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1.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 100(1): e150-e156, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884766

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acute and chronic hypertension may have different pathophysiological mechanisms in the retina. Here, we compared the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL)/ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness ratios of patients with 'relieved' severe hypertensive retinopathy (relieved HTNR) and chronic hypertension without retinopathy (chronic HTN) to those of normal controls. METHODS: We performed cross-sectional study. The eyes were divided into the following groups: normal controls (Group A, age ≥50 years; Group D, age <50 years); chronic HTN (Group B, <10 years of HTN; TNHT; Group C, ≥10 years of HTN); and relieved HTNR (previously diagnosed with grade IV HTNR and relieved retinopathy for >1 year; Group E), and the RNFL/GC-IPL thickness ratio was compared among Groups A-C and between Groups D and E. RESULTS: A total of 379 eyes were included in this study. Groups A-E consisted of 145, 59, 63, 60 and 52 eyes, respectively. The RNFL/GC-IPL thickness ratios were 1.161 ± 0.093, 1.158 ± 0.082 and 1.162 ± 0.089 in groups A-C, respectively, and did not showed a statistically difference (p = 0.966). The RNFL/GC-IPL thickness ratio of groups D and E were 1.169 ± 0.080 and 1.221 ± 0.080, respectively, and showed a statistically difference (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The RNFL/GC-IPL thickness ratios of the chronic HTN group did not show a difference compared with the normal controls. However, relieved HTNR patients showed a higher ratio than the normal controls. Physicians should be aware that acute hypertensive injury could affect the RNFL/GC-IPL thickness ratio.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/complicações , Doenças Retinianas/diagnóstico , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Biometria , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Doenças Retinianas/etiologia
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23832, 2021 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903817

RESUMO

This is a prospective observational study to establish the short- and long-term repeatability of measurements of peripapillary optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters in healthy eyes and identify factors affecting long-term repeatability. We enrolled 84 healthy eyes. Participants with a history of any ophthalmic disease (except high myopia) or intraocular surgery were excluded from the study. An experienced examiner performed OCTA using disc-centered 6 × 6 mm scans. All examinations were conducted twice at 5-min intervals at the initial visit and repeated at least 6 months later. For short-term repeatability, the coefficient of variation (CV) was 2.94-4.22% and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.840-0.934. For long-term repeatability, the CV was 2.73-3.84% and the ICC was 0.737-0.934. Multivariate analyses showed that the axial length (AL) (B = 0.970; p = 0.002) and mean signal strength (SS) (B = - 2.028; p < 0.001) significantly affected long-term repeatability. Measurements of peripapillary OCTA parameters exhibited excellent short-term and good long-term repeatability in healthy individuals. The mean SS and AL affected long-term repeatability and should be considered while interpreting peripapillary OCTA images.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/normas
3.
Retina ; 41(11): 2301-2309, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830961

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It is hypothesized that an unstable tear film would affect the quality and repeatability of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Therefore, OCTA repeatability according to tear break-up time (TBUT) was compared. METHODS: The 3 × 3 OCTA was performed twice and, the eyes were divided into 3 groups according to the TBUT (Group 1: TBUT ≤ 5 seconds, 43 eyes; Group 2: 5 seconds < TBUT ≤ 10 seconds, 35 eyes; Group 3: TBUT > 10 seconds, 34 eyes). The intraclass correlation coefficient, coefficient of variation, and test-retest SD were calculated and compared. RESULTS: The signal strengths of OCTA were 9.1 ± 1.2, 9.5 ± 0.8, and 9.5 ± 0.8 in each group from Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, which showed significant difference (P = 0.049). The intraclass correlation coefficient of vessel density were 0.733, 0.840, and 0.974 in Groups 1 to 3, respectively, and the values increased in the order of Groups 1, 2, and 3. The coefficient of variation were 6.41 ± 6.09, 3.29 ± 2.22, and 1.30 ± 1.17, and the test-retest SD were 0.83 ± 0.70, 0.47 ± 0.31, and 0.19 ± 0.17 in Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The coefficient of variation and test-retest SD values decreased in the order of Groups 1, 2, and 3, and showed a significant difference (all, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The repeatability of OCTA tended to decrease with a shorter TBUT. When the TBUT is <5 seconds, care must be taken to interpret the OCTA results correctly.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Lágrimas/metabolismo , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adulto , Síndromes do Olho Seco/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(2): 9, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733716

