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1.
Cad Saude Publica ; 38(4): EN066321, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544872

RESUMO

This study sought to analyze the effect of work-to-family conflict (demands from work that affect one's family/personal life), family-to-work conflict (demands from family/personal life that affect work), and lack of time for self-care and leisure due to professional and domestic demands on the incidence of weight gain and increase in waist circumference by gender in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Our study included 9,159 ELSA-Brasil participants (4,413 men and 4,746 women) who attended baseline (2008-2010) and the first follow-up visit (2012-2014). Weight gain and increase in waist circumference were defined as an annual increase ≥ 75th percentile, i.e., ≥ 1.21kg/year and ≥ 1.75cm/year, respectively for women; and ≥ 0.96kg/year and ≥ 1.41cm/year respectively for men. Associations were estimated by Poisson regression applying robust variance with the R software. Analyses were stratified by gender and adjusted for socioeconomic variables. Adjusted models showed a higher risk of weight gain among women who reported family-to-work conflict frequently and sometimes (relative risk - RR = 1.37 and RR = 1.15, respectively) and among those who reported frequent lack of time for self-care and leisure (RR = 1.13). Among men, time-based work-to-family conflict (RR = 1.17) and strain-based work-to-family conflict (RR = 1.24) were associated with weight gain. No associations were observed between work-family conflict domains and increase in waist circumference. These findings suggest that occupational and social health promotion programs are essential to help workers balance work and family life to reduce weight gain.

2.
Cad Saude Publica ; 38(3): e00198321, 2022.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293539

RESUMO

The objective was to analyze associations between perceived risk from COVID-19 and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress among workers in healthcare units. This was a cross-sectional study of workers from different professions who appeared voluntarily at one of the first COVID-19 Testing Centers in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The workers were invited to answer an online questionnaire from May to August 2020. The COVID-19 Risk Perception Scale and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were used. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Of the total sample (N = 2,996), 81.5% were women, and mean age was 40.7 years. About half presented mild, moderate, or severe depression, anxiety, or stress, and the rates for workers with severe symptoms were 18.5%, 29.6%, and 21.5%, respectively. The associations between perceived risk and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress increased with the increase in each symptom's severity. Workers with higher perceived risk from COVID-19 showed higher OR for severe symptoms of depression (OR = 4.67), anxiety (OR = 4.35), and stress (OR = 4.97). The findings point to the demand for measures to protect workers' health and that should not be limited to personal protective equipment. It is essential for health system administrators to promote collective spaces for discussion and actions to favor workers' recovery in the context of a prolonged pandemic.


O objetivo foi analisar as associações entre a percepção de risco de adoecimento por COVID-19 e os sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse em profissionais atuantes em unidades de saúde. Estudo transversal com trabalhadores de diversas categorias profissionais que buscaram voluntariamente um dos primeiros Centros de Referência em Testagem de COVID-19 no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os trabalhadores foram convidados a responder a um questionário online entre maio e agosto de 2020. Foram utilizadas a escala Percepção de Risco de Adoecimento por COVID-19 e a Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse (DASS-21). Foram estimados razão de chance (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confiança. Do total (N = 2.996), 81,5% eram mulheres com idade média de 40,7 anos. Cerca da metade apresentava grau leve, moderado ou severo de depressão, ansiedade ou estresse, sendo a frequência de trabalhadores com sintomas severos, respectivamente, 18,5%, 29,6% e 21,5%. Observou-se que as associações entre a percepção de risco e os sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse foram mais fortes à medida que aumentava a classificação de gravidade de cada sintoma. Os trabalhadores com alta percepção de risco de adoecimento por COVID-19 apresentaram OR mais elevadas para sintomas severos de depressão (OR = 4,67), ansiedade (OR = 4,35) e estresse (OR = 4,97). Os achados apontam a demanda por medidas de proteção à saúde dos trabalhadores, que não devem se restringir aos equipamentos de proteção individual. É essencial que os gestores promovam espaços coletivos de discussão e ações que favoreçam a recuperação dos trabalhadores em contexto pandêmico de longa duração.


