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1.
Zootaxa ; 4722(3): zootaxa.4722.3.3, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230624

RESUMO

Spider community inventories have relatively well-established standardized collecting protocols. Such protocols set rules for the orderly acquisition of samples to estimate community parameters and to establish comparisons between areas. These methods have been tested worldwide, providing useful data for inventory planning and optimal sampling allocation efforts. The taxonomic counterpart of biodiversity inventories has received considerably less attention. Species lists and their relative abundances are the only link between the community parameters resulting from a biotic inventory and the biology of the species that live there. However, this connection is lost or speculative at best for species only partially identified (e. g., to genus but not to species). This link is particularly important for diverse tropical regions were many taxa are undescribed or little known such as spiders. One approach to this problem has been the development of biodiversity inventory websites that document the morphology of the species with digital images organized as standard views. Their main contributions are the dissemination of phenotypic data for species difficult to identify or new with the assignment of species codes, allowing species comparisons between areas regardless of their taxonomic status. The present paper describes a protocol to produce these websites almost automatically. This protocol was successfully applied to 237 species from a tropical primary forest in Mexico. The time and infrastructure required for the documentation of these species are discussed. Taxonomic information in terms of identification challenges, possible new species, and potential nomenclatural issues is described. In addition, the conventional community parameters (e. g., inventory completeness, species richness estimations, sampling intensity) are also calculated and compared through time and between methods. An optimized version for sampling allocation effort per season is presented and compared with protocols optimized for other tropical forests.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(6)2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244971

RESUMO

The lack of effective treatments for mitochondrial disease has seen the development of new approaches, including those that aim to stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis to boost ATP generation above a critical disease threshold. Here, we examine the effects of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) activator pioglitazone (PioG), in combination with deoxyribonucleosides (dNs), on mitochondrial biogenesis in cybrid cells containing >90% of the m.3243A>G mutation associated with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). PioG + dNs combination treatment increased mtDNA copy number and mitochondrial mass in both control (CON) and m.3243A>G (MUT) cybrids, with no adverse effects on cell proliferation. PioG + dNs also increased mtDNA-encoded transcripts in CON cybrids, but had the opposite effect in MUT cybrids, reducing the already elevated transcript levels. Steady-state levels of mature oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) protein complexes were increased by PioG + dNs treatment in CON cybrids, but were unchanged in MUT cybrids. However, treatment was able to significantly increase maximal mitochondrial oxygen consumption rates and cell respiratory control ratios in both CON and MUT cybrids. Overall, these findings highlight the ability of PioG + dNs to improve mitochondrial respiratory function in cybrid cells containing the m.3243A>G MELAS mutation, as well as their potential for development into novel therapies to treat mitochondrial disease.

3.
An Sist Sanit Navar ; 0(0): 73317, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of hospitalization for aging populations in Western countries, and is showing an increasing mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the probable long-term mortality risk factors for patients admitted because of HF. METHODS: Retrospective study of a cohort of 202 patients consecutively hospitalized because of HF and followed up for a maximum period of 5 years. Clinical and epidemiological factors and their relationship to in-hospital and long-term mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 16%.The independent predictors were: age >75 years (HR?=?2.68, 95%?IC: 1.65-4.36, p?=?0.001); cognitive impairment (HR?=?2.77, 95%?IC: 1.40-5.48, p?=?0.004); Barthel index =60 (HR?=?0.54, 95%?IC: 0.37-0.78, p?=?0,009); creatinine levels >1.16 mg/dl at admission (HR?=?1.57, 95%?IC: 1.12-2.20, p?=?0.009); and number of diagnostics >10 on discharge (HR?=?1. 64, 95%?IC: 1.14-2.36, p?=?0.007). Accumulated mortality at 12, 24, 36 and 48 months after hospital discharge were 43%, 51%, 67% and 70%, respectively; the independent predictors for this were: age >75 years (HR?=?2.55, 95%?IC: 1.56-4.15, p?<0.001); cognitive impairment (HR?=?2.45, 95%?IC: 1.22-4.90, p?=?0.011); creatinine levels >1.16 mg/dl on admission (HR?=?1.59, 95%?IC: 1.12-2.24, p?=?0.009); systolic blood pressure >140 mm Hg on admission (HR?=?0.56, 95%?IC: 0.40-0.80, p?<0.001); and number of diagnostics >10 on discharge (HR?=?1. 49, 95%?IC: 1.03-2.16, p?=?0.033). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and epidemiological factors related to in-hospital and long-term mortality could help to improve the management of patients with HF.

