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2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 706935, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of Chinese individuals with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) have biallelic CEBPA (biCEBPA) mutations. The prognosis and optimal therapy for these patients are controversial in clinical practice. METHODS: In this study, we performed targeted region sequencing of 236 genes in 158 individuals with this genotype and constructed a nomogram model based on leukemia-free survival (LFS). Patients were randomly assigned to a training cohort (N =111) and a validation cohort (N =47) at a ratio of 7:3. Risk stratification was performed by the prognostic factors to investigate the risk-adapted post-remission therapy by Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: At least 1 mutated gene other than CEBPA was identified in patients and mutation number was associated with LFS (61.6% vs. 39.0%, P =0.033), survival (85.6% vs. 62.9%, P =0.030) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (38.4% vs. 59.5%, P =0.0496). White blood cell count, mutations in CFS3R, KMT2A and DNA methylation related genes were weighted to construct a nomogram model and differentiate two risk subgroups. Regarding LFS, low-risk patients were superior to the high-risk (89.3% vs. 33.8%, P <0.001 in training cohort; 87.5% vs. 18.2%, P =0.009 in validation cohort). Compared with chemotherapy, allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) improved 5-year LFS (89.6% vs. 32.6%, P <0.001), survival (96.9% vs. 63.6%, P =0.001) and CIR (7.2% vs. 65.8%, P <0.001) in high-risk patients but not low-risk patients (LFS, 77.4% vs. 88.9%, P =0.424; survival, 83.9% vs. 95.5%, P =0.173; CIR, 11.7% vs. 11.1%, P =0.901). CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that biCEBPA mutant-positive CN-AML patients could be further classified into two risk subgroups by four factors and allo-HSCT should be recommended for high-risk patients as post-remission therapy. These data will help physicians refine treatment decision-making in biCEBPA mutant-positive CN-AML patients.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(12): 2949-2956, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196252

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy of interferon-α (IFN-α) as maintenance therapy in patients with favorable-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), this retrospective study enrolled 84 patients with favorable-risk AML: 42 patients who received IFN-α maintenance therapy and 42 patients who did not (control). The median follow-up time and duration of IFN-α treatment was 26 (6-54) months and 18 (2-24) months, respectively. The 4-year estimated relapse-free survival (RFS) after the last consolidation chemotherapy was 86.8% (95% confidence interval (CI), 75.8-97.8%) in the IFN-α group and 55.7% (95% CI, 37.2-74.3%) in the control group (p=.007). The 4-year estimated overall survival was 94.4% (95% CI, 86.8-102%) and 76.4% (95% CI, 61.9-90.9%) in IFN-α and control groups, respectively (p=.040). The Cox regression analysis showed that IFN-α treatment was the only independent factor affecting RFS (p=.004). Maintenance therapy with IFN-α may prevent relapse in favorable-risk AML after consolidation chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Interferon-alfa , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Hematology ; 26(1): 9-15, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ras-related dexamethasone-induced 1 (RASD1) is abnormally expressed in many solid cancers. However, its potential role in adults with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is unclear. Therefore, we aim to clarify the abnormal expression of the tumor-associated biomarker, RASD1, as a potential target for diagnosis and prognosis in adult Philadelphia-negative B-ALL. METHODS: The expression of RASD1 was detected with RT-qPCR in 92 adults with de novo Ph-negative B-ALL and 40 healthy controls. The correlation between RASD1 transcript levels and relapse was assessed. RESULTS: RASD1 transcript levels in patients with Ph-negative B-ALL (median 81.76%, range 0.22%-1824.52%) were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (7.59%, 0.46%-38.66%; P<0.0001). Patients with low RASD1 transcript levels had a lower 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS, 47.5% [32.9%, 62.1%] vs. 63.1% [49.0%, 77.2%]; P = 0.012) and a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR, 52.0% [37.4%, 66.6%] vs. 36.2% [22.2%, 50.2%]; P = 0.013) especially in patients receiving chemotherapy only. Multivariate analysis showed that a low RASD1 transcript level was an independent risk factor for RFS (HR = 2.938 [1.427, 6.047], P = 0.003) and CIR (HR = 3.367 [1.668, 6.796], P = 0.001) in patients with Ph-negative B-ALL. CONCLUSIONS: RASD1 transcript levels were significantly higher in patients with Ph-negative B-ALL and a low RASD1 transcript level was independently correlated with increased relapse risk.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Proteínas ras/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos B/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
5.
Eur J Haematol ; 105(2): 185-195, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, the prognostic stratification and therapeutic evaluation systems for multiple myeloma (MM) lack specific molecular indicators. OC-STAMP is a new gene and is also highly expressed in MM. METHODS: A total of 160 MM patients have been investigated with both quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR), flow cytometry (FCM) and cytogenetic FISH on the same mononuclear cells isolated from bone marrow specimens. RESULTS: We found that OC-STAMP mRNA levels were significantly higher in newly diagnosed cases of MM than in healthy donors (median, 0.52% vs. 0.02%, P < .001). Moreover, the changes in the OC-STAMP mRNA levels paralleled the disease stages and minimal residual disease, as detected by FCM. Furthermore, we found that patients with high OC-STAMP mRNA levels were more likely to develop ≥3 bone lesions, be diagnosed with Durie-Salmon stages III, and have the P53 (17p13) deletion. In addition, advanced stage patients with high OC-STAMP mRNA levels had a lower 4-year progression-free survival (5.6% vs. 22.9%, P = .0055) and a worse 4-year overall survival (25.8% vs. 48.8%, P = .0137) compared to patients with low mRNA levels of this indicator. CONCLUSIONS: OC-STAMP may be a promising molecular indicator to monitor treatment effects and participate in the prognostic stratification of MM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Translocação Genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
6.
Br J Haematol ; 190(2): 274-283, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103499