El objetivo fue analizar las asociaciones entre la percepción de riesgo de enfermedad por COVID-19 y los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en profesionales activos en unidades de salud. Estudio transversal con trabajadores de diversas categorías profesionales que buscaron voluntariamente uno de los primeros Centros de Referencia en Tests de COVID-19 en el municipio de Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Los trabajadores fueron invitados a responder a un cuestionario online entre mayo y agosto de 2020. Se utilizaron la escala Percepción de Riesgo de Enfermedad por COVID-19 y la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21). Se estimaron razón de oportunidad (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confianza. Del total (N = 2.996), un 81,5% eran mujeres con una edad media de 40,7 años. Cerca de la mitad presentaba grado leve, moderado o severo de depresión, ansiedad o estrés, siendo la frecuencia de trabajadores con síntomas severos, respectivamente, 18,5%, 29,6% y 21,5%. Se observó que las asociaciones entre la percepción de riesgo y los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés fueron más fuertes a medida que aumentaba la clasificación de la gravedad de cada síntoma. Los trabajadores con alta percepción de riesgo de enfermedad por COVID-19 presentaron OR más elevadas para síntomas severos de depresión (OR = 4,67), ansiedad (OR = 4,35) y estrés (OR = 4,97). Los resultados apuntan la demanda de medidas de protección a la salud de los trabajadores, que no se deben restringir a equipamientos de protección individual. Es esencial que los gestores promuevan espacios colectivos de discusión y acciones que favorezcan la recuperación de los trabajadores en un contexto pandémico de larga duración.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
3.
J Eat Disord ; 10(1): 16, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35123594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Job strain has been reported as a trigger for binge eating, yet the underlying mechanisms have been unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether work-family conflict is a pathway in the association between job strain and binge eating, considering the possible effect-modifying influence of body mass index (BMI). METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 12,084 active civil servants from the multicenter Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Job strain was assessed using the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Work-family conflict was considered as a latent variable comprising three items. Binge eating was defined as eating a large amount of food in less than 2 h at least twice a week in the last six months with a sense of lack of control over what and how much was eaten. Structural equation modelling was used to test the role of work-family conflict in the association between job strain and binge eating, stratifying for BMI. RESULTS: For individuals of normal weight, positive associations were found between skill discretion and binge eating (standardized coefficient [SC] = 0.209, 95%CI = 0.022-0.396), and between psychological job demands and work-family conflict (SC = 0.571, 95%CI = 0.520-0.622), but no statistically significant indirect effect was found. In overweight individuals, psychological job demands, skill discretion, and work-family conflict were positively associated with binge eating (SC = 0.099, 95%CI = 0.005-0.193; SC = 0.175, 95%CI = 0.062-0.288; and SC = 0.141, 95%CI = 0.077-0.206, respectively). Also, work-family conflict was observed to be a pathway on the associations of psychological job demands and decision authority with binge eating (SC = 0.084, 95%CI = 0.045-0.122; and SC = - 0.008, 95%CI = - 0.015- - 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Work-family conflict partly explains effects of high levels of psychological job demands and low levels of decision authority on binge eating among overweight individuals. Moreover, skill discretion is positively associated with binge eating, regardless of BMI category.


Recent studies have found work-family conflict (i.e., incompatible work and family demands) to link between work issues and physical and mental health. Accordingly, this study investigated whether the relationship between job strain and binge eating is explained by work-family conflict, by body mass index (BMI), in a large sample of Brazilian civil servants. Overall, this study demonstrated that, among overweight individuals, excessive job demands and low decision authority (over what to do at work and how) contribute to binge eating by increasing work-family conflict. Also, excessive skill discretion at work, including opportunities to acquire and use specific job skills, is related to binge eating, regardless of BMI, which deserves further investigation. In conclusion, the results indicate that work-family conflict is a potential mechanism through which job strain can affect eating behavior among overweight individuals.

4.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(3): e00198321, 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364635

RESUMO

O objetivo foi analisar as associações entre a percepção de risco de adoecimento por COVID-19 e os sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse em profissionais atuantes em unidades de saúde. Estudo transversal com trabalhadores de diversas categorias profissionais que buscaram voluntariamente um dos primeiros Centros de Referência em Testagem de COVID-19 no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os trabalhadores foram convidados a responder a um questionário online entre maio e agosto de 2020. Foram utilizadas a escala Percepção de Risco de Adoecimento por COVID-19 e a Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse (DASS-21). Foram estimados razão de chance (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confiança. Do total (N = 2.996), 81,5% eram mulheres com idade média de 40,7 anos. Cerca da metade apresentava grau leve, moderado ou severo de depressão, ansiedade ou estresse, sendo a frequência de trabalhadores com sintomas severos, respectivamente, 18,5%, 29,6% e 21,5%. Observou-se que as associações entre a percepção de risco e os sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse foram mais fortes à medida que aumentava a classificação de gravidade de cada sintoma. Os trabalhadores com alta percepção de risco de adoecimento por COVID-19 apresentaram OR mais elevadas para sintomas severos de depressão (OR = 4,67), ansiedade (OR = 4,35) e estresse (OR = 4,97). Os achados apontam a demanda por medidas de proteção à saúde dos trabalhadores, que não devem se restringir aos equipamentos de proteção individual. É essencial que os gestores promovam espaços coletivos de discussão e ações que favoreçam a recuperação dos trabalhadores em contexto pandêmico de longa duração.


