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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to study the long-term association between disease activity and disability in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Our secondary objective was to define patient profiles according to their level of disability. METHODS: We analysed data collected during the first five years of follow-up of a large early axSpA cohort - the Devenir des Spondylarthropathies Indifferénciées Récentes (DESIR) cohort. Multivariable models were built to study the association between Ankylosing Spondylitis Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-AS) and Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score C-reactive protein (ASDAS-CRP), adjusting for potential confounders. Hierarchical multivariable analysis was conducted using the Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) method, to help determine how variables best cluster to explain HAQ-AS. RESULTS: Data from 644 patients and 5152 visits were analysed. HAQ-AS was longitudinally, independently and positively associated with ASDAS-CRP [adjusted (adj) B=0.205, (95% confidence interval (CI)= 0.187 to 0.222], enthesitis score (adjB=0.011, CI=0.008 to 0.015), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) (adjB=0.087, CI=0.069 to 0.105) and female gender (adjB=0.172, CI=0.120 to 0.225). The CHAID decision tree revealed ASDAS-CRP as the first variable with discriminative power on HAQ-AS. The cut-offs that separated different patient disability profiles were obtained. CONCLUSION: Disease activity contributes longitudinally to disability and is hierarchically superior to any other variable in explaining this health domain. Enthesitis and spinal mobility are also key drivers of disability in early axSpA. ASDAS-CRP cut-offs that separated different patient disability profiles largely mimicked the cut-offs previously defined for ASDAS-CRP disease activity states.

3.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the determinants of impaired spinal and hip mobility in patients with early axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Five-year longitudinal data from the DEvenir des Spondyloarthrites Indifférenciées Récentes (DESIR) cohort were analysed. Associations were investigated using generalised estimating equations, using Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) linear or each of the five components of BASMI as dependent variables, and clinical and demographic variables as independent variables in univariable models. Multivariable analyses were performed, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Data from 644 patients and 5152 visits were analysed. Higher BASMI values were independently and positively associated with Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score C reactive protein (ASDAS-CRP) (adjusted B (adjB)=0.21; 95% CI=0.15 to 0.28), MRI spinal inflammation score (adjB=0.11; 95% CI=0.04 to 0.19), enthesitis score (adjB=0.02; 95% CI=0.01 to 0.04) and age (adjB=0.02; 95% CI=0.01 to 0.03). All BASMI components were independently associated with ASDAS-CRP and MRI spinal inflammation, except for maximal intermalleolar distance (reflecting hip mobility), which was not associated with MRI spinal inflammation. CONCLUSION: In early axSpA, spinal mobility impairment is independently determined by clinical disease activity, MRI spinal inflammation, enthesitis and age. The influence of spinal inflammation prevails in early axSpA, as opposed to spinal structural damage, which may become more relevant in later disease stages.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a nurse-led program of self-management and self-assessment of disease activity in axial spondyloarthritis. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, controlled, open, 12-month trial (NCT02374749). Participants were consecutive axial spondyloarthritis patients (according to the rheumatologist) and nurses having participated in a 1-day training meeting. The program included self-management: educational video and specific video of graduated, home-based exercises for patients; and self-assessment: video presenting the rationale of tight monitoring of disease activity with composite scores (Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease activity Score, ASDAS/Bath Ankyslosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, BASDAI). The nurse trained patients to collect, calculate and report (monthly) ASDAS/BASDAI. Treatment allocation was by random allocation to this program or a comorbidities assessment (not presented here and considered here as the control group). RESULTS: A total of 502 patients (250 and 252 in the active and control groups, respectively) were enrolled (age: 46.7 (12.2) years, male gender: 62.7%, disease duration: 13.7 (11.0) years). After the one-year follow-up period, the adherence to the self-assessment program was considered good (i.e. 79% reported scores >6 times). Despite a lack of statistical significance in the primary outcome (e.g. coping) there was a statistically significant difference in favor of this program for the following variables: change in BASDAI, number and duration of the home exercises in the active group, and physical activity (international physical activity score, IPAQ). CONCLUSION: This study suggests a short-term benefit of a nurse-led program on self-management and self-assessment for disease activity in a young axial spondyloarthritis population in terms of disease activity, exercises and physical activity.