RESUMO

About 25% of patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) have normal cytogenetics and no nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutation or Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD). The prognosis and best therapy for these patients is controversial. We evaluated 158 newly diagnosed adults with this genotype who achieved histological complete remission within two cycles of induction therapy and were assigned to two post-remission strategies with and without an allotransplant. Targeted regional sequencing at diagnosis was performed and data were used to estimate their prognosis, including relapse and survival. In multivariable analyses, having wild-type or mono-allelic mutated CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (CEBPA) [hazard ratio (HR) 2·39, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·08-5·30; P = 0·032), mutated NRAS (HR 2·67, 95% CI 1·36-5·25; P = 0·004), mutated colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) (HR 2·85, 95% CI 1·12-7·27; P = 0·028) and a positive measurable residual disease (MRD)-test after the second consolidation cycle (HR 2·88, 95% CI 1·32-6·30; P = 0·008) were independently correlated with higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR). These variables were also significantly associated with worse survival (HR 3·02, 95% CI 1·17-7·78, P = 0·022; HR 3·62, 95% CI 1·51-8·68, P = 0·004; HR 3·14, 95% CI 1·06-9·31, P = 0·039; HR 4·03, 95% CI 1·64-9·89, P = 0·002; respectively). Patients with ≥1 of these adverse-risk variables benefitted from a transplant, whereas the others did not. In conclusion, we identified variables associated with CIR and survival in patients with AML and normal cytogenetics without a NPM1 mutation or FLT3-ITD.


Assuntos
Análise Citogenética/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem , Adulto Jovem
7.
Br J Haematol ; 190(1): 67-78, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068254

RESUMO

Dehydropeptidase-1 (DPEP1) is a zinc-dependent metalloproteinase abnormally expressed in many cancers. However, its potential role in adults with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is unknown. We found that in adults with common B cell ALL high DPEP1, transcript levels at diagnosis were independently associated with an increased cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and worse relapse-free survival (RFS) compared with subjects with low transcript levels. We show an increased proliferation and prosurvival role of DPEP1 in B cell ALL cells via regulation of phosphCREB and p53, which may be the biological basis of the clinical correlation we report. Our data implicate DPEP1 expression in the biology of common B cell ALL in adults. We report clinical correlates and provide a potential biological basis for these correlations. If confirmed, analysing DPEP1 transcript levels at diagnosis could help predict therapy outcomes. Moreover, regulation of DPEP1 expression could be a therapy target in B cell ALL.