The objective was to analyze associations between perceived risk from COVID-19 and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress among workers in healthcare units. This was a cross-sectional study of workers from different professions who appeared voluntarily at one of the first COVID-19 Testing Centers in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The workers were invited to answer an online questionnaire from May to August 2020. The COVID-19 Risk Perception Scale and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were used. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Of the total sample (N = 2,996), 81.5% were women, and mean age was 40.7 years. About half presented mild, moderate, or severe depression, anxiety, or stress, and the rates for workers with severe symptoms were 18.5%, 29.6%, and 21.5%, respectively. The associations between perceived risk and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress increased with the increase in each symptom's severity. Workers with higher perceived risk from COVID-19 showed higher OR for severe symptoms of depression (OR = 4.67), anxiety (OR = 4.35), and stress (OR = 4.97). The findings point to the demand for measures to protect workers' health and that should not be limited to personal protective equipment. It is essential for health system administrators to promote collective spaces for discussion and actions to favor workers' recovery in the context of a prolonged pandemic.


El objetivo fue analizar las asociaciones entre la percepción de riesgo de enfermedad por COVID-19 y los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en profesionales activos en unidades de salud. Estudio transversal con trabajadores de diversas categorías profesionales que buscaron voluntariamente uno de los primeros Centros de Referencia en Tests de COVID-19 en el municipio de Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Los trabajadores fueron invitados a responder a un cuestionario online entre mayo y agosto de 2020. Se utilizaron la escala Percepción de Riesgo de Enfermedad por COVID-19 y la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21). Se estimaron razón de oportunidad (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confianza. Del total (N = 2.996), un 81,5% eran mujeres con una edad media de 40,7 años. Cerca de la mitad presentaba grado leve, moderado o severo de depresión, ansiedad o estrés, siendo la frecuencia de trabajadores con síntomas severos, respectivamente, 18,5%, 29,6% y 21,5%. Se observó que las asociaciones entre la percepción de riesgo y los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés fueron más fuertes a medida que aumentaba la clasificación de la gravedad de cada síntoma. Los trabajadores con alta percepción de riesgo de enfermedad por COVID-19 presentaron OR más elevadas para síntomas severos de depresión (OR = 4,67), ansiedad (OR = 4,35) y estrés (OR = 4,97). Los resultados apuntan la demanda de medidas de protección a la salud de los trabajadores, que no se deben restringir a equipamientos de protección individual. Es esencial que los gestores promuevan espacios colectivos de discusión y acciones que favorezcan la recuperación de los trabajadores en un contexto pandémico de larga duración.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Depressão/epidemiologia , COVID-19 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Teste para COVID-19
5.
Front Public Health ; 9: 649974, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33968886

RESUMO

Background: Balancing work and family demands is often a challenge. Family and job responsibilities may affect many aspects of health, and sleep is an important issue. Work-family conflict (WFC) refers to situations where it is difficult to reconcile family and professional demands. WFC can act in two directions: work-to-family conflicts occur when job demands interfere in family life; family-to-work conflicts arise when family demands interfere with job performance. This study evaluated whether dimensions of WFC-time- and strain-related, work-to-family conflict; family-to-work conflict; and lack of time for self-care and leisure due to work and family demands-were cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with sleep complaints, by gender. Methods: The sample comprised 9,704 active workers (5,057 women and 4,647 men) from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Standardized questionnaires were used to collect data. WFC was measured at baseline (2008-2010), and sleep complaints were measured at baseline and approximately 4 years after the first visit (2012-2014). To test the association between the four WFC dimensions and sleep complaints, crude and multiple logistic regressions were conducted to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. The adjusted model included age, education, marital status, hours worked and work schedule. Results: Mean age at baseline was 48.2 years. Most participants were educated to University degree level (54.5%), married (68.2%) and worked ≤ 40 h/week (66.1%). At baseline, 48.3% of women and 41.1% of men reported sleep complaints. Frequent WFC was reported by women and men, respectively, as follows: time-related work-to-family conflict (32.6 and 26.1%), strain-related work-to-family conflict (25.3 and 16.0%), family-to-work conflict (6.6 and 7.6%) and lack of time for self-care (35.2 and 24.7%). For both women and men, time- and strain-related work-to-family conflicts and conflicts for lack of time for self-care were cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with sleep complaints. The findings also suggest a weaker and non-significant association between family-to-work conflict and sleep complaints. Conclusions: The statistically significant associations observed here underline the importance of reducing WFC. In the modern world, both WFC and sleep problems are increasingly recognized as frequent problems that often lead to ill health, thus posing a public health challenge.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Atividades de Lazer , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Sono
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924687

