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1.
Immunol Lett ; 220: 71-78, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human proteins such as interleukin-24 (IL24), thyroperoxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (Tg) are targets of IgE or IgG autoantibodies. Why these proteins are recognized by autoantibodies in some patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) or hypothyroidism is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Through in silico analysis, identify antigen patches of TPO, Tg and IL24 and compare the sequences of these human proteins with some prevalent allergens. METHODS: The amino acids sequences of IL24, thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin were compared between them and with 22 environmental allergens. Phylogenetic studies and multiple pairing were carried out to explore the degree of protein identity and cover. The proteins without 3D structure reported in the database, were modeled by homology with "Swiss Modeller" and compared through PYMOL. Residues conserved and accessible to the solvent (rASA> 0.25) were located in the 3D model to identify possible areas of cross-reactivity and antigen binding. RESULTS: We build a 3D model of the TPO and thyroglobulin protein base on proteins closely related. Five epitopes for TPO, six for IL24 and six for thyroglobulin were predicted. The amino acid sequences of allergens from different sources (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Blomia tropicalis, Betula verrucosa, Cynodon dactylon, Aspergillus fumigatus, Canis domesticus, Felis domesticus) were compared with human TPO, Tg and IL24. The cover and alignments between allergens and human proteins were low. CONCLUSION: We identify possible linear and conformational epitopes of TPO, Tg and IL24 that could be the target of IgE or IgG binding in patients with urticaria or hypothyroidism; These epitopes do not appear to be present among common environmental allergens, suggesting that autoreactivity to these human proteins are not by cross-reactivity.

2.
Pulm Med ; 2020: 6365314, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047667

RESUMO

Background: IgE sensitization (atopy) to pets is commonly evaluated using pet dander extracts. However, the diagnosis by components seems to be more adequate to evaluate the clinical relevance (allergy) of sIgE sensitization. Objective: To study the association between IgE sensitization to pet allergen components and clinical symptoms. Methodology. Dander extracts and sIgE levels to pet components (Can f 1, Can f 2, Can f 3, Can f 5, Fel d 1, Fel 2, and Fel 4) were measured in a rhinitis group (n = 101) and a control group (n = 101) and a control group (. Results: Dog (34.6% vs. 23.5%) and cat dander (26.7% vs. 8.8%, p = 0.05) IgE sensitization was frequent among rhinitis and no-rhinitis subjects, and it was similar to dog (29.7% vs. 20.5%) and cat (18.8% vs. 8.8%) components. Polysensitization for dog (3.1, 95% CI: 1.5 to 6.1, p = 0.05) IgE sensitization was frequent among rhinitis and no-rhinitis subjects, and it was similar to dog (29.7% vs. 20.5%) and cat (18.8% vs. 8.8%) components. Polysensitization for dog (3.1, 95% CI: 1.5 to 6.1, p = 0.05) IgE sensitization was frequent among rhinitis and no-rhinitis subjects, and it was similar to dog (29.7% vs. 20.5%) and cat (18.8% vs. 8.8%) components. Polysensitization for dog (3.1, 95% CI: 1.5 to 6.1. Conclusions: Sensitization to pet dander extract identifies atopic patients, but its utility to predict clinical relevance is poor. Allergenic components could help to define the clinical relevance of sensitization to furry animals and could reduce the need for provocation test.

