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J Clin Immunol ; 37(8): 811-819, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29058101


PURPOSE: The dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency is an autosomal recessive-combined immunodeficiency whose clinical spectra include recurrent infections, autoimmunity, malignancies, elevated serum IgE, eczema, and food allergies. Here, we report on patients with loss of function DOCK8 mutations with profound immune dysregulation suggestive of an immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX)-like disorder. METHODS: Immunophenotyping of lymphocyte subpopulations and analysis of DOCK8 protein expression were evaluated by flow cytometry. T regulatory (Treg) cells were isolated by cell sorting, and their suppressive activity was analyzed by flow cytometry. Gene mutational analysis was performed by whole-exome and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Patient 1 (P1) presented at 10 months of age with chronic severe diarrhea and active colitis in the absence of an infectious trigger, severe eczema with elevated serum IgE, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia, suggestive of an IPEX-related disorder. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a homozygous nonsense mutation in DOCK8 at the DOCK-homology region (DHR)-1 (c.1498C>T; p. R500X). Patient P2, a cousin of P1 who carries the same DOCK8 nonsense mutation, presented with eczema and recurrent ear infections in early infancy, and she developed persistent diarrhea by 3 years of age. Patient P3 presented with lymphoproliferation, severe eczema with allergic dysregulation, and chronic diarrhea with colitis. She harbored a homozygous loss of function DOCK8 mutation (c.2402 -1G→A). Treg cell function was severely compromised by both DOCK8 mutations. CONCLUSION: DOCK8 deficiency may present severe immune dysregulation with features that may overlap with those of IPEX and other IPEX-like disorders.

Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/congênito , Diarreia/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/diagnóstico , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/genética , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/congênito , Infecção/diagnóstico , Mutação/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Anemia Hemolítica , Pré-Escolar , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/diagnóstico , Feminino , Genes Recessivos/genética , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente