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1.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2020 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359022

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired clonal disease of hematopoietic stem cells. It is caused by somatic mutation of the X-linked PIGA gene, resulting in a deficient expression of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-APs). In this study, we aimed to explore the diagnostic value of next-generation sequencing (NGS) and potential molecular basis in PNH patients. METHODS: Genomic DNA of 85 PNH patients was analyzed by a 114-gene NGS panel. RESULTS: Mutational analysis of PIGA identified 124 mutations in 92% PNH patients, including 101 distinct mutations and 23 recurrent mutations. Among them, 102 mutations were newly reported. Most mutations were located in exon 2 of PIGA gene, and truncated mutation was the most common one. Other mutations were detected in 26 out of 85 cases, including five cases of DNMT3A variants, four cases of ASXL1 variants, and four cases of U2AF1 variants. Clonal analysis was performed in one case and outlined a linear evolution pattern in classic PNH. There was a positive correlation between number of PIGA mutations and fraction of GPI-APs deficient granulocytes. CONCLUSION: The detection of PIGA mutations and additional variants by targeted NGS not only shed light on the genetic characteristics of PNH, but also provided an important reference value in the diagnosis of PNH at molecular level.

2.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adults with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) generally benefit from treatment with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)-like regimens, but approximately 40% will relapse after such treatment. We evaluated the value of CpG methylation in predicting relapse for adults with T-LBL treated with ALL-like regimens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 549 adults with T-LBL from 27 medical centers were included in the analysis. Using the Illumina Methylation 850K Beadchip, 44 relapse-related CpGs were identified from 49 T-LBL samples by two algorithms: least absolute shrinkage and selector operation (LASSO) and support vector machine-recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE). We built a four-CpG classifier using LASSO Cox regression based on association between the methylation level of CpGs and relapse-free survival in the training cohort (n = 160). The four-CpG classifier was validated in the internal testing cohort (n = 68) and independent validation cohort (n = 321). RESULTS: The four-CpG-based classifier discriminated patients with T-LBL at high risk of relapse in the training cohort from those at low risk (P < 0.001). This classifier also showed good predictive value in the internal testing cohort (P < 0.001) and the independent validation cohort (P < 0.001). A nomogram incorporating five independent prognostic factors including the CpG-based classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed a significantly higher predictive accuracy than each single variable. Stratification into different subgroups by the nomogram helped identify the subset of patients who most benefited from more intensive chemotherapy and/or sequential hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Our four-CpG-based classifier could predict disease relapse in patients with T-LBL, and could be used to guide treatment decision.

4.
Curr Med Res Opin ; : 1-5, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286099

RESUMO

Introduction: Isolated myeloid sarcoma (MS) is characterized by extramedullary immature myeloid cell infiltration without bone marrow involvement. The diagnosis of isolated MS is sometimes difficult in cases without expression of typical immunohistochemical markers, such as CD64, MPO or lysozyme.Clinical presentation: We report a case of isolated MS involving the mediastinum, with negative staining of MPO and lysozyme, which was misdiagnosed for 20 months. A comprehensive analysis in our institution showed MS with a characteristic staining pattern positive for CD34, CD117 and CD33, but negative for MPO, lysozyme, CD3 and CD79a. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) targeting 112 acute myeloid leukemia (AML)- and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)-associated genes confirmed the existence of an ASXL1 p.R693X mutation with a frequency of 13.17% of total cells. The patient acquired sustainable remission under the alternative treatment of intermediate-dose cytarabine and decitabine.Discussion and conclusion: The ASXL1 p.R693X mutation, a truncated mutation, has been widely reported to be associated with poor prognosis in myeloid malignance. We report the role of this mutation and recommend the utilization of NGS to discover more profound pathobiological information with limited samples, facilitate the diagnosis, and further clarify the uncertainties of prognosis and treatment in more isolated MS patients.

5.
Leukemia ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080345

RESUMO

We aimed to establish a discriminative gene-expression-based classifier to predict survival outcomes of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. After exploring global gene-expression profiles of progressive (n = 22) vs. progression-free (n = 28) T-LBL patients, 43 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. Then an eleven-gene-based classifier was established using LASSO Cox regression based on NanoString quantification. In the training cohort (n = 169), high-risk patients stratified using the classifier had significantly lower progression-free survival (PFS: hazards ratio 4.123, 95% CI 2.565-6.628; p < 0.001), disease-free survival (DFS: HR 3.148, 95% CI 1.857-5.339; p < 0.001), and overall survival (OS: HR 3.790, 95% CI 2.237-6.423; p < 0.001) compared with low-risk patients. The prognostic accuracy of the classifier was validated in the internal testing (n = 84) and independent validation cohorts (n = 360). A prognostic nomogram consisting of five independent variables including the classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, ECOG-PS, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed significantly greater prognostic accuracy than each single variable alone. The addition of a five-miRNA-based signature further enhanced the accuracy of this nomogram. Furthermore, patients with a nomogram score ≥154.2 significantly benefited from the BFM protocol. In conclusion, our nomogram comprising the 11-gene-based classifier may make contributions to individual prognosis prediction and treatment decision-making.

6.
J Hum Genet ; 65(4): 427-434, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980736

RESUMO

Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is the most common inherited hemolytic anemia characterized by the presence of spherical-shaped erythrocytes on the peripheral blood smear, hemolysis, splenomegaly, jaundice, and gallstones. To date, mutations in at least five genes (ANK1, EPB42, SLC4A1, SPTA1, and SPTB) have been found to be associated with different subtypes of HS. Here, we aim to investigate the presence of novel as well as known mutations in 35 Chinese patients with clinically suspected HS. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) has identified 3 patients with SLC4A1, 16 patients with ANK1, and 16 patients with SPTB mutations, including 5 splicing, 12 nonsense, 9 frameshift, 7 missense, and 1 start-loss mutation, indicating that SPTB and ANK1 are the most frequently mutated genes in Chinese HS patients. Among 34 mutations identified, 21 were novel. Most of SPTB and ANK1 mutations were nonsense (8/16) and frameshift (6/16) mutations. By trio analysis of eight families we have confirmed six de novo mutations. In addition, genotype-phenotype analysis was also performed by comparing clinical manifestations among three groups of patients with SPTB, ANK1, and SLC4A1 mutations. It revealed that patients with ANK1 mutations had a significantly higher level of MCV and MCH but lower percentage of spherocytes compared with those carrying SPTB mutations. In conclusion, our results suggested that molecular diagnosis by next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a fast, economic, and accurate way to detect and identify pathogenic alterations of inherited diseases, highlighting the potential usage of NGS in clinical practice.

9.
Leukemia ; 33(10): 2454-2465, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953029

RESUMO

New prognostic factors are needed to establish indications for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in first complete remission (CR1) for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. We used microarray to compare T-LBL tissue samples (n = 75) and fetal thymus tissues (n = 20), and identified 35 differentially expressed miRNAs. Using 107 subjects as the training group, we developed a five-miRNA-based classifier to predict patient survival with LASSO Cox regression: lower risk was associated with better prognosis (disease-free survival (DFS): hazard ratio (HR) 4.548, 95% CI 2.433-8.499, p < 0.001; overall survival (OS): HR 5.030, 95% CI 2.407-10.513, p < 0.001). This classifier displayed good performance in the internal testing set (n = 106) and the independent external set (n = 304). High risk was associated with more favorable response to HSCT (DFS: HR 1.675, 95% CI 1.127-2.488, p = 0.011; OS: HR 1.602, 95% CI 1.055-2.433, p = 0.027). When combined with ECOG-PS and/or NOTCH1/FBXW7 status, this classifier had even better prognostic performance in patients receiving HSCT (DFS: HR 2.088, 95% CI 1.290-3.379, p = 0.003; OS: HR 1.996, 95% CI 1.203-3.311, p = 0.007). The five-miRNA classifier may be a useful prognostic biomarker for T-LBL adults, and could identify subjects who could benefit from HSCT.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão/métodos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(3): 253-256, 2019 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30835358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To delineate laboratory and clinical characteristics of a case with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and co-occurrence of t(9;22)(q34;q11) and t(8;21)(q22;q22). METHODS: The patient was subjected to cytogenetic, molecular, morphological and immunophenotypic analyses. RESULTS: Cytogenetic analysis revealed presence of t(8;21)(q22;q22) in addition to t(9;22)(q34;q11) in the patient. Chimeric BCR/ABL and AML1/ETO genes were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Transcripts of BCR/ABL210 and AML1/ETO fusion genes were detected by relative quantity PCR. Morphological study suggested that the patient was at the chronic phase of CML. No significant immunophenotypic abnormality was detected by flow cytometry. CONCLUSION: Co-occurrence of t(8;21)(q22;q22) and t(9;22)(q34;q11) is rare in CML. Only 5 similar cases have been described previously. This case suggested that chromosomal alterations may precede morphological, flow cytometric and clinical changes and accelerate progression of the disease.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Translocação Genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética
11.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 41(1): 23-31, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264491

