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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142594

RESUMO

A series of dodecanuclear highly positively charged homo- and heterometallamacrocycles [{Pd(η 3 -2-Me-C 3 H 4 )} 6 (4-PPh 2 py) 12 {M 2 (tpbz)} 3 ] 18+ (M = Pd, Pt; tpbz = 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(diphenylphosphanylbenzene) were synthesized by the quantitative self-assembly of {Pd(η 3 -2-Me-C 3 H 4 )} + , {M 2 (tpbz)} 4+ and 4-PPh 2 py moieties in 2:1:4 molar ratio. The cationic assemblies were obtained as salts of different fluorinated anions that display diverse sizes and electronic properties, namely BF 4 - , PF 6 - , SbF 6 - and CF 3 SO 3 - . The new crown-like metallamacrocycles showed remarkable differences in their NMR spectra due to the presence of the different counteranions. On the basis of the observed variations, the metallacycles have been tested as catalytic precursors in allylic alkylation reactions. The anion-dependent activity and selectivity has been analysed and compared with that of the corresponding monometallic allylic corners [Pd(η 3 -2-Me-C 3 H 4 )(4-PPh 2 py) 2 ]X (X = BF 4 - , PF 6 - , SbF 6 - , CF 3 SO 3 - ). DFT calculations have been employed in order to help to the interpretation of the experimental data and to model the anion-crown interactions.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 48(39): 14873-14884, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555791

RESUMO

A new CoII2YIII2 complex with the formula [{Co(µ-L)Y(NO3)}2(µ-CO3)2]·2CH3OH·2H2O (where H2L = N,N',N''-trimethyl-N,N''-bis(2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methylbenzyl)diethylenetriamine) has been prepared and its structure solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The tetranuclear structure is formed by the connection of two [Co(µ-L)Y(NO3)] dinuclear units through two carbonate bridging ligands, which exhibit a µ3-κ2-O,O':κ-O:κ-O'' tetradentate coordination mode. The CoII ion exhibits a slightly distorted octahedral CoN3O3 coordination environment. From direct-current magnetic data a large and positive axial anisotropy parameter was extracted (D = +80.6 cm-1) and its sign unambiguously confirmed by HFEPR spectra and ab initio calculations. The extracted D value is rather larger than those previously reported for the analogous CoIIYIII dinuclear complexes, which agrees with the fact that the CoII ion in the CoII2YIII2 complex exhibits a lower distortion from the octahedral geometry in this family of CoIInYIIIn complexes. Dynamic ac magnetic measurements show that the reported compound presents field-induced slow relaxation for magnetization reversal, through a combination of direct and Raman processes. Magnetic measurements on the diluted magnetic counterpart (Zn/Co = 10/1) show the persistence of these processes, pointing out their single-ion origin. The Raman relaxation process for the CoII2YIII2 complex is faster that those observed for its CoIIYIII dinuclear counterparts. This fact and the existence of the persistent direct process at low temperature could be attributed to the former molecule being larger and more flexible than the latter ones.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(44): 15650-15654, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290580

RESUMO

The first structurally characterized hexafluorido complex of a tetravalent actinide ion, the [UF6 ]2- anion, is reported in the (NEt4 )2 [UF6 ]⋅2 H2 O salt (1). The weak magnetic response of 1 results from both UIV spin and orbital contributions, as established by combining X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy and bulk magnetization measurements. The spin and orbital moments are virtually identical in magnitude, but opposite in sign, resulting in an almost perfect cancellation, which is corroborated by ab initio calculations. This work constitutes the first experimental demonstration of a seemingly non-magnetic molecular actinide complex carrying sizable spin and orbital magnetic moments.

4.
Chemistry ; 25(45): 10625-10632, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066934

RESUMO

The single-molecule magnet (SMM) properties of a series of ferrocenium complexes, [Fe(η5 -C5 R5 )2 ]+ (R=Me, Bn), are reported. In the presence of an applied dc field, the slow dynamics of the magnetization in [Fe(η5 -C5 Me5 )2 ]BArF are revealed. Multireference quantum mechanical calculations show a large energy difference between the ground and first excited states, excluding the commonly invoked, thermally activated (Orbach-like) mechanism of relaxation. In contrast, a detailed analysis of the relaxation time highlights that both direct and Raman processes are responsible for the SMM properties. Similarly, the bulky ferrocenium complexes, [Fe(η5 -C5 Bn5 )2 ]BF4 and [Fe(η5 -C5 Bn5 )2 ]PF6 , also exhibit magnetization slow dynamics, however an additional relaxation process is clearly detected for these analogous systems.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(26): 3825-3828, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869690

