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1.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 58(10): 689-697, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994215

RESUMO

The karyotype is a strong independent prognostic factor in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Since the implementation of the new comprehensive cytogenetic scoring system for MDS, chromosome 7 anomalies are no longer generally assigned to poor risk features but are thoroughly separated. However, der(1;7)(q10;p10), hereinafter der(1;7), is merged into the group labeled "any other single" and belongs to the intermediate risk group, just by definition due to lack of adequate clinical data. The aim of our international collaborative was to clarify the "real" prognostic impact of der(1;7) on a homogenous and well-documented data base. We performed detailed analysis of 63 MDS patients with isolated der(1;7) constituting the largest cohort hitherto reported. Furthermore, clinical data are compared with those of patients with isolated del(7q) and isolated monosomy 7. Median overall survival (OS) of patients with der(1;7) is 26 months (hazard ratio (HR) 0.91 for del(7q) vs der(1;7) and 2.53 for monosomy 7 vs der(1;7)). The der(1;7) is associated with profound thrombocytopenia most probably causing the reduced OS which is in striking contrast to the low risk for AML transformation (HR 3.89 for del(7q) vs der(1;7) and 5.88 for monosomy 7 vs der(1;7)). Molecular karyotyping indicates that der(1;7) is generated in a single step during mitosis and that a chromosomal imbalance rather than a single disrupted gene accounts for malignancy. Thus, the current cytogenetic scoring system assigning isolated der(1;7) to the intermediate risk group is now confirmed by a sufficient data set.

2.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 18(6): e1323-e1337, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30100104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most effective chemotherapies for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is nab-paclitaxel (nab-P), which is approved for treatment of MBC after failure of first-line therapy and when anthracyclines are not indicated. Randomized clinical trials have shown high efficacy and acceptable toxicity. Real-world data of nab-P in MBC, however, are still limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The prospective multicenter noninterventional study NABUCCO collected data on the routine treatment of patients with MBC receiving nab-P in 128 sites across Germany. The primary objective was time to progression. Secondary objectives were overall response rate, overall survival, safety, and quality of life. RESULTS: Between April 2012 and April 2015, a total of 705 patients with MBC at 128 active sites had been enrolled. A total of 697 patients had evaluable data with a median follow-up of 17.7 months. Median time to progression was 5.9 months (95% confidence interval, 5.6-6.4), overall response rate was 37.2%, and median overall survival was 15.6 months (95% confidence interval, 14.2-17.2). The results were similar in patients aged < 65 versus ≥ 65 years as well as in patients who received nab-P on a weekly or a triweekly schedule. The most frequently reported grade 3/4 adverse events were leukopenia (55, 7.9%), peripheral sensory neuropathy (30, 4.3%), and infections (29, 4.2%). Patients reported no apparent treatment-related impact on global quality of life. CONCLUSION: The results of the NABUCCO study confirm the clinical trial outcomes and the favorable safety profile of nab-P in patients with metastatic breast cancer in a real-world setting.

3.
Blood ; 114(16): 3382-91, 2009 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19605849

RESUMO

Although chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a disease of elderly patients, subjects older than 65 years are heavily underrepresented in clinical trials. The German CLL study group (GCLLSG) initiated a multicenter phase III trial for CLL patients older than 65 years comparing first-line therapy with fludarabine with chlorambucil. A total of 193 patients with a median age of 70 years were randomized to receive fludarabine (25 mg/m(2) for 5 days intravenously, every 28 days, for 6 courses) or chlorambucil (0.4 mg/kg body weight [BW] with an increase to 0.8 mg/kg, every 15 days, for 12 months). Fludarabine resulted in a significantly higher overall and complete remission rate (72% vs 51%, P = .003; 7% vs 0%, P = .011). Time to treatment failure was significantly shorter in the chlorambucil arm (11 vs 18 months; P = .004), but no difference in progression-free survival time was observed (19 months with fludarabine, 18 months with chlorambucil; P = .7). Moreover, fludarabine did not increase the overall survival time (46 months in the fludarabine vs 64 months in the chlorambucil arm; P = .15). Taken together, the results suggest that in elderly CLL patients the first-line therapy with fludarabine alone does not result in a major clinical benefit compared with chlorambucil. This trial is registered with www.isrctn.org under identifier ISRCTN 36294212.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Clorambucila/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem
4.
J Clin Oncol ; 27(24): 3994-4001, 2009 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19597025

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The phase II CLL2H trial evaluated safety and efficacy of subcutaneous alemtuzumab in patients with fludarabine-refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Clinical and biologic markers were evaluated for their impacts on outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred nine patients were enrolled, and 103 received at least one dose of alemtuzumab. After dose escalation, alemtuzumab was administered subcutaneously at 30 mg three times weekly for up to 12 weeks. Response was assessed every 4 weeks during treatment and quarterly thereafter. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 34% (complete response, 4%; partial response, 30%). The median progression-free survival was 7.7 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was 19.1 months. Grades 3 to 4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia occurred in 56%, 57%, and 49% of patients, respectively. Grades 3 to 4 noncytomegalovirus and cytomegalovirus infections occurred in 29% and 8% of patients, respectively. Injection-site skin reactions were generally mild. Efficacy did not vary significantly in subgroups defined by genetic parameters (in particular, in 17p deletion, 11q deletion, mutated TP53, and unmutated VH), but efficacy was inferior in patients with increased beta2-microglobulin (beta2-MG) and thymidine kinase (TK). In multivariate analysis of clinical and biologic variables, age, performance status, beta2-MG, and TK were independent prognostic factors for OS. CONCLUSION: Subcutaneous alemtuzumab appears as effective and safe as intravenous alemtuzumab in fludarabine-refractory CLL. Subcutaneous administration should be the preferred delivery route because of its efficacy, convenience, improved adverse effect profile, and cost savings. In contrast to chemotherapy-based therapy, alemtuzumab treatment overcomes the adverse prognostic impact of VH mutation status, TP53 mutation, and genomic aberrations.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alemtuzumab , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
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