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The translocation t(8;21) is one of the most frequent chromosome translocations in AML. Molecular (cyto)genetics is regarded as the gold standard for diagnosis. However, due to the complicated variety of AML-related genetic abnormalities, comprehensive screening for all of these abnormalities may not be cost-effective. Therefore, a flow cytometric (FC) scoring system was generated in this study for rapid screening and diagnosis of t(8;21)AML. METHODS: The immunophenotypic characteristics of leukemic cells and neutrophils in cases with t(8;21) AML or other subtypes of AML were analyzed to find a method for the flow diagnosis of t(8;21) AML. RESULTS: In this study, we picked six FC features pointing to the diagnosis of t(8;21) AML: The blasts show high-intensity expression of CD34; aberrant expression of CD19, cCD79a, and CD56 in myeloblasts; co-expression of CD56 in neutrophils, especially in immature neutrophils; and a maturity disturbance in granulocytes. A six-point score was devised using these features. By ROC analysis, the AUC was 0.952, and the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 0.86, 0.90. 0.91, and 0.84 when the score was ≥3 points. The score was then prospectively validated on an independent cohort, and the AUC of the ROC curve for the validation cohort was 0.975. When the cutoff value was set at 3, the obtained sensitivity and specificity values were 0.91 and 0.94, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The FC score described can be used for the identification and rapid screening of t(8;21) AML.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Translocação Genética , Área Sob a Curva , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 7: 19, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30155344

RESUMO

Background: The positive association of multiple myeloma (MM) risk with HLA-C loci C*07:02 g and C*02:02 g, and the negative association of that with C*05:01 g were statistically significant in Whites have recently been reported. However, no association between HLA-C alleles and MM risk was found in Asians/Pacific Islanders. Here we identified 316 Chinese patients with MM, and reported the results of our investigation of HLA-C in MM in Chinese population. Methods: We identified 316 Chinese patients with MM diagnosed in our hospital, and typed for HLA-C by using Sanger sequence-based typing. The control was from laboratories of China Marrow Donor Program (CMDP), where HLA high resolution was provided in 564,856 volunteer adult donors. Results: In contrast to the association of MM risk in Whites, we did not find the similar association in Chinese population. Nevertheless, four new associations between the MM risk were identified in Chinese patients. Our data demonstrated that Chinese patients with MM carry significantly increased frequencies of HLA-C*03:03 (FDR = 0.0269), HLA-C*07:63 (FDR = 0.0278) and HLA-C*08:22 (FDR = 0.0442) comparing with controls, while significantly decreased frequency of HLA-C*01:02 (FDR = 0.0414) comparing with controls. Conclusion: Therefore, HLA-C region is a key risk locus for MM in Chinese population.

14.
Oncol Lett ; 15(4): 5359-5367, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552179

RESUMO

The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method was used to detect the copy number alterations (CNAs) of IKAROS family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1), paired box 5 (PAX5), ETS variant 6 (ETV6), RB transcriptional corepressor 1 (RB1), BTG anti-proliferation factor 1 (BTG1), early B-cell factor 1 (EBF1), cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2A/2B (CDKN2A/2B) and cytokine receptor like factor 2 (CRLF2) genes in 87 adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in China. The effects of CNAs on prognosis were analyzed. Gene deletions were detected in 58/87 (66.7%) ALL patients. The most common deletions were observed in the following genes: IKZF1 (40.6%), CDKN2A (31.9%), CDKN2B (29%), PAX5 (21.7%), RB1 (14.5%) and BTG1 (10.1%). B cell-ALL (B-ALL) patients with CDKN2A/2B deletions exhibited poor 2-year overall survival (OS; P=0.055) and relapse-free survival (RFS; P=0.054) rates. CDKN2A/2B deletions were associated with poor 2-year OS (P=0.045) and RFS (P=0.071) rates in Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) B-ALL patients, as well as in the high risk (HR) B-ALL group (P=0.037 and P=0.047, respectively). Patients with PAX5 deletions displayed poor 2-year OS (P=0.004) and RFS (P=0.016) rates in Philadelphia chromosome negative (Ph-) B-ALL patients. Patients with ≥3 gene deletions exhibited a poorer prognosis than other patients (OS, P=0.001; RFS, 0.002).