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study to identify the effects of prolonged type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and peripapillary microvasculature in patients with prolonged T2DM without clinical diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: Subjects were divided into 3 groups: controls (control group; 153 eyes), patients with T2DM < 10 years (DM group 1; 136 eyes), and patients with T2DM ≥ 10 years (DM group 2; 74 eyes). The pRNFL thickness and peripapillary superficial vessel density (VD) were compared. Linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with peripapillary VD in patients with T2DM. Results: The mean pRNFL thicknesses of the control group, DM group 1, and DM group 2 were 96.0 ± 7.9, 94.5 ± 0.9, and 92.2 ± 8.2 µm, respectively (P < 0.001). The VDs were 18.24 ± 0.62, 17.60 ± 1.47, and 17.15 ± 1.38 mm-1 in the control group, DM group 1, and DM group 2, respectively (P < 0.001). In multivariate linear regression analyses, visual acuity (B = -2.460, P = 0.001), axial length (B = -0.169, P = 0.008), T2DM duration (B = -0.056, P < 0.001), and pRNFL (B = 0.024, P = 0.001) were significant factors affecting the peripapillary VD in patients with T2DM. Conclusions: Patients with T2DM without clinical DR showed thinner pRNFL and lower peripapillary VD and perfusion density (PD) compared with normal controls, and such damage was more severe in patients with T2DM ≥ 10 years. Additionally, peripapillary VD was significantly associated with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), axial length, T2DM duration, and pRNFL thickness in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Microvasos/patologia , Disco Óptico/irrigação sanguínea , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Acuidade Visual , Estudos Transversais , Retinopatia Diabética/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
5.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138005

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the long-term reproducibility of axial length measurements and mean postoperative prediction errors after combined phacovitrectomy in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membranes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The study included 43 patients who underwent combined phacovitrectomy and 30 patients who underwent only phacoemulsification. To determine the effect of vitrectomy, we compared patients treated with phacoemulsification only versus those treated with combined phacovitrectomy. Axial lengths were measured three times with a one-year interval, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), coefficient of variation (CV), and test-retest standard deviation (TRTSD) were assessed. RESULTS: There was no significant change in axial length, and axial length measurements showed high reproducibility in all groups. ICC, CV, and TRTSD values were 0.997, 0.24%, and 0.056, respectively, for the vitrectomized eyes. The mean postoperative prediction error was -0.37 diopters(D) in vitrectomized eyes (p < 0.001), while it was +0.11 D in patients with phacoemulsification (p = 0.531). The myopic shift was more obvious in eyes with a shallower anterior chamber (p = 0.008) and a thicker lens (p = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: Axial length measurements showed excellent long-term reproducibility at 2 years after combined phacovitrectomy. Myopic shifts were observed after combined phacovitrectomy, which was probably due to changes in the effective lens position after combined phacovitrectomy, rather than to changes in the axial length.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239555, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the thicknesses of the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A total of 107 patients with unilateral exudative AMD [34 of typical choroidal neovascularization (tCNV), Group A; 73 of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), Group B] and 73 normal control eyes (Group C) were included. Drusen and subretinal drusenoid deposits were assessed in all participants using fundus photography, autofluorescence, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The GC-IPL and RNFL thicknesses were measured using Cirrus HD-OCT and compared among groups. Linear regression analyses were used to evaluate the factors associated with GC-IPL thicknesses. RESULTS: The average GC-IPL thicknesses of Groups A, B, and C were 77.09 ± 3.87, 80.10 ± 6.61, and 80.88 ± 6.50 µm, respectively (p = 0.022). Sectoral GC-IPLs and central macular thicknesses (CMTs) were significantly different among groups (all, p <0.05), whereas none of the RNFL parameters differed significantly (all, p >0.05). Multivariate linear regression analyses revealed that age (p <0.001), CMT (p <0.001), and tCNV (p = 0.013) were significantly associated with average GC-IPL thickness, and the rate of reduction of GC-IPL thickness with increasing age in the fellow eyes of tCNV patients was higher than those in the PCV and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Unilateral tCNV patients exhibited statistically significant reduction of the GC-IPL thickness in the fellow eyes, compared to values of the fellow eyes of unilateral PCV patients or control patients. RNFL values trended to be lower but did not reach statistical significance.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neovascularização de Coroide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neovascularização de Coroide/patologia , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Retina/patologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Neurônios Retinianos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
7.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545794

