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1.
Front Oncol ; 11: 787835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900742

RESUMO

Background: Thyroid hormone impairment, represented as an alteration in levels of thyroid hormones and a lower fT3/fT4 ratio, has been correlated with a worse prognosis for both cancer and non-cancer patients. The role of baseline thyroid function in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) however, has not been studied yet. Materials and Methods: We recorded clinical data, baseline biochemical results, and oncological outcomes from 10 Oncology Units in Italy. We stratified patients into three groups according to the fT3/fT4 ratio value and subsequently analyzed differences in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in the three groups. We also performed univariate and multivariate analyses to find prognostic factors for PFS and OS. Results: We analyzed 134 patients treated with systemic treatment for mRCC. Median PFS in the low, intermediate, and high fT3/fT4 ratio group were 7.5, 12.1, and 21.7 months respectively (p<0.001); median OS in the three groups were 36.5, 48.6, and 70.5 months respectively (p =0.006). The low fT3/fT4 ratio maintained its prognostic role at the multivariate analysis independently from IMDC and other well-established prognostic factors. The development of iatrogenic hypothyroidism was not associated with a better outcome. Conclusion: We found that baseline thyroid hormone impairment, represented by a low fT3/fT4 ratio, is a strong prognostic factor in patients treated for mRCC in first line setting and is independent of other parameters currently used in clinical practice.

2.
Tumori ; 107(6): NP131-NP135, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696653

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Xp11.2 translocation is a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), identified as a single entity only from 2004 by World Health Organization (WHO). These tumors involve pediatric age group and rarely patients over 40 years old. Children show indolent disease; adult population has invasive tumor at diagnosis with rapid progression. CASE REPORT: We describe a case report of a young woman affected by metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma with Xp11.2 translocation. She achieved a longer stable disease (SD) to first line treatment with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab, obtaining a progression free survival (PFS) of 21 months. After she received cabozantinib, sunitinib and then sorafenib. CONCLUSIONS: The patient had an overall survival (OS) of 51 months, which is much higher than that reported in literature data. Unfortunately, the biology of Xp11.2 translocation RCC and its therapeutic management are still unclear.

3.
Immunotherapy ; 13(18): 1501-1519, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670403

RESUMO

Background: Immunotherapy changed the landscape of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Efforts were made to implement its action. This study aims to describe body composition, nutritional and inflammatory status in NSCLC patients treated by first-line immunotherapy, their correlation, variation and impact. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 44 consecutive patients who received pembrolizumab treatment. Results: During the therapy, inflammation and visceral fat increased, whereas muscle and subcutaneous fat decreased. Parameters related to inflammation had an interesting prognostic impact. High numbers of white blood cells remained significantly correlated with a high risk of death in multivariate model. Conclusion: For the best treatment choice, a combination of clinical and biological factors will be most likely be necessary. Prospective and larger studies with a multidimensional approach are needed.

4.
Eur J Cancer ; 155: 56-63, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical data suggest that docetaxel and enzalutamide interfere with androgen receptor translocation and signalling. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of their concurrent administration in the first-line treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, phase II trial, previously untreated mCRPC patients were randomised 1:1 to receive eight 21-d courses of docetaxel 75 mg/m2, oral prednisone 5 mg twice daily and oral enzalutamide 160 mg/d (arm DE), or the same treatment without enzalutamide (arm D). The primary end-point was the percentage of patients without investigator-assessed disease progression 6 months after the first docetaxel administration. RESULTS: The 246 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel, prednisone and enzalutamide (n = 120) or docetaxel and prednisone (n = 126). The 6-month progression rate was 12.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.1-20.6) in arm DE and 27.8% (95% CI 22.8-39.4) in arm D (chi-squared test 10.01; P = 0.002). The most frequent grade III-IV adverse events were fatigue (12.5% in arm DE versus 5.6% in arm D), febrile neutropenia (9.3% versus 4.0%) and neutropenia (7.6% versus 5.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of enzalutamide and docetaxel appears to be more clinically beneficial than docetaxel alone in previously untreated mCRPC patients, although serious adverse events were more frequent. Our findings suggest that first-line treatment with this combination could lead to an additional clinical benefit when prompt and prolonged disease control is simultaneously required. Clearly, these results should be considered cautiously because of the study's phase II design and the absence of an overall survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: EudraCT 2014-000175-43 - NCT02453009.