RESUMO

In this communication, we report the first evidence of slow-spin relaxation of a low-spin FeIII carborane complex. Iron S = 1/2 complexes showing such behaviour are particularly appealing as qubit candidates because they fulfil some of the main requirements to reach long decoherence times, such as moderate magnetic anisotropy, small spin, metal element mainly with zero-nuclear spin and furthermore, large versatility to introduce chemical modifications.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(1): 240-250, 2019 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516985

RESUMO

This paper reports highly efficient coherent tunneling in single-molecule wires of oligo-ferrocenes with one to three Fc units. The Fc units were directly coupled to the electrodes, i.e., without chemical anchoring groups between the Fc units and the terminal electrodes. We found that a single Fc unit readily interacts with the metal electrodes of an STM break junction (STM = scanning tunneling microscope) and that the zero-voltage bias conductance of an individual Fc molecular junction increased 5-fold, up to 80% of the conductance quantum G0 (77.4 µS), when the length of the molecular wire was increased from one to three connected Fc units. Our compendium of experimental evidence combined with nonequilibrium Green function calculations contemplate a plausible scenario to explain the exceedingly high measured conductance based on the electrode/molecule contact via multiple Fc units. The oligo-Fc backbone is initially connected through all Fc units, and, as one of the junction electrodes is pulled away, each Fc unit is sequentially disconnected from one of the junction terminals, resulting in several distinct conductance features proportional to the number of Fc units in the backbone. The conductance values are independent of the applied temperature (-10 to 85 °C), which indicates that the mechanism of charge transport is coherent tunneling for all measured configurations. These measurements show the direct Fc-electrode coupling provides highly efficient molecular conduits with very low barrier for electron tunneling and whose conductivity can be modulated near the ballistic regime through the number of Fc units able to bridge and the energy position of the frontier molecular orbital.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 48(1): 25-29, 2018 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30417181

RESUMO

The first example of a pentacoordinate CoII single-ion magnet based on a P-donor ligand with vacant octahedral coordination geometry is reported here. Thorough magnetic measurements reveal the presence of field induced slow relaxation behavior with an easy-plane magnetic anisotropy. The combined theoretical and experimental studies disclose that direct and quantum tunneling processes become dominant at low temperature to relax the magnetization; however, from the thermal dependence of relaxation time it can be observed that the optical or acoustic Raman processes become important to the overall relaxation process.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 57(22): 14097-14105, 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30383364

RESUMO

A systematic study of the performance of several density functional methodologies to study spin-crossover (SCO) on first row transition metal complexes is reported. All functionals have been tested against several mononuclear systems containing first row transition metal complexes and exhibiting spin-crossover. Among the tested functionals, the hybrid meta-GGA functional TPSSh with a triple-ζ basis set including polarization functions on all atoms provides the best results across different metals and oxidation states, and its performance in both predicting the correct ground state and the right energy window for SCO to occur is quite satisfactory. The effect of some additional contributions, such as zero-point energies, relativistic effects, and intramolecular dispersion interactions, has been analyzed. The reported strategy thus expands the use of the TPSSh functional to other metals and oxidation states other than FeII, making it the method of choice to study SCO in first row transition metal complexes. Additionally, the presented results validate the potential use of the TPSSh functional for virtual screening of new molecules with SCO, or its use in the study of the electronic structure of such systems.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 57(21): 13225-13234, 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358999

RESUMO

A family of lanthanide metal complexes with the general formula [Ln(H2O)3(18-crown-6)](ClO4)3 (Ln = TbIII, DyIII, ErIII, and YbIII) has been synthesized. Their magnetic properties have been characterized by direct- and alternating-current SQUID measurements and analyzed with the help of CASSCF-type calculations. The DyIII and YbIII compounds show slow relaxation of magnetization under an external magnetic field. Analysis of the dependence of the relaxation time with the temperature and external magnetic field reveals that the main contributions are the quantum tunneling and Raman relaxation terms, respectively. Analysis of the ß electron density and electrostatic potentials indicates that the axial ligands (three water molecules) generate a relatively small repulsion, with the lanthanide electron density being the reason for the moderate magnetic anisotropy found in these systems.