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the effects of prolonged type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on macular microcirculation and the inner retinal layer in diabetic eyes without clinical diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: 97, 92, and 57 eyes in the control, patients with T2DM < 10 years (DM group one), and patients with T2DM ≥ 10 years (DM group two) were enrolled. The ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness and superficial vessel density (VD) were compared. Linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with VD in T2DM patients. RESULTS: GC-IPL thicknesses in the control, DM group one, and DM group two were 84.58 ± 0.89, 83.49 ± 0.70, and 79.04 ± 0.96 µm, respectively (p < 0.001). The VDs of the full area were 20.32 ± 0.15, 19.46 ± 0.17, and 18.46 ± 0.23 mm-1 (p < 0.001). Post-hoc analyses revealed that the VDs of the full area was significantly different in the control vs. DM group one (p = 0.001), control vs. DM group two (p < 0.001), and DM group one vs. DM group two (p = 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analyses revealed that DM duration (p = 0.037), visual acuity (p = 0.013), and GC-IPL thickness (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with the VD of T2DM patients. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed GC-IPL thinning and decreased superficial VD in the macular areas using OCTA in T2DM patients. Patients with T2DM ≥ 10 years exhibited significantly more severe macular microcirculation impairment compared to patients with T2DM < 10 years and normal controls.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6541, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300160

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in peripapillary microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in systemic hypertension (HTN) patients. This was a cross-sectional study. Based on the duration of HTN, seventy-eight HTN patients were divided into two groups. (HTN group 1: <10 years, 38 eyes; HTN group 2: ≥10 years, 40 eyes) and 90 control subjects. All subjects underwent 6 × 6 mm OCTA scan centered on the optic nerve head. We analyzed peripapillary vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) in superficial capillary plexus among three groups. The average ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses of HTN group 2 were thinner than those of the control group (p = 0.016, and 0.035, respectively). HTN group 2 showed lower peripapillary VD and PD than the control group. However, there were no differences between HTN group 1 and the control group in OCT and peripapillary OCTA parameters. In HTN patients, the peripapillary VD, PD and GC-IPL, RNFL thicknesses correlated significantly. OCTA showed that the peripapillary VD and PD were lower in HTN patients with a duration ≥10 years compared with those of normal controls. Peripapillary microvasculature was correlated with the RNFL and GC-IPL thicknesses. HTN duration should therefore be considered when evaluating peripapillary microvasculature using OCTA.


Assuntos
Angiofluoresceinografia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão/patologia , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Microvasos/patologia , Disco Óptico/irrigação sanguínea , Disco Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Feminino , Humanos , Macula Lutea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disco Óptico/patologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia
9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16299, 2019 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705032

RESUMO

The quality of the scan image is important in peripapillary circulation analysis using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). We aimed to investigate the effects of signal strength (SS) on the peripapillary microvascular density acquired from OCTA. A total of 259 eyes from 259 young healthy subjects were included. Peripapillary OCTA images using 3 × 3 mm angiography scan were acquired from all participants. Subjects were divided into four groups according to the SS: SS 7, SS 8, SS 9, and SS 10. Vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) of the superficial capillary plexus were calculated. VD and PD were compared among the four groups, and linear regression analyses were performed to identify and evaluate the clinical factors associated with average VD. As the SS increased from 7 to 10, the average VD and PD increased; these increases were statistically significant (all, p < 0.001). Regression analyses showed that four factors were significantly correlated with average VD: age (partial r = 0.133), average retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (partial r = 0.169), cup/disc ratio (partial r =-0.481), and SS (partial r = 0.413). SS is a significant factor affecting peripapillary microvascular density, and its influence is similar to well-known structural parameters associated with glaucoma.


Assuntos
Angiofluoresceinografia , Disco Óptico/irrigação sanguínea , Disco Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Adulto , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adulto Jovem
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