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1.
Eur Heart J Suppl ; 24(Suppl C): C233-C242, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35602251

RESUMO

Recent evidence has shown that transcatheter heart valve (THV) anchoring in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients occurs at the level of the raphe, known as the LIRA (Level of Implantation at the RAphe) plane. Our previous work in a cohort of 20 patients has shown that the delineation of the perimeter and device sizing at this level is associated with optimal procedural outcome. The goals of this study were to confirm the feasibility of this method, evaluate 30-day outcomes of LIRA sizing in a larger cohort of patients, assess interobserver variation and reproducibility of this sizing methodology, and analyse the interaction of LIRA-sized prostheses with the surrounding anatomy. The LIRA sizing method was applied to consecutive patients presenting to our centre with raphe-type BAV disease between November 2018 and October 2021. Supra-annular self-expanding THVs were sized based on baseline CT scan perimeters at the LIRA plane and the virtual basal ring. In cases where there was discrepancy between the two measurements, the plane with the smallest perimeter was considered the reference for prosthesis sizing. Post-procedural device success, defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) criteria, was evaluated in the overall cohort. A total of 50 patients (mean age 80 ± 6 years, 70% male) with raphe-type BAV disease underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using different THV prostheses. The LIRA plane method appeared to be highly successful (100% VARC-2 device success) with no procedural mortality, no valve migration, no moderate-severe paravalvular leak, and low transprosthetic gradients (residual mean gradient 8.2 ± 3.4 mmHg). There were no strokes, no in-hospital or 30-day mortality, and an incidence of in-hospital pacemaker implantation of 10%. Furthermore, measurement of the LIRA plane perimeter was highly reproducible between observers (r = 0.980; P < 0.001) and predictive of the post-procedural prosthetic valve perimeter on CT scanning (r = 0.981; P < 0.001). We confirm the feasibility of supra-annular sizing using the LIRA method in a large cohort of patients with high procedural success and good clinical outcomes at 30 days. Application of the LIRA method optimizes THV prosthesis sizing in patients with raphe-type BAV disease.

3.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 23(2): 136-154, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343519

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide. Thromboembolism from the left atrial appendage (LAA) is the most feared complication in patients with AF. The cornerstone for the management of AF is oral anticoagulation to reduce the incidence of cardioembolic stroke. There is, however, a significant proportion of patients who cannot undergo long-term oral anticoagulation. Transcatheter LAA occlusion is an evolving technology with proven benefits in terms of AF-related stroke prevention, representing a valid alternative to anticoagulation for high-risk patients with contraindications for long-term oral anticoagulation. This has resulted in the development of a plethora of transcatheter devices to achieve endocardial occlusion or epicardial exclusion of the LAA.A panel of expert Italian cardiologists gathered under the aegis of the Italian Society of Interventional Cardiology (SICI-GISE) with the aim of reviewing the most relevant aspects of LAA occlusion, underlying anatomy and pathophysiology, summarizing current clinical knowledge, and discussing the practicalities of available devices and imaging techniques. Finally, the position paper highlights the importance of an adequate environment and of an appropriate organization in order to optimize all steps of the procedure.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Cardiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia , Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia/complicações , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 3370-3373, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34891962

RESUMO

Automatic segmentation of the prostate on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is one of the topics on which research has focused in recent years as it is a fundamental first step in the building process of a Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for cancer detection. Unfortunately, MRI acquired in different centers with different scanners leads to images with different characteristics. In this work, we propose an automatic algorithm for prostate segmentation, based on a U-Net applying transfer learning method in a bi-center setting. First, T2w images with and without endorectal coil from 80 patients acquired at Center A were used as training set and internal validation set. Then, T2w images without endorectal coil from 20 patients acquired at Center B were used as external validation. The reference standard for this study was manual segmentation of the prostate gland performed by an expert operator. The results showed a Dice similarity coefficient >85% in both internal and external validation datasets.Clinical Relevance- This segmentation algorithm could be integrated into a CAD system to optimize computational effort in prostate cancer detection.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias da Próstata , Algoritmos , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 3374-3377, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34891963