Assuntos
Dipeptidases/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Dipeptidases/biossíntese , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/biossíntese , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade
8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 215-221, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900500

RESUMO

Many studies have confirmed that overexpressed WT1 exists in leukemic cells, especially in AML. However, the immunophenotypic features of this sort of leukemic cells remain to be unclarified. We retrospectively analyzed the immunophenotype of 283 newly diagnosed AML patients with intermediated and poor cytogenetic risk to evaluate the correlation between phenotype and WT1 overexpression. EVI1 transcripts, KMT2A-PTD, FLT3-ITD, and NPM1 mutations were simultaneously assessed. Our results revealed that overexpressed WT1 was significantly associated with the expression of CD117, CD13, and CD123. Besides, leukemic cells with WT1 overexpression also lacked lymphoid and myeloid differentiation-related markers. FAB subtype M2 patients had higher WT1 levels, compared with other FAB subtype. Multivariate analysis was proved that NPM1 mutation, M2 subtype, and the expression of CD123 were independently associated with WT1 overexpression. These indicated that AML with overexpressed WT1 was proliferated and blocked in the early stage of AML development. It presumably provided some clues to detect overexpressed WT1 cells via multiparameter flow cytometry. CD123-targeted drugs might become one of the alternative treatments for patients with WT1 overexpression.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Proteínas WT1/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/biossíntese , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação/biossíntese , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Risco , Proteínas WT1/genética
9.
Ann Hematol ; 99(1): 73-82, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768677

RESUMO

For acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with nucleophosmin 1 mutation (NPM1m), multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) are used to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD). However, the results of the two methods are sometimes inconsistent. This study was designed to analyze how to address the discordant results of FCM and RQ-PCR in AML patients undergoing chemotherapy, especially when positive FCM (FCM+) and negative NPM1m (NPM1m-) results are detected in the same sample. Our study included 93 AML patients with NPM1m positive (NPM1m+) who received chemotherapy but did not undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We monitored NPM1m and leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) by RQ-PCR and FCM, respectively, to assess MRD after each chemotherapy course. After each course of chemotherapy, all patients were classified into four groups based on the results of FCM and RQ-PCR: both negative (group 1, FCM-NPM1m-), single positive (group 2, FCM-NPM1m+; group 3, FCM+NPM1m-), or both positive (group 4, FCM+NPM1m+). The results showed that there was not a significant difference in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) after each course of chemotherapy between group 2 and group 3. Furthermore, patients in groups 2 and 3 had a lower 2-year CIR than those in group 4 and a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. The patients in group 4 had a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. These results suggested that in the MRD monitoring process of AML patients, when the results of FCM and RQ-PCR are inconsistent (especially when FCM is positive and NPM1m is negative), these single-positive results still have predictive significance for relapse.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Proteínas Nucleares , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasia Residual , Proteínas Nucleares/sangue , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5672-5678, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222935

RESUMO

A high frequency of MAGE-CT (cancer testis) antigens are expressed in Multiple Myeloma (MM) patients; however, in other plasma cell dyscrasias, their potential function remains unclear. We measured the expression of MAGE-CT genes (MAGE-C1/CT7, MAGE-A3, MAGE-C2/CT10) in 105 newly diagnosed amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis patients between June 2013 and January 2018 at Peking University People's Hospital using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In the newly diagnosed AL patients, the positive expression rates of patients with MAGE-C1/CT7, MAGE-C2/CT10 and MAGE-A3 were 83.8% (88/105), 56.71% (38/67) and 22.0% (13/59) respectively. There was no significant correlation between organ propensity and MAGE-CT gene expression. Changes in the MAGE-C1/CT7 levels were consistent with a therapeutic effect. The expression levels of MAGE-C1/CT7, MAGE-C2/CT10 and MAGE-A3 provide potentially effective clinical indicators for auxiliary diagnoses and monitoring treatment efficacy in AL amyloidosis patients.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Br J Haematol ; 185(5): 836-851, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916375

RESUMO

Refinement of risk stratification in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) might aid the identification of patients who are likely to relapse. Abnormal S100 calcium binding protein A16 (S100A16) has been implicated in various cancers, but its function remains unclear. We found S100A16 transcript levels were higher in 130 adults with newly-diagnosed Ph-negative B-cell ALL compared with 33 healthy controls. In 115 of 130 patients who achieved first complete remission, those with high S100A16 transcript levels displayed a lower 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR; 34% [21, 47%] vs. 40% [48, 72%]; P = 0·012) and higher 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS; 65% [53, 78%] vs. 35% [23, 46%]; P = 0·012), especially when receiving chemotherapy only. In multivariate analysis a low S100A16 transcript level was independently-associated with a higher CIR (Hazard ratio [HR] = 3·74 [1·01-13·82]; P = 0·048) and inferior RFS (HR = 5·78 [1·91, 17·84]; P < 0·001). Function analysis indicated that knockdown of S100A16 promoted proliferation and anti-apoptosis and reduced chemosensitivity. S100A16 over-expression revealed an opposite trend, especially in a xeno-transplant mouse model. Western blotting analysis showed upregulation of PI3K/AKT and ERK1/2 in S100A16-knockdown and S100A16-overexpression B-cell ALL cell lines respectively. Inhibition assays suggested these two signalling pathways participated in the S100A16-mediated proliferation and survival effects in B-cell ALL cell lines. Trial Registration: Registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry [ChiCTR-OCH-10000940]; http://www.chictr.org.cn.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Proteínas S100/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100/biossíntese , Análise de Sobrevida , Transcrição Genética , Transfecção , Adulto Jovem
12.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(9): 2181-2189, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773106

