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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400502

RESUMO

We performed a nationwide registry-based analysis to describe the clinical outcome of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) who underwent an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-based treatment A total of 441 patients were included in the study. The median age at HSCT was 44 years (range, 18 to 70 years). All 441 patients (100%) received TKI before HSCT (performed between 2005 and 2016). Of these 441 patients, 404 (92%) were in cytologic complete remission (CR), whereas the remaining 37 (8%) had active disease at the time of HSCT. Molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) was negative in 147 patients (36%) at the time of HSCT. The donor was unrelated in 46% of patients. The most prevalent source of stem cells was peripheral blood (70%). The conditioning regimen was myeloablative in 82% of cases (total body irradiation-based in 50%) and included antithymocyte globulin in 51% of patients. With a median follow-up after HSCT of 39.4 months (range, 1 to 145 months), the probability of overall survival (OS) at 1, 2, and 5 years was 69.6%, 61.1% and 50.3%, respectively, with a median OS of 62 months. Progression-free survival (PFS) at 1, 2, and 5 years was 60.2%, 52.1% and 43.7%, respectively. OS and PFS were significantly better in patients who were in CR and MRD-negative at the time of HSCT compared with patients who were in CR but MRD-positive (50% OS not reached versus 36 months; P = .015; 50% PFS not reached versus 26 months, P = .003). The subgroup of MRD-negative patients both at HSCT and at 3 months after HSCT had a better outcome (5-year OS, 70%). Conversely, the 37 patients who underwent a HSCT with active Ph+ ALL had a median OS of 7 months and a median PFS of 5 months. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse was significantly lower in MRD-negative patients (19.5% versus 35.4%; P = .001). Nonrelapse mortality (NRM) after 1, 2, and 5 years was 19.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 15.5% to 22.9%), 20.7% (95% CI, 17% to 24.7%), and 24.1% (95% CI, 20% to 28.5%), respectively. NRM was significantly lower with a modified European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (mEBMT) risk score of 0 to 2 compared with ≥3 (15% versus 25%; P = .016). The median OS for Ph+ ALL patients who underwent a TKI-based treatment followed by an allogeneic HSCT, in recent years at the GITMO centers, was 62 months. Evaluation of the mEBMT risk score can be useful to predict NRM. Our data confirm that HSCT is a potentially curative treatment for Ph+ ALL with an excellent outcome for the subgroup of MRD-negative patients both at HSCT and at 3 months after HSCT (5-year OS, 70%).

3.
Leukemia ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409921

RESUMO

Large differences in patient and transplant backgrounds make it difficult to identify consistent prognostic factors of unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) among different populations. Thus, we performed a collaborative study between Eurocord/ALWP-EBMT and JSHCT/JDCHCT. Adults with acute leukaemia who underwent a single UCBT were eligible. In total, 3764 and 1027 patients of the JSHCT/JDCHCT and Eurocord/ALWP-EBMT registries, respectively, were included. The median ages of the Japanese and European cohorts were 51 and 38 years, respectively. Three or more HLA mismatches were more frequently observed in the Japanese cohort. The median total nucleated cell (TNC) counts were 2.58 and 3.51 × 107/kg in the Japanese and European cohorts, respectively. Anti-thymocyte globulin was used in only 2% of the Japanese cohort compared with 65% of the European cohort. The 3-year overall survival (OS) was 41% in JSHCT/JDCHCT and 33% in Eurocord/ALWP-EBMT. In the multivariate analysis, TNC dose and HLA matching had no significant effect on OS in either cohort, whereas year of transplantation, age, and refined disease risk index affected OS in both cohorts. Despite considerable differences in characteristics between the Japanese and European cohorts, we observed similar prognostic factors affecting UCBT outcomes in adult patients with acute leukaemia in both registries.

4.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321678

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Haemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic transplantation (HSCT) is a condition characterized by diffuse inflammation and bleeding from the bladder mucosa. Treatment of HC is not standardized and clinical Guidelines are elusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravesical treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in patients with HC after allogenic HSCT. METHODS: Data from ten consecutive patients with BK virus-induced HC between 2013 and 2017 were collected. HC was classified into four grades. Inclusion criteria were (a) grade 3 or 4 BKV-induced HC after allogenic HSCT; (b) HC refractory to conservative therapy. All patients underwent transurethral cystoscopy and PRP treatment under general anaesthesia. RESULTS: Mean patients' age was 33.6 years. Four patients (40%) presented a grade 3 BKV-induced HC and six patients (60%) a grade 4. No intraoperative complications occurred. Postoperative complications were recorded in six patients: three patients required blood transfusion while three patients endovenous antibiotic therapy. Median time to catheter removal was 6 days (IQR 2-10). Median length of hospitalization was 35 days (IQR 6-73). At 30 days after surgery, a three-way catheter was repositioned in one patient for grade 4 haematuria, six patients had a complete response, and three a partial response. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary experience suggests that intravesical administration of PRP should be considered as a feasible and safe option for the treatment of BK-induced HC after HSCT. Future studies are needed to assess its potential value in other forms of haemorrhagic cystitis.