4.
Rev. clín. esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 220(2): 109-114, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186420

RESUMO

Introducción: El síndrome hemofagocítico (SHF) es un trastorno inmunológico grave caracterizado por una inflamación descontrolada con fracaso multiorgánico. Puede estar desencadenado por infecciones víricas, bacterianas, fúngicas o parasitarias. Se describe nuestra experiencia de SHF asociado a infecciones y se estima su incidencia local. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de SHF asociado a infecciones en adultos atendidos en el Servicio de Patología Infecciosa de un hospital universitario durante 5años y revisión de las series publicadas en Europa. Resultados: En 2 mujeres con enfermedad de Crohn, el SHF se asoció a infección por citomegalovirus y a leishmaniosis visceral (mieloma múltiple 1, tumor sólido 2, sin enfermedad evidente 1) en 4 pacientes (3 hombres). Fallecieron 2 enfermos. La incidencia estimada fue 0,58/100.000/año. Las series publicadas son heterogéneas. Conclusiones: El SHF asociado a infecciones debe de ser más frecuente de lo descrito. El entorno geográfico puede influir en las infecciones desencadenantes (en nuestro medio, debe buscarse Leishmania)


Background: Haemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is a severe immunological disorder characterised by uncontrolled inflammation and multiple organ failure. HPS can be triggered by viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitical infections. We report our experience with infection-related HPS and estimate its local incidence. Material and method: We conducted an observational retrospective study of infection-associated HPS in patients treated in the Department of Infectious Diseases of a university hospital within a 5-year period, as well as a review of the published series in Europe. Results: HPS was associated with infection by cytomegalovirus in 2 women with Crohn's disease and was associated with visceral leishmaniosis in 4 patients (3 men, 1 woman; 1 case of multiple myeloma; 2 cases of solid tumours; 1 case of no apparent disease). Two patients died, and the estimated incidence rate was 0.58/100,000 inhabitants/year. The published series are mixed. Conclusions: Infection-related HPS must be more common than reported. The geographical environment can influence the triggering infections (in our environment, Leishmania should be considered)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/diagnóstico , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(2): 113-121, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-4811

RESUMO

Los pacientes quemados pueden necesitar ingresos prolongados en el Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, tanto para la atención inicial como para el tratamiento pre y postoperatorio de las múltiples cirugías que precisan. La reanimación inicial del paciente quemado crítico requiere una adecuada monitorización para calcular la fluidoterapia necesaria para reponer las pérdidas y asegurar la perfusión tisular, pero sin excesos que aumenten el edema intersticial. Además, la monitorización puede evaluar la respuesta inflamatoria sistémica, que puede llevar a shock y a disfunciones orgánicas. Tras esta fase inicial nos encontraremos con un paciente crítico que requiere múltiples reintervenciones en situaciones no óptimas, por lo que necesitará cuidados especiales durante un largo periodo. Además, el Servicio de Medicina Intensiva ofrece la atención postoperatoria específica para la cirugía reconstructiva y el trasplante de tejidos compuestos (miembro superior y cara), en los que el éxito depende de un riguroso control mediante la monitorización y el tratamiento adecuados


Burned patients may need prolonged admissions in the Intensive Care Service, both for initial care and for the pre and postoperative treatment of the multiple surgeries they require. The initial resuscitation of critically burned patients requires adequate monitoring to calculate the fluid therapy necessary to replenish the losses and ensure tissue perfusion, but without excesses that increase interstitial edema. In addition, monitoring can evaluate the systemic inflammatory response that can lead to shock and organic dysfunctions. After this initial phase we will find a critical patient who requires multiple reinterventions in non-optimal situations, so he will need special care over a long period of time. In addition, the Intensive Care Service offers specific postoperative care for reconstructive surgery and the transplantation of composite tissues (upper limb and face) in which its success depends on a rigorous control through adequate monitoring and treatment