5.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; 21(11): 1183-1192, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424125

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In the last decade, there have been substantial changes in the management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) with combined regimens with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) replacing targeted therapies. These combined regimens include the combination of cabozantinib plus nivolumab. AREAS COVERED: Here, we provide an overview of clinical trials evaluating the combination of cabozantinib and nivolumab and the current clinical data on mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety profile. EXPERT OPINION: Dual immune checkpoint inhibition with nivolumab and ipilimumab as well as the combination of a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor and an immune checkpoint inhibitor have shown to improve outcomes in phase III trials in comparison to sunitinib (axitinib plus pembrolizumab, axitinib plus avelumab, bevacizumab plus atezolizumab, cabozantinib plus nivolumab, lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab). However, to date, there are no head-to-head trials comparing these new combination therapies and no biomarkers are available to guide the optimal choice of first line therapy.

6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1669, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723257

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors are used for treating patients with metastatic melanoma. Since the response to treatment is variable, biomarkers are urgently needed to identify patients who may benefit from such therapy. Here, we combine single-cell RNA-sequencing and multiparameter flow cytometry to assess changes in circulating CD8+ T cells in 28 patients with metastatic melanoma starting anti-PD-1 therapy, followed for 6 months: 17 responded to therapy, whilst 11 did not. Proportions of activated and proliferating CD8+ T cells and of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are significantly higher in responders, prior to and throughout therapy duration. MAIT cells from responders express higher level of CXCR4 and produce more granzyme B. In silico analysis support MAIT presence in the tumor microenvironment. Finally, patients with >1.7% of MAIT among peripheral CD8+ population show a better response to treatment. Our results thus suggest that MAIT cells may be considered a biomarker for patients responding to anti-PD-1 therapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Células T Invariantes Associadas à Mucosa/imunologia , Células T Invariantes Associadas à Mucosa/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Granzimas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo
7.
Tumori ; 107(6): NP33-NP36, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526000

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all tumors. Over the last decades, the prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has improved owing to the approval of several drugs such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immunotherapy. The median progression-free survival (PFS) does not exceed 8 months with the available drugs in pretreated patients with mRCC. We present a case of a patient with a long-term response to fourth-line treatment with cabozantinib. Our patient obtained a PFS of 33 months, which is much higher than that reported in literature.

8.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 94: 102157, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607461

RESUMO

A major breakthrough in cancer immunotherapy was the development of monoclonal antibodies targeting inhibitory immune checkpoint proteins. This approach demonstrated significant antitumor activity and efficacy in different cancer types, including metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). In the majority of patients, this drug is able to restore the patient's tumour-specific T-cell-mediated response thus improving both overall survival and objective response rate. However, a lack of clinical response occurs in a number of patients, raising questions about how to predict and increase the number of patients who receive long-term clinical benefit from immune checkpoint therapy or not. The aim of this review is to summarize available data about immune biomarkers in patients with mRCC treated with immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1/biossíntese , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/imunologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transcriptoma , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
Tumori ; 107(2): 100-109, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106117

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. Over 5200 new cases of this tumor are diagnosed yearly in Italy, resulting in more than 3600 deaths. In terms of molecular biology, five different ovarian cancer subtypes should be distinguished. METHOD: This article summarizes the evidence-based guidelines that the Italian Medical Oncology Association (AIOM) has developed with a multidisciplinary panel of experts, including pathologists, gynecologic oncologists, medical oncologists, and radiotherapists, with the support of methodologists, to help clinicians involved in the management of patients with ovarian cancer in their daily clinical practice. RESULTS: The most relevant randomized clinical trials regarding surgery, chemotherapy, and molecularly targeted agents (bevacizumab and PARP inhibitors) in early, advanced, and recurrent disease have been critically analyzed. The levels of evidence and strength of recommendation have been reported for any issue. CONCLUSION: Women with a clinical suspicion of ovarian cancer should be centralized in referral centers. The BRCA test should be requested for all women with nonmucinous and nonborderline tumors, regardless of age and family history. BRCA testing could be preferentially performed on neoplastic tissue. In the presence of a positive tumor test, a genetic test should always be performed on a blood sample to differentiate between germline mutations, which require counseling and genetic testing of family members, and somatic mutations.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos/métodos , Oncologia/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Pathology ; 53(2): 187-192, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032810

RESUMO

Epithelial ovarian neoplasms can be divided into three distinct clinicopathological groups: benign, malignant and borderline tumours. Borderline tumours are less aggressive than epithelial carcinomas, with an indolent clinical course and delayed recurrence. However, a subset of these cases can progress to malignancy and relapse, and death from recurrent disease can occasionally occur. Telomerase activation is a critical element in cellular immortalisation and cancer. The enzyme telomerase comprises a catalytic subunit (TERT) expressed in various types of cancers and regulated by promoter methylation mainly in epithelial tumours. The aim of this study was to investigate the promoter methylation status and the expression of TERT in 50 serous borderline tumours (SBTs) and their correlation with clinicopathological features and outcome. TERT methylation was analysed by bisulfite pyrosequencing and TERT expression by immunohistochemistry. Methylation of TERT promoter was only observed in four SBTs. A good correlation with immunostochemistry was found: nuclear positivity for TERT expression was observed in the methylated cases, whereas no expression was detected in unmethylated tumours. One of these patients had a recurrence after 7 years and another patient died from the disease. SBTs with hypomethylated tumours and absence of TERT expression showed a good clinical behaviour. Our study highlights the low presence of TERT methylation in SBTs, confirming that these tumours have a different biology than serous carcinomas. Furthermore, the concordance between TERT promoter methylation and TERT expression and their association with clinical outcomes leads to consider TERT alteration as a potential predictive biomarker for recurrence risk identifying patients who should undergo a careful and prolonged follow-up.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Telomerase , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/genética , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/metabolismo , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Metilação de DNA , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/genética , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Telomerase/genética , Telomerase/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Pathol ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144356

RESUMO

AIMS: According to The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), around 9% of bladder carcinomas usually show abnormalities of the murine double minute 2 (MDM2) gene, but a few studies have been investigated them. We profiled MDM2 gene amplification in a series of urothelial carcinomas (UC) considering the molecular subtypes and expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1). METHODS: 117 patients with muscle-invasive UC (pT2-3) without (N0) or with (N+) lymph-node metastases were revised. Only cases with availability of in toto specimens and follow-up were studied. Tissue microarray was built. p53, ER, RB1, GATA-3, CK20, CK5/6, CD44 and PD-L1 (clone sp263) immunoexpression was evaluated. Fluorescent in situ hybridisation was assessed by using the HER-2/neu, FGFR-3, CDKN2A and MDM2 probes. True (ratio 12q/CEP12 >2) MDM2 gene amplification was distinguished from polyploidy/gains (ratio <2, absolute copy number of MDM-2 >2). MDM2 and PD-L1 values were correlated to the TCGA molecular phenotypes. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: 6/50 (12%) cases (5 N0 and 1 N+) were amplified for MDM2 without matching to molecular phenotypes. Of 50, 14 (37%) cases expressed PD-L1 at 1% cut-off; 3/50 (9%) at >50% cut-off; of these, 2 cases on side of neoplasia among inflammatory cells. Only one out of six (17%) cases amplified for MDM2 showed expression (>50% cut-off) of PD-L1. MDM2 amplification was independent to all documented profiles (k test=0.3) and was prevalent in recurrent UC. CONCLUSION: MDM2 amplification has been seen in both PD-L1 positive and negative muscle-invasive bladder UC independently from the TCGA molecular phenotypes. MDM2 and PD-L1 might be assessed in order to predict a better response to combo/single targeted therapies.