3.
Biomedica ; 39(4): 699-706, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860181

RESUMO

Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the first cause of acute abdomen, however, there is a little information about the associated bacteria and its sensibility profile. Objetive: To identify and to determine the resistance pattern of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria isolated in periapendicular fluid cultures taken in patients with acute appendicitis and to establish the proportions of isolates according to the clinical phase. Materials and methods: A descriptive and prospective study was undertaken at the Hospital Universitario de San José (Bogotá, Colombia) of patients older than sixteen years of age, undergoing an open appendectomy. A sample of periappendiceal fluid was taken, which was deposited directly into aerobic and anaerobic blood culture bottles. Results: One hundred and fifty-four patients were included. The overall positivity of cultures was 87% (n=1344); 77% (n=118) for aerobes and 51% (n=79) for anaerobes. The proportion of positive cultures was lower in the uncomplicated appendicitis cases as compared to the complicated ones (80% (66/83) vs. 95%(67/71), p = 0.003). The microorganisms isolated most frequently were: Escherichia coli (53%) (n=84); Bacteroides spp. (25%) (n=25); Propionibacterium acnes (21%) (n=21); coagulase negative Staphylococci (17%) (n=27); Enterococcus spp. (11%) (n=15), and Fusobacterium spp. (11%) (n=11). The sensitivity of E. coli to ampicillin/sulbactam was 30%. The sensitivity of Bacteroides spp. to clindamycin and ampicillin/sulbactam was 91%. All anaerobe isolates were sensitive to piperacillin/tazobactam, ertapenem, meropenem and metronidazole. Conclusions: Intraoperative cultures in acute appendicits are relevant in order to determine the local epidemiological pattern and to establish prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotics for this pathology; direct inoculation in blood culture bottles allows a high recovery of microorganisms.

4.
J Immunol Res ; 2019: 4202145, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886301

RESUMO

Background: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a heterogeneous disease with some frequent comorbidities like autoimmune diseases, drug reactions, and inducible urticaria. IgE antibodies against thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO IgE) could be associated with some of these clinical characteristics. Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of CSU patients, according to the presence of anti-TPO IgE in serum. Methods: Anti-TPO IgE levels were measured during the clinical control period (Urticaria Activity Score, 0 point) and exacerbation period (≥3 points) in 100 CSU patients. Patients with self-reported exacerbation of skin involvement by foods, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and physical triggers underwent controlled challenge tests. Results: We identified 2 groups of patients: (1) patients with anti-TPO IgE during the clinical control period or during an exacerbation, who had a higher frequency of atopy, asthma, and positive challenge test results with NSAIDs and (2) patients without anti-TPO IgE during any period, who had a higher frequency of positive challenge test results for inducible urticaria. Among the first group (anti-TPO IgE at any point), we identified 3 subgroups: patients with anti-TPO IgE during the clinical control period (n = 12); patients with anti-TPO IgE during the clinical control period and significantly increased levels during an urticaria exacerbation (n = 18); and patients with anti-TPO IgE only during an exacerbation (n = 13). None of the patients with self-reported food reactions had a positive challenge test result. Conclusion: Anti-TPO IgE is a useful biomarker for differentiating between clinical phenotypes of patients with CSU. Elevation of anti-TPO IgE during exacerbation periods supports an association between this autoantibody and the pathogenesis of urticaria.

5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 210, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612137

RESUMO

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an alternative for managing the end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The peritoneal membrane (PM) is not just a membrane that passively responds to diffusion and convection. The characteristics of PM result in the peritoneal equilibrium test (PET) and with this test is possible to obtain the type of peritoneal transport (PT). The patient on PD can be classified in different types of PT as; Low, Low Average, High Average, and High. The aim of the study was to compare the inflammatory cytokines, oxidants, antioxidants, and oxidative DNA damage markers in the different types of PT. A cross-sectional analytical study of 77 adult PD patients was performed. Levels of lipoperoxides (LPO) were higher in all types of PT vs. healthy volunteer controls (HC) (p < 0.0001). Nitric oxide (NO) levels were found significantly down-regulated in all types of PT (p < 0.0001). The activity of the superoxide dismutase enzyme (SOD) was found to be significantly increased in all types of PT vs. the HC (p < 0.0001). The levels of the DNA repair enzyme were found to be decreased in all types of PT. The levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, the marker of oxidative DNA damage, 8-IP and the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were all significantly decreased, contrary to the levels in HC, possibly by the clearance in the dialysis fluid in all types of PT or due to down-regulation of their expression. In conclusion, we found significant changes in markers of inflammation, oxidative stress, and oxidative damage to DNA in all types of PT; Low, low average, high average, and high PT in the values of D/P creatinine at 4 h compared to HC.

6.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 14(4): 420-432, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549107

RESUMO

Direct freehand veneers with composite resin (CR) require high clinician ability and a long chair time. Although CR restorations remain the most-used technique for meeting high esthetic demands, and new technologies mean that materials are nowadays more similar to tooth structure, layering techniques for natural results are still considered difficult to achieve. Through advances in adhesive dentistry, systems of prefabricated veneers using conventional techniques have been launched onto the market as an option for the clinician. This case report presents complete step-by-step descriptions of two techniques using prefabricated templates for directly built-up veneers. Both maxillary lateral incisors were simultaneously reconstructed with direct CR veneers with different layering techniques to achieve esthetic results in a shorter chair time. Simple stratification techniques using prefabricated templates may allow clinicians to optimize both time and clinical outcome while obtaining predictable results.


