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1.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2535, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781059

RESUMO

Soil-borne diseases, especially those caused by fungal pathogens, lead to profound annual yield losses. One key example for such a disease is Fusarium wilt disease in banana. In some soils, plants do not show disease symptoms, even if the disease-causing pathogens are present. However, the underlying agents that make soils suppressive against Fusarium wilt remain elusive. In this study, we aimed to determine the underlying microbial agents governing soil disease-suppressiveness. We traced the shift of microbiomes during the invasion of disease-causing Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense in disease-suppressive and disease-conducive soils. We found distinct microbiome structures in the suppressive and conducive soils after pathogen invasion. The alpha diversity indices increased (or did not significantly change) and decreased, respectively, in the suppressive and conducive soils, indicating that the shift pattern of the microbiome with pathogen invasion was notably different between the suppressive and conductive soils. Microbiome networks were more complex with higher numbers of links and revealed more negative links, especially between bacterial taxa and the disease-causing Fusarium, in suppressive soils than in conducive soils. We identified the bacterial genera Chryseolinea, Terrimonas, and Ohtaekwangia as key groups that likely confer suppressiveness against disease-causing Fusarium. Overall, our study provides the first insights into agents potentially underlying the disease suppressiveness of soils against Fusarium wilt pathogen invasion. The results of this study may help to guide efforts for targeted cultivation and application of these potential biocontrol agents, which might lead to the development of effective biocontrol agents against Fusarium wilt disease.

2.
Microb Ecol ; 75(3): 739-750, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28791467

RESUMO

The continuous cropping of banana in the same field may result in a serious soil-borne Fusarium wilt disease and a severe yield decline, a phenomenon known as soil sickness. Although soil microorganisms play key roles in maintaining soil health, the alternations of soil microbial community and relationship between these changes and soil sickness under banana monoculture are still unclear. Bacterial and fungal communities in the soil samples collected from banana fields with different monoculture spans were profiled by sequencing of the 16S rRNA genes and internal transcribed spacer using the MiSeq platform to explore the relationship between banana monoculture and Fusarium wilt disease in the present study. The results showed that successive cropping of banana was significantly correlated with the Fusarium wilt disease incidence. Fungal communities responded more obviously and quickly to banana consecutive monoculture than bacterial community. Moreover, a higher fungal richness significantly correlated to a higher banana Fusarium wilt disease incidence but a lower yield. Banana fungal pathogenic genus of Fusarium and Phyllosticta were closely associated with banana yield depletion and disease aggravation. Potential biocontrol agents, such as Funneliformis, Mortierella, Flavobacterium, and Acidobacteria subgroups, exhibited a significant correlation to lower disease occurrence. Further networks analysis revealed that the number of functionally interrelated modules decreased, the composition shifted from bacteria- to fungi-dominated among these modules, and more resources-competitive interactions within networks were observed after banana long-term monoculture. Our results also showed that bacterial and fungal communities were mainly driven by soil organic matter. Overall, the findings indicated that the bacterial and fungal community structures altered significantly after banana long-term monoculture, and the fungal richness, abundance of Fusarium, interactions between and within bacteria and fungi in ecological networks, and soil organic matter were associated with banana soil-borne Fusarium wilt disease.


Assuntos
Fusarium/patogenicidade , Microbiota/fisiologia , Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Ascomicetos/patogenicidade , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , Agentes de Controle Biológico/efeitos adversos , Produtos Agrícolas , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Fúngico/genética , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/genética , Incidência , Interações Microbianas/fisiologia , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo/química
3.
Front Microbiol ; 8: 2070, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29123509

RESUMO

Banana production is seriously hindered by Meloidogyne spp. all over the world. Endophytes are ideal candidates compared to pesticides as an environmentally benign agent. In the present study, endophytes isolated from banana roots infected by Meloidogyne spp. with different disease levels were tested in vitro, and in sterile and nature banana monoculture soils against Meloidogyne javanica. The proportion of antagonistic endophytes were higher in the roots of middle and high disease levels. Among those, bacteria were dominant, and Pseudomonas spp., Bacillus spp. and Streptomyces spp. showed more abundant populations. One strain, named as SA, with definite root inner-colonization ability was isolated and identified as Streptomyces sp. This strain showed an inhibiting rate of >50% in vitro and biocontrol efficiency of 70.7% in sterile soil against Meloidogyne javanica, compared to the control. Greenhouse experiment results showed that the strain SA exhibits excellent biological control ability for plant-parasites both in roots and in root-knot nematode infested soil. SA treatment showed a higher number of bacterivores, especially Mesorhabditis and Cephalobus. The maturity index was significantly lower, while enrichment index (EI) was significantly higher in the SA treatment. In conclusion, this study presents an important potential application of the endophytic strain Streptomyces sp. for the control of plant-parasitic nematodes, especially Meloidogyne javanica, and presents the effects on the associated variation of the nematode community.

4.
Sci Rep ; 6: 27731, 2016 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27306096

RESUMO

Fusarium wilt of banana always drives farmers to find new land for banana cultivation due to the comeback of the disease after a few cropping years. A novel idea for solving this problem is the continuous application of bioorganic fertilizer (BIO), which should be practiced from the beginning of banana planting. In this study, BIO was applied in newly reclaimed fields to pre-control banana Fusarium wilt and the culturable rhizobacteria community were evaluated using Biolog Ecoplates and culture-dependent denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (CD-DGGE). The results showed that BIO application significantly reduced disease incidences and increased crop yields, respectivly. And the stabilized general bacterial metabolic potential, especially for the utilization of carbohydrates, carboxylic acids and phenolic compounds, was induced by BIO application. DGGE profiles demonstrated that resilient community structure of culturable rhizobacteria with higher richness and diversity were observed in BIO treated soils. Morever, enriched culturable bacteria affiliated with Firmicutes, Gammaproteobacteria and Actinobacteria were also detected. In total, continuous application of BIO effectively suppressed Fusarium wilt disease by stabilizing culturable bacterial metabolic potential and community structure. This study revealed a new method to control Fusarium wilt of banana for long term banana cultivation.


Assuntos
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fertilizantes , Fusarium/fisiologia , Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Agricultura , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Carbono/farmacologia , Eletroforese em Gel de Gradiente Desnaturante , Variação Genética , Cinética , Esterco , Análise de Componente Principal , Rizosfera , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Sus scrofa
5.
Sci Rep ; 5: 17597, 2015 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26621630

RESUMO

Banana production is severely hindered by plant-parasitic nematodes in acidic, sandy soil. This study investigated the possibility of applying a novel fumigation agent based on ammonium bicarbonate as a strategy for controlling plant-parasitic nematodes under sealed conditions. Moreover, its effects on the nematode community in pot and field experiments were also measured using morphology and feeding-habit based classification and the PCR-DGGE method. Results showed that a mixture (LAB) of lime (L) and ammonium bicarbonate (AB) in suitable additive amounts (0.857 g kg(-1) of L and 0.428 g kg(-1) of AB) showed stronger nematicidal ability than did the use of AB alone or the use of ammonium hydroxide (AH) and calcium cyanamide (CC) with an equal nitrogen amount. The nematode community was altered by the different fumigants, and LAB showed an excellent plant-parasitic nematicidal ability, especially for Meloidogyne and Rotylenchulus, as revealed by morphology and feeding-habit based classification, and for Meloidogyne, as revealed by the PCR-DGGE method. Fungivores and omnivore-predators were more sensitive to the direct effects of the chemicals than bacterivores. This study explored a novel fumigation agent for controlling plant-parasitic nematodes based on LAB and provides a potential strategy to ensure the worldwide development of the banana industry.


Assuntos
Fumigação , Nematoides , Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia , Solo/parasitologia , Animais , Nematoides/classificação , Nematoides/genética
7.
Sci Rep ; 5: 11124, 2015 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26242751

RESUMO

Panama disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense infection on banana is devastating banana plantations worldwide. Biological control has been proposed to suppress Panama disease, though the stability and survival of bio-control microorganisms in field setting is largely unknown. In order to develop a bio-control strategy for this disease, 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to assess the microbial community of a disease-suppressive soil. Bacillus was identified as the dominant bacterial group in the suppressive soil. For this reason, B. amyloliquefaciens NJN-6 isolated from the suppressive soil was selected as a potential bio-control agent. A bioorganic fertilizer (BIO), formulated by combining this isolate with compost, was applied in nursery pots to assess the bio-control of Panama disease. Results showed that BIO significantly decreased disease incidence by 68.5%, resulting in a doubled yield. Moreover, bacterial community structure was significantly correlated to disease incidence and yield and Bacillus colonization was negatively correlated with pathogen abundance and disease incidence, but positively correlated to yield. In total, the application of BIO altered the rhizo-bacterial community by establishing beneficial strains that dominated the microbial community and decreased pathogen colonization in the banana rhizosphere, which plays an important role in the management of Panama disease.


Assuntos
Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Rizosfera , Bacillus/classificação , Bacillus/genética , Sequência de Bases , Agentes de Controle Biológico/farmacologia , Fusarium/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusarium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microbiota , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Panamá , Filogenia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 26(2): 481-9, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26094464

RESUMO

A field experiment was conducted for two years to investigate the effects of different fertilization applications on the suppression of banana fusarium wilt disease, crop yield, fruit quality and culturable microflora in a banana orchard which has been monocultured with banana for 12 years and suffered serious banana fusarium wilt disease. The fertilizers included chemical fertilizer (CF), cow manure compost (CM), pig manure compost (PM) and bio-organic fertilizer (BIO). The banana soil microflora was invested using plate-counting method and culture-dependent polymerase chain reaction denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis method (CD PCR-DGGE). Results showed that, compared with the other treatments, 2-year consecutive application of BIO significantly reduced the banana fusarium wilt disease incidence, and improved the banana mass per tree, crop yield, total soluble sugar content and the ratio of total soluble sugar to titratable acidity of fruits (sugar/acid ratio). Moreover, the analysis of culturable microflora showed that BIO application significantly increased the soil microbial biomass, soil culturable bacteria, bacillus and actinomycetes, and the ratio of bacteria to fungi (B/F) , while decreased the Fusarium oxysporum. Based on the CD PCR-DGGE results, the BIO application significantly altered the soil culturable bacterial structure and showed highest richness and diversity after 2 years of BIO application. The phylogenetic analysis of the selected bands showed that BIO application enriched the soil with the species of Paenibacillus sp., Burkholderia sp., uncultured Verrucomicrobia sp. and Bacillus aryabhattai, and depressed the species of Ralstonia sp., Chryseobacterium gleum, Fluviicola taffensis, Enterobacter sp. and Bacillus megaterium. These results confirmed that the continuous application of BIO effectively controlled the fusarium wilt disease, improved the crop yield and fruit quality, and modulated the soil culturable microflora under field condition.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Esterco , Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Animais , Bactérias , Biomassa , Bovinos , Fusarium , Musa/microbiologia , Filogenia , Solo , Suínos
9.
PLoS One ; 9(5): e98420, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24871319

RESUMO

Our previous work demonstrated that application of a bio-organic fertilizer (BIO) to a banana mono-culture orchard with serious Fusarium wilt disease effectively decreased the number of soil Fusarium sp. and controlled the soil-borne disease. Because bacteria are an abundant and diverse group of soil organisms that responds to soil health, deep 16 S rRNA pyrosequencing was employed to characterize the composition of the bacterial community to investigate how it responded to BIO or the application of other common composts and to explore the potential correlation between bacterial community, BIO application and Fusarium wilt disease suppression. After basal quality control, 137,646 sequences and 9,388 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained from the 15 soil samples. Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Gemmatimonadetes and Actinobacteria were the most frequent phyla and comprised up to 75.3% of the total sequences. Compared to the other soil samples, BIO-treated soil revealed higher abundances of Gemmatimonadetes and Acidobacteria, while Bacteroidetes were found in lower abundance. Meanwhile, on genus level, higher abundances compared to other treatments were observed for Gemmatimonas and Gp4. Correlation and redundancy analysis showed that the abundance of Gemmatimonas and Sphingomonas and the soil total nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen content were higher after BIO application, and they were all positively correlated with disease suppression. Cumulatively, the reduced Fusarium wilt disease incidence that was seen after BIO was applied for 1-year might be attributed to the general suppression based on a shift within the bacteria soil community, including specific enrichment of Gemmatimonas and Sphingomonas.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Compostos de Amônio/análise , Análise de Variância , Sequência de Bases , China , Biologia Computacional , Fusarium/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Nitrogênio/análise , Agricultura Orgânica/métodos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo/química , Especificidade da Espécie
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 61(16): 3774-80, 2013 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23541032

RESUMO

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain NJN-6 is an important plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) which can produce secondary metabolites antagonistic to several soil-borne pathogens. In this study, the ability of a bio-organic fertilizer (BIO) containing NJN-6 strain to promote the growth and suppress Fusarium wilt of banana plants was evaluated in a pot experiment. The results showed that the application of BIO significantly decreased the incidence of Fusarium wilt and promoted the growth of banana plants compared to that for the organic fertilizer (OF). To determine the beneficial mechanism of the strain, the colonization of NJN-6 strain on banana roots was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The plant growth-promoting hormones indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and gibberellin A3 (GA3), along with antifungal lipopeptides iturin A, were detected when the NJN-6 strain was incubated in both Landy medium with additional l-tryptophan and in root exudates of banana plants. In addition, some antifungal volatile organic compounds and iturin A were also detected in BIO. In summary, strain NJN-6 could colonize the roots of banana plants after the application of BIO and produced active compounds which were beneficial for the growth of banana plants.


Assuntos
Bacillus/fisiologia , Fertilizantes/microbiologia , Fusarium , Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
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