RESUMO

A growing number of people keep working after retirement, a phenomenon known as bridge employment. Sleep features, which are related to morbidity and mortality outcomes, are expected to be influenced by bridge employment or permanent retirement. The objective of this study was to analyze sleep duration and quality of bridge employees and permanent retirees compared to nonretired, i.e., active workers, from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Participants (second wave of ELSA-Brasil, 2012-2014) comprised permanently retired (n = 2348), career bridge workers (n = 694), bridge workers in a different place (n = 760), and active workers (n = 6271). The associations of all studied retirement schemes and self-reported sleep quality and duration were estimated through logistic and linear regression analysis. Workers from all studied retirement schemes showed better sleep patterns than active workers. In comparison to active workers, bridge workers who had changed workplace also showed a reduced chance of difficulty falling asleep and too-early awakenings, which were not found among career bridge workers. Bridge employment and permanent retirement were associated with a reduced chance of reporting sleep deficit. Bridge work at a different place rather than staying at the same workplace seems to be favorable for sleep. Further study is needed to explain mechanisms.


Assuntos
Emprego , Aposentadoria , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Sono
8.
Rev. bras. saúde ocup ; 46: e18, 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341208

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: determinar se os níveis de exposição ao trabalho noturno (dose atual; dose acumulada) estão associados à hipertensão (HAS), pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e pressão arterial diastólica (PAD). Métodos: estudo transversal realizado com 893 profissionais de enfermagem. Foram coletados dados sobre aspectos sociodemográficos, relacionados ao trabalho e a comportamentos de saúde. A pressão arterial foi aferida por meio de monitor digital. Resultados: após o ajuste pelas variáveis sociodemográficas, observou-se que trabalhar mais de 4 noites por quinzena foi associado ao aumento da PAS (4,0 mmHg; intervalo de confiança [IC 95%]: 1,01; 6,97) e PAD (2,3 mmHg; IC 95%: 0,24; 4,35). O trabalho em mais de 4 noites por quinzena foi associado à ocorrência de hipertensão (RC 1,57; IC 95%: 1,01; 2,43). Indivíduos que trabalharam à noite por mais de 9 anos apresentaram, em média, níveis de pressão arterial mais elevados (PAS de 3,7 mmHg [IC 95%: 1,49; 5,92] e PAD de 2,0 mmHg [IC 95%: 0,46; 3,52]), em comparação com aqueles que trabalharam à noite por 9 ou menos anos. Conclusão: esses resultados sugerem que os efeitos do trabalho noturno começam após uma certa dose de exposição, ou seja, após 9 anos de trabalho noturno ou quando exposto ao trabalho noturno por mais de 4 noites por quinzena.


Abstract Objective: to determine whether levels of night work exposure (current dose; accumulated dose) are associated with hypertension (HBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Methods: cross-sectional study of 893 nursing personnel. We collected data on sociodemographic, work-related and health behaviour factors and measured blood pressure using a digital monitor. Results: after adjusting for sociodemographic variables, working >4 nights per fortnight was associated with increased SBP (4.0 mmHg; 95% CI: 1.01; 6.97) and DBP (2.3 mmHg; 95% CI: 0.24; 4.35). Working more than four nights per fortnight was associated to hypertension (OR 1.57; 95% CI 1.01; 2.43). Individuals who worked at night for >9 years displayed, on average, higher blood pressure levels (SBP of 3.7 mmHg [95% CI: 1.49; 5.92] and DBP of 2.0mmHg [95% CI: 0.46; 3.52]), compared to those who worked at night for ≤9 years. Conclusion: these findings suggest that effects of night work begin after a certain exposure dose, i.e, after 9 years of night work or when exposed to night work for more than 4 nights per fortnight.

9.
Chronobiol Int ; 37(9-10): 1344-1347, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003956

RESUMO

The aim of this research project was to test the effects of lifetime night work exposure on type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk. The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) is a prospective cohort study of chronic conditions, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The participants (N = 15105) were recruited (2008-2010) at five public universities and one research institute in six cities in Brazil. Participants from the first wave (2008-2010) were followed up for a mean of 3.8 years. Current analyses comprise 4671 women and 3965 men. Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated using Cox regression models. Crude T2DM incidence rates were 2.26 and 1.44 per 100 person-years, respectively, for women and men who reported ≥ 10 years' working nights. In women, ≥ 10 years of night work was associated with a higher risk of T2DM (HR 1.46 [95% CI: 1.03; 2.08]), after adjusting for age, education, work hours, and BMI. The additional adjustment for physical activity attenuated the association (HR 1.36 [95% CI: 0.94; 1.96]). In men, the results were not statistically significant (HR = 0.65 [95% CI: 0.40; 1.07]). The findings indicate the effects of lifetime night work on T2DM incidence seem to be greater among women than men.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948065

