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1.
Cardiol Clin ; 39(1): 143-150, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222809

RESUMO

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cardiac condition and highly heterogeneous. Echocardiography and genetic and clinical screening have led to detection in women of childbearing age. Maternal and fetal outcomes among women with HCM are favorable. Genetic counseling is recommended. Prepregnancy clinical evaluation and risk assessment are paramount in ensuring optimal outcomes. Most women carry moderate risk of morbidity, have clinical evaluations and echocardiography each trimester, and deliver vaginally. Those who are symptomatic or have significant left ventricular outflow obstruction or recurrent arrhythmias prior to pregnancy are at higher risk and should be monitored at least monthly.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284039

RESUMO

Background - The impact of sex on phenotypic expression in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has not been well characterized in genotyped cohorts. Methods - Retrospective cohort study from an international registry of patients receiving care at experienced HCM centers. Sex-based differences in baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes were assessed. Results - Of 5,873 patients (3,788 genotyped), 2,226 (37.9%) were women. At baseline, women were older (49.0±19.9 vs. 42.9±18.4 years, p<0.001) and more likely to have pathogenic/likely-pathogenic sarcomeric variants (SARC+; 51% vs 43%, p<0.001) despite equivalent utilization of genetic testing. Age at diagnosis varied by sex and genotype despite similar distribution of causal genes. Women were 3.6 to 7.1 years older at diagnosis (p<0.02) except for patients with MYH7 variants where age at diagnosis was comparable for women and men (n=492; 34.8±19.2 vs 33.3±16.8 years, p=0.39). Over 7.7 median years of follow up, NYHA III-IV heart failure (HF) was more common in women (HR 1.87, CI 1.48-2.36, p<0.001), after controlling for their higher burden of symptoms and outflow tract obstruction at baseline, reduced ejection fraction, SARC+, age and hypertension. All-cause mortality was increased in women (HR 1.50, CI 1.13-1.99, p<0.01), but neither ICD utilization nor ventricular arrhythmia varied by sex. Conclusions - In HCM, women are older at diagnosis, partly modified by genetic substrate. Regardless of genotype, women were at higher risk of mortality and developing severe HF symptoms. This points to a sex-effect on long-term myocardial performance in HCM, which should be investigated further.

3.
J Patient Rep Outcomes ; 4(1): 102, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder defined by left ventricular hypertrophy that cannot be explained by another cardiac or systemic disease. There is a general lack of knowledge about patients' perspectives on the symptoms and day-to-day limitations they experience as a result of HCM. We therefore sought an in-depth understanding of patients' experiences of obstructive (oHCM) and nonobstructive (nHCM) forms of the disease, including symptoms and their quality of life impacts, and to develop a conceptual model to capture them. METHODS: Development of the HCM conceptual model involved a web-based survey to capture patients' insights, a targeted literature review (which included relevant guidelines and patient advocacy websites), one-to-one interviews with clinical experts, and one-to-one qualitative concept elicitation interviews with patients. Key symptoms and their impacts most important to patients' experiences were identified and used to develop a conceptual model of the patient experience with HCM. RESULTS: The HCM symptoms reported by patient interviewees (n = 27) were largely consistent with findings from the patient web survey (n = 444), literature review, and interviews with three expert clinicians. The symptoms most commonly reported in patient interviews included tiredness (89%), shortness of breath (89%), shortness of breath with physical activity (89%), and dizziness/light-headedness (89%). Other symptoms commonly reported included chest pain (angina) (70%), chest pain (angina) with physical exertion (70%), and palpitations (fluttering or rapid heartbeat) (81%). The most commonly reported impacts of HCM symptoms on patients' lives included limitations to physical activities (78%), emotional impacts, including feeling anxious or depressed (78%), and impacts on work (63%). Symptoms and impacts were similar for both oHCM and nHCM. CONCLUSIONS: A conceptual model was developed, which identifies the core symptoms that patients with oHCM and nHCM reported as most frequent and most important: shortness of breath, palpitations, fatigue/tiredness, dizziness/light-headedness, and chest pain, as well as the impacts those symptoms have on patients' lives. This HCM conceptual model reflecting patients' experiences and perspectives was used in the development of a patient-reported outcomes instrument for use in clinical trials and it may also help inform the clinical management of HCM.