Assuntos
Facetas Dentárias , Estética Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Incisivo
7.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 100: 103366, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422314

RESUMO

This study evaluated the MMP inhibition of the zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles (ZnO/CuNp), and the effects of their addition into adhesives on antimicrobial activity (AMA), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), in vitro degree of conversion (in vitro-DC), as well as, resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL) and in situ-DC on caries-affected dentin. Anti-MMP activity was evaluated for several MMPs. ZnO/CuNp (0% [control]; 5/0.1 and 5/0.2 wt%) were added into Prime&Bond Active (PBA) and Ambar Universal (AMB). The AMA was evaluated against Streptococcus mutans. UTS were tested after 24 h and 28d. After induced caries, adhesives and composite were applied to flat dentin surfaces, and specimens were sectioned to obtain resin-dentin sticks. µTBS, NL, in vitro-DC and in situ-DC were evaluated after 24 h. ANOVA and Tukey's test were applied (α = 0.05). ZnO/CuNp demonstrated anti-MMP activity (p < 0.05). The addition of ZnO/CuNp increased AMA and UTS (AMB; p < 0.05). UTS for PBA, in vitro-DC, in situ-DC and µTBS for both adhesives were maintained with ZnO/CuNp (p > 0.05). However, lower NL was observed for ZnO/CuNp groups (p < 0.05). The addition of ZnO/CuNp in adhesives may be an alternative to provide antimicrobial, anti-MMP activities and improves the integrity of the hybrid layer on caries-affected dentin.

8.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 47(4): 401-408, jul.-ago. 2019. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3818

RESUMO

The variety of foods and methods of preparation are part of the cultural identity of each population, and thus the main foods that cause symptoms vary among different regions. Due to their increasing frequency, Adverse Reactions to Food (AFR) have been the subject of extensive study, especially in North America and Europe but few studies have been conducted in other areas, especially in populations located in the tropics and subtropics. In this article, we review available information on the epidemiology of food sensitization and food allergies in tropical regions and explore the different epidemiological data considering the major food involved, the underlying immune mechanism and clinical symptoms partners. In addition, we identify the possible limitations and questions that arise from studies conducted in tropical countries, which helps to generate objectives for future research


No disponible

10.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 370(3): 350-359, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201216

RESUMO

Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from pancreatic ß-cells is controlled by ATP-regulated potassium (KATP) channels composed of Kir6.2 and sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) subunits. The KATP channel-opener diazoxide is FDA-approved for treating hyperinsulinism and hypoglycemia but suffers from off-target effects on vascular KATP channels and other ion channels. The development of more specific openers would provide critically needed tool compounds for probing the therapeutic potential of Kir6.2/SUR1 activation. Here, we characterize a novel scaffold activator of Kir6.2/SUR1 that our group recently discovered in a high-throughput screen. Optimization efforts with medicinal chemistry identified key structural elements that are essential for VU0071063-dependent opening of Kir6.2/SUR1. VU0071063 has no effects on heterologously expressed Kir6.1/SUR2B channels or ductus arteriole tone, indicating it does not open vascular KATP channels. VU0071063 induces hyperpolarization of ß-cell membrane potential and inhibits insulin secretion more potently than diazoxide. VU0071063 exhibits metabolic and pharmacokinetic properties that are favorable for an in vivo probe and is brain penetrant. Administration of VU0071063 inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose-lowering in mice. Taken together, these studies indicate that VU0071063 is a more potent and specific opener of Kir6.2/SUR1 than diazoxide and should be useful as an in vitro and in vivo tool compound for investigating the therapeutic potential of Kir6.2/SUR1 expressed in the pancreas and brain.