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with biallelic CEBPA (bi CEBPA) mutations are considered prognostically favorable, but 38-58% of them still relapse. Therefore, recognizing patients with a high risk of relapse is important. We retrospectively analyzed 83 bi CEBPA AML. Minimal residual disease (MRD) was detected by multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC). Patients with MRD positivity during consolidation chemotherapy had inferior 3-year CIR (55% vs. 36.7%; p = .037) and RFS (45% vs. 63.3%; p = .037) than those with MRD negativity. In patients with adverse cytogenetics, FLT3-ITD or MRD positivity, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) achieved superior 3-year CIR (0% vs. 52.8%; p = .006) and RFS (88.9% vs. 47.2%; p = .027) than did consolidation chemotherapy. Consolidation chemotherapy maintained a relatively favorable outcome (3-year CIR, 29%; 3-year RFS, 71%) in patients with intermediate cytogenetics, negative FLT3-ITD, and MRD negativity. Therefore, MFC-MRD could predict relapse and was complementary to genetics for risk stratification treatment in bi CEBPA AML.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Análise Citogenética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Onco Targets Ther ; 11: 5121-5132, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30197523

RESUMO

Background: Daunorubicin is a traditional chemotherapeutic agent that plays a pivotal role in leukemia therapy. However, the dose-related toxicity remains a considerable challenge. The apoptosis-regulating gene, PDCD5, is downregulated in various tumors, including leukemias, and may provide a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of leukemia. The purpose of this study was to construct a triple-regulated oncolytic adenovirus carrying a PDCD5 gene expression cassette (SG611-PDCD5) and explore the combined antitumor efficacy of SG611-PDCD5 in combination with low dose daunorubicin on leukemic cells. Materials and methods: A variety of leukemic cell lines, including K562, MEG-01, KG-1a, HL-60, SUP-B15, and BV-173, were cultured according to the providers' instructions. The insertion and orientation of all recombined plasmids were confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion and PCR. The tumor-selective replication of the constructed conditionally replicating SG611-PDCD5 and its antitumor efficacy in combination with daunorubicin were characterized in leukemic cell lines in vitro and in a nude mouse xenograft model. Cell viability was detected using cell-counting kit-8. Apoptosis was detected in whole living cells using flow cytometry and in paraffin-embedded tumor tissues using a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Results: The triple-regulated CRAd carrying SG611-PDCD5 and nude mouse xenograft models of K562 cells were successfully constructed. In vitro treatment with SG611-PDCD5 in combination with low-dose daunorubicin elicited more potent anti-proliferative and proapoptotic effects in leukemic cells in a dose-dependent manner. The Chou-Talalay analysis revealed synergistic anti-proliferative effects in all of the above cell lines. In the nude mice xenograft model, the tumor size in the control, daunorubicin, SG611-PDCD5, and combined treatment groups on day 10 were 170.1±47.8, 111.9±81.1, 60.7±12.3, and 33.2±17.5 mm3, respectively (all P<0.05). The results of the TUNEL assay showed significantly more apoptotic cells in the SG611-PDCD5 plus daunorubicin group than in the SG611-PDCD5 or daunorubicin groups alone (25±0.82, 12.5±2.27, and 7.8±2.67 apoptotic cells/field, respectively) (P<0.05). Conclusion: The findings suggest that combined treatment with SG611-PDCD5 and daunorubicin may be a promising strategy for enhancing chemosensitivity and thus lowering the dose-related toxicity of daunorubicin in leukemia therapy.