15.
Lancet ; 391(10133): 1927-1938, 2018 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29550029

RESUMO

As global efforts accelerate to implement the Sustainable Development Goals and, in particular, universal health coverage, access to high-quality and timely pathology and laboratory medicine (PALM) services will be needed to support health-care systems that are tasked with achieving these goals. This access will be most challenging to achieve in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), which have a disproportionately large share of the global burden of disease but a disproportionately low share of global health-care resources, particularly PALM services. In this first in a Series of three papers on PALM in LMICs, we describe the crucial and central roles of PALM services in the accurate diagnosis and detection of disease, informing prognosis and guiding treatment, contributing to disease screening, public health surveillance and disease registries, and supporting medical-legal systems. We also describe how, even though data are sparse, these services are of both insufficient scope and inadequate quality to play their key role in health-care systems in LMICs. Lastly, we identify four key barriers to the provision of optimal PALM services in resource-limited settings: insufficient human resources or workforce capacity, inadequate education and training, inadequate infrastructure, and insufficient quality, standards, and accreditation.


Assuntos
Serviços de Laboratório Clínico , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Países em Desenvolvimento , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Vigilância da População , Saúde Pública , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde , Recursos Humanos
16.
Oncotarget ; 9(3): 3353-3364, 2018 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29423051

RESUMO

B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (B-CLPD) comprise several entities with indolent clinical manifestations but heterogeneous survival. Cytogenetic aberrations are now the standard prognostic predictors in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) but have been less investigated in other subtypes of B-CLPD. In this study, we detected cytogenetic aberrations by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 875 B-CLPD patients, based on a panel probes locating at 13q14, 11q22, 17p13 and CEP12. We identified del17p acted as the independent adverse cytogenetic predictor for overall survival (OS) in CLL. Del13q, del11q and del17p were adverse factors for OS in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia in the univariate analysis but lost their role in the multivariate analysis. Trisomy 12 acted as an independent poor factor for both marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) and unclassified B-CLPD (BCLPD-U) subtype. Del17p did not impact survival in MZL and BCLPD-U patients. These contrasting results indicate different roles of the same cytogenetic aberrations in the pathogenesis of each B-CLPD subtype. As del17p contributed to the poorest survival in CLL and desired extraordinary treatment strategy, the imitation of CLL strategy to other B-CLPD with del17p should be carefully advocated based on this study.

17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(1): 58-64, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29397819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of loss of heterozygosity(LOH) in HLA region at initial diagnosis and remission of leukemia patient before transplantation on HLA typing. METHODS: The HLA typing was performed in DNA extracted from peripheral blood obtained at diagnosis (Sample 1 and Sample 2) and remission (Sample 3) in one pretransplant male patient with mixedphenotype acute leukemia (MPAL). HLA typing for HLA-A, B, C, DQB1, DRB1 was performed by Sequence-based typing (SBT), Sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization (SSO) and Sequence-specific primers (SSP). To define more precisely a cutoff limit for the detection of a heterozygous DNA present in a fraction of the cells by the SBT technology, DNA mixing experiments were performed. RESULTS: SBT results showed that Sample 1 and Sample 2 were both homozygous HLA results at five loci (lost one haplotype) although the sequencing background of Sample 1 was a little high. Except HLA-C locus was homozygous, Sample 3 was heterozygous HLA results at four loci. Based on DNA mixing experiments, a cutoff limit for the detection of heterozygous DNA was 20% by SBT technology, and a detection threshold for HLA-A, B, C, DQB1, DRB1 heterozygosity in blood samples was <75% blasts. CONCLUSION: Because LOH may be partial, any homozygous HLA result obtained during a blast crisis, especially ≥75% blasts, would have to be confirmed by a second typing on a buccal swab or on peripheral blood from the patient in complete remission.