12.
Eur J Cancer ; 140: 140-146, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are at increased risk of complicated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, but it is still unclear if the risk of mortality is influenced by cancer type or ongoing anti-cancer treatments. An interesting debate concerning the potential relationship between androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and SARS-CoV-2 infection has recently been opened in the case of prostate cancer (PC), and the aim of this multi-centre cohort study was to investigate the incidence and outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostrate cancer (mCRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients with mCRPC who developed SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recorded their baseline clinical characteristics, their history of PC and SARS-CoV-2 infection, and their oncological status and treatment at the time of infection. The primary study end point was the death rate and the possible impact of the patients' PC-related history and treatments on mortality. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 1433 patients with mCRPC attending the participating centres (2.3%) developed SARS-CoV-2 infection, 22 (64.7%) of whom were hospitalised. Most of the patients were symptomatic, the most frequent symptoms being fever (70.6%), dyspnoea (61.8%), cough (52.9%) and fatigue (38.2%). After a median follow-up of 21 days (interquartile range: 13-41), 13 patients had died (38.2%), 17 recovered (50.0%) and four (11.7%) were still infected. The number of treatments previously administered for mCRPC had a significant impact on mortality (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings contribute additional data to the current debate concerning the postulated protective role of ADT, which seems to be less in patients with metastatic PC.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias Ósseas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/virologia , COVID-19 , Terapia Combinada , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 18(6): 477-488, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy has brought clinical benefits to patients with metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC). Most patients tolerate immunotherapy but serious immune-related adverse events (irAEs) have been reported. Some studies indicate a correlation between irAEs and clinical response in other cancer types (eg, lung cancer and melanoma). For patients with mRCC, the impact of irAE on clinical outcome is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 167 patients with mRCC treated with nivolumab as standard of care between March 2017 and January 2018 in 16 Italian centers was performed. irAEs were assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.4.0. RESULTS: Any grade and grade 3/4 irAEs occurred in 46% and 8.9% of patients, respectively. The median time to appearance of irAEs was 10 weeks; 38.8% of patients required steroid treatment. The most common irAEs were cutaneous (33.7%) and gastrointestinal (23.3%). The median overall survival and progression-free survival were 20.13 and 7.86 months, respectively. Patients with irAEs showed a greater overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-0.63) and progression-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.29-0.66) benefit as well as better overall response rate (27.3% vs. 13.7%; odds ratio, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.03-5.44) and disease control rate (68.8% vs. 48%; odds ratio, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.23-4.67) if compared with those without irAEs. No correlation was found between steroid use and clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis revealed that the appearance of irAEs was associated with better outcomes in patients treated with nivolumab. This data may be limited by sample size and the retrospective nature of the study.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Target Oncol ; 15(4): 495-501, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis has been recognized as the most important factor for tumor invasion, proliferation, and progression in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). However, few clinical data are available regarding the efficacy of cabozantinib following immunotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of cabozantinib in patients previously treated with immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with mRCC who received cabozantinib immediately after nivolumab were included. The primary endpoint was to assess the outcome in terms of efficacy and activity. RESULTS: Eighty-four mRCC patients met the criteria to be included in the final analysis. After a median follow-up of 9.4 months, median overall survival was 17.3 months. According to the IMDC criteria, the rates of patients alive at 12 months in the good, intermediate, and poor prognostic groups were 100%, 74%, and 33%, respectively (p < 0.001). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11.5 months (95% CI 8.3-14.7); no difference was found based on duration of previous first-line therapy or nivolumab PFS. The overall response rate was 52%, stable disease was found as the best response in 25.3% and progressive disease in 22.7% of patients. Among the 35 patients with progressive disease on nivolumab, 26 (74.3%) patients showed complete/partial response or stable disease with cabozantinib as best response after nivolumab. The major limitations of this study are the retrospective nature and the short follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Cabozantinib was shown to be effective and active in patients previously receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors. Therefore, cabozantinib can be considered a valid therapeutic option for previously treated mRCC patients, irrespective of the type and duration of prior therapies.