5.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0220055, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329628

RESUMO

Cryopreservation is the most common method for long-term cell storage. Successful cryopreservation of cells depends on optimal freezing conditions, freezer storage and a proper thawing technique to minimize the cellular damage that can occur during the cryopreservation process. These factors are especially critical for sensitive stem cells with a consequential and significant impact on viability and functionality. Until now, slow-freezing has been the routine method of cryopreservation but, more recently rapid-cooling techniques have also been proposed. In this study, an ultra-rapid cooling technique [1] was performed for the first time on human mesenchymal stem cells and the effectiveness evaluated in comparison with the conventional slow-freezing procedure. A thin nylon-membrane carrier was used combined with different cryoprotective agents: dimethyl sulfoxide, ethylene glycol and/or trehalose. Various aspects of the low cryoprotective doses and the ultra-rapid cooling procedure of the human mesenchymal stem cells were examined including: the physical properties of the nylon-support, cells encumbrance, viability, proliferation and differentiation. The expression of cell surface markers and apoptosis were also investigated. The study used an ultra-rapid cooling/warming method and showed an overall cell integrity preservation (83-99%), with no significant differences between dimethyl sulfoxide or ethylene glycol treatment (83-87%) and a substantial cell viability of 68% and 51%, respectively. We confirmed a discrepancy also observed by other authors in cell viability and integrity, which implies that caution is necessary when assessing and reporting cell viability data.

6.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1570, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333680

RESUMO

Background: This retrospective study assessed the use and long-term outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with severe autoimmune diseases (ADs), reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry. Methods: Between 1997 and 2014, 128 patients received allogeneic HSCT for various hematological (n = 49) and non-hematological (n = 79) refractory ADs. The median age was 12.7 years (0.2-62.2). Donors were syngeneic for seven, matched related for 46, unrelated for 51, haploidentical for 15, and cord blood for nine patients. Results: The incidence of grades II-IV acute graft-vs.-host disease (GvHD) was 20.8% at 100 days. Cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD was 27.8% at 5-years. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 12.7% at 100-days. Overall survival (OS) and Progression-Free Survival (PFS) were 70.2 and 59.4% at 5-years, respectively. By multivariate analysis, age <18 years, males, and more recent year of transplant were found to be significantly associated with improved PFS. Reduced conditioning intensity was associated with a lower NRM. On a subgroup of 64 patients with detailed information a complete clinical response was obtained in 67% of patients at 1-year. Conclusions: This large EBMT survey suggests the potential of allogeneic HSCT to induce long-term disease control in a large proportion of refractory ADs, with acceptable toxicities and NRM, especially in younger patients.

7.
Cancer ; 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a potential consolidation therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study was designed to develop a prediction model for leukemia-free survival (LFS) in a cohort of patients with de novo AML treated with ASCT during their first complete remission. METHODS: This was a registry study of 956 patients reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. The primary outcome was LFS. Multivariate Cox regression modeling with backward selection was used to select variables for the construction of the nomogram. The nomogram's performance was evaluated with discrimination (the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC]) and calibration. RESULTS: Age and cytogenetic risk (with or without FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication) were predictive of LFS and were used for the construction of the nomogram. Each factor in the nomogram was ascribed points according to its predictive weight. Through the calculation of the total score, the probability of LFS at 1, 3, and 5 years for each patient could be estimated. The discrimination of the nomogram, measured as the AUC, was 0.632 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.595-0.669), 0.670 (95% CI, 0.635-0.705), and 0.687 (95% CI, 0.650-0.724), respectively. Further validation with bootstrapping showed similar AUCs (0.629 [95% CI, 0.597-0.657], 0.667 [95% CI, 0.633-0.699], and 0.679 [95% CI, 0.647-0.712], respectively), and this suggested that the model was not overfitted. Calibration was excellent. Patients were stratified into 4 incremental 5-year prognostic groups, with the probabilities of LFS and overall survival ranging from 25% to 64% and from 33% to 79%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The Auto-AML nomogram score is a tool integrating individual prognostic factors to provide a probabilistic estimation of LFS after ASCT for patients with AML.