5.
Bone Rep ; 13: 100290, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715031

RESUMO

Purpose: The occurrence of multiple vertebral fractures was reported after denosumab discontinuation. The use of bisphosphonates following denosumab has been suggested to prevent this bone loss. The aim of our observational trial was to evaluate the ability of risedronate to prevent the bone loss related to denosumab discontinuation in post-menopausal osteoporosis. Methods: Eighteen female patients, aged 69.8 years (56-79), were followed. All patients were prescribed 35 mg of risedronate per week for 3 months, starting when the next denosumab injection would have been administered. We measured BMD at denosumab initiation (T0), denosumab withdrawal (T1), and nine months after the discontinuation of risedronate (1 year post-denosumab: T2). Results: 1 year after denosumab discontinuation, the mean bone loss at the spine was - 4.6 ± 5.2% for the total population, -0.3 ± 2.3% in patients with prior exposure to bisphosphonates, -6.3 ± 5.7% in patients with prior exposure to teriparatide, and - 7.6 ± 3.5% in naïve patients. Spine BMD loss after the risedronate bridging therapy (T2 vs. T1) was significantly lower in patients who experienced prior exposure to bisphosphonates, when compared to naïve patients (p = .0190) and to patients with prior teriparatide exposure (p = .0176). 1 year after denosumab discontinuation, the mean densitometric loss at the hip was -1.8 ± 3.4% in the total cohort, -0.6 ± 1.8% in the patients previously treated with bisphosphonates, -1.5 ± 4.7% in the patients previously treated with teriparatide, and - 4.2 ± 0.6 in naïve patients. The mean densitometric loss during the off-denosumab period was lower in patients with previous bisphosphonate exposure than in naïve patients (p = .043) and in patients with previous exposure to teriparatide (p = .05). Conclusions: Three months of risedronate treatment does not prevent bone loss in patients who have not been treated with bisphosphonates before denosumab.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an alternative Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) to be used in research settings in axial SpA (axSpA) when Patient Global Assessment (PGA) is unavailable in databases. METHODS: Longitudinal data from four axSpA cohorts and two randomized controlled trials were combined. Observations were randomly split in a development (N = 1026) and a validation cohort (N = 1059). Substitutes of PGA by BASDAI total score, single or combined individual BASDAI questions, and a constant value, were established in the development cohort. Conversion factors for each substitute were defined by Generalized Estimating Equations, obtaining seven 'alternative' formulae. Validation was performed in the validation cohort according to the OMERACT filter, taking into consideration: (i) truth (agreement with original-ASDAS in the continuous score, by intraclass correlation coefficient and in disease activity states, by weighted kappa); (ii) discrimination [standardized mean difference of ASDAS scores between high/low disease activity states defined by external anchors, e.g. Patient Acceptable Symptom State; agreement (kappa) in the percentage of patients reaching ASDAS improvement criteria according to alternative vs original formulae]; and (iii) feasibility. RESULTS: Comparing various options, alternative-ASDAS using BASDAI total as PGA replacement proved to be: truthful (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.98, kappa = 0.90), discriminative [ASDAS scores between Patient Acceptable Symptom State no/yes: standardized mean difference = 1.37 (original-ASDAS standardized mean difference = 1.43); agreement with original-ASDAS in major improvement/clinically important improvement criteria: kappa = 0.93/0.88] and feasible (BASDAI total often available, as questions required for the ASDAS; conversion coefficient ≈ 1). CONCLUSION: Alternative-ASDAS using BASDAI total score as PGA replacement is the most truthful, discriminative and feasible instrument.