14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(4): 741-750, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247779

RESUMO

Here we compare outcomes between the tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) plus chemotherapy regimen and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (transplantation cohort) in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) and explore factors associated with prognosis. Data from 145 Ph+ ALL patients were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were treated with imatinib plus chemotherapy and then transplantation or continuous TKIs with chemotherapy based on patient preference. A total of 145 Ph+ ALL patients were recruited for this study (median age, 37 years; range, 14 to 65). Among these patients, 81 were men (55.9%) and 86 underwent IKZF1 detection, which identified 59 patients (68.6%) with IKZF1 deletions. After treatment 136 patients (95.8%) achieved complete remission (CR) eventually. With a median follow-up of 33 months (range, 4 to 114) for CR patients, 77 patients (57.9%) underwent transplantation and 56 (42.1%) received continuous TKIs with chemotherapy. At the 4-year follow-up the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) were 29.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 24.9% to 34.4%), 60.9% (95% CI, 56.5% to 65.3%), and 69.2% (95% CI, 65.1% to 73.3%), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that WBC counts < 30 × 109/L at diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR], 4.2; 95% CI, 1.9 to 9.2; P < .001; HR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.4 to 4.9; P = .003; HR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.4 to 5.4; P = .003), 3-log reduction of BCR-ABL levels from baseline after 2 consolidation cycles (HR, 4.4; 95% CI, 1.9 to 9.9; P < .001; HR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.7 to 5.9; P < .001; HR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.9 to 8.7; P = .001; defined as "minimal residual disease low level"), and transplantation (HR, 5.0; 95% CI, 2.2 to 11.2; P < .001; HR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.7 to 6.4; P < .001; HR, 4.1; 95% CI, 1.9 to 8.7; P < .001) were the favorable factors of CIR, DFS, and OS. According to the first 2 risk factors, CR patients were divided into 3 groups: low risk (no factor, n = 42, 31.6%), intermediate risk (1 factor, n = 73, 54.9%), and high risk (2 factors, n = 18, 13.5%). In the low-risk group at the 4-year follow up no significant difference existed between the transplant and nontransplant arms for the probabilities of CIR (8.5% versus 7.7%, P = .671), DFS (88.2% versus 83.9%, P = .426), and OS (96.6% versus 83.3%, P = .128). In the intermediate- and high-risk groups at the 4-year follow-up, CIR (23.6% versus 36.9%, P = .017; 37.5% versus 100.0%, P <.001), DFS (62.4% versus 43.8%, P = .048; 56.2% versus 0%, P <.001), and OS (76.1% versus 47.7%, P = .037; 51.4% versus 6.3%, P = .001) rates were significantly better in the transplant arm than in the nontransplant arm. In surviving patients of the low-risk group, no difference in complete molecular response (CMR) rates (85.7% versus 72.7%, P = .379) between the transplant and nontransplant arms was found. However, in the intermediate-risk group the proportion of CMR was significantly higher in the transplant arm than in the nontransplant arm (82.8% versus 42.9%, P = .006). In the high-risk group 4 of 7 transplant patients (57.1%) were in CMR, and no patients survived in the nontransplant arm. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation confers significant survival advantages for Ph+ ALL patients compared with TKIs plus chemotherapy, especially in intermediate- and high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Oncotarget ; 8(22): 35984-36000, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28415593

RESUMO

Relapse is the major cause of treatment-failure in adults with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) achieving complete remission after induction chemotherapy. Greater precision identifying persons likely to relapse is important. We did bio-informatics analyses of transcriptomic data to identify mRNA transcripts aberrantly-expressed in B-cell ALL. We selected 9 candidate genes for validation 7 of which proved significantly-associated with B-cell ALL. We next focused on function and clinical correlations of the cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 (CSRP2). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to examine gene transcript levels in bone marrow samples from 236 adults with B-cell ALL compared with samples from normals. CSRP2 was over-expressed in 228 out of 236 adults (97%) with newly-diagnosed B-cell ALL. A prognostic value was assessed in 168 subjects. In subjects with normal cytogenetics those with high CSRP2 transcript levels had a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and worse relapse-free survival (RFS) compared with subjects with low transcript levels (56% [95% confidence interval, 53, 59%] vs. 19% [18, 20%]; P = 0.011 and 41% [17, 65%] vs. 80% [66-95%]; P = 0.007). In multivariate analyses a high CSRP2 transcript level was independently-associated with CIR (HR = 5.32 [1.64-17.28]; P = 0.005) and RFS (HR = 5.56 [1.87, 16.53]; P = 0.002). Functional analyses indicated CSRP2 promoted cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression, in vitro colony formation and cell migration ability. Abnormal CSRP2 expression was associated with resistance to chemotherapy; sensitivity was restored by down-regulating CSRP2 expression.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Neoplasia Residual , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
Apoptosis ; 21(10): 1179-90, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27472927