8.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(7): 933-942, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705338

RESUMO

Over the last 20 years, haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been used to treat patients with severe autoimmune and inflammatory diseases whose response to standard treatment options has been limited, resulting in a poor long-term prognosis in terms of survival or disability. The vast majority of patients have received autologous HSCT where an increasing evidence-base supports its use in a wide range of autoimmune diseases, particularly relapsing remitting MS, systemic sclerosis and Crohn's disease. Compared with standard treatments for autoimmune diseases, HSCT is associated with greater short-term risks, including a risk of treatment-related mortality and long-term complications. There is a need for a careful appraisal of potential benefits and risks by disease and transplant specialists working closely together with patients and carers to determine individual suitability for HSCT. HSCT should be conducted in accredited transplant centres with robust arrangements for long-term follow-up with both disease and transplant specialists. The aim of this open-access position statement is to provide plainly worded guidance for patients and non-specialist clinicians considering HSCT for an autoimmune disease, especially when treatment abroad is being considered. Recent technical publications in the field have been referenced to support the statement and provide more detail for clinicians advising patients.

9.
Eur J Neurol ; 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30414315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natalizumab (NTZ) is a highly effective treatment for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), but its withdrawal is often followed by disease reactivation or rebound, even if other disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) are administered. In this study, for the first time, safety and efficacy of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) performed following NTZ discontinuation was retrospectively compared with conventional DMTs. METHODS: Patients with RRMS treated with NTZ and who discontinued the drug after at least six administrations and with at least six months of follow-up were included. Patients underwent aHSCT after a minimum period of six months following NTZ withdrawal, receiving in the meanwhile cyclophosphamide or corticosteroids, or received other DMTs approved for MS (control group) after an adequate wash-out period. Both hematological and neurological follow-up were assessed according to standard policies. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included, 11 who received aHSCT and 41 DMTs. Baseline clinical and demographic characteristics were similar between the two groups. No fatality or life-threatening complications, including Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy, were observed. At three years following NTZ discontinuation no evidence of disease activity was reported in 54.5% of the patients in the aHSCT group compared to 11.5% of those in the DMT group (p=0.0212); disease reactivation in the aHSCT patients was observed only during wash-out/bridging therapy and after aHSCT 100% of the cases were free from disease activity. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that an aggressive therapy should be established after NTZ with the shortest possible wash-out period. AHSCT after six months from NTZ withdrawal seems safe. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
J Hematol Oncol ; 11(1): 110, 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thiotepa-busulfan-fludarabine (TBF) is a widely used conditioning regimen in single umbilical cord blood transplantation (SUCBT). More recently, it was introduced in the setting of non-T cell depleted haploidentical stem cell transplantation (NTD-Haplo). Whether TBF based conditioning provides additional benefit in transplantation from a particular alternative donor type remains to be established. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on an international European registry. We compared outcomes of de-novo acute myeloid leukemia patients in complete remission receiving NTD-Haplo (n = 186) vs. SUCBT (n = 147) following myeloablative conditioning (MAC) with TBF. Median follow-up was 23 months. Treatment groups resembled in baseline characteristics. RESULTS: SUCBT was associated with delayed engraftment and higher graft failure. In multivariate analysis no statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) (HR = 1.03, p = 0.92 or HR = 1.86, p = 0.21) and relapse incidence (HR = 0.8, p = 0.65). Non-relapse mortality (NRM) was significantly higher in SUCBT as compared to NTD-Haplo (HR = 2.63, p = 0.001); moreover, SUCBT did worse in terms of overall survival (HR = 2.18, p = 0.002), leukemia-free survival (HR = 1.94, p = 0.007), and GvHD relapse-free survival (HR = 2.38, p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that TBF-MAC might allow for a potent graft-versus-leukemia, regardless of the alternative donor type. Furthermore, in patients receiving TBF-MAC, survival with NTD-Haplo may be better compared to SUCBT due to decreased NRM.