6.
Animal ; : 1-11, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026801

RESUMO

Reproductive traits have a major influence on the economic effectiveness of horse breeding. However, there is little information available. We evaluated the use of reproductive traits as selection criteria in official breeding programs to increase the reproductive efficiency of breeding studs, analysing 696 690 records from the pedigree data of eight Spanish horse populations, with different breeding purposes. The reproductive parameters studied in both sexes were age at first foaling (AFF), age at last foaling, average reproductive life and generational interval. In the females, the average interval between foaling (AIF) and interval between first and second foaling were also studied. There were clear differences between sexes and breeds, which may be due to management practices, breeding purposes and the status of the populations, rather than to differences in actual physiological conditions. Riding mares were the most precocious (AFF, 1937.64 to 2255.69 days) and had a more intensive reproductive use (AIF, 625.83 to 760.07 days), whereas sires used for meat production were the most precocious males (AFF, 1789.93 to 1999.75 days), although they had a shorter reproductive life (1564.34 to 1797.32 days). Heritabilities (0.02 to 0.42 in females and 0.04 to 0.28 in males) evidenced the genetic component of the reproductive traits, with Sport Horses having the higher average values. These results support the selection by AFF to improve reproductive aspects because of its medium-high heritability and its positive correlations with other important reproductive traits. The inclusion of the AIF is also recommended in sport populations, because this determines the length of the breaks between foaling and conditions the reproductive performance of the dams, as well as their selective intensity, genetic gain and genetic improvement. It is therefore an important economic parameter in breeding studs.

7.
Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol ; 64(2): 92-98, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008982

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of periprosthetic fractures of the knee is increasing due to the increase in the number of total knee arthroplasties performed, together with population aging. We found few studies that analyze mortality in our setting after surgery. Our objective was to evaluate mortality and survival after surgical treatment of periprosthetic fractures of the distal femur in our environment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted a retrospective observational study of a consecutive series of 97 patients surgically treated in our centre for periprosthetic knee fracture between 2007-2015, with a minimum follow-up of 12months. Diverse sociodemographic, clinical and surgical variables were analyzed. A consultation was made to the National Death Index of the Ministry of Health for the analysis of mortality and survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: We reviewed a total of 97 patients with an average age of 75years, of which 86 were women and 11 were men. Of the patients, 50.5% of patients had some comorbidity. The average delay until the intervention was 3.1days. With respect to the treatment, 45 patients were operated by osteosynthesis with plate (49.5%), 40 with intramedullary nail (41.2%) and 9 with revision of the arthroplasty (9.3%). A total of 30 deaths were recorded during the follow-up, with cumulative mortality in the first year, at 3 and at 10 years of 7.2%, 17.5% and 30.9%, respectively, progressively increasing in people over 75years. There was no significant difference in mortality rates with the osteosynthesis method. The main complication was pseudoarthrosis (6.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Periprosthetic knee fractures are associated with high rates of complications and mortality. The patient's age and the lesion itself are non-modifiable factors that can influence mortality after surgery, while other variables such as the type of intervention or surgical delay did not show differences in mortality rates in our study.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2446, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051440

RESUMO

Headache is a common reason to visit the emergency department (ED). Tension-type headache (TTH) is the commonest headache. The diagnosis of TTH implies a mild condition, with no need for special tests. We evaluated the use of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) criteria for TTH in the ED. We performed a cross-sectional study including all ED patients with a definite TTH diagnosis in their discharge report for 2.5 years. We evaluated whether the ICHD criteria for TTH were referenced and met. We analysed discrepancies concerning anamnesis or prior history and reclassified patients. A total of 211 out of 2132 patients fulfilled the criteria (9.9%). Only five patients fulfilled TTH criteria. Criteria A-D were referenced in 60-84% of patients and met in 16-74% of these patients. Anamnesis was discrepant in 87.5% as was prior history in 20.8%. After re-reclassification, 21 patients fulfilled the criteria for TTH (five) or probable TTH (16). In 106 patients, another headache was diagnosed, with migraine in 40 (18.9%), secondary headache in 64 (30.3%), and a life-threatening disorder in 13 (6.1%). In our sample, TTH was overdiagnosed. Only a minority of patients fulfilled the ICHD criteria. Inconsistencies in prior medical history or anamnesis were frequent.

