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3.
Nutr Hosp ; 24(5): 596-606, 2009.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19893871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantify by means of the so-called "Healthy lifestyle pyramid" and after two educational interventions, the changes in food intake, daily activities, and hygiene and health habits in the short and long terms in a cohort of healthy children. MATERIALS AND METHOD: prospective longitudinal study with baseline assessment of dietary and lifestyle habits, and two assessments after two educational interventions. RESULTS: 52 children participated, mean age 7.9 years, 15.4% of them being obese. There was a statistically significant reduction in whole milk intake in both the short and long term. There was a significant decrease in the short term in the intake of processed cold meat and an increase in fruit intake. There was a significant reduction in sweets intake in the short term. There was a statistically significant change in hand washing in the short and long terms, as well as in beach bathing after eating. There also was a significant change in achieving an appropriate posture and not bathing too far away, both in the long run. Finally, there was a significant change in the short term in not using inappropriate sports playing fields. The frequency at which they practise sports in the long term was significantly increased as well as the number of weekly sports, in the short term. CONCLUSIONS: After two educational interventions, the children did significant modifications of their health habits in the short term or the long term, which contributes to modify the risk factors for disease in the adulthood.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Educação em Saúde , Higiene , Atividade Motora , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Nutr. hosp ; 24(5): 596-606, sept.-oct. 2009. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-76621

RESUMO

Objetivo: Cuantificar tras dos intervenciones educacionales, con la denominada ‘Pirámide de estilo de vida saludable’, los cambios en ingesta, actividades diarias y hábitos de higiene y salud, a corto y largo plazo, en una cohorte de niños sanos. Material y métodos: Es un estudio longitudinal prospectivo con una evaluación basal de hábitos dietéticos y de vida, y dos evaluaciones posteriores tras las dos intervenciones educacionales. Resultados: Participaron 52 niños, con una media de 7,9 años y el 15,4% eran obesos. Hubo una reducción estadísticamente significativa en la ingesta de leche entera, tanto a corto como a largo plazo. Fue significativo a corto plazo la reducción en la ingesta de embutidos y un aumento de frutas. Hubo una reducción significativa en ingesta de dulces, a corto plazo. Hubo significación estadística en lavado de manos, a corto y a largo plazo, al igual que el baño en la playa tras comer. También lo hubo en lograr una postura adecuada y no nadar muy adentro, ambos a largo plazo; y por último a corto plazo, en no utilizar campos de deporte inadecuados. La frecuencia con que practican deportes, a largo plazo, tuvo un incremento significativo y también lo hubo en el número de ejercicios semanales, a corto plazo. Conclusiones: Los niños hicieron tras dos intervenciones educacionales modificaciones significativas de sus hábitos de salud a corto, o largo plazo lo que contribuye a modificar factores de riesgo de enfermedad en la vida adulta (AU)


Objective: To quantify by means of the so-called ‘Healthy lifestyle pyramid’ and after two educational interventions, the changes in food intake, daily activities, and hygiene and health habits in the short and long terms in a cohort of healthy children. Materials and method: prospective longitudinal study with baseline assessment of dietary and lifestyle habits, and two assessments after two educational interventions. Results: 52 children participated, mean age 7.9 years, 15.4% of them being obese. There was a statistically significant reduction in whole milk intake in both the short and long term. There was a significant decrease in the short term in the intake of processed cold meat and an increase in fruit intake. There was a significant reduction in sweets intake in the short term. There was a statistically significant change in hand washing in the short and long terms, as well as in beach bathing after eating. There also was a significant change in achieving an appropriate posture and not bathing too far away, both in the long run. Finally, there was a significant change in the short term in not using inappropriate sports playing fields. The frequency at which they practise sports in the long term was significantly increased as well as the number of weekly sports, in the short term. Conclusions: After two educational interventions, the children did significant modifications of their health habits in the short term or the long term, which contributes to modify the risk factors for disease in the adulthood (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Educação em Saúde , Higiene , Atividade Motora , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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