Assuntos
Ativação do Canal Iônico/efeitos dos fármacos , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/metabolismo , Receptores Sulfonilureia/metabolismo , Xantinas/farmacologia , Xantinas/farmacocinética , Animais , Canal Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos , Canal Arterial/fisiologia , Glucose/farmacologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Secreção de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/citologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantinas/química
11.
Rev Alerg Mex ; 66(2): 163-177, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mites are the main cause of atopy and allergies in the Tropical region. It is necessary to know the phylogenetic relationship of their allergenic proteins in order to determine the best combination of extracts for its use at the clinic. OBJECTIVE: To assess the phylogenetic relationship between the main allergenic proteins of mites. METHODS: Groups 1, 2 and 5 of Glyciphagidae, Pyroglyphidae, Chortoglyphidae and Acaridae families were compared according to the sequence of mRNA and amino acids with the validated sequences of the National Center for Biotechnology Information and through bioinformatic alignment analyses for the construction of the trees, the method of neighbor-joining, with bootstrap support with 500 replications, was used as a measure of reliability and robustness. RESULTS: 15% to 87% of identity was found in the three groups of allergens; the highest was between Der p2 and Der f2 (86.98%) and, the lowest, between Der f 5 and Gly d 5 (17.87%) Piroglyphidae showed the highest relationship between the species. The longest branching distance was identified in Glicyphagidae, especially in Blomia tropicalis. CONCLUSION: Some allergenic proteins have a high identity between the different species of mites, unlike Blomia tropicalis. These results can be taken into consideration when the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases is being defined.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/genética , Ácaros/classificação , Ácaros/genética , Filogenia , Animais , Ácaros/imunologia
12.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 43(8): 1672-1681, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ethanol (EtOH), one of the most widely consumed substances of abuse, can induce brain damage and neurodegeneration. EtOH is centrally metabolized into acetaldehyde, which has been shown to be responsible for some of the neurophysiological and cellular effects of EtOH. Although some of the consequences of chronic EtOH administration on cell oxidative status have been described, the mechanisms by which acute EtOH administration affects the brain's cellular oxidative status and the role of acetaldehyde remain to be elucidated in detail. METHODS: Swiss CD-I mice were pretreated with the acetaldehyde-sequestering agent d-penicillamine (DP; 75 mg/kg, i.p.) or the antioxidant lipoic acid (LA; 50 mg/kg, i.p.) 30 minutes before EtOH (2.5 g/kg, i.p.) administration. Animals were sacrificed 30 minutes after EtOH injection. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) mRNA levels; GPx and glutathione reductase (GR) enzymatic activities; reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione disulfide (GSSG), glutamate, g-L-glutamyl-L-cysteine (Glut-Cys), and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations; and protein carbonyl group (CG) content were determined in whole-brain samples. RESULTS: Acute EtOH administration enhanced GPx activity and the GSH/GSSG ratio, while it decreased GR activity and GSSG concentration. Pretreatment with DP or LA only prevented GPx activity changes induced by EtOH. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, these results show the capacity of a single dose of EtOH to unbalance cellular oxidative homeostasis.

13.
Skin Appendage Disord ; 5(3): 135-141, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049333

RESUMO

Background: White piedra (WP) is an asymptomatic superficial mycosis that affects the hair stems, forming whitish nodules caused by various species of the genus Trichosporon. Objective: To present a case series of WP of the head, its epidemiological data, as well as clinical, mycological, and therapeutic experience. Methods: We conducted a 12-year retrospective and observational study of WP cases tested by dermoscopy, mycological study, and the identification of species through morphology, biochemistry, and proteomics (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry). The treatment was based on ketoco-nazole shampoo as well as keratolytics. Results: We included 14 cases of WP, all located in the head and 1 case with both head and scrotum affected. Nine cases (64.3%) presented in children aged < 15 years. The majority of the cases (13/14, 92.8%) were women. Two cases were associated with hyperkeratosis and intertrigo. Most patients had long hair and excessive moisture. In all cases hair nodules were observed and Trichosporon inkin (11/14, 78.6%) was usually isolated. Eleven cases (78.6%) were cured by administering 2% ketoconazole shampoo. Conclusion: WP was observed in school-age girls. The diagnosis was based on the observation of hair nodules and its main etiologic agent was T. inkin, with good response to treatment in most cases.