RESUMO

In the last decades, MRI was proven a useful tool for the diagnosis and characterization of Prostate Cancer (PCa). In the literature, many studies focused on characterizing PCa aggressiveness, but a few have distinguished between low-aggressive (Gleason Grade Group (GG) <=2) and high-aggressive (GG>=3) PCas based on biparametric MRI (bpMRI). In this study, 108 PCas were collected from two different centers and were divided into training, testing, and validation set. From Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) map and T2-Weighted Image (T2WI), we extracted texture features, both 3D and 2D, and we implemented three different methods of Feature Selection (FS): Minimum Redundance Maximum Relevance (MRMR), Affinity Propagation (AP), and Genetic Algorithm (GA). From the resulting subsets of predictors, we trained Support Vector Machine (SVM), Decision Tree, and Ensemble Learning classifiers on the training set, and we evaluated their prediction ability on the testing set. Then, for each FS method, we chose the best classifier, based on both training and testing performances, and we further assessed their generalization capability on the validation set. Between the three best models, a Decision Tree was trained using only two features extracted from the ADC map and selected by MRMR, achieving, on the validation set, an Area Under the ROC (AUC) equal to 81%, with sensitivity and specificity of 77% and 93%, respectively.Clinical Relevance- Our best model demonstrated to be able to distinguish low-aggressive from high-aggressive PCas with high accuracy. Potentially, this approach could help clinician to noninvasively distinguish between PCas that might need active treatment and those that could potentially benefit from active surveillance, avoiding biopsy-related complications.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias da Próstata , Biópsia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(12): E923-E930, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Culprit lesions of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients are friable, soft, and prone to disruption during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). The presence of dissections in reference vessel segments (RVSs), adjacent to stented culprit lesions, and dynamic luminal changes in proximal or distal RVSs have not yet been investigated. We therefore sought to assess the healing patterns of edge dissections and the changes of lumen area at RVSs within 1 week post stent implantation in patients with STEMI. METHODS: In the MATRIX trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01433627), optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed at the end of pPCI and within 1 week during staged PCI. The RVS dissection was defined as: type 1 = flap; type 2 = cavity; type 3 = double barrel; and type 4 = fissure. We compared separately the fate of residual dissection and luminal area/dimension by OCT in the target vessel between pPCI and staged PCI, including 1-year clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Out of 151 patients, 46 patients had dissections in 50 RVSs and did not experience worse clinical outcome. Dissections were 44% type 1, 28% type 2, 12% type 3, and 16% type 4. Overall, 18% of the dissections healed. The mean lumen area of the RVS enlarged in 82 patients (59%) from pPCI to staged PCI. Compared with the proximal RVS, there was a significant increase in the lumen diameter at the distal RVS (0.06 ± 0.25 mm vs -0.01 ± 0.21 mm; P=.01). CONCLUSION: Dissections occur frequently after pPCI. One-fifth of them heal within 1 week and do not seem to negatively impact clinical outcomes. Distal RVS lumen area increased compared with proximal RVS, likely reflecting a different vasoconstriction pattern over time.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 718155, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660282

RESUMO

In the last years, the widespread use of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood examination to triage patients who will enter the diagnostic/therapeutic path for prostate cancer (PCa) has almost halved PCa-specific mortality. As a counterpart, millions of men with clinically insignificant cancer not destined to cause death are treated, with no beneficial impact on overall survival. Therefore, there is a compelling need to develop tools that can help in stratifying patients according to their risk, to support physicians in the selection of the most appropriate treatment option for each individual patient. The aim of this study was to develop and validate on multivendor data a fully automated computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system to detect and characterize PCas according to their aggressiveness. We propose a CAD system based on artificial intelligence algorithms that a) registers all images coming from different MRI sequences, b) provides candidates suspicious to be tumor, and c) provides an aggressiveness score of each candidate based on the results of a support vector machine classifier fed with radiomics features. The dataset was composed of 131 patients (149 tumors) from two different institutions that were divided in a training set, a narrow validation set, and an external validation set. The algorithm reached an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve in distinguishing between low and high aggressive tumors of 0.96 and 0.81 on the training and validation sets, respectively. Moreover, when the output of the classifier was divided into three classes of risk, i.e., indolent, indeterminate, and aggressive, our method did not classify any aggressive tumor as indolent, meaning that, according to our score, all aggressive tumors would undergo treatment or further investigations. Our CAD performance is superior to that of previous studies and overcomes some of their limitations, such as the need to perform manual segmentation of the tumor or the fact that analysis is limited to single-center datasets. The results of this study are promising and could pave the way to a prediction tool for personalized decision making in patients harboring PCa.

9.
J Pers Med ; 11(10)2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34683167

RESUMO

Hypophysitis is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease, characterized by an elevated risk of complications, such as the occurrence of acute central hypoadrenalism, persistent hypopituitarism, or the extension of the inflammatory process to the neighboring neurological structures. In recent years, a large number of cases has been described. The diagnosis of hypophysitis is complex because it is based on clinical and radiological criteria. Due to this, the integration of molecular and genetic biomarkers can help physicians in the diagnosis of hypophysitis and play a role in predicting disease outcome. In this paper, we review current knowledge about molecular and genetic biomarkers of hypophysitis with the aim of suggesting a possible integration of these biomarkers in clinical practice.

10.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(10): 1170-1179, 2021 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491323

RESUMO

AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a critical complication among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing invasive management. The value of adjunctive antithrombotic strategies, such as bivalirudin or unfractionated heparin (UFH) on the risk of AKI is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 7213 patients enrolled in the MATRIX-Antithrombin and Treatment Duration study, 128 subjects were excluded due to incomplete information on serum creatinine (sCr) or end-stage renal disease on dialysis treatment. The primary endpoint was AKI defined as an absolute (>0.5 mg/dL) or a relative (>25%) increase in sCr. AKI occurred in 601 patients (16.9%) treated with bivalirudin and 616 patients (17.4%) treated with UFH [odds ratio (OR): 0.97; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-1.09; P = 0.58]. A >25% sCr increase was observed in 597 patients (16.8%) with bivalirudin and 616 patients (17.4%) with UFH (OR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.85-1.08; P = 0.50), whereas a >0.5 mg/dL absolute sCr increase occurred in 176 patients (5.0%) with bivalirudin vs. 189 patients (5.4%) with UFH (OR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.75-1.14; P = 0.46). By implementing the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria, the risk of AKI was not significantly different between bivalirudin and UFH groups (OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.72-1.07; P = 0.21). Subgroup analyses of the primary endpoint suggested a benefit with bivalirudin in patients randomized to femoral access. CONCLUSION: Among ACS patients undergoing invasive management, the risk of AKI was not significantly lower with bivalirudin compared with UFH. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov NCT01433627.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Hirudinas , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes
14.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071215

RESUMO

Recently, Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems have been proposed to help radiologists in detecting and characterizing Prostate Cancer (PCa). However, few studies evaluated the performances of these systems in a clinical setting, especially when used by non-experienced readers. The main aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic performance of non-experienced readers when reporting assisted by the likelihood map generated by a CAD system, and to compare the results with the unassisted interpretation. Three resident radiologists were asked to review multiparametric-MRI of patients with and without PCa, both unassisted and assisted by a CAD system. In both reading sessions, residents recorded all positive cases, and sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed and compared. The dataset comprised 90 patients (45 with at least one clinically significant biopsy-confirmed PCa). Sensitivity significantly increased in the CAD assisted mode for patients with at least one clinically significant lesion (GS > 6) (68.7% vs. 78.1%, p = 0.018). Overall specificity was not statistically different between unassisted and assisted sessions (94.8% vs. 89.6, p = 0.072). The use of the CAD system significantly increases the per-patient sensitivity of inexperienced readers in the detection of clinically significant PCa, without negatively affecting specificity, while significantly reducing overall reporting time.