RESUMO

V-set and transmembrane domain-containing 1 (VSTM1), which is downregulated in bone marrow cells from leukemia patients, may provide a diagnostic and treatment target. Here, a triple-regulated oncolytic adenovirus was constructed to carry a VSTM1 gene expression cassette, SG611-VSTM1, and contained the E1a gene with a 24-nucleotide deletion within the CR2 region under control of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter, E1b gene directed by the hypoxia response element, and VSTM1 gene controlled by the cytomegalovirus promoter. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analyses showed that SG611-VSTM1 expressed VSTM1 highly efficiently in the human leukemic cell line K562 compared with SG611. In Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometric assays, SG611-VSTM1 exhibited more potent anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in leukemic cells compared with SG611 and exerted synergistic cytotoxicity with low-dose daunorubicin (DNR) in vitro. In xenograft models, SG611-VSTM1 intratumorally injected at a dose of 1 × 10(9) plaque forming units combined with intraperitoneally injected low-dose DNR displayed significantly stronger antitumor effects than either treatment alone. Histopathologic examination revealed that SG611-VSTM1 induced apoptosis of leukemic cells. These results implicate an important role for VSTM1 in the pathogenesis of leukemia, and SG611-VSTM1 may be a promising agent for enhancing chemosensitivity in leukemia therapy.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Daunorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Leucemia/terapia , Vírus Oncolíticos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Adenoviridae/fisiologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Terapia Genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia/fisiopatologia , Leucemia/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Vírus Oncolíticos/fisiologia , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo
17.
BMC Cancer ; 16: 269, 2016 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27067989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interrogate the impact of IKZF1 deletion on therapy-outcomes of adults with common B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. METHODS: One hundred sixty-five consecutive adults with common B-cell ALL were tested for IKZF1 deletion and for BCR/ABL. Deletions in IKZF1 were detected using multiplex RQ-PCR, multiplex fluorescent PCR, sequence analysis and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). BCR/ABL was detected using RQ-PCR. All subjects received chemotherapy and some also received an allotransplant and tyrosine kinase-inhibitors. Multivariate analyses were done to identify associations between IKZF1 deletion and other variables on non-relapse mortality (NRM), cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and survival. RESULTS: Amongst subjects achieving complete remission those with IKZF1 deletion had similar 5-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) (11% [2-20%] vs. 16% [4-28%]; P = 0.736), a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (55% [35-76%] vs. 25% [12-38%]; P = 0.004), and worse 5-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) (33% [16-52%] vs. 59% [42-73%]; P = 0.012) and survival (48% [33-62%] vs. 75% [57-86%]; P = 0.002). In multivariate analyses IKZF1 deletion was associated with an increased relapse (relative risk [RR] =2.7, [1.4-5.2]; P = 0.002), a higher risk of treatment-failure (inverse of LFS; RR = 2.1, [1.2-3.6]; P = 0.007) and a higher risk of death (RR = 2.8, [1.5-5.5]; P = 0.002). The adverse impact of IKZF1 deletion on outcomes was stronger in subjects without vs. with BCR-ABL1 and in subjects receiving chemotherapy-only vs. an allotransplant. CONCLUSIONS: IKZF1 deletion was independently-associated with a higher relapse risk and worse LFS and survival in adults with common B-cell ALL after adjusting for other prognostic variables and differences in therapies. These data suggest IKZF1 deletion may be a useful prognostic variable in adults with common B-cell ALL, especially in persons without BCR-ABL1 and those receiving chemotherapy-only. Transplants appear to overcome the adverse impact of IKZF1 deletion on therapy-outcomes but confirmation in a randomized study is needed. The trial was registered in 2007 with the Beijing Municipal Government (Beijing Municipal Health Bureau Registration N: 2007-1007).