11.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016916

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and low serum concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) are common coexisting metabolic disorders. ABCA1 variants have been shown to be associated to these conditions. We sought to test the combined effect of two ABCA1 gene common variants, rs2422493 (- 565C > T) and rs9282541 (R230C) on HDL-c levels and T2D risk. METHODS: Path analysis was conducted in 3,303 Mexican-mestizos to assess the specific contributions of rs2422493 and rs9282541 ABCA1 variants, insulin resistance, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and age on HDL-c levels and T2D risk. Participants were classified into four groups according to their ABCA1 variants carrier status: (i) the reference group carried wild type alleles for both ABCA1 variants (-/-), (ii) +/- were carriers of rs2422493 but non-carriers of rs9282541, (iii) -/+ for carriers of rs9282541 but not carriers of rs2422493 and (iv) carriers of minor alleles for both SNPs (+/+). Principal components from two previous genome-wide association studies were used to control for ethnicity. RESULTS: We identified significant indirect effects on T2D risk mediated by HDL-c in groups -/+ and +/+ (ß = 0.04; p = 0.03 and ß = 0.06; p < 0.01, respectively) in comparison to the -/- reference group. Low concentrations of HDL-c were directly and significantly associated with increased T2D risk (ß = -0.70; p < 0.01). WHtR, male gender, age, and insulin resistance were also associated with T2D risk (p < 0.05). There was no significant direct effect for any of the ABCA1 groups on T2D risk: p = 0.99, p = 0.58, and p = 0.91 for groups +/-, -/+, and +/+ respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The ABCA1 rs9282541 (R230C) allele is associated with T2D in Mexicans through its effect on lowering HDL-c levels. This is the first report demonstrating that HDL-c levels act as an intermediate factor between an ABCA1 variant and T2D.

12.
Transplant Proc ; 52(2): 506-508, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of brain death (BD) is not well understood in the general population; this lack of knowledge is one of the main factors that generates an attitude against organ donation. Older people are a population group that has rarely been studied in relation to organ donation and transplantation (ODT), and it is important to investigate the most important aspects of ODT, such as people's concept of BD. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the level of understanding of the concept of BD in people > 65 years of age and the factors that influence their mode of thinking. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out with a representative sample of people > 65 years of age, stratified by sex and geographic location in the southeast of Spain (n = 420). Knowledge of BD as well as the influence of other variables were analyzed through a validated questionnaire about ODT. SPSS version 21.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, United States) software was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive analysis included Student t test and the χ2 test. RESULTS: The questionnaire had a completion rate of 84% (n = 351). In 36% (n = 127) of cases, people ˃ 65 years of age understood the concept of BD. In general, knowledge of this concept has not been associated with other variables including social-family interaction about ODT (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Older people do not understand the concept of BD. It is, therefore, necessary to carry out informative campaigns on ODT explaining this concept. This would improve organ donation awareness in this particular group of people.

13.
Transplant Proc ; 52(2): 503-505, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worldwide population aging has resulted in changes in the approach to the organ donation and transplantation (ODT) process, forcing us to include older people on transplant waiting lists and to assess older patients as potential donors. However, this is a sector of the population that has not been studied in great detail in terms of the information they receive about ODT. OBJECTIVES: To analyze what kinds of media provide people > 65 years of age with information about ODT and which sources of information affect their attitude about this subject. METHODS: A multicentric study was undertaken using a sample of people > 65 years of age stratified by sex and geographic location in southeastern Spain (n = 420). Questions about ODT and methods of receiving information were analyzed using a questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 21.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, United States). Descriptive analyses were performed with a Student t test and χ2 test. RESULTS: The questionnaire completion rate was 84% (n = 351). People aged > 65 years received information about ODT, mainly positive, from the television (82%), followed by films (35%), the radio (30%), the press (26%), family (26%), and friends (17%). Receiving information through one of the following sources was associated with a more favorable attitude toward organ donation: the family (76% vs 45%; P < .001), friends (77% vs 48%; P = .01), and the press (62% vs 49%; P = .034). CONCLUSIONS: Older people mainly receive information about ODT from the mass media. However, social and family circles have the greatest influence on their attitudes toward organ donation.