7.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 251: 199-205, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the four main types of inflammatory arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PA), juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA)) on female fertility. DESIGN: We performed a monocentric observational study, which took place in the Reproductive Medicine Department and the Rheumatology Department of the Toulouse University Hospital. An anonymous questionnaire was sent to patients aged 18-50 with RA, AS, PA or JCA who were diagnosed before the age of 40 and who consented to participate in the study. A section of the questionnaire was completed using the medical file of each patient. RESULTS: Of the 521 eligible patients, 202 (39 %) answered the questionnaire. Before being diagnosed with a rheumatic disease, 87 % of patients with a desire for pregnancy had a spontaneously obtained live birth, compared to 75 % after (P < 0.05). However, this decrease only concerned RA (90 % before diagnosis vs 68 % after; P < 0.05). This difference was due to a lower rate of pregnancies achieved, but the number of miscarriages did not increase. Moreover, for patients who managed to conceive, the time required for conception did not increase, regardless of the type of rheumatic disease they had. Two thirds of patients reported a decrease in the frequency of sexual intercourse after diagnosis, mainly (75 %) because of the pain relating to the disease. CONCLUSION: Our study shows a trend of decreased fertility in patients with RA, perhaps due to sexual problems, while no impact of AS and PA on the ability to conceive was found. This impact on fertility didn't seem to be related to the decrease of sexuality. Multidisciplinary care including treatment from a rheumatologist, gynecologist and sexologist would appear essential in order to provide RA patients with the necessary information concerning their fertility, answer their questions about pregnancy and thus optimize their care.

8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(11): 1855-1862, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between smoking and imaging outcomes over 5 years in axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and to assess whether socioeconomic factors influence these relationships. METHODS: Axial SpA patients from the Devenir des Spondylarthropathies Indifferérenciées Récentes cohort were included. The following 4 imaging outcomes were assessed by 3 central readers at baseline, 2 years, and 5 years: spine radiographs (using the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score [mSASSS]), sacroiliac (SI) joint radiographs (using the modified New York criteria), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine (using the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada [SPARCC] score), and MRI of the SI joint (using the SPARCC score). The explanatory variable of interest was smoking status at baseline. Interactions between smoking and socioeconomic factors (i.e., job type [blue-collar or manual work versus white-collar or nonmanual work] and education [low versus high]) were first tested, and if significant, analyses were run using separate strata. Generalized estimating equations models were used, with adjustments for confounders. RESULTS: In total, 406 axial SpA patients were included (52% male, 40% smokers, and 18% blue collar). Smoking was independently associated with more MRI-detected SI joint inflammation at each visit over the 5 years, an effect that was seen only in patients with blue-collar professions (ß = 5.41 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.35, 9.48]) and in patients with low education levels (ß = 2.65 [95% CI 0.42,4.88]), using separate models. Smoking was also significantly associated with spinal inflammation (ß = 1.69 [95% CI 0.45, 2.93]) and SI joint damage (ß = 0.57 [95% CI 0.18, 0.96]) across all patients, irrespective of socioeconomic factors and other potential confounders. CONCLUSION: Strong associations were found between smoking at baseline and MRI-detected SI joint inflammation at each visit over a time period of 5 years in axial SpA patients with a blue-collar job or low education level. These findings suggest a possible role for mechanical stress amplifying the effect of smoking on axial inflammation in axial SpA.

9.
Joint Bone Spine ; 87(5): 405-411, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To propose a list of variables to be collected right after the diagnosis has been made and during the follow-up of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA) for an optimal management in daily practice. METHODS: The process comprised (1) the evaluation of the interest of 51 variables proposed for the assessment of ax-SpA by means of a systematic literature research; (2) a consensus process involving 78 hospital-based or office-based rheumatologists, considering the collection of each variable in a 4 grade scale from "not very useful/useless" to "mandatory"; (3) a consensus on the minimum interval of time for periodic assessment of the selected variables on a 5 grade scale from "at each visit" to "never to be re-collected". RESULTS: The systematic literature research retrieved a total of 14,133 abstracts, of which 213 were included in the final qualitative synthesis. Data to be collected at the initial systematic review comprised 5 patient's self-administered questionnaires, 3 variables of the physician's interview, 2 variables of the physical examination, 2 variables of the specific ax-SpA imaging and 2 other investigations. Two variables were recommended to be systematically collected at each visit, 1 variable twice a year, 6 variables yearly and 1 variable every 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: Using an evidence-based and an expert consensus approaches, this initiative defined a core set of variables to be collected and reported right after the diagnosis and during follow-up of patients with ax-SpA in daily practice.

10.
RMD Open ; 6(1)2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32094304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) and targeted synthetic DMARDs are used in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), but few studies directly compare their clinical efficacy. In such situations, network meta-analysis (NMA) can inform evidence-based decision-making. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of approved bDMARDs in patients with PsA. METHODS: Bayesian NMA was conducted to compare the clinical efficacy of bDMARDs at weeks 12‒16 in bDMARD-naïve patients with PsA in terms of American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, Psoriatic Arthritis Response Criteria (PsARC) and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). Safety end points were evaluated in the overall mixed population of bDMARD-naive and bDMARD-experienced patients. RESULTS: For ACR, all treatments except abatacept were statistically superior to placebo. Infliximab was most effective, followed by golimumab and etanercept, which were statistically superior to most other treatments. Ixekizumab 80 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) was statistically superior to abatacept subcutaneous, apremilast and both regimens of ustekinumab; similar findings were observed for ixekizumab 80 mg Q4W. For PsARC response, ixekizumab did not significantly differ from other therapies, except for golimumab, infliximab and etanercept, which were superior to most other agents including ixekizumab. For PASI response, infliximab was numerically most effective, but was not statistically superior to ixekizumab, which was the next best performing agent. Analysis of safety end points identified few differences between treatments. CONCLUSION: Our NMA confirms the efficacy and acceptable safety profile of bDMARDs in patients with active PsA. There were generally few statistically significant differences between most treatments.

11.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(3): 409-413, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of extra-articular manifestations (EAMs) at inclusion into a cohort of patients with recent-onset arthritis consistent with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The ESPOIR cohort included patients aged 18 to 70 years who had a definitive or probable diagnosis of RA. Symptoms consistent with EAMs were collected at baseline. We divided the patients into two groups, with vs. without baseline EAMs. We looked for associations linking the presence of EAMs at baseline to patient and disease characteristics at baseline and 5 years later, as well as to diagnostic certainty after 2 years. The analyses were adjusted for multiple comparisons using the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure to control the false discovery rate. RESULTS: Of 798 patients, 330 (41.4%) had at least one symptom consistent with EAM at baseline, with the most common being sicca syndrome (28.4%) and Raynaud's phenomenon (17.3%). The EAM+ group had a higher mean baseline DAS-28 value (5.3 ± 1.3 versus 5.0 ± 1.3; corrected p value = 0.005) compared to the EAM- group. The final diagnosis did not differ between the two groups. After 5 years, the EAM+ group had significantly higher values for the tender joint count (3.9 ± 6.4 versus 1.8 ± 3.3, corrected p value = 0.005) and swollen joint count (1.3 ± 2.8 versus 1.1 ± 2.3, corrected p value =0.0005) compared to the EAM- group. CONCLUSION: EAMs, particularly sicca syndrome and Raynaud's phenomenon, are very common in patients with early arthritis consistent with RA. In this population, several parameters reflecting disease activity were higher among patients with EAMs, at baseline and after 5 years.