11.
Cytotherapy ; 20(8): 1077-1088, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30093325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) are an advanced therapeutic medicinal product (ATMP) that has shown therapeutic activity in clinical trials but needs optimization. We developed a novel strategy using CIKs from banked cryopreserved cord blood units (CBUs) combined with bispecific antibody (BsAb) blinatumomab to treat CD19+ malignancies. METHODS: CB-CIKs were expanded in vitro and fully characterized in comparison with peripheral blood (PB)-derived CIKs. RESULTS: CB-CIKs, like PB-CIKs, were mostly CD3+ T cells with mean 45% CD3+CD56+ and expressing mostly TCR(T cell receptor)αß with a TH1 phenotype. CB-CIK cultures had, however, a larger proportion of CD4+ cells, mostly CD56-, as well as a greater proportion of naïve CCR7+CD45RA+ and a lower percentage of effector memory cells, compared with PB-CIKs. CB-CIKs were very similar to PB-CIKs in their expression of a large panel of co-stimulatory and inhibitory/exhaustion markers, except for higher CD28 expression among CD8+ cells. Like PB-CIKs, CB-CIKs were highly cytotoxic in vitro against natural killer (NK) cell targets and efficiently lysed CD19+ tumor cells in the presence of blinatumomab, with 30-60% lysis of target cells at very low effector:target ratios. Finally, both CB-CIKs and PB-CIKs, combined with blinatumomab, showed significant therapeutic activity in an aggressive PDX Ph+ CD19+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia model in NOD-SCID mice, without sign of toxicity or graft-versus-host disease. The improved expansion protocol was finally validated in good manufacturing practice conditions, showing reproducible expansion of CIKs from cryopreserved cord blood units with a median of 28.8 × 106 CIK/kg. DISCUSSION: We conclude that CB-CIKs, combined with bispecific T-cell-engaging antibodies, offer a novel, effective treatment strategy for leukemia.

12.
Circ J ; 82(6): 1688-1698, 2018 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29576595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The therapeutic efficacy of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNC) autotransplantation in critical limb ischemia (CLI) has been reported. Variable proportions of circulating monocytes express low levels of CD34 (CD14+CD34lowcells) and behave in vitro as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The aim of the present randomized clinical trial was to compare the safety and therapeutic effects of enriched circulating EPCs (ECEPCs) with BM-MNC administration.Methods and Results:ECEPCs (obtained from non-mobilized peripheral blood by immunomagnetic selection of CD14+and CD34+cells) or BM-MNC were injected into the gastrocnemius of the affected limb in 23 and 17 patients, respectively. After a mean of 25.2±18.6-month follow-up, both groups showed significant and progressive improvement in muscle perfusion (primary endpoint), rest pain, consumption of analgesics, pain-free walking distance, wound healing, quality of life, ankle-brachial index, toe-brachial index, and transcutaneous PO2. In ECEPC-treated patients, there was a positive correlation between injected CD14+CD34lowcell counts and the increase in muscle perfusion. The safety profile was comparable between the ECEPC and BM-MNC treatment arms. In both groups, the number of deaths and major amputations was lower compared with eligible untreated patients and historical reference patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports previous trials showing the efficacy of BM-MNC autotransplantation in CLI patients and demonstrates comparable therapeutic efficacy between BM-MNC and EPEPCs.

13.
J Crohns Colitis ; 12(4): 476-488, 2018 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29325112

RESUMO

Despite the major recent progress in the treatment of Crohn's disease [CD], there is a subset of patients in whom the disease runs an aggressive course with progressive tissue damage requiring early and repeated surgical management. Increasing evidence supports sustained and profound improvement in gastrointestinal parameters and quality of life following high-dose immunosuppressive therapy and autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation [AHSCT] compared to standard therapy in this context. In addition, international transplant registry data reflect the use of AHSCT in CD outside of trials in selected patients. However, AHSCT may be associated with significant treatment-related complications with risk of transplant-related mortality. In a joint initiative, the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation [ECCO] and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation [EBMT] have produced a state-of-the-art review of the rationale, evaluation, patient selection, stem cell mobilization and transplant procedures and long-term follow up. Given the unique spectrum of issues, we recommend that AHSCT should only be performed in experienced centres with expertise in both haematological and gastroenterological aspects of the procedure. Where possible, patients should be enrolled on clinical trials and data registered centrally. Future development should be coordinated at both national and international levels.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/imunologia , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transplante Autólogo
14.
Endocrine ; 60(3): 423-434, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29094257

RESUMO

PURPOSE: GLP-1 receptor agonists are antidiabetic drugs currently used in the therapy of type 2 diabetes. Despite several in vitro and in vivo animal studies suggesting a beneficial effect of GLP-1 analogues on bone, in humans their skeletal effects are not clear and clinical studies report conflicting results. METHODS: We differentiated human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) toward the adipogenic and the osteoblastic lineages, analysing the effect of Exendin-4 (EXE) before, during and after specific differentiations. RESULTS: We showed EXE ability to act selectively on a sub-population of hMSC characterised by a more stem potential, shifting them from G1 to S/M phase of cell cycle. We observed that EXE pre-treatment promotes both adipogenic and osteoblastic differentiations, possibly determined by an increased number of uncommitted progenitors. In fully differentiated cells, EXE affