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J Nurs Adm ; 49(10): 503-508, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517758


OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in new nurses' competencies across the 1st year of practice. BACKGROUND: Competency assessment is a challenge for nurse residency programs and often focuses on skills checklists and confidence self-reports. The Appraisal of Nursing Practice, an observational rating based on Quality and Safety in Nursing Education standards, was developed to help evaluate an RN residency program. METHODS: Preceptors, nurse educators, and/or unit managers from various units rated new nurse residents. Ratings were compared for 353 nurses at 3 points: within the 1st month in the program (T1), at 5 months (T2), and at month 11 (T3). RESULTS: Competency ratings increased significantly for all subscales from T1 to T2. Ratings continued to increase significantly from T2 to T3, although at a slightly slower rate. Teamwork and evidence-based practice increased the most. CONCLUSIONS: Future studies should explore factors affecting the trajectory in developing nursing competencies within various settings.

Competência Clínica/normas , Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional/normas , Guias como Assunto , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
J Nurs Adm ; 48(1): 44-49, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29219910


OBJECTIVE: We describe the development of the Appraisal of Nursing Practice (ANP) and present initial psychometric data. BACKGROUND: Although measures of new nurses' confidence in clinical practice exist, psychometrically sound observational tools that assess a broad range of nursing competencies are needed. METHODS: Based on the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies, the 37-item ANP covers person-centered care, teamwork and collaboration, evidence-based practice/quality improvement, safety, informatics, professionalism, and overall satisfaction (with the new nurse's functioning). Cognitive interviewing was used to refine the items. Assessment of interrater reliability and a field test in a new nurse residency program were conducted. RESULTS: Interrater reliability and internal consistency reliability were generally acceptable. Scores increased significantly for nurses as they moved through a nurse residency program. CONCLUSIONS: The ANP can help nursing administrators identify areas where nurse residents are building needed competencies versus areas that need more work to achieve desired competency outcomes.

Competência Clínica/normas , Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes