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Rheumatol Int ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396685


To describe the clinical and therapeutic management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), alone or in combination with conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs), as well as analysing changes over time in bDMARD use. An observational, retrospective, multicentre study was conducted in the rheumatology departments of 10 public Spanish hospitals. Patients with RA treated with bDMARDs at baseline who had medical records available in the data collection period 2013-2016 were included. All visits to rheumatology departments recording any type of bDMARD modification (dose, etc.) were collected. Clinical characteristics, concomitant treatment, resource use, work productivity and quality of life (QoL) were recorded. 128 patients were included: 81 received first-line bDMARD treatment, 28 second-line bDMARD treatment and 19 received third or later lines. Mean study follow-up was 4.1 years. Assessment of DAS28 was available in 54.6% of visits. At baseline, 48.7% of patients had moderate-high disease activity. At final observation, 69.5% of patients continued with the first bDMARD. Tumour necrosis factor blockers were administered to 85.2% of patients in first line, 45.7% in second line and 18.1% in third or later lines. At final observation, 80.2% of patients still felt pain/discomfort. As expected, those with higher disease activity had higher loss of work productivity and lower QoL, as assessed by DAS28, than patients with lower disease activity. Drugs represented 82.6% of the total cost. In this Spanish cohort of 128 patients, most patients remained on the first prescribed bDMARD, despite remaining signs and symptoms.

Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236749


OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in Spanish patients with RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SONAR (NCT01526434), a 12-week, open-label, prospective, observational, multicenter study. Patients with active RA for ≥3 months, according to ACR criteria, were treated with CZP (400mg at Weeks 0, 2 and 4, then 200mg every 2 weeks). The primary effectiveness endpoint was change from baseline (CFB) in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) at Week 12. Other assessments included DAS28(ESR), patient's assessment of arthritis pain (PtAAP-VAS) and Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS). Joint inflammation was investigated using Power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US), to detect effusion, synovial hypertrophy and synovial PD signal. PDUS outcomes assessed CFB to Week 12 in synovial hypertrophy, effusion and PD signal indices. RESULTS: A total of 77/80 enrolled patients received ≥1 dose of CZP. The 12-week mean reduction from baseline (SD) was -0.6 (0.6) for HAQ-DI and -2.2 (1.5) for DAS28(ESR). PtAAP-VAS was reduced from baseline (mean [SD]: -36.8 [26.8]) and improvements in SF-36 PCS and SF-36 MCS were reported. Synovial hypertrophy, effusion and PD signal indices were reduced from baseline to Week 12. One death was reported during the study. CONCLUSIONS: Spanish patients with RA demonstrated improvements in clinical, PDUS and patient-reported outcomes over 12 weeks of CZP treatment. No new safety signals were identified, and the safety profile was in line with previous CZP studies. These results support previous clinical trial findings investigating CZP treatment for active RA.

Ophthalmology ; 125(9): 1444-1451, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602570


PURPOSE: To assess efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) therapy optimization in a large series of patients with uveitis due to Behçet disease (BD) who achieved remission after the use of this biologic agent. DESIGN: Open-label multicenter study of ADA-treated patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressants. SUBJECTS: Sixty-five of 74 patients with uveitis due to BD, who achieved remission after a median ADA duration of 6 (range, 3-12) months. ADA was optimized in 23 (35.4%) of them. This biologic agent was maintained at a dose of 40 mg/subcutaneously/2 weeks in the remaining 42 patients. METHODS: After remission, based on a shared decision between the patient and the treating physician, ADA was optimized. When agreement between patient and physician was reached, optimization was performed by prolonging the ADA dosing interval progressively. Comparison between optimized and nonoptimized patients was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness in optimized and nonoptimized groups. To determine efficacy, intraocular inflammation (anterior chamber cells, vitritis, and retinal vasculitis), macular thickness, visual acuity, and the sparing effect of glucocorticoids were assessed. RESULTS: No demographic or ocular differences were found at the time of ADA onset between the optimized and the nonoptimized groups. Most ocular outcomes were similar after a mean ± standard deviation follow-up of 34.7±13.3 and 26±21.3 months in the optimized and nonoptimized groups, respectively. However, relevant adverse effects were only seen in the nonoptimized group (lymphoma, pneumonia, severe local reaction at the injection site, and bacteremia by Escherichia coli, 1 each). Moreover, the mean ADA treatment costs were lower in the optimized group than in the nonoptimized group (6101.25 euros/patient/year vs. 12 339.48; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: ADA optimization in BD uveitis refractory to conventional therapy is effective, safe, and cost-effective.

Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496420


OBJECTIVE: 1) To analyze the implementation of multidisciplinary care models in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients, 2) To define minimum and excellent standards of care. METHODS: A survey was sent to clinicians who already performed multidisciplinary care or were in the process of undertaking it, asking: 1) Type of multidisciplinary care model implemented; 2) Degree, priority and feasibility of the implementation of quality standards in the structure, process and result for care. In 6 regional meetings the results of the survey were presented and discussed, and the ultimate priority of quality standards for care was defined. At a nominal meeting group, 11 experts (rheumatologists and dermatologists) analyzed the results of the survey and the regional meetings. With this information, they defined which standards of care are currently considered as minimum and which are excellent. RESULTS: The simultaneous and parallel models of multidisciplinary care are those most widely implemented, but the implementation of quality standards is highly variable. In terms of structure it ranges from 22% to 74%, in those related to process from 17% to 54% and in the results from 2% to 28%. Of the 25 original quality standards for care, 9 were considered only minimum, 4 were excellent and 12 defined criteria for minimum level and others for excellence. CONCLUSIONS: The definition of minimum and excellent quality standards for care will help achieve the goal of multidisciplinary care for patients with PAs, which is the best healthcare possible.

Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(1): 95-101, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27060872


OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of golimumab (GLM) in refractory uveitis associated to spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Multicenter study of SpA-related uveitis refractory to at least 1 immunosuppressive drug. The main outcome variables were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, and macular thickness. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients (13 men/2 women; 18 affected eyes; mean age 39 ± 6 years) were evaluated. The underlying SpA subtypes were ankylosing spondylitis (n = 8), psoriatic arthritis (n = 6) and non-radiographic axial SpA (n = 1). The ocular involvement patterns were recurrent anterior uveitis in 8 patients and chronic anterior uveitis in 7. Before GLM they have received methotrexate (n = 13), sulfasalazine (n = 6), pulses of methylprednisolone (n = 4), azathioprine (n = 3), leflunomide (n = 2), and cyclosporine (n = 1). Overall, 10 of them had also been treated with TNF-α blockers; etanercept (n = 7), adalimumab (n = 7), infliximab (n = 6), and certolizumab (n = 1). GLM was given at the standard dose (50mg/sc/monthly) as monotherapy (n = 7) or in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs (n = 8), mainly methotrexate. Most patients had rapid and progressive improvement of intraocular inflammation parameters. The median number of cells in the anterior chamber at 2 years [0 (0-0)] was significantly reduced compared to baseline findings [1 (0-3); p = 0.04]. The mean best corrected visual acuity value also improved (0.84 ± 0.3 at 2 years versus 0.62 ± 0.3 at baseline; p = 0.03). Only minor side effects were observed after a mean follow-up of 23 ± 7 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that GLM may be a useful therapeutic option in refractory SpA-related uveitis.

Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Espondilartrite/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 66(6): 1659-65, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24515813


OBJECTIVE: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is frequently refractory to standard therapy. Tocilizumab (TCZ) has demonstrated efficacy in single cases and in small series of patients with AOSD. The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the efficacy of TCZ in patients with AOSD refractory to conventional treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective open-label study of TCZ treatment in 34 patients with AOSD who had experienced an inadequate response to corticosteroids and at least 1 standard synthetic immunosuppressive drug and also, in many cases, biologic agents. RESULTS: The mean ± SD age of the patients (8 men and 26 women) was 38.7 ± 16.1 years. The median duration of AOSD before TCZ was initiated was 4.2 years (interquartile range [IQR] 1-9 years). The initial dosages of intravenous TCZ were 8 mg/kg every 4 weeks in 22 patients, 4 mg/kg every 4 weeks in 2 patients, and 8 mg/kg every 2 weeks in 10 patients. TCZ treatment resulted in rapid and maintained improvement in both clinical and laboratory parameters. After 1 year of TCZ therapy, the incidence of joint manifestations had decreased from 97.1% at baseline to 32.4%, the incidence of both cutaneous manifestations and fever had decreased from 58.8% to 5.9%, and the incidence of lymphadenopathy had decreased from 29.4% to 0%. A dramatic reduction in laboratory markers of inflammation, including the C-reactive protein level, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and the ferritin level, was achieved. The median dosage of prednisone was also reduced, from 13.8 mg/day (IQR 5-45) at the initiation of TCZ to 2.5 mg/day (IQR 0-30) at 12 months. After a median followup of 19 months (IQR 12-31 months), only 2 patients required permanent discontinuation of TCZ therapy because of severe infections. CONCLUSION: TCZ treatment was associated with rapid and maintained clinical and laboratory improvement in patients with AOSD refractory to standard treatment. However, joint manifestations seem to be more refractory to treatment compared with systemic manifestations.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Interleucina-6/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 7(6): 407-409, nov.-dic. 2011.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-91562


El uso de los glucocorticoides en la artritis reumatoide ha sido objeto de debate en las últimas décadas. Parece existir evidencia probada, en cuanto a su capacidad antiinflamatoria y su poder de disminuir la progresión radiológica, principalmente si se utiliza en artritis reumatoide de inicio reciente. Sin embargo, sigue cuestionándose su uso debido a sus potenciales efectos secundarios, sobre todo cuando se utilizan en altas dosis y/o durante periodos prolongados. En esta revisión, intentaremos resumir la evidencia existente sobre este aspecto desde los inicios, allá por los años cincuenta del siglo xx, hasta las últimas publicaciones (AU)

The use of glucocorticoids in rheumatoid arthritis has been the source of frequent debate in the last decades. There is evidence on its anti-inflammatory capacity and its power to decrease radiologic progression, particularly if used in recent onset rheumatoid arthritis. However, there are still some voices questioning its use. Their arguments are its potential side-effects, especially when the glucocorticoids are used in high doses and/or for extended periods of time. In this review, we will try to summarize the evidence regarding this issue, from the beginning of the discussion in the fifties to the last releases (AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/tendências , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/tendências
Reumatol Clin ; 7(6): 407-11, 2011 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22078702


The use of glucocorticoids in rheumatoid arthritis has been the source of frequent debate in the last decades. There is evidence on its anti-inflammatory capacity and its power to decrease radiologic progression, particularly if used in recent onset rheumatoid arthritis. However, there are still some voices questioning its use. Their arguments are its potential side-effects, especially when the glucocorticoids are used in high doses and/or for extended periods of time. In this review, we will try to summarize the evidence regarding this issue, from the beginning of the discussion in the fifties to the last releases.

Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Prevenção Secundária