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Appl Radiat Isot ; 148: 225-231, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003072


99Mo is an essential medical isotope that comprises of at least 70% of radioactive procedures globally. Currently an essential component of 99Mo manufacturing is the uranium target from which 99Mo is produced by fission. As the world moves towards low enriched uranium (LEU) targets due to non-proliferation concerns it is becoming of interest to find methods to increase the efficiency of the LEU targets in order to reduce the ever increasing nuclear waste levels of which a long term solution for disposal or treatment has yet to be satisfactorily found. Advantages and disadvantages of various target designs are investigated and discussed along current disposal and reprocessing methods. The idea of a reusable target is introduced as a way forward in reducing the nuclear waste burden for future generations.

Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/síntese química , Urânio/química , Molibdênio/química , Resíduos Radioativos , Tecnécio/química
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 18(5): 315-324, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28719019


As technology continues to develop, external beam radiation therapy is being employed, with increased conformity, to treat smaller targets. As this occurs, the dosimetry methods and tools employed to quantify these fields for treatment also have to evolve to provide increased spatial resolution. The team at the University of Wollongong has developed a pixelated silicon detector prototype known as the dose magnifying glass (DMG) for real-time small-field metrology. This device has been tested in photon fields and IMRT. The purpose of this work was to conduct the initial performance tests with proton radiation, using beam energies and modulations typically associated with proton radiosurgery. Depth dose and lateral beam profiles were measured and compared with those collected using a PTW parallel-plate ionization chamber, a PTW proton-specific dosimetry diode, EBT3 Gafchromic film, and Monte Carlo simulations. Measurements of the depth dose profile yielded good agreement when compared with Monte Carlo, diode and ionization chamber. Bragg peak location was measured accurately by the DMG by scanning along the depth dose profile, and the relative response of the DMG at the center of modulation was within 2.5% of that for the PTW dosimetry diode for all energy and modulation combinations tested. Real-time beam profile measurements of a 5 mm 127 MeV proton beam also yielded FWHM and FW90 within ±1 channel (0.1 mm) of the Monte Carlo and EBT3 film data across all depths tested. The DMG tested here proved to be a useful device at measuring depth dose profiles in proton therapy with a stable response across the entire proton spread-out Bragg peak. In addition, the linear array of small sensitive volumes allowed for accurate point and high spatial resolution one-dimensional profile measurements of small radiation fields in real time to be completed with minimal impact from partial volume averaging.

Terapia com Prótons/instrumentação , Radiocirurgia/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Método de Monte Carlo , Radiometria/instrumentação , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Silício
Sci Rep ; 7: 40235, 2017 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28067331


The dynamics of transient current distributions in superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films were investigated during and immediately following an external field ramp, using high-speed (real-time) Magneto-Optical Imaging and calculation of dynamic current profiles. A number of qualitatively unique and previously unobserved features are seen in this novel analysis of the evolution of supercurrent during penetration. As magnetic field ramps up from zero, the dynamic current profile is characterized by strong peaks, the magnitude of which exceed the conventional critical current density (as determined from static current profiles). These peaks develop close to the sample edges, initially resembling screening currents but quickly growing in intensity as the external field increases. A discontinuity in field and current behaviour is newly observed, indicating a novel transition from increasing peak current toward relaxation behaviour. After this transition, the current peaks move toward the centre of the sample while reducing in intensity as magnetic vortices penetrate inward. This motion slows exponentially with time, with the current distribution in the long-time limit reducing to the expected Kim-model profile.