10.
Chem Sci ; 9(34): 6988-6996, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210774

RESUMO

We have studied the single-molecule conductance of a family of curcuminoid molecules (CCMs) using the mechanically controlled break junction (MCBJ) technique. The CCMs under study contain methylthio (MeS-) as anchoring groups: MeS-CCM (1), the free-ligand organic molecule, and two coordination compounds, MeS-CCM-BF2 (2) and MeS-CCM-Cu (3), where ligand 1 coordinates to a boron center (BF2 group) and to a CuII moiety, respectively. We found that the three molecules present stable molecular junctions allowing detailed statistical analysis of their electronic properties. Compound 3 shows a slight increase in the conductance with respect to free ligand 1, whereas incorporation of BF2 (compound 2) promotes the presence of two conductance states in the measurements. Additional experiments with control molecules point out that this bistability is related to the combination of MeS- anchoring groups and the BF2 moiety within the structure of the molecules. Theoretical calculations show that this can be explained by the presence of two conformers once compound 2 is anchored between the gold electrodes. An energy minimum is found for a flat structure but there is a dramatic change in the magnitude and orientation of dipole moment (favouring a non-flat conformer in the presence of an external electric field) due to a conformational change of one of the terminal MeS- groups. The results thus point to an intricate interplay between the applied bias voltage and the molecule dipole moment which could be the basis for designing new molecules aiming at controlling their conformation in devices.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 57(15): 9274-9285, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30040402

RESUMO

A series of isostructural dinuclear 3d-4f complexes, isolated as [CuLn(L·SMe)2(OOCMe)2(NO3)]· xMeOH (Ln = Gd 1, Tb 2, Dy 3, and Y 4; x = 0.75-1) and comprising one acetate and two thioether-Schiff base (L·SMe-) bridging ligands based on 4-(methylthio)aniline and 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (HL·SMe = C15H15NO2S), was synthesized and fully characterized. The magnetic properties of the charge-neutral {CuLn} complexes are dominated by ferromagnetic CuII-LnIII exchange interactions. Large-area electron transport studies reveal that the average conductivity of robust, self-assembled {CuLn} monolayers on a gold substrate is significantly lower than that of common alkanethiolates. Theoretical calculations of transmission spectra of individual complexes 1 and 4 embedded between two metallic electrodes show that the molecular current-voltage ( I- V) characteristics are strongly influenced by electron transport through the Cu centers and thus fully independent of the lanthanide ion, in excellent agreement with the experimental I- V data for 1-4. The ß-polarized transmission indicated by calculations of 1 and 4 points out their potential as spin filters. In addition, the reactivity of the title compound 1 with CuII in a square-pyramidal coordination environment toward methanolate and azide was examined, resulting in the formation of a linear trinuclear complex, [Cu2Na(L·SMe)4]NO3·3MeOH (5), characterized by antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between the two copper ions.

12.
Chemistry ; 24(49): 12950-12960, 2018 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29893444

RESUMO

A chiral ZnII porphyrin derivative 1 and its achiral analogue 2 were studied in the solid state. Considering the rich molecular recognition of designed metalloporphyrins 1 and 2 and their tendency to crystallize, they were recrystallized from two solvent mixtures (CH2 Cl2 /CH3 OH and CH2 Cl2 /hexane). As a result, four different crystalline arrangements (1 a,b and 2 a,b, from 0D to 2D) were obtained. Solid-state studies were performed on all the species to analyze the role played by chirality, solvent mixtures, and surfaces (mica and HOPG) in the supramolecular arrangements. By means of combinations of solvents and substrates a variety of microsized species was obtained, from vesicles to flower-shaped arrays, including geometrical microcrystals. Overall, the results emphasize the environmental susceptibility of metalloporphyrins and how this feature must be taken into account in their design.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 57(12): 6957-6964, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29856618