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Transplante Homólogo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos B/patologia , Linfócitos B/transplante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Prognóstico , Deleção de Sequência
18.
Hematology ; 20(9): 517-22, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25860380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calreticulin (CALR) mutations were recently identified in a substantial proportion of persons with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) without JAK2(V617F). Consequently rapid, sensitive, and specific methods to detect and quantify these mutations are needed. METHODS: We studied samples from 1088 persons with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) including 421 JAK2(V617F) negative subjects with ET, PMF, polycythemia vera (PV), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and hyper-eosinophilic syndrome (HES). Detection of CALR exon 9 mutations was done by PCR amplification followed by fragment length analysis and direct sequencing. Dilution assays were used to determine CALR mutant allele burden. RESULTS: We detected CALR mutations in blood and bone marrow samples from 152 subjects with ET and with PMF but not in samples from normal or persons with PV, CML, or HES. CALR mutant peaks were distinct from wild-type peaks and dilution experiments indicated a sensitivity level of 0.5-5% for a CALR mutant allele in a wild-type background. Diverse types of mutations were detected including deletions, insertions, and complex indels. All mutations were confirmed by direct sequencing. We also used dilution experiments to quantify mutant allele burden. We were able to reproducibly detect mutant allele levels as low 5% (0.5-5%) in a wild-type background. CONCLUSIONS: PCR amplification followed by fragment length analysis is a rapid, sensitive, and specific method for screening persons with MPNs for CALR mutations, especially those with ET and PMF and for estimating mutant allele burden.


Assuntos
Calreticulina/genética , Frequência do Gene , Mutação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Trombocitemia Essencial/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/patologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Trombocitemia Essencial/diagnóstico , Trombocitemia Essencial/patologia
19.
Leuk Res ; 39(5): 510-4, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25746303

RESUMO

CALR mutations are detected in about 50% of persons of predominately European descent with essential thrombocythemia (ET) or primary myelofibrosis (PMF) with wild-type alleles of JAK2 and MPL. We studied 1088 Chinese with diverse myeloproliferative neoplasms including ET (N=234) and PMF (N=50) without JAK2(V617F) or MPL exon 10 mutations. CALR mutation was detected in 53% (95% CI, 46-60%) of subjects with ET and 56% (95% CI, 41-70%) of subjects with PMF. 152 CALR mutations were identified clustering into 15 types including deletions (N=8), insertions (N=3) and complex indels (N=4). We also identified 9 new mutations. Mean (±SD) mutant allele burden was 31±12% (range, 0.5-69%). Persons with PMF had higher CALR mutant allele burdens than those with ET (38±8% vs. 29±12%; P<0.001). Amongst persons with CALR mutations, those with PMF had different clinical features from those with ET. These data may be useful for diagnosing ET and PMF in Chinese who are about 40% of all persons with ET and PMF and for monitoring therapy-response. They also highlight similarities and differences in CALR mutations between Chinese and persons of predominately European descent with these diseases.


Assuntos
Calreticulina/genética , Mutação , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Trombocitemia Essencial/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fenilalanina/genética , Mielofibrose Primária/etnologia , Receptores de Trombopoetina/genética , Trombocitemia Essencial/etnologia , Valina/genética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 22(1): 44-9, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24598649

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to compare the reliability of microchip electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis for screening FLT3-ITD gene mutation in acute myeloid leukemia. The FLT3-ITD mutation in the genomic DNA samples from 214 untreated AML patients were separately detected by PCR-microchip electrophoresis and PCR-capillary electrophoresis, then the DNA direct sequencing analysis was carried out. The results from PCR-microchip electrophoresis showed that there were 151 FLT3-ITD mutation negative, 58 FLT3-ITD mutation positive (58/214, 27.1%) and 5 FLT3-ITD mutation doubtful positive (5/214, 2.3%), while the outcomes from PCR-capillary electrophoresis displayed that there were 147 FLT3-ITD mutation negative and 67 FLT3-ITD mutation positive (67/214, 31.3%) without doubtful positive. In the 67 FLT3-ITD mutation positive samples detected by using PCR-capillary electrophoresis, 4 samples were detected as the negative while 5 samples were measured as the doubtful positive by using PCR-microchip electrophoresis. The followed sequencing analysis demonstrated that the above 9 samples were all FLT3-ITD mutation positive, indicating that PCR-capillary electrophoresis was more accurate and sensitive in screening the FLT3-ITD mutation, although statistic analysis showed that there were no significant differences in the detected results between PCR-microchip electrophoresis and PCR-capillary electrophoresis groups (Pearson Chi-squared Test, P > 0.05). It is concluded that both PCR-microchip electrophoresis and PCR-capillary electrophoresis were convenient and fast for screening FLT3-ITD mutation, but the accuracy of PCR-microchip electrophoresis awaits further improvement.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar , Eletroforese em Microchip , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
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