RESUMO

Presenteeism is the term used to describe going in to work even with a health problem. The phenomenon has been identified as one prior factor in sickness absence and, accordingly, the better it is understood, the better will be the prevention strategies. This study aimed to examine the mediating role of presenteeism (the ability to concentrate on work and to complete work despite a health problem) in the association between psychosocial factors at work and common mental disorders (CMD). This cross-sectional study included 1218 nursing personnel at a public hospital in Brazil. Structural equation modelling was performed. The sample comprised mostly women (85.4%), and the mean age was 44.1 (SD = 11.3; range: 24-70) years. Prevalence of presenteeism was 32.8%. Among presenteeist workers (n = 400), a relationship was observed between presenteeism and higher CMD scores. Furthermore, being able to concentrate on work even with a health problem mediated the relationship between social support and CMD and between psychological demands and CMD. Working when sick impairs both the work and the worker's health. Interventions designed to improve working conditions and interpersonal relations can be effective strategies against presenteeism.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Presenteísmo/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Chronobiol Int ; 37(9-10): 1365-1372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942907

RESUMO

Few studies have analyzed on-shift naps with regard to shift workers' health. The aim of this study was to examine the association between exposure to night work (intensity and length of exposure to night work) and blood pressure (BP), considering the impact of on-shift naps. A cross-sectional study was carried out at a hospital based on a questionnaire and measurement of BP. The outcomes were systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and casual hypertension (HTN), i.e., SBP > 140 mmHg, or DBP > 90 mmHg, or reporting a prescription of antihypertensive medication. The sample comprised 449 fixed 12 h night workers who were (unofficially) allowed to nap during the night shift for up to 3 h. Approximately 42% of the sample reported napping. Among non-nappers (but not among nappers), those exposed to more work nights (≥5/fortnight) showed a DBP that was 3.66 mmHg higher than that of the reference group. The likelihood of casual HTN was more than three-fold greater among non-nappers working more nights/fortnight than among those working fewer nights/fortnight. A similar tendency was observed in a subsample of workers who did not take antihypertensive medication. The results were less consistent regarding length of exposure to night work (in years). A possible explanation is that workers who usually take on-shift naps could experience suppression of the BP increase derived from the many nights worked, while the non-nappers did not experience this suppression. The results may be explained by the relationship between napping, melatonin secretion, and attenuation of circadian misalignment. Napping likely contributes to creating a "physiologically nocturnal environment" that tends to favor the circadian system and, therefore, health. Possible negative effects related to sleep inertia deserve attention. The findings encourage new studies on this topic to improve the management of night work at hospitals in regard to workers' health.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Sono
12.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 54: e03597, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the dietary pattern of nursing professionals at a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. METHOD: A sectional study with nursing professionals (nurses, technicians and nursing assistants). Two 24-hour food recall records were applied, totaling 459 foods, being reduced to 24 food groups. Food patterns were identified using the Principal Component Analysis technique, followed by orthogonal varimax rotation. A Scree Plot graph indicated three factors to be extracted and loads > +0.30 were adopted to define dietary patterns. RESULTS: A total of 309 professionals participated. The sample consisted of 85.8% of female individuals. The patterns were named "traditional" which included rice (0.747), beans (0.702) and meat (0.713); "healthy": vegetables (0.444), greens (0.450), fruits (0.459), bananas and oranges (0.379), and "snacks": sugar (0.661), bread (0.471), cakes and cookies (0.334), non-alcoholic drinks (0.727). CONCLUSION: The results highlight the "traditional" food pattern of Brazilian food consumption based on the combination of rice, beans and meat. Future studies may investigate the effect of dietary patterns on health outcomes among nursing workers.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Alimentar , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Adulto Jovem
13.
Arch Public Health ; 78: 48, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The U-shaped associations between sleep durations and cardiometabolic risk factors (glycated hemoglobin levels, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension and cholesterol levels) are still inconclusive. Moreover, as sleep is comprised of quantitative and qualitative aspects, exploring both insomnia symptoms and sleep duration are relevant when evaluating the potential effects of sleep problems on health. The aim was to evaluate sex-specific associations between sleep problems and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from wave two of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), including 7491 women and 6232 men. Questionnaires were administered to provide information about socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle, and sleep characteristics. A 12-h fasting blood sample was drawn to measure serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and glycated hemoglobin. Blood pressure, weight and height were also measured using standard equipment. Generalized additive models were used to evaluate the curve shape of the relationship between self-reported sleep duration and the outcomes. Logistic regression was performed to investigate the magnitude of the associations of self-reported sleep duration, insomnia symptoms, and short sleep plus insomnia symptoms with cardiometabolic risk factors. RESULTS: For women, self-reported sleep duration and insomnia symptoms (either separately or linked to short sleep duration) were associated with obesity, hypertension and glycated hemoglobin after adjusting for the confounders. The magnitudes of the associations between self-reported short sleep duration plus insomnia symptoms and the outcomes were slightly increased, considering sleep duration or insomnia symptoms separately. For men, both long sleep duration and insomnia symptoms were associated with hypertriglyceridemia after adjusted for the confounders. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest possible sex-specific patterns, since obesity, hypertension and high glycated hemoglobin were associated with self-reported sleep duration and insomnia symptoms in women, but not in men, and reinforce the importance of considering quantitative and qualitative aspects of sleep for the prevention and management of the outcomes.