12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(3): 508-515, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is no hierarchy in the use of biotherapies (bDMARDs) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and no published head-to-head comparative studies. Our purpose is to evaluate the respective efficacy of TNF inhibitors, IL12/23 inhibitors (ustekinumab), IL17 inhibitors (secukinumab, ixekizumab) and CTLA4Ig (abatacept) on articular, enthesitis, dactylitis, skin and functional outcomes in PsA. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials assessing bDMARDs in PsA were selected through the MedLine, Cochrane and Embase databases. ACR20/50/70 and PASI75/90 response rates, enthesitis and dactylitis reduction rates and HAQ-DI mean reductions were collected. Pooled meta-analyses were performed to assess relative risks (RR) with their 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for each class of bDMARDs in comparison with placebo. RESULTS: 17 RCTs were analysed. Compared to placebo, all bDMARDs showed higher ACR20 response rates, with RRs ranging from 1.77 (1.31, 2.39) to 3.21 (2.52, 4.08), and a greater HAQ-DI mean reduction. TNF inhibitors, secukinumab and IL17 inhibitors showed higher ACR50/70 and PASI75/90 response rates. TNF inhibitors, secukinumab and IL17 inhibitors showed higher enthesitis resolution rates and only TNF inhibitors and IL17 inhibitors showed higher dactylitis resolution rates, with RRs ranging from 1.41 (1.02, 1.95) to 2.31 (1.60, 3.34) and from 2.07 (1.38, 3.12) to 2.65 (1.79, 3.94), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: All bDMARDs showed higher ACR20 response rates and better HAQ-DI mean reduction compared to placebo. This meta-analysis highlights the variability of bDMARD efficacy on ACR50/70, PASI75/90 and enthesitis or dactylitis response rates. Head-to-head studies are needed to draw definitive conclusions on potential efficacy-related differences between bDMARDs in PsA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Abatacepte , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Entesopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 685-699, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/economia , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Consenso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/economia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
14.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 10, 2020 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897759

RESUMO

The mutual effects of drugs used in osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases are a point of interest. A literature review and meta-analysis were conducted to address the impact of PTH analogs and anti-Rank ligand on cardiovascular events and overall mortality in individuals with idiopathic osteoporosis; these treatments do not appear to have any effect. INTRODUCTION: Two meta-analyses have been conducted to explore the cardiovascular effects of bisphosphonates. There is no review for other osteoporosis treatments. A literature review and meta-analysis were conducted to address the impact of PTH analogs and anti-Rank ligand on cardiovascular events and overall mortality in individuals with idiopathic osteoporosis. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in December 2017 in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases and updated on PubMed in July 2019, selecting trials with a treatment and a control group. We also conducted a search for abstracts of the French Rheumatology Society, American College of Rheumatology, and European League Against Rheumatism's annual meetings over the past 4 years. The main endpoint was the occurrence of cardiovascular events; the secondary was mortality (all causes). RESULTS: Of the 2782 reports initially found, 16 articles were used for the meta-analysis (6 for the anti-Rank ligand and 10 for the PTH analog group). After meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between the placebo group and the anti-Rank ligand group for overall mortality (p = 0.13), the combined endpoint (overall mortality, coronary artery disease, and stroke; p 0.77), and the individual risk of coronary artery disease (p 0.53), arrhythmia (p 0.95), and stroke (p 0.62). After meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between the placebo group and the PTH analogs group for overall mortality (p 0.77), the combined endpoint (p = 0.95), and the individual risk of coronary artery disease (p = 0.74), arrhythmia (p = 0.28), and stroke (p = 0.61). CONCLUSIONS: The anti-Rank ligand and PTH analogs have no impact on cardiovascular risk and overall mortality in idiopathic osteoporosis. To better answer the question whether these treatments can reduce the long-term cardiovascular risk, further comparative studies with longer duration are required.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônio Paratireóideo/análogos & derivados , Ligante RANK/antagonistas & inibidores , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico
15.
Joint Bone Spine ; 87(1): 43-48, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess factors influencing the choice and effectiveness of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) following failure of rituximab (RTX) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), taking patient profile into account. METHODS: In a retrospective, multicenter study, data about RA patients starting a new biologic during the year after RTX discontinuation were collected at baseline (when the biologic was introduced after RTX), and during follow-up (3, 6, and 12 months). Characteristics of patients receiving tocilizumab (TCZ), abatacept (ABA), or a TNFα inhibitor (TNFi), EULAR response, and retention rate were compared using multidimensional factorial analysis for patient profiles and multivariate analysis including propensity score built on the patient profile. RESULTS: Among 152 patients analyzed (37.5% TCZ, 31.6% ABA, 30.9% TNFi), sex, disease characteristics and activity, concomitant DMARDs or glucocorticoids, and previous use of RTX and TNFi were similar at baseline. Patients receiving ABA were slightly older. Multimorbidity index was higher but not significantly different. Multidimensional factorial analysis showed a distinct profile of patients receiving ABA, characterized by older age, more men, more smokers, more comorbidities, and higher anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody. At 1 year, drug retention was higher for ABA than TNFi after adjustment for disease duration, concomitant DMARDs, glucocorticoids, and propensity score (P=0.04). Tolerance and serious infections were similar among groups. CONCLUSIONS: The profile of patients receiving ABA following failure of RTX differed from TNFi and TCZ using multidimensional factorial analysis. After adjustment for propensity score, drug retention rate remained higher with ABA than TNFi.