5.
Lancet ; 396(10253): 759-769, 2020 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac muscle hypercontractility is a key pathophysiological abnormality in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and a major determinant of dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Available pharmacological options for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are inadequate or poorly tolerated and are not disease-specific. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of mavacamten, a first-in-class cardiac myosin inhibitor, in symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: In this phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (EXPLORER-HCM) in 68 clinical cardiovascular centres in 13 countries, patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with an LVOT gradient of 50 mm Hg or greater and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-III symptoms were assigned (1:1) to receive mavacamten (starting at 5 mg) or placebo for 30 weeks. Visits for assessment of patient status occurred every 2-4 weeks. Serial evaluations included echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, and blood collection for laboratory tests and mavacamten plasma concentration. The primary endpoint was a 1·5 mL/kg per min or greater increase in peak oxygen consumption (pVO2) and at least one NYHA class reduction or a 3·0 mL/kg per min or greater pVO2 increase without NYHA class worsening. Secondary endpoints assessed changes in post-exercise LVOT gradient, pVO2, NYHA class, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-Clinical Summary Score (KCCQ-CSS), and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Symptom Questionnaire Shortness-of-Breath subscore (HCMSQ-SoB). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03470545. FINDINGS: Between May 30, 2018, and July 12, 2019, 429 adults were assessed for eligibility, of whom 251 (59%) were enrolled and randomly assigned to mavacamten (n=123 [49%]) or placebo (n=128 [51%]). 45 (37%) of 123 patients on mavacamten versus 22 (17%) of 128 on placebo met the primary endpoint (difference +19·4%, 95% CI 8·7 to 30·1; p=0·0005). Patients on mavacamten had greater reductions than those on placebo in post-exercise LVOT gradient (-36 mm Hg, 95% CI -43·2 to -28·1; p<0·0001), greater increase in pVO2 (+1·4 mL/kg per min, 0·6 to 2·1; p=0·0006), and improved symptom scores (KCCQ-CSS +9·1, 5·5 to 12·7; HCMSQ-SoB -1·8, -2·4 to -1·2; p<0·0001). 34% more patients in the mavacamten group improved by at least one NYHA class (80 of 123 patients in the mavacamten group vs 40 of 128 patients in the placebo group; 95% CI 22·2 to 45·4; p<0·0001). Safety and tolerability were similar to placebo. Treatment-emergent adverse events were generally mild. One patient died by sudden death in the placebo group. INTERPRETATION: Treatment with mavacamten improved exercise capacity, LVOT obstruction, NYHA functional class, and health status in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The results of this pivotal trial highlight the benefits of disease-specific treatment for this condition. FUNDING: MyoKardia.


Assuntos
Benzilaminas/uso terapêutico , Miosinas Cardíacas/antagonistas & inibidores , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Uracila/análogos & derivados , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Benzilaminas/efeitos adversos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Uracila/efeitos adversos , Uracila/uso terapêutico
6.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 13(5): 396-405, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathogenic variants in MYBPC3, encoding cardiac MyBP-C (myosin binding protein C), are the most common cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A large number of unique MYBPC3 variants and relatively small genotyped hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cohorts have precluded detailed genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and MYBPC3 variants were identified from the Sarcomeric Human Cardiomyopathy Registry. Variant types and locations were analyzed, morphological severity was assessed, and time-event analysis was performed (composite clinical outcome of sudden death, class III/IV heart failure, left ventricular assist device/transplant, atrial fibrillation). For selected missense variants falling in enriched domains, myofilament localization and degradation rates were measured in vitro. RESULTS: Among 4756 genotyped patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Sarcomeric Human Cardiomyopathy Registry, 1316 patients were identified with adjudicated pathogenic truncating (N=234 unique variants, 1047 patients) or nontruncating (N=22 unique variants, 191 patients) variants in MYBPC3. Truncating variants were evenly dispersed throughout the gene, and hypertrophy severity and outcomes were not associated with variant location (grouped by 5'-3' quartiles or by founder variant subgroup). Nontruncating pathogenic variants clustered in the C3, C6, and C10 domains (18 of 22, 82%, P<0.001 versus Genome Aggregation Database common variants) and were associated with similar hypertrophy severity and adverse event rates as observed with truncating variants. MyBP-C with variants in the C3, C6, and C10 domains was expressed in rat ventricular myocytes. C10 mutant MyBP-C failed to incorporate into myofilaments and degradation rates were accelerated by ≈90%, while C3 and C6 mutant MyBP-C incorporated normally with degradation rate similar to wild-type. CONCLUSIONS: Truncating variants account for 91% of MYBPC3 pathogenic variants and cause similar clinical severity and outcomes regardless of location, consistent with locus-independent loss-of-function. Nontruncating MYBPC3 pathogenic variants are regionally clustered, and a subset also cause loss of function through failure of myofilament incorporation and rapid degradation. Cardiac morphology and clinical outcomes are similar in patients with truncating versus nontruncating variants.