15.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 34: 100817, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169142

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Based on recent data, the indication for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is expanding to individuals at lower surgical risk, who are generally younger than subjects historically treated for severe aortic stenosis. Indeed, younger patients have traditionally been under-represented in current TAVI literature. The aim of the present study is to report about clinical features, procedural outcomes and mid-term outcomes of patients younger than 70 who underwent TAVI in a single high-volume center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients younger than 70 years of age who underwent TAVI for severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis between 2007 and 2019 at a single, tertiary referral center have been included in this retrospective study. Procedural and mid-term outcomes were analyzed, comparing 1st generation with 2nd generation devices. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2019, 1740 TAVI procedures were performed in our center. Among these, one hundred twenty-nine (7.4%) patients were younger than 70 years at the time of the intervention and were included in the present analysis. Fifty-eight patients (45%) were implanted with a 1st generation prosthesis while seventy-one patients (55%) were implanted with a 2nd generation device. Reasons which lead to a transcatheter approach in this population were: previous CABG (27.9%); porcelain aorta (24%); severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (21.7%); prior chest radiation (19.4%); severe lung disease (8.5%); hemodynamic instability (7.0%); advanced liver disease (4.6%) and active cancer (3.9%). Overall device success rate was 89%, with no differences among 1st and 2nd generation devices. Threeyears all-cause mortality was 34%, with no difference among the two groups. Low incidence of aortic-valve re-intervention was observed at mid-term follow-up (late valve re-intervention = 2.3%). CONCLUSIONS: TAVI in young patient with appropriate indication for intervention is a safe procedure, associated with low rate of in hospital mortality and low rate of severe complications both with 1st and with 2nd generation devices. When considering long term durability, more data are needed; in our case series long-term follow up shows a good survival and also an extremely low rate of valve re-intervention.

17.
J Ultrasound ; 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031862

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the use of the new Focal-One® HIFU platform in salvage setting to evaluate the occurrence of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients who underwent salvage HIFU (sHIFU) with Focal-One® platform were enrolled prospectively (Candiolo cancer institute-FPO IRCCS; registry number: 258/2018). Perioperative and postoperative outcomes (in terms of oncological and functional ones) were recorded during the first year of follow-up. In particular postoperative complications were classified according to Clavien-Dindo system. RESULTS: 20 patients were enrolled. No grade 3 complications were recorded. Referring to grade 2 complications, eight patients reported urgency after 3 months of follow-up, and in 4 cases, a low urinary tract infection occurred. Evaluating the impact of sHIFU on patients' sexual potency, micturition and quality of life, no significant deterioration was recorded during the follow-up as proven using the ANOVA analysis for repeated measurements. Only two patient had a biochemical failure after 12 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The real-time intraoperative guidance with Focal-One® platform, allows a continuous monitoring and tailoring of the treatment, with a minimization of the adverse events even in a salvage setting.

18.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 85, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the aim of this study is to perform an external validation for the Candiolo nomogram, a predictive algorithm of biochemical and clinical recurrences in prostate cancer patients treated by radical Radiotherapy, published in 2016 on the journal "Radiation Oncology". METHODS: 561 patients, treated by Radiotherapy with curative intent between 2003 and 2012, were classified according to the five risk-classes of the Candiolo nomogram and the three risk-classes of the D'Amico classification for comparison. Patients were treated with a mean prostatic dose of 77.7 Gy and a combined treatment with Androgen-Deprivation-Therapy in 76% of cases. The end-points of the study were biochemical-progression-free-survival (bPFS) and clinical-Progression-Free-Survival (cPFS). With a median follow-up of 50 months, 56 patients (10%) had a biochemical relapse, and 30 patients (5.4%) a clinical progression. The cases were divided according to D'Amico in low-risk 21%, intermediate 40%, high-risk 39%; according to Candiolo very-low-risk 24%, low 37%, intermediate 24%, high 10%, very-high-risk 5%. Statistically, the Kaplan-Meier survival curves were processed and compared using Log-Rank tests and Harrell-C concordance index. RESULTS: The 5-year bPFS for the Candiolo risk-classes range between 98 and 38%, and the 5-year cPFS between 98 and 50% for very-low and very-high-risk, respectively. The Candiolo nomogram is highly significant for the stratification of both bPFS and cPFS (P < 0.0001), as well as the D'Amico classification (P = 0.004 and P = 0.001, respectively). For the Candiolo nomogram, the C indexes for bPFS and cPFS are 75 and 80%, respectively, while for D'Amico classification they are 64 and 69%, respectively. The Candiolo nomogram can identify a greater number of patients with low and very-low-risk prostate cancer (61% versus 21% according to D'Amico) and it better picks out patients with high and very-high-risk of recurrence, equal to only 15% of the total cases but subject to 48% (27/56) of biochemical relapses and 63% (19/30) of clinical progressions. CONCLUSIONS: the external validation of the Candiolo nomogram was overall successful with C indexes approximately 10% higher than the D'Amico control classification for bPFS and cPFS. Therefore, its clinical use is justified in prostate cancer patients before radical Radiotherapy. Trial registration Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Eur Urol Oncol ; 4(6): 855-862, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urological guidelines recommend multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in men with a suspicion of prostate cancer (PCa). The resulting increase in MRI demand might place health care systems under substantial stress. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether single-plane biparametric MRI (fast MRI) workup could represent an alternative to mpMRI in the detection of clinically significant (cs) PCa. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Between April 2018 and February 2020, 311 biopsy-naïve men aged ≤75 yr with PSA ≤15 ng/ml and negative digital rectal examination were randomly assigned to 1.5-T fast MRI (n = 213) or mpMRI (n = 98). INTERVENTION: All MRI examinations were classified according to Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2. Men scored PI-RADS 1-2 underwent 12-core standard biopsy (SBx) and those with PI-RADS 4-5 on fast MRI or PI-RADS 3-5 on mpMRI underwent targeted biopsy in combination with SBx. Equivocal cases on fast MRI (PI-RADS 3) underwent mpMRI and then biopsy according to the findings. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary outcome was to compare the detection rate of csPCa in both study arms, setting a 10% difference for noninferiority. The secondary outcome was to assess the role of prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) in ruling out men who could avoid biopsy among those with equivocal findings on fast MRI. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The overall MRI detection rate for csPCa was 23.5% (50/213; 95% confidence interval [CI] 18.0-29.8%) with fast MRI and 32.7% (32/98; 95% CI 23.6-42.9%) with mpMRI (difference 9.2%; p = 0.09). The reproducibility of the study could have been affected by its single-center nature. CONCLUSIONS: Fast MRI followed by mpMRI in equivocal cases is not inferior to mpMRI in the detection of csPCa among biopsy-naïve men aged ≤75 yr with PSA ≤15 ng/ml and negative digital rectal examination. These findings could pave the way to broader use of MRI for PCa diagnosis. PATIENT SUMMARY: A faster MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) protocol with no contrast agent and fewer scan sequences for examination of the prostate is not inferior to the typical MRI approach in the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. If our findings are confirmed in other studies, fast MRI could represent a time-saving and less invasive examination for men with suspicion of prostate cancer. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT03693703.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias da Próstata , Biópsia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 96, 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gender-related factors might affect vulnerability to Covid-19. The aim of this study was to describe the role of gender on clinical features and 28-day mortality in Covid-19 patients. METHODS: Observational study of Covid-19 patients hospitalized in Bergamo, Italy, during the first three weeks of the outbreak. Medical records, clinical, radiological and laboratory findings upon admission and treatment have been collected. Primary outcome was 28-day mortality since hospitalization. RESULTS: 431 consecutive adult patients were admitted. Female patients were 119 (27.6%) with a mean age of 67.0 ± 14.5 years (vs 67.8 ± 12.5 for males, p = 0.54). Previous history of myocardial infarction, vasculopathy and former smoking habits were more common for males. At the time of admission PaO2/FiO2 was similar between men and women (228 [IQR, 134-273] vs 238 mmHg [150-281], p = 0.28). Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) assistance was needed in the first 24 h more frequently in male patients (25.7% vs 13.0%; p = 0.006). Overall 28-day mortality was 26.1% in women and 38.1% in men (p = 0.018). Gender did not result an independent predictor of death once the parameters related to disease severity at presentation were included in the multivariable analysis (p = 0.898). Accordingly, the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis in female and male patients requiring CPAP or non-invasive ventilation in the first 24 h did not find a significant difference (p = 0.687). CONCLUSION: Hospitalized women are less likely to die from Covid-19; however, once severe disease occurs, the risk of dying is similar to men. Further studies are needed to better investigate the role of gender in clinical course and outcome of Covid-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/terapia , Comorbidade , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipóxia/epidemiologia , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Hipóxia/terapia , Itália/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Ventilação não Invasiva/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia
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