14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(1): 181-190, jan. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055788

RESUMO

Resumo As equipes que atuam em enfermarias psiquiátricas são herdeiras diretas de uma prática marcada pelo discurso institucionalizante, mas precisam dialogar com a clínica e o cuidado preconizados pela Reforma Psiquiátrica. O presente artigo tem por objetivo analisar como se dá o trabalho em saúde mental e quais as relações entre o modo de trabalhar e a saúde de trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital psiquiátrico universitário. O referencial teórico utilizado teve como base os conceitos de atividade e corpo-si trazidos por Schwartz e a dimensão da saúde estabelecida por Canguilhem, entendendo que o trabalho em saúde é também um trabalho de criação, de produção de saber e de uso de suas capacidades e saberes tácitos. A partir de "Conversas sobre o Trabalho e a Saúde" realizadas com as equipes das enfermarias do Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), abordamos temáticas específicas da enfermagem em saúde mental. Concluímos que existe um painel bastante heterogêneo de falas, que expressam a diversidade de formas de pensar e agir no trabalho da enfermagem, de modo que cada trabalhador traz à cena aquilo que acredita ser o melhor para o paciente e é em nome dessa ética no cuidar que orbitam as questões mais dramáticas dentro de uma enfermaria psiquiátrica.


Abstract The teams that work in psychiatric wards are direct heirs of a practice marked by the institutionalizing discourse but need to dialogue with the clinic and care advocated by the Psychiatric Reform. This article aims to analyze how mental health work occurs and what are the relationships between the way of working and the health of nursing workers of a university psychiatric hospital. The theoretical reference used was based on the concepts of activity and self body by Schwartz and the dimension of health established by Canguilhem, understanding that health work is also a work of creation, of production of knowledge and use of their capacities and tacit knowledge. BasedonConversations about Work and Health carried out with the nursing teams of the Institute of Psychiatry of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), we address specific topicsrelated to nursing in mental health. We conclude that there is a very heterogeneous panel of speeches, which express the diversity of ways of thinking and acting in nursing work, so that each worker brings to the scene what they believe to be the best for the patient and it is in the name of that care ethicsthat the most dramatic issues revolvewithin a psychiatric ward.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Saúde Mental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Brasil
15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(1): 181-190, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859866

RESUMO

The teams that work in psychiatric wards are direct heirs of a practice marked by the institutionalizing discourse but need to dialogue with the clinic and care advocated by the Psychiatric Reform. This article aims to analyze how mental health work occurs and what are the relationships between the way of working and the health of nursing workers of a university psychiatric hospital. The theoretical reference used was based on the concepts of activity and self body by Schwartz and the dimension of health established by Canguilhem, understanding that health work is also a work of creation, of production of knowledge and use of their capacities and tacit knowledge. BasedonConversations about Work and Health carried out with the nursing teams of the Institute of Psychiatry of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), we address specific topicsrelated to nursing in mental health. We conclude that there is a very heterogeneous panel of speeches, which express the diversity of ways of thinking and acting in nursing work, so that each worker brings to the scene what they believe to be the best for the patient and it is in the name of that care ethicsthat the most dramatic issues revolvewithin a psychiatric ward.


As equipes que atuam em enfermarias psiquiátricas são herdeiras diretas de uma prática marcada pelo discurso institucionalizante, mas precisam dialogar com a clínica e o cuidado preconizados pela Reforma Psiquiátrica. O presente artigo tem por objetivo analisar como se dá o trabalho em saúde mental e quais as relações entre o modo de trabalhar e a saúde de trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital psiquiátrico universitário. O referencial teórico utilizado teve como base os conceitos de atividade e corpo-si trazidos por Schwartz e a dimensão da saúde estabelecida por Canguilhem, entendendo que o trabalho em saúde é também um trabalho de criação, de produção de saber e de uso de suas capacidades e saberes tácitos. A partir de "Conversas sobre o Trabalho e a Saúde" realizadas com as equipes das enfermarias do Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), abordamos temáticas específicas da enfermagem em saúde mental. Concluímos que existe um painel bastante heterogêneo de falas, que expressam a diversidade de formas de pensar e agir no trabalho da enfermagem, de modo que cada trabalhador traz à cena aquilo que acredita ser o melhor para o paciente e é em nome dessa ética no cuidar que orbitam as questões mais dramáticas dentro de uma enfermaria psiquiátrica.