14.
Immunol Lett ; 209: 1-3, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978362

RESUMO

The prevalence of allergies to pets has been increasing over the past decades. Some of the most important animal-derived allergens are members of the lipocalin protein family, which are found in dander, saliva, and urine. These allergens disperse effectively and are widely present in indoor environments. Exposure to high levels of mouse urinary protein (Mus m 1, hereinafter called 'mouse allergen') has been previously linked to sensitization to mouse, and indicators of asthma severity or control in some studies. To date, this is the only known mouse allergen registered in the IUIS database. This allergen is responsible for 27% of the total T cell response, confirming the dominant role it plays in mouse allergy. Mice have a worldwide distribution affecting both rural and urban areas; hence humans are frequently exposed to mouse-derived proteins. Additionally, exposure to mouse allergens has increased since they are more frequently being made pets, and in addition, exposure of laboratory animal care personnel to mice has been associated with a high risk of developing occupational allergies. Mus m 1 has been recognized as the main mouse allergen, and several studies suggest its clinical relevance. What makes Mus m 1 such an important allergen? In this review, we explored its structural, immunological, and clinical features.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/química , Alérgenos/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Alérgenos/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Variação Antigênica , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Hipersensibilidade/terapia , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoterapia , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Rev Alerg Mex ; 66(1): 9-17, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013402

RESUMO

Allergy and food atopy are a consequence of immune responses unadapted to antigens mediated by common and otherwise harmless foods. Food allergy (AF) occurs frequently in children under three years of 3 to 15%, as well as in people over 6 to 8%. AF may be mediated by immunoglobulin E or cellular mechanisms and may present with a wide variety of symptoms in the skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Due to its increasing frequency, adverse reactions to food have been the subject of extensive study, especially in North America and Europe, but few studies have been conducted in other areas such as South America, Africa and Asia. The variety of foods and preparation methods are part of the cultural identity of each population, so the main foods that cause symptoms vary between different regions, especially between populations located in the tropics and subtropical populations. This article reviews the available information on the epidemiology of food sensitization and food allergies in tropical regions and explores the different epidemiological data of that region, taking into account the main foods involved, the underlying immune mechanism and the associated symptoms. In addition, we identify possible limitations and questions that arise from studies conducted in tropical countries, which helps generate objectives for future research in the region.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Medicina Tropical
16.
Rev. iberoam. micol ; 36(1): 30-33, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-185490

RESUMO

Background: Nannizzia nana is a zoophilic dermatophyte that affects animals like pigs, boars and, exceptionally, humans, in whom it causes tinea capitis, as well as tinea corporis and onychomycosis. Case report: Case 1. A previously healthy 8 year-old boy presented to our clinic with a 1-month evolution dermatosis that affected scalp, developing a pseudoalopecic tumor lesion with abundant seropurulent material. The patient had worked in a pig farm. Case 2. A previously healthy 6 year-old girl, sister of the aforementioned child, presented to our clinic with a dermatosis characterized by multiple erythematous-scaly plaques that affected her face, trunk and arms. N. nana was the fungus isolated on culture in both cases. The children were treated with oral griseofulvin and topical ketoconazole that led to clinical and mycological cures. Conclusions: N. nana dermatophytosis, although being rare in humans, can be treated as other cases of dermatophytosis


Antecedentes: Nannizzia nana es un dermatofito zoófilo que habitualmente afecta a animales, como el cerdo, el jabalí y, excepcionalmente, al ser humano, en el cual provoca tiña de la cabeza, tiña corporal y onicomicosis. Casos clínicos: Caso 1: niño sano de 8 años, con dermatosis de un mes de evolución que afectaba al cuero cabelludo con una lesión tumoral seudoalopécica y abundante material seropurulento. Como antecedente, el niño había trabajado en una granja porcina. Caso 2: niña sana de 6 años y hermana del niño del caso anterior, con dermatosis que le afectaba a la cara, el tronco y los brazos con numerosas placas eritematoescamosas. En ambos casos se aisló en cultivo Nannizzia nana. El tratamiento administrado a los niños fue griseofulvina por vía oral y ketoconazol tópico. Se consiguió la curación clínica y micológica. Conclusiones: Las dermatofitosis por N. nana, aunque son raras en el ser humano, pueden ser tratadas como otras dermatofitosis más habituales