Assuntos
Perda de Heterozigosidade , Alelos , Primers do DNA , Genótipo , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 57(2): 80-88, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29057546

RESUMO

U2AF1 mutations (U2AF1MT) occur commonly in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) without ring sideroblasts. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and biological implications of different U2AF1 mutation types in MDS. We performed targeted gene sequencing in a cohort of 511 MDS patients. Eighty-six patients (17%) were found to have U2AF1MT, which occurred more common in younger patients (P = .001) and represented ancestral lesions in a substantial proportion (71%) of cases. ASXL1MT and isolated +8 were significantly enriched in U2AF1MT-positive cases, whereas TP53MT, SF3B1MT, and complex karyotypes were inversely associated with U2AF1MT. U2AFS34 subjects were enriched for isolated +8 and were inversely associated with complex karyotypes. U2AF1MT was significantly associated with anemia, thrombocytopenia, and poor survival in both lower-risk and higher-risk MDS. U2AF1S34 subjects had more frequently platelet levels of <50 × 109 /L (P = .043) and U2AF1Q157 /U2AF1R156 subjects had more frequently hemoglobin concentrations at <80 g/L (P = .008) and more often overt fibrosis (P = .049). In conclusion, our study indicates that U2AF1MT is one of the earliest genetic events in MDS patients and that different types of U2AF1MT have distinct clinical and biological characteristics.


Assuntos
Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Fator de Processamento U2AF/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Fator de Processamento U2AF/metabolismo
19.
Oncotarget ; 8(58): 98757-98770, 2017 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29228725

RESUMO

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a rare indolent B-cell neoplasm with hepatitis virus supposed to involve in the pathogenesis. The characteristics of SMZL derived from Caucasia population and high hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection region have been widely investigated, but few was reported in the Eastern population with HBV prevalent region. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, cytogenetic aberrations and prognostic factors in 160 SMZL patients from China. 25 patients (16%) were HBsAg-positive and 54 (34%) patients with resolved HBV infection. IGH gene usage was analyzed in 39 patients. The preferential usages of IGHV genes were IGHV1-2 (26%), followed by IGHV4-34 (18%) and IGHV2-70 (10%). The patients with HBV infection presented biased IGHV-D-J rearrangements and mutational status. Using three independent factors hemoglobin level, HBsAg positivity and complex karyotype, we developed a new hierarchical prognostic model, which showed a better c-index than the previously reported IIL and HPLL scoring systems in SMZL. In conclusion, SMZL in HBV prevalent region have unique clinical and biological characteristics and new prognostic scoring model should be adopted in this population.

20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 130(22): 2686-2690, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29133756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overexpression and constitutive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 have been suggested in the tumorigenesis of many human cancers, including multiple carcinomas, melanoma, and lymphoma. The diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in lobectomy specimens is usually straightforward, but distinguishing cirrhosis from well-differentiated HCC can be challenging in core biopsies. Our aims were to investigate the expression level of STAT3 and phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) in HCC and cirrhosis, and the application of STAT3 in the differential diagnosis of HCC and cirrhosis. METHODS: Sixty cases were divided into three groups: patients with HCC only (Group 1), HCC and cirrhosis (Group 2), and cirrhosis only (Group 3). Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue sections were stained immunohistochemically for STAT3, pSTAT3, and CD163. The values obtained from the tissue sections of each group were compared in statistical analysis. RESULTS: STAT3 showed a high level in HCC and was a significant marker for differentiating HCC from cirrhosis (P < 0.0001). The odds ratio between HCC and cirrhosis increased 34.4 times when the intensity of STAT3 increased by 1 level. Spearman's correlation and Chi-square tests also demonstrated that expression level of STAT3 did not correlate with age, gender, or the presence of a cirrhotic background. CONCLUSIONS: STAT3 staining differs significantly in HCC and cirrhosis. The findings reinforce the role of STAT3 in the tumorigenesis of HCC and provide a useful marker to differentiate HCC from cirrhosis in challenging liver biopsies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
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