Assuntos
Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Saúde Mental , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Rev. bras. saúde ocup ; 45: e12, 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138435

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: analisar as relações entre trabalho e saúde em equipe de enfermagem de uma unidade neonatal, numa perspectiva de compreender para transformar. Métodos: pesquisa-intervenção utilizando princípios da Ergologia e da Psicodinâmica do Trabalho para compreender e analisar a atividade de trabalho. Resultados: as adversidades relacionadas às condições de trabalho na unidade neonatal envolviam questões ambientais, relacionais e organizacionais incluindo a superlotação, o cuidado da criança com doenças crônicas, dificuldades no trabalho em equipe, ausência de reconhecimento profissional e ambiente de trabalho inadequado. Contudo, os trabalhadores de enfermagem conseguem estabelecer estratégias para lidar com as adversidades e desenvolver suas atividades de modo a produzir o cuidado com os pacientes. Discussão: a pesquisa-intervenção permitiu identificar os limites impostos pelas condições de trabalho e conhecer as estratégias utilizadas para a realização da atividade. A compreensão da história e do saber de cada trabalhador, no desenvolvimento da atividade, favorece tanto o reconhecimento do próprio trabalhador no investimento que faz para desenvolver a sua atividade de trabalho, quanto fortalece sua identidade pessoal, profissional e social, possibilitando, assim, a construção do sentido do trabalho.


Abstract Objective: to analyze the work and health relations in the nursing team of a neonatal unit aiming at understanding and improving these relationships. Methods: intervention research following principles of Ergology and Psychodynamics of Work to understand and analyze the work activity. Results: the adversities associated with working conditions in the neonatal unit involved environmental, relational and organizational matters, including overcrowding, healthcare of children with chronic diseases, difficulties to work as a team, lack of professional acknowledgement and inappropriate workplace. Nevertheless, the nursing professionals managed to adopt strategies to endure such adversities and go on caring for their patients. Discussion: the intervention research made it possible to identify the limits imposed by such working conditions, as well as the strategies adopted to overcome them. Understanding the history and knowledge of each worker, that makes the activity feasible, favors the recognition of the workers themselves in their efforts to be engaged, and strengthens their personal, professional and social identity, which enables constructing the meaning of work.

17.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 54: e03597, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1115158

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To characterize the dietary pattern of nursing professionals at a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Method: A sectional study with nursing professionals (nurses, technicians and nursing assistants). Two 24-hour food recall records were applied, totaling 459 foods, being reduced to 24 food groups. Food patterns were identified using the Principal Component Analysis technique, followed by orthogonal varimax rotation. A Scree Plot graph indicated three factors to be extracted and loads > +0.30 were adopted to define dietary patterns. Results: A total of 309 professionals participated. The sample consisted of 85.8% of female individuals. The patterns were named "traditional" which included rice (0.747), beans (0.702) and meat (0.713); "healthy": vegetables (0.444), greens (0.450), fruits (0.459), bananas and oranges (0.379), and "snacks": sugar (0.661), bread (0.471), cakes and cookies (0.334), non-alcoholic drinks (0.727). Conclusion: The results highlight the "traditional" food pattern of Brazilian food consumption based on the combination of rice, beans and meat. Future studies may investigate the effect of dietary patterns on health outcomes among nursing workers.


Resumen Objetivo: Caracterizar el nivel de alimentación de los profesionales de la enfermería en un hospital público de Río de Janeiro. Método: Estudio seccional, con profesionales de la enfermería (enfermeras, técnicos y auxiliares de enfermería). Se aplicaron dos retiros de alimentos de 24 horas, totalizando 459 alimentos, que se redujeron a 24 grupos de alimentos. Los patrones de alimentación se identificaron con la técnica de Análisis de Componentes Principales, seguida de la rotación ortogonal varimax. El gráfico de sedimentación (Scree Plot) indicó tres factores a extraer y se adoptaron cargas > +0,30 para definir los patrones de alimentación. Resultados: 309 profesionales participaron. La muestra comprendía el 85,8% de individuos femeninos. Las normas se denominaron "tradicionales", que incluían arroz (0,747), frijoles (0,702) y carne (0,713); "saludables": verduras (0,444), hortalizas (0,450), frutas (0,459), plátano y naranja (0,379), y "aperitivos": azúcar (0,661), pan (0,471), pasteles y galletas (0,334), bebidas no alcohólicas (0,727). Conclusión: Los resultados resaltan el patrón "tradicional" de consumo de comida brasileña basado en la combinación de arroz, frijoles y carne. Es posible que en estudios futuros se investigue el efecto de las pautas de alimentación en los resultados de salud de los trabajadores de enfermería.