Assuntos
Anilidas/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anilidas/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Masculino , Piridinas/farmacologia , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/farmacologia
16.
Front Immunol ; 11: 490, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265933

RESUMO

Novel treatments based upon the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors have an impressive efficacy in different types of cancer. Unfortunately, most patients do not derive benefit or lasting responses, and the reasons for the lack of therapeutic success are not known. Over the past two decades, a pressing need to deeply profile either the tumor microenvironment or cells responsible for the immune response has led investigators to integrate data obtained from traditional approaches with those obtained with new, more sophisticated, single-cell technologies, including high parameter flow cytometry, single-cell sequencing and high resolution imaging. The introduction and use of these technologies had, and still have a prominent impact in the field of cancer immunotherapy, allowing delving deeper into the molecular and cellular crosstalk between cancer and immune system, and fostering the identification of predictive biomarkers of response. In this review, besides the molecular and cellular cancer-immune system interactions, we are discussing how cutting-edge single-cell approaches are helping to point out the heterogeneity of immune cells in the tumor microenvironment and in blood.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Sistema Imunitário/citologia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Monitorização Imunológica/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/imunologia , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Análise de Célula Única
17.
Immunotherapy ; 12(2): 151-159, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32089035

RESUMO

Aim: INVIDIa was a retrospective, multicenter study, exploring the clinical efficacy of influenza vaccine in 300 cancer patients undergoing immunotherapy. Overall survival (OS) was immature at the initial report. Methods: We reported the final OS analysis from the original study population and within subgroups. Results: Both at the univariate and multivariate analysis, the occurrence of influenza syndrome (IS) was significantly related to better OS in the overall population (OR: 0.53 [95% CI: 0.32-0.88]; p = 0.01). In the lung cancer subgroup, receiving flu vaccine and/or developing IS was related to better OS (p = 0.04). Within elderly patients, the flu vaccine was the main variable for the relative OS advantage (p = 0.05). Conclusion: Receiving the flu vaccine and/or developing IS was related to better OS within the INVIDIa population.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana/complicações , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Itália , Masculino , Neoplasias/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Síndrome
19.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 142: 141-152, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401421

RESUMO

Knowledge about molecular mechanisms driving development and progression of renal cell carcinoma has been elucidated by different studies. In few years we discovered a large difference between genomic landscapes of clear cell and non-clear cell carcinoma. Moreover, tumor heterogeneity and different acquisition of gene mutations during tumor progression are issues of particular interest. In this review we focalized our attention on principal genomic alterations identified among RCC subtypes. Acquired gene mutations may be an adaptive response to several external pressure including metabolic, treatment, genomic and immune-related external pressure. Thus we correlated and discussed principal genomic alterations adopted by tumor to escape from each external pressures. The aim of the present work is to summarize current knowledge about genomic alterations in RCC with special interest of treatment strategies tailored on the basis of disease mutations assessment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Mutação , Medicina de Precisão , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Genômica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética
20.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(13): 3839-3846, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967420

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Inflammation indexes and body mass index (BMI) are easily evaluated, predict survival, and are potentially modifiable. We evaluated the potential association of inflammatory indexes and BMI with the clinical outcome of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) undergoing immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A prospective cohort of patients with metastatic RCC treated with nivolumab enrolled in the Italian Expanded Access Program from July 2015 through April 2016 was examined. Reference measures of inflammation were identified for neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR)

Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Índice de Massa Corporal , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nivolumabe/farmacologia , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
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