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1.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(49): 9474-9482, 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418025

RESUMO

In this study, a three-dimensional surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate comprised of silver coated gold nanorods (Ag/AuNRs) decorated on electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) fibers has been applied,  for the first time, to quantitative analytical measurements on various arsenic species: p-arsanilic acid ( pAsA), roxarsone (Rox), and arsenate (AsV), with a demonstrated sensitivity below 5 ppb. AsV detection in a solution of common salt ions has been demonstrated, showing the tolerance of the substrate to more complex environments. pAsA adsorption behavior on the substrate surface has been investigated in detail using these unique SERS substrates. Calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) support the spectral observation for pAsA. This substrate also has been shown to serve as a platform for in situ studies of arsenic desorption and reduction. This SERS substrate is potentially an excellent environmental sensor for both fundamental studies and practical applications.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(8): 085501, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28060770

RESUMO

The optical band gap, extracted from absorption measurements, defines the figure of merit for transparent conducting oxides (TCOs). In many oxides, such as [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text], inversion symmetry introduces a selection rule that blocks transitions from the valence-band maximum to the conduction-band minimum. This raises the absorption threshold and enlarges the optical gap relative to the fundamental band gap. Here, we present density-functional computations identifying two optical gaps, either of which can be detected, depending on the optical light intensity. Under strong illumination, weak transitions from [Formula: see text]-points near the valence-band maximum contribute significantly to the absorption spectrum and define an optical gap matching the fundamental gap. Low optical intensities by contrast give prominence to the large optical gap determined by the selection rule. While experimental conditions have favored observation of the former optical gap in [Formula: see text], in contrast, absorption measurements in [Formula: see text] have focused on the latter. Our findings explain the disparity between the optical and fundamental gaps in bixbyite [Formula: see text] and predict that, measured under low illumination, the optical gap for rutile [Formula: see text] will increase, from 3.60 eV to 4.34 eV.

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