Resumo Objetivo: Caracterizar o padrão alimentar dos profissionais de enfermagem de um hospital público do Rio de Janeiro. Método: Estudo seccional, com profissionais de enfermagem (enfermeiros, técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem). Dois recordatórios alimentares de 24 horas foram aplicados, totalizando 459 alimentos, sendo reduzidos a 24 grupos alimentares. Identificaram-se os padrões alimentares com a técnica de Análise de Componentes Principais, seguida da rotação ortogonal varimax. O gráfico Scree Plot indicou três fatores a serem extraídos e cargas > + 0,30 foram adotadas para definição dos padrões alimentares. Resultados: Participaram 309 profissionais. A amostra foi composta por 85,8% dos indivíduos do sexo feminino. Os padrões foram nomeados de "tradicional" que incluiu arroz (0,747), feijão (0,702) e carnes (0,713); "saudável": legumes (0,444), hortaliças (0,450), frutas (0,459), banana e laranja (0,379), e "lanche": açúcar (0,661), pão (0,471), bolos e biscoitos (0,334), bebida não alcoólica (0,727). Conclusão: Os resultados destacam o padrão alimentar "tradicional" de consumo de alimentos brasileiros baseado na combinação arroz, feijão e carnes. Estudos futuros poderão investigar o efeito dos padrões alimentares sobre desfechos de saúde entre os trabalhadores de enfermagem.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Epidemiologia Nutricional , Comportamento Alimentar , Equipe de Enfermagem , Dieta , Hospitais Públicos
18.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(5): 487-494, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038505

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective Different pathways may lead from night work to metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to explore the direct and indirect pathways from night work to glycemic levels, considering the role of physical activity, waist circumference and snacking using data from ELSA-Brasil. Materials and methods A structural equation model was used to confirm the pathways from night work to glycemic levels. The latent variable, "glycemic levels", included fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin and 2-hour plasma glucose. Results A total of 10.396 participants were included in the analyses. The final model showed that among women, night work was associated with increased glycemic levels. A statistical significant association between night work and glycemic levels mediated by waist circumference was observed among women and men. Conclusions The association between night shift and glycemic levels can be interpreted as an important step toward understanding the pathways that could explain night work as a risk factor for diabetes using epidemiological data.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glicemia/análise , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/efeitos adversos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Longitudinais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 63(5): 487-494, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Different pathways may lead from night work to metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to explore the direct and indirect pathways from night work to glycemic levels, considering the role of physical activity, waist circumference and snacking using data from ELSA-Brasil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structural equation model was used to confirm the pathways from night work to glycemic levels. The latent variable, "glycemic levels", included fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin and 2-hour plasma glucose. RESULTS: A total of 10.396 participants were included in the analyses. The final model showed that among women, night work was associated with increased glycemic levels. A statistical significant association between night work and glycemic levels mediated by waist circumference was observed among women and men. CONCLUSIONS: The association between night shift and glycemic levels can be interpreted as an important step toward understanding the pathways that could explain night work as a risk factor for diabetes using epidemiological data.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Análise de Classes Latentes , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/estatística & dados numéricos , Circunferência da Cintura
20.
Ind Health ; 57(2): 175-183, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700668

RESUMO

This consensus report summarizes the negative impact of work-related psychosocial factors and job stressors on the health and wellbeing of shift workers. Psychosocial factors may (a) directly affect work schedules or (b) mediate or moderate relationships between work schedules, circadian factors, and health. In this paper, prominent psychosocial models (e.g. Job Strain and Effort-Reward Imbalance) are used to help assess detrimental effects, including pathophysiologic outcomes. Several studies indicate the psychosocial environment can be more problematic for shift workers compared to regular day workers. This is likely due to shift worker's experiencing greater risks of low job control, high physical work demands, lower support from supervisors, and greater levels of over-commitment. Workplace violence is another frequently encountered psychosocial stressor for shift workers more likely to be in regular contact with the general public, such as police officers, security personnel, professional drivers, and other service employees being at elevated risk. A large body of literature confirms night and irregular shift schedules increase risk for injury. Non-diurnal schedules can trigger and worsen such incidents, especially under unsafe conditions. The problem of workplace violence for shift workers, in terms of severity and consequences, is probably underestimated, especially when present among other occupational stressors. Practical considerations and recommendations for action to mitigate the detrimental effects of psychosocial stressors on night and shift workers are presented.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/fisiopatologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico , Violência no Trabalho/prevenção & controle , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia
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