16.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(12): 1772-1779, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex differences may modify symptoms, disease expression, and treatment effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the link between life impact and sex in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Remission and Flare in Psoriatic Arthritis (ReFlaP; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03119805) was a study in 14 countries of consecutive adult patients with definite PsA. Participants underwent comprehensive PsA assessment using the following measures: Disease Activity in Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA), Minimal Disease Activity (MDA), and Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease (PsAID). Disease activity was compared by sex using t-tests or Wilcoxon tests. The association of PsAID with sex was analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models. RESULTS: Of 458 participants, 50.2% were male and the mean ± SD age was 53.1 ± 12.6 years. The mean ± SD PsA duration was 11 ± 8.2 years, and 51.5% of participants were being treated with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Women, compared to men, had worse mean ± SD Leeds Enthesitis Index scores (0.8 ± 1.7 versus 0.3 ± 0.9), pain on a numerical rating scale (NRS; range 0-10) (4.7 ± 2.7 versus 3.5 ± 2.7), HAQ DI scores (0.9 ± 0.7 versus 0.5 ± 0.6), fatigue on an NRS (5.2 ± 3 versus 3.3 ± 2.8), and PsAID scores (4.1 ± 2.4 versus 2.8 ± 2.3) (P < 0.001 for all). Women were also less frequently at treatment target compared to men according to DAPSA (cutoffs of ≤4 for remission and >4 and ≤14 for low disease activity; mean ± SD score 16.9 ± 14.9 in women versus 12.6 ± 16.6 in men) and MDA (25.7% versus 50.0%; P < 0.001 for all) scores. High life impact (PsAID score ≥4) was associated with female sex (odds ratio [OR] 2.3), enthesitis (OR 1.34), tender joints (OR 1.10)(P < 0.001 for all), and comorbidities (OR 1.22, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: High life impact was independently associated with female sex, enthesitis, comorbidities, and tender joints. At treatment target, women had higher life impact compared to men. It is necessary for life impact to become a part of PsA treat-to-target strategies.

17.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e000914, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275607