RESUMO

In this paper, the synthesis and magnetic properties of mononuclear FeIII-containing polyoxometalates (POMs) with different types of heteroatoms, TBA7H10[(A-α-XW9O34)2Fe] (IIX, X = Ge, Si; TBA = tetra- n-butylammonium), are reported. In these POMs, mononuclear highly distorted six-coordinate octahedral [FeO6]9- units are sandwiched by two trivacant lacunary units [A-α-XW9O34]10- (X = Ge, Si). These POMs exhibit field-induced slow magnetic relaxation based on the single high-spin FeIII magnetic center ( S = 5/2). Combining experiment and ab initio calculations, we investigated the effect of heteroatoms of the lacunary units on the field-induced slow magnetic relaxation of these POMs. By changing the heteroatoms from Si (IISi) to Ge (IIGe), the coordination geometry around the FeIII ion is mildly changed. Concretely, the axial Fe-O bond length in IIGe is shortened compared with that in IISi, and consequently the distortion of the [FeO6]9- unit in IIGe from the ideal octahedral coordination geometry becomes larger than that in IISi. The effective demagnetization barrier of IIGe (11.4 K) is slightly larger than that of IISi (9.2 K). Multireference ab initio calculations predict zero-field splitting parameters in good agreement with experiment. Although the differences in the coordination geometries and magnetic properties of IIGe and IISi are quite small, ab initio calculations indicate subtle changes in the magnetic anisotropy which are in line with the observed magnetic relaxation properties.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 57(11): 6362-6375, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29775043

RESUMO

Herein we report a dinuclear [(µ-mbpymNO){(tmh)3Dy}2] (1) single-molecule magnet (SMM) showing two nonequivalent DyIII centers, which was rationally prepared from the reaction of Dy(tmh)3 moieties (tmh = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate) and the asymmetric bis-bidentate bridging ligand 4-methylbipyrimidine (mbpymNO). Depending on whether the DyIII ions coordinate to the N^O or N^N bidentate donor sets, the DyIII sites present a NO7 ( D2 d geometry) or N2O6 ( D4 d) coordination sphere. As a consequence, two different thermally activated magnetic relaxation processes are observed with anisotropy barriers of 47.8 and 54.7 K. Ab initio calculations confirm the existence of two different relaxation phenomena and allow one to assign the 47.8 and 54.7 K energy barriers to the Dy(N2O6) and Dy(NO7) sites, respectively. Two mononuclear complexes, [Dy(tta)3(mbpymNO)] (2) and [Dy(tmh)3(phenNO)] (3), have also been prepared for comparative purposes. In both cases, the DyIII center shows a NO7 coordination sphere and SMM behavior is observed with Ueff values of 71.5 K (2) and 120.7 K (3). In all three cases, ab initio calculations indicate that relaxation of the magnetization takes place mainly via the first excited-state Kramers doublet through Orbach, Raman, and thermally assisted quantum-tunnelling mechanisms. Pulse magnetization measurements reveal that the dinuclear and mononuclear complexes exhibit hysteresis loops with double- and single-step structures, respectively, thus supporting their SMM behavior.

15.
Adv Mater ; : e1800726, 2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845666

RESUMO

The flexibility and unexpected dynamic behavior of a third-generation metal-organic framework are described for the first time. The synthetic strategy is based on the flexibility and spherical shape of dipyridyl-based carborane linkers that act as pillars between rigid Co/BTB (BTB: 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate) layers, providing a 3D porous structure (1). A phase transition of the solid can be induced to generate a new, nonporous 2D structure (2) without any loss of the carborane linkers. The structural transformation is visualized by snapshots of the multistep single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. Poor hydrogen bond acceptors such as MeOH, CHCl3 or supercritical CO2 induce such a 3D to 2D transformation. Remarkably, the transformation is reversible and the 2D phase 2 is further converted back into 1 by heating in dimethylformamide. The energy requirements involved in such processes are investigated using periodic density functional theory calculations. As a proof of concept for potential applications, encapsulation of C60 is achieved by trapping this molecule during the reversible 2D to 3D phase transition, whereas no adsorption is observed by straight solvent diffusion into the pores of the 3D phase.

16.
Chemistry ; 24(35): 8857-8868, 2018 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29655240

RESUMO

The homoleptic mononuclear compound [Co(bpp-COOMe)2 ](ClO4 )2  (1) (bpp-COOMe=methyl 2,6-di(pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate) crystallizes in the monoclinic C2/c space group, and the cobalt(II) ion possesses a pseudo-octahedral environment given by the two mer-coordinated tridentate ligands. Direct-current magnetic data, single-crystal torque magnetometry, and EPR measurements disclosed the easy-axis nature of this cobalt(II) complex, which shows single-molecule magnet behavior when a static field is applied in alternating-current susceptibility measurements. Diamagnetic dilution in the zinc(II) analogue [Zn(bpp-COOMe)2 ](ClO4 )2  (2) afforded the derivative [Zn0.95 Co0.05 (bpp-COOMe)2 ](ClO4 )2  (3), which exhibits slow relaxation of magnetization even in zero field thanks to the reduction of dipolar interactions. Theoretical calculations confirmed the overall electronic structure and the magnetic scenario of the compound as drawn by experimental data, thus confirming the spin-phonon Raman relaxation mechanism, and a direct quantum tunneling in the ground state as the most plausible relaxation pathway in zero field.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 47(3): 859-867, 2018 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29255825