7.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) during pregnancy prevents vertical transmission, but many antiretrovirals cross the placenta and several can affect mitochondria. Exposure to maternal HIV and/or cART could have long-term effects on children HIV-exposed uninfected (CHEU). Our objective was to compare blood mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content in CHEU and children HIV-unexposed uninfected (CHUU), at birth and in early life. METHODS: Birth and early life (0-3y) whole blood mtDNA content was compared cross-sectionally between CHEU and CHUU children. Longitudinal changes in CHEU mtDNA content was also evaluated. RESULTS: At birth, CHEU status and lower gestational age were associated with higher mtDNA content. These remained independently associated with mtDNA content in multivariable analyses, whether considering all infants, or only those born at term. Longitudinally, CHEU mtDNA levels remained unchanged during the first six months of life, and gradually declined thereafter. A separate age and sex-matched cross-sectional analysis (n=214CHEU:214CHUU) illustrates that the difference in mtDNA between the groups remains detectable throughout the first 3 years of life. CONCLUSION: The persistently elevated blood mtDNA content observed among CHEU represents a long-term effect, possibly resulting from in utero stresses related to maternal HIV and/or cART. The clinical impact of altered mtDNA levels is unclear.

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(21): 2649-2660, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (nHCM) often experience a high burden of symptoms; however, there are no proven pharmacological therapies. By altering the contractile mechanics of the cardiomyocyte, myosin inhibitors have the potential to modify pathophysiology and improve symptoms associated with HCM. OBJECTIVES: MAVERICK-HCM (Mavacamten in Adults With Symptomatic Non-Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) explored the safety and efficacy of mavacamten, a first-in-class reversible inhibitor of cardiac-specific myosin, in nHCM. METHODS: The MAVERICK-HCM trial was a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging phase II study in adults with symptomatic nHCM (New York Heart Association functional class II/III), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥55%, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) ≥300 pg/ml. Participants were randomized 1:1:1 to mavacamten at a pharmacokinetic-adjusted dose (targeting plasma levels of 200 or 500 ng/ml), or placebo for 16 weeks, followed by an 8-week washout. Initial dose was 5 mg daily with 1 dose titration at week 6. RESULTS: Fifty-nine participants were randomized (19, 21, 19 patients to 200 ng/ml, 500 ng/ml, placebo, respectively). Their mean age was 54 years, and 58% were women. Serious adverse events occurred in 10% of participants on mavacamten and in 21% participants on placebo. Five participants on mavacamten had reversible reduction in LVEF ≤45%. NT-proBNP geometric mean decreased by 53% in the pooled mavacamten group versus 1% in the placebo group, with geometric mean differences of -435 and -6 pg/ml, respectively (p = 0.0005). Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) geometric mean decreased by 34% in the pooled mavacamten group versus a 4% increase in the placebo group, with geometric mean differences of -0.008 and 0.001 ng/ml, respectively (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Mavacamten, a novel myosin inhibitor, was well tolerated in most subjects with symptomatic nHCM. Furthermore, treatment was associated with a significant reduction in NT-proBNP and cTnI, suggesting improvement in myocardial wall stress. These results set the stage for future studies of mavacamten in this patient population using clinical parameters, including LVEF, to guide dosing. (A Phase 2 Study of Mavacamten in Adults With Symptomatic Non-Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy [MAVERICK-HCM]; NCT03442764).

