompromised patients, have encouraged studies to be performed on HSV and suitable cell lines which supports the propagation of HSV. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of McCoy cell line in the isolation and propagation of HSV. An isolated wild-type HSV-1 was obtained from the labial vesicles of a 29-year-old patient who was referred to Ghaem Hospital (Mashhad, Iran). The virus was inoculated in McCoy cell monolayer cells and its titer was calculated by 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID50) method. Cytopathic effects (CPE) of HSV on McCoy cells appeared about 20 hours after the infection of cells. Titer of the virus was 10(-5.25) TCID50/ml. Our data showed that the McCoy cell line supported the propagation of HSV in high titer. This was the first study that used McCoy cell line for the isolation and propagation of HSV-1. McCoy cell line could be used, as a proper cell line of HSV, for various studies in the future.

18.
Jundishapur J Microbiol ; 8(2): e14908, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25793092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is dependent on the hepatitis B virus for transmission and propagation. Based on isolated HDV sequences from different parts of the world, at least three major different genotypes with different geographic distributions are suggested. Studies have shown that genotype 1 is the predominant genotype of HDV in different parts of Iran; however, the genotype distribution of this virus has not been identified in Mashhad, northeast Iran. OBJECTIVES: This current study determines the frequency of HDV major genotypes in Mashhad, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five participants were enrolled in this study. All samples were positive for HBsAg (determined by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)) and anti-HDV. RNA extraction and cDNA synthesis was performed. Then, PCR was performed and HDV genotypes were determined by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). RESULTS: Of 25 patients, 12 (48%) were positive for HDV RNA. Genotype analysis of HDV RNA revealed that the prevalence of HDV genotypes I and II was 83.3% (n = 10) and 16.7% (n = 2), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the most prevalent genotype of HDV in Mashhad was genotype I. It was of interest that in contrast to other provinces of Iran, HDV genotype 2 was observed in Mashhad. Similar studies with larger sample sizes could provide valuable information regarding the molecular epidemiology and geographical distribution. It may also help control and prevent the spread of hepatitis D virus infections. In addition, the genotyping of HDV may predict the severity of the disease.

19.
Viral Immunol ; 27(8): 398-403, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25119896

RESUMO

High prevalence of hepatitis c virus (HCV) infection in some areas necessitates more investigations of the causative factors. Genetic factors that cause disruption in operation or secretion of interleukin 10 (IL-10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, may play a role in the intensity of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate genetic variants of IL-10 gene polymorphisms in HCV patients and their relationship with HCV disease. Fifty HCV patients and the same number of healthy individuals who were referred to hepatitis clinic in Mashhad, northeast of Iran, were recruited. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood. Genotyping for IL-10 gene promoter polymorphisms in three positions (-1082 G>A, -819 C>T and -592 C>A) was conducted by amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction. Haplotype analysis was performed using PHASE software. In a recessive analysis model of the -1082 position (GG vs. AA+AG), GG genotype was more common in patients (adjusted p = 0.02; OR = 4.66 [95% CI 1.31-16.35]). Also, ATA haplotype was more prevalent in HCV patients (adjusted p = 0.061; OR = 1.87 [95% CI 0.97-3.61]). Also, ATC/GCA diplotypes were more common in controls (adjusted p=0.002; adjusted OR = 0.27 [95% CI 0.11-0.63]). Although we found a possible association between IL-10 promoter polymorphisms and HCV infection, certain genotypes or diplotypes may confer a higher risk or susceptibility for developing HCV infection.


Assuntos
Haplótipos , Hepatite C Crônica/genética , Interleucina-10/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Hepatite C Crônica/imunologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
20.
Turk J Med Sci ; 44(4): 656-60, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25551938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Several types of the hepatitis C virus (HCV), with variations in different parts of the genome, have been isolated from different regions of the world. Based on heterogenic sequences in the isolated genome, HCV is classified into different genotypes and subtypes. Data on distribution of HCV genotypes in a certain region could be important to patient management. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the distribution of HCV in Mashhad, Northeast Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 103 patients with HCV infections in Mashhad. Among the participants, at least 22 (21.4%) were intravenous drug users. HCV seropositivity was determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and was confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. HCV-positive samples were selected for HCV genotyping using genotype specific primers. RESULTS: Of 103 subjects, 43 (41.7%) and 34 (33.0%) had genotypes 1a and 3a, respectively. Other genotypes including 1b, 2a, 2b, 3b, and 5a were found in 4 (3.9%), 1 (1.0%), 3 (2.9%), 4 (3.9%), and 1 (1.0%), respectively. Coinfections with 2 genotypes were also observed in 11 (10.7%) patients. Genotyping for 2 (1.9%) of 103 samples did not produce any results. CONCLUSION: Genotypes la and 3a were found to be the most prevalent HCV genotypes in Mashhad, Iran.


Assuntos
Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/virologia , Adulto , Coinfecção/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
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