RESUMO

Reaction of a rigid tridentate ligand o-[(1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylideneamino]phenol (2-H2imap) with Co(ClO4)2 in the presence of NaN3, or Co(NO3)2 without a base yields [CoII(2-Himap)2] 1 and [CoIII(2-Himap)2]NO3·MeOH 2, respectively. Both complexes exhibit a mer-octahedral geometry with the cobalt centre being distorted along an octahedral-trigonal prismatic pathway. The packing in 1 and 2 is dominated by H-bonding forming 2D sheets and 1D chains, respectively. Detailed dc and ac magnetic studies indicate that 1 is a field-induced single-ion magnet (SIM) with D = 36.7 cm-1 and E = 2.0 cm-1. Extensive ab initio calculations support these conclusions and suggest that relaxation of the magnetization occurs principally through direct quantum tunnelling in the ground state, with the Raman process dominant in an applied field. This contrasts with the recently reported series of mer-[Co(L)2] (L = monoanionic NNO donor ligand; Inorg. Chem., 2017, 56, 6056-6066) complexes where D is negative, as these compounds have a more ambiguous geometry, and highlights the importance of supramolecular interactions in subtly altering the coordination sphere thereby impacting the magnetic behaviour.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 57(2): 702-709, 2018 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29283254

RESUMO

A computational study of the spin-crossover behavior in the family [(CpR)2Mn] (R = Me, iPr, tBu) is presented. Using the OPBE functional, the different electronic and steric effects over the metal's ligand field are studied, and trends in the spin-crossover-temperature (T1/2) behavior are presented in terms of the cyclopentadienyl (Cp) ligand functionalization. Our calculations outlined a delicate balance between both electronic and steric effects. While an increase in the number of electron-donating groups increases the spin-crossover temperature (T1/2) to the point that the transition is suppressed and only the low-spin state is observed, steric effects play an opposite role, increasing the distance between the Cp rings, which in turns shifts T1/2 to lower values, eventually stabilizing the high-spin state. Both effects can be rationalized by exploring the electronic structure of such systems in terms of the relevant d-based molecular orbitals.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 46(31): 10255-10263, 2017 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737787

RESUMO

The syntheses, structures, magnetic and thermodynamic properties of three related triethanolamine-based GdIII complexes are described. The smallest, a dimer ([Gd2]), can be viewed as the subunit from which the two larger complexes, a linear tetramer ([Gd2]2) and a cyclic hexamer ([Gd2]3), are composed by further deprotonation of the triethanolamine ligand. In all cases, nearest neighbour magnetic ions are weakly correlated by antiferromagnetic isotropic exchange, whose strength does not change significantly from one complex to another; J ranging from -0.10 to -0.13 cm-1. Therefore, rather than the strength of the coupling, it is the spin topology that is the dominant factor in determining the differences between the physical properties - specifically, the nuclearity and the transition from open (dimer and tetramer) to cyclic (hexamer) boundary conditions. Indeed the hexanuclear wheel reaches the continuum limit of classical Heisenberg spin chains. In terms of the magnetocaloric properties, the smaller the nuclearity, the larger the magnetic entropy and adiabatic temperature changes.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 56(15): 8829-8836, 2017 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28714676

RESUMO

The dimeric molecule [Dy2(acac)6(MeOH)2(bpe)]·bpe·2MeOH (1, acac = acetylacetonate, bpe = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene) undergoes a solid-state ligand substitution reaction upon heating, leading to the one-dimensional chain [Dy(acac)3(bpe)]n (2). This structural transformation takes advantage of the potential coordination of the guest bpe molecules present in 1. In both complexes the Dy(III) ions adopt similar octacoordinated D4d geometries. However, the different arrangement of the negatively charged and neutral ligands alters the direction of magnetic anisotropy axis and the energy states, thus resulting in largely distinct magnetization dynamics, as revealed by the CASSCF/RASSI calculations.

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