9.
Circulation ; 141(17): 1371-1383, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The term "end stage" has been used to describe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD), defined as occurring when left ventricular ejection fraction is <50%. The prognosis of HCM-LVSD has reportedly been poor, but because of its relative rarity, the natural history remains incompletely characterized. METHODS: Data from 11 high-volume HCM specialty centers making up the international SHaRe Registry (Sarcomeric Human Cardiomyopathy Registry) were used to describe the natural history of patients with HCM-LVSD. Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify predictors of prognosis and incident development. RESULTS: From a cohort of 6793 patients with HCM, 553 (8%) met the criteria for HCM-LVSD. Overall, 75% of patients with HCM-LVSD experienced clinically relevant events, and 35% met the composite outcome (all-cause death [n=128], cardiac transplantation [n=55], or left ventricular assist device implantation [n=9]). After recognition of HCM-LVSD, the median time to composite outcome was 8.4 years. However, there was substantial individual variation in natural history. Significant predictors of the composite outcome included the presence of multiple pathogenic/likely pathogenic sarcomeric variants (hazard ratio [HR], 5.6 [95% CI, 2.3-13.5]), atrial fibrillation (HR, 2.6 [95% CI, 1.7-3.5]), and left ventricular ejection fraction <35% (HR, 2.0 [95% CI, 1.3-2.8]). The incidence of new HCM-LVSD was ≈7.5% over 15 years. Significant predictors of developing incident HCM-LVSD included greater left ventricular cavity size (HR, 1.1 [95% CI, 1.0-1.3] and wall thickness (HR, 1.3 [95% CI, 1.1-1.4]), left ventricular ejection fraction of 50% to 60% (HR, 1.8 [95% CI, 1.2, 2.8]-2.8 [95% CI, 1.8-4.2]) at baseline evaluation, the presence of late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (HR, 2.3 [95% CI, 1.0-4.9]), and the presence of a pathogenic/likely pathogenic sarcomeric variant, particularly in thin filament genes (HR, 1.5 [95% CI, 1.0-2.1] and 2.5 [95% CI, 1.2-5.1], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: HCM-LVSD affects ≈8% of patients with HCM. Although the natural history of HCM-LVSD was variable, 75% of patients experienced adverse events, including 35% experiencing a death equivalent an estimated median time of 8.4 years after developing systolic dysfunction. In addition to clinical features, genetic substrate appears to play a role in both prognosis (multiple sarcomeric variants) and the risk for incident development of HCM-LVSD (thin filament variants).

11.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 40(2): 108-115, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478921

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are limited data on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), following open repair for a proximal thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection. The aim was to evaluate serious adverse events, abnormal CPX event rate, CRF (peak oxygen uptake, (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak), and blood pressure. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively identified from cardiac rehabilitation participation or prospectively enrolled in a research study and grouped by phenotype: (1) bicuspid aortic valve/thoracic aortic aneurysm, (2) tricuspid aortic valve/thoracic aortic aneurysm, and (3) acute type A aortic dissection. RESULTS: Patients (n = 128) completed a CPX a median of 2.9 mo (interquartile range: 1.8, 3.5) following repair. No serious adverse events were reported, although 3 abnormal exercise tests (2% event rate) were observed. Eighty-one percent of CPX studies were considered peak effort (defined as respiratory exchange ratio of ≥1.05). Median measured (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak was <36% predicted normative values (19.2 mL·kgmin vs 29.3 mLkgmin, P < .0001); the most marked impairment in (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak was observed in the acute type A aortic dissection group (<40% normative values), which was significantly different from other groups (P < .05). Peak exercise systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 160 mm Hg (144, 172) and 70 mm Hg (62, 80), with no differences noted between groups. CONCLUSIONS: We observed no serious adverse events with an abnormal CPX event rate of only 2% 3 mo following repair for a proximal thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection. (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak was reduced among all patient groups, especially the acute type A aortic dissection group, which may be clinically significant, given the well-established prognostic importance of reduced cardiorespiratory fitness.