14.
Transplant Proc ; 52(2): 500-502, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Living donation is a potential source of organs that could help to reduce the organ transplant deficit. Given that we have a worldwide aging population, it is important to assess the opinion of older people toward this type of donation. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the attitude of people aged > 65 years toward living kidney donation (LKD) and living liver donation (LLD) and to investigate the variables affecting their attitudes. METHODS: A multicentric study was carried out using a representative sample of people > 65 years stratified by sex and geographic location in southeastern Spain (n = 420). The measurement instrument was a validated questionnaire about LKD and LLD. Statistics were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, United States) software. Descriptive analysis was carried out using Student t test, χ2 test, and a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The questionnaire completion rate was 84% (n = 351) with 88% (n = 310) in favor of LKD, and 89% (n = 311) in favor of LLD. Favorable attitude decreased to 3% when the donation under consideration was unrelated. Attitudes toward LKD and LLD were associated with having received information from the television (P = .016 and P = .045) and from friends (P = .017 and P = .03); accepting an autopsy after death (P = .001 and P = .002); and not being worried about scars (P = .015 and P = .044). In the multivariate analysis, the following variables continued to be significant: having received information from the television (odds ratio [OR], 2) and from friends (OR, 10.3); and the acceptance of an autopsy (OR, 2). CONCLUSIONS: Older people are in favor of both LKD and LLD, assuming it is a related donation. In addition, the information the elderly population receives regarding organ donation and transplantation affects their attitudes.

16.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227789, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995815

RESUMO

100 Ma sweat bee nests reported herein are the oldest evidence of crown bees. A new phylogeny for short-tongued bees, calibrated with these nests dated with 40Ar/39Ar, attests for the first time for a late Albian rapid diversification of bees along with angiosperms. Such hypothesis lacked paleontological support until this study. The new ichnospecies Cellicalichnus krausei, which was found along with wasp trace fossils and new beetle trace fossils in the Castillo Formation of Patagonia, represents typical Halictini nests composed of sessile cells that are attached to main tunnels. According to geological, paleosol, paleobotanical, and ichnological data, bees, and angiosperms cohabited in an inland and dry environment comparable to an open dry woodland or savanna, under warm-temperate and semiarid-subhumid climate, in the Southern Hemisphere by the Albian.

18.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974058

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic humerus fractures are infrequent and sometimes difficult to treat. There is limited literature and no consensus on the handling of these fractures. The objective of this study was to compare our results with those published in the literature, in order to improve our care and propose a management algorithm. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Observational study of 10cases of periprosthetic humerus fractures with a mean follow-up of the patients of 23months. An analysis of sociodemographic, radiological and surgical variables was performed. They were reviewed clinically and by telephone using the UCLA Shoulder Score and Quick-DASH scales. A systematic search was made in Pubmed for periprosthetic humerus fractures, for a literature review with which to compare our series. RESULTS: We analysed 10patients with an average age of 69.4years (37-91). Of the patients, 90% underwent surgery through open reduction and internal fixation. Nine of the ten patients consolidated in a mean time of 6.2months (range 5-12), the remaining suffered a new fracture 5months after the intervention, who were reoperated and a new osteosynthesis performed with bone allograft. In the UCLA scale there was a decrease of 10.66points, and an increase of 27.3points in the Quick-DASH, at the end of the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In our series of cases we found similarities in the literature, in relation to demographic aspects and obtaining good radiographic results, which do not correspond to the functional outcome of patients.

19.
Neuroscience ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954828

RESUMO

The use of antibodies to identify neuronal receptors, neurotransmitters, cytoskeletal elements or pathologic protein aggregates, ion channels, adhesion molecules or other cell-type specific markers, is common practice in neuroscience. Antibody detection systems are often based on confocal, epifluorescence or brightfield microscopy. Three types of technical issues can interfere with immunolabeling: low abundance of the target protein, low specific affinity of the antibody and/or signal background sometimes related to tissue fixation. Here, giving tribute to Professor Miledi's mentorship, we propose the application of an antibody signal enhancer (ASE) solution based on glycine, hydrogen peroxide and a detergent mix as a simple, low cost, protocol variation that significantly and specifically improves the signal to noise ratio during immunostaining experiments. We describe three new settings in which ASE improves the detection of a variety of antibodies applied on long-time stored non-human primate brain sections, cell culture monolayers and on squamous carcinomas retrieved from cervical cancer patients. The significant improvement of ASE over optimized immunohistochemical protocols used in clinical practice (i.e. cancer detection) combined with its simplicity and low cost makes it an attractive method for biomedical applications.

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