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Cardiovascular (CV) risk, cancer, infections and osteoporosis should be screened for in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective was to assess 3-year effects of a nurse visit for comorbidity counselling. Methods: This was an open long-term (3 years) extension of the Comorbidities and Education in Rheumatoid Arthritis 6-month randomised controlled trial in which patients with definite, stable RA were visiting a nurse for comorbidity counselling. Comorbidity status was assessed and nurses provided advice on screening and management, at baseline and 3 years later. A score was developed to quantify comorbidity screening and management: 0-100, where lower scores indicate better screening and management. The score was compared between baseline and 3-year assessment using a Wilcoxon test for paired data. Results: Of the 970 recruited patients, 776 (80%) were followed-up at 2-4 years and 769 (79%) had available data for comorbidities at both time points: mean (±SD) age 58 (±11) years and mean disease duration 14 (±10) years; 614 (80%) were women, the mean Disease Activity Score 28 was 3.0±1.3, and 538 (70%) were receiving a biologic. At baseline, the mean comorbidity screening score was 36.6 (±19.9) and it improved at 3 years to 24.3 (±17.8) (p<0.0001), thus with a relative improvement of 33% (improvement of 12 points). CV risk screening, vaccination status and bone densitometry performance improved the most. Conclusions: Comorbidity screening was suboptimal but improved notably over 3 years, after a nurse-led programme aiming at checking systematically for comorbidity screening and giving patient advice. This long-term efficacy pleads in favour of nurse-led interventions to better address comorbidities in RA. Trial registration number: NCT01315652.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Comorbidade/tendências , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 139, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: (a) To describe the prevalence and incidence of peripheral arthritis during 5 years of follow-up in recent axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), (b) to evaluate factors associated with their appearance and (c) to assess their impact on treatment, patient-reported outcomes and sick leave after follow-up. METHODS: Data from the early axSpA patients from the DESIR cohort (first 5 years of follow-up) were analysed. Prevalence and incidence of peripheral arthritis at each study visit were calculated. A multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate baseline factors associated with the development of the arthritis. The use of drugs, the impact on patient-reported outcomes and days of sick leave were compared in both groups over time. RESULTS: Out of the 708 patients included in DESIR, 255 (36.0%) showed at least one episode of arthritis (151 before the inclusion visit and 104 during the follow-up), with an incidence of 3.7 cases per 100 person-years. Patients with peripheral arthritis were more likely (OR, 95%CI) to be aged ≥ 33 years (1.60, 1.12-2.27), non-smokers (1.58, 1.10-2.27) and HLAB27 negative (1.47, 1.04-2.08) and have presented with at least one episode of dactylitis (8.50, 4.96-14.60) and enthesitis (2.00, 1.41-2.84). Patients with peripheral arthritis showed a significant greater use of TNFb, csDMARDs and corticosteroids over follow-up; higher levels on BASDAI (40.46 vs. 34.28) and BASFI (27.89 vs. 22.52); poorer quality of life; and higher number of days of sick leave (17.97 vs. 12.78) over time. CONCLUSION: In recent axSpA, 36% of patients reported peripheral arthritis at any time of the disease, being associated with negative HLAB27, non-smokers and with other peripheral manifestations. Patients with arthritis showed a higher burden of disease.


Assuntos
Artrite/epidemiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilartrite/complicações , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Eur Radiol ; 29(12): 6405-6415, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to compare the prevalence of inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities on lumbar spine MRI between axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) patients and low back pain (LBP) patients. METHODS: Patients-axSpA patients meeting the 2009 ASAS criteria and chronic LBP patients who had a lumbar spine MRI were selected. MRI-STIR and T1 sagittal images up to T8-T9 were reviewed by two experienced rheumatologists blinded to the diagnosis and clinical data to identify inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities. Analyses-The prevalence of inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities between axSpA and LBP patients was compared. Clinical data were compared in the axSpA group depending on whether or not inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities were present. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were enrolled in each group. The prevalence of all inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities was the same in the axSpA and LBP groups (58% in the SpA group versus 70% in the LBP group, p = 0.1). However, differences in terms of the prevalence of costotransverse joint arthritis, pedicle oedema above L3 and transverse and spinous process oedema were observed between the two groups (axSpA 27% versus LBP 6%, p = 0.0004). Patients with inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities in the axSpA group had a longer disease duration (11 versus 8 years, p = 0.02), higher CRP levels (median 11 versus 3 mg/l, p = 0.0002) and higher prevalence of radiographic sacroiliitis (84 versus 47%, p = 0.001) compared to patients without inflammatory posterior arch abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Costotransverse arthritis, pedicle oedema and transverse process oedema are more frequent in axSpA patients than LBP patients, on lumbar spine MRI depicting TH9-S1. KEY POINTS: • MRI pedicle oedema above L3, transverse process oedema, spinous process oedema or costotransverse arthritis is more frequently observed in axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). • SpA patients with at least one MRI inflammatory lesion on the posterior arch had higher clinical activity scores and biological inflammation. • Facet joint arthritis was more common in patients with chronic low back pain.


Assuntos
Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Dor Lombar/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilartrite/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Edema , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Dor Lombar/complicações , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espondilartrite/complicações
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