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Tinha/diagnóstico , Tinha/tratamento farmacológico , Tinha/microbiologia , Arthrodermataceae/isolamento & purificação , Saúde da Família
18.
J Dent ; 82: 45-55, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of addition of zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles (ZnO/CuNp) into universal adhesives, on antimicrobial activity (AMA), cytotoxicity (CTX), water sorption (WS) and solubility (SO), microhardness (MH) and in vitro degree of conversion (DC), as well as resin-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL) and in situ DC. METHODS: ZnO/CuNp (0% [control]; 5/0.1 and 5/0.2 wt%) were added in Prime&Bond Active (PBA) and Ambar Universal (AMB). The AMA was evaluated against Streptococcus mutans. For CTX, Saos-2 cell-line was used. For WS and SO, specimens were tested for 28d. For MH, specimens were tested after 24 h and 28d and for in vitro DC, specimens were evaluated after 24 h. After, the adhesives were applied to flat dentine surfaces, composite resin build-ups, specimens were sectioned to obtain resin-dentine sticks. It was evaluated in µTBS, NL and in situ DC after 24 h of water storage. ANOVA and Tukey's test were applied (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The addition of 5/0.2 ZnO/CuNp increase AMA and WS, but decrease the SO when compared to control (p < 0.05). The CTX and µTBS were maintaining with adhesive-containing ZnO/CuNp (p > 0.05). MH, in vitro DC and in situ DC was significant increase (AMB) or maintaining (PBA) with ZnO/CuNp addition. However, significantly lower NL was observed for ZnO/CuNp groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of ZnO/CuNp in the tested concentrations in universal adhesive systems may be an alternative to provide antimicrobial activity and improves the integrity of the hybrid layer, without jeopardizing biological, adhesives and mechanical properties. SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study that demonstrates that the addition of zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles in concentrations up to 5/0.2 wt% in two universal adhesive systems is a feasible approach and may be an alternative to adhesive interfaces with antimicrobial properties and less defects in the resin-dentin interface.


Assuntos
Cobre , Colagem Dentária , Infiltração Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Nanopartículas , Zinco , Cobre/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Adesivos Dentinários/metabolismo , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Nanopartículas/química , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Zinco/química
19.
Rev Iberoam Micol ; 36(1): 30-33, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nannizzia nana is a zoophilic dermatophyte that affects animals like pigs, boars and, exceptionally, humans, in whom it causes tinea capitis, as well as tinea corporis and onychomycosis. CASE REPORT: Case 1. A previously healthy 8 year-old boy presented to our clinic with a 1-month evolution dermatosis that affected scalp, developing a pseudoalopecic tumor lesion with abundant seropurulent material. The patient had worked in a pig farm. Case 2. A previously healthy 6 year-old girl, sister of the aforementioned child, presented to our clinic with a dermatosis characterized by multiple erythematous-scaly plaques that affected her face, trunk and arms. N. nana was the fungus isolated on culture in both cases. The children were treated with oral griseofulvin and topical ketoconazole that led to clinical and mycological cures. CONCLUSIONS: N. nana dermatophytosis, although being rare in humans, can be treated as other cases of dermatophytosis.


Assuntos
Tinha , Arthrodermataceae/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tinha/diagnóstico , Tinha/tratamento farmacológico , Tinha/microbiologia
20.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 47(4): 401-408, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30670296

RESUMO

The variety of foods and methods of preparation are part of the cultural identity of each population, and thus the main foods that cause symptoms vary among different regions. Due to their increasing frequency, Adverse Reactions to Food (AFR) have been the subject of extensive study, especially in North America and Europe but few studies have been conducted in other areas, especially in populations located in the tropics and subtropics. In this article, we review available information on the epidemiology of food sensitization and food allergies in tropical regions and explore the different epidemiological data considering the major food involved, the underlying immune mechanism and clinical symptoms partners. In addition, we identify the possible limitations and questions that arise from studies conducted in tropical countries, which helps to generate objectives for future research.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/epidemiologia , Clima Tropical , África/epidemiologia , Alérgenos/imunologia , Ásia/epidemiologia , Alimentos , Humanos , Imunização , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , América Latina/epidemiologia , Prevalência
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