12.
Aging Cell ; 18(6): e13018, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407474

RESUMO

The gradual accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations is implicated in aging and may contribute to the accelerated aging phenotype seen with tobacco smoking and HIV infection. mtDNA mutations are thought to arise from oxidative damage; however, recent reports implicate polymerase γ errors during mtDNA replication. Investigations of somatic mtDNA mutations have been hampered by technical challenges in measuring low-frequency mutations. We use primer ID-based next-generation sequencing to quantify both somatic and heteroplasmic blood mtDNA point mutations within the D-loop, in 164 women and girls aged 2-72 years, of whom 35% were smokers and 56% were HIV-positive. Somatic mutations and the occurrence of heteroplasmic mutations increased with age. While transitions are theorized to result from polymerase γ errors, transversions are believed to arise from DNA oxidative damage. In our study, both transition and transversion mutations were associated with age. However, transition somatic mutations were more prevalent than transversions, and no heteroplasmic transversions were observed. We also measured elevated somatic mutations, but not heteroplasmy, in association with high peak HIV viremia. Conversely, heteroplasmy was higher among smokers, but somatic mutations were not, suggesting that smoking promotes the expansion of preexisting mutations rather than de novo mutations. Taken together, our results are consistent with blood mtDNA mutations increasing with age, inferring a greater contribution of polymerase γ errors in mtDNA mutagenesis. We further suggest that smoking and HIV infection both contribute to the accumulation of mtDNA mutations, though in different ways.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Infecções por HIV/genética , Mutação , Fumar/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0212273, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV-mediated inflammation and immune activation can accelerate telomere attrition. In addition, antiretrovirals can inhibit telomerase, possibly shortening telomeres. We examined the longitudinal dynamics of leukocyte telomere length (LTL) during pregnancy in a unique cohort of women living with HIV (WLWH) treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), and HIV-negative control women. METHODS: Blood was collected at three visits during pregnancy, at 13-23, >23-30, and >30-40 weeks of gestation, and for WLWH only, at 6 weeks post-partum. LTL was measured by qPCR and both cross-sectional and longitudinal (MANOVA) models were used to examine possible predictors of LTL among participants who attended all three visits during pregnancy. RESULTS: Among WLWH (n = 64) and HIV-negative women (n = 41), within participant LTL were correlated throughout pregnancy (p<0.001). LTL was shorter among WLWH at first visit, but this difference waned by the second visit. WLWH who discontinued cART post-partum experienced a decrease in LTL. Longitudinally, LTL was similar in both groups and increased as gestation progressed, a change that was more pronounced among women under 35 years. Among WLWH, both smoking throughout pregnancy (p = 0.04) and receiving a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor-based regimen (p = 0.03) were independently associated with shorter LTL. CONCLUSIONS: LTL increases as pregnancy progresses; the reasons for this are unknown but may relate to changes in blood volume, hormones, and/or cell subset distribution. While our observations need confirmation in an independent cohort, our data suggest that although some cART regimens may influence LTL, being on cART appears overall protective and that stopping cART post-partum may negatively impact LTL. The effect of smoking on LTL is clearly negative, stressing the importance of smoking cessation.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/genética , Encurtamento do Telômero/genética , Telômero/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Telomerase/genética , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 274: 226-231, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075967

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether abnormal blood pressure response (ABPR), with or without left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO), is associated with adverse heart failure and arrhythmia outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: A retrospective, single-center analysis was performed for adult HCM patients who underwent exercise stress testing. RESULTS: Of 589 patients included in the study, 192 (33%) demonstrated ABPR. A similar proportion of patients with ABPR had LVOTO compared to those without ABPR (56% vs 63%, p = 0.11). Patients with ABPR demonstrated lower percent predicted VO2 and METs achieved than those with LVOTO (16.9 ±â€¯6.8 vs 21.6 ±â€¯7.9, p = 0.002 and 5.3 ±â€¯2.4 vs 7.4 ±â€¯3.1, p < 0.001). In a subgroup of 17 patients with LVOTO and ABPR who subsequently underwent successful myectomy, 5 (30%) demonstrated persistent ABPR. 23 patients (3.8%) experienced sudden cardiac death or ventricular arrhythmias, which were not associated with ABPR, regardless of age group. In multivariable analysis, syncope (p = 0.04), left ventricular hypertrophy (p = 0.02) and left atrial diameter (p = 0.006) were significantly associated with the composite outcome of sudden death or severe ventricular arrhythmia, whereas ABPR was not (p = 0.38). In contrast, ABPR was associated with subsequent heart failure hospitalization (p = 0.002), regardless of presence or absence of LVOTO (p = 0.04, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: ABPR is associated with reduced functional capacity in HCM regardless of the presence of LVOTO but is not associated with adverse arrhythmia outcomes. Patients with ABPR have a higher incidence of subsequent heart failure hospitalization.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taquicardia Ventricular
18.
Genet Med ; 20(1): 69-75, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28640247

RESUMO

PurposeHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is considered a hereditary autosomal dominant condition, but genetic testing is positive in only half of patients. In patients with negative genetic tests, the inheritance pattern and utility of family screening are unclear.MethodsSubjects with HCM were prospectively enrolled in a registry. A survey at a median follow-up of 4 years determined the yield of family screening.ResultsThe outcome of cardiac screening on 267 family members was reported by 120 survey respondents. Subjects with positive genetic test or family history (n=74, 62%) reported an HCM diagnosis in 34 of 203 first-degree relatives who were screened (17%). Affected family members were diagnosed at a mean age of 30-39 years, and 22 of 34 experienced HCM-related adverse events (65%). Gene test-negative subjects with no prior family history of HCM (n=46, 38%) reported an HCM diagnosis in only 2 of 64 first-degree relatives who were screened (3%, p<0.001). These two individuals were diagnosed at age >40 years without HCM-related adverse events.ConclusionHypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heterogeneous disorder, only half of which tracks with a Mendelian inheritance pattern. Negative genetic testing and family history indicates a more complex genetic basis corresponding to low risk for family members.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Família , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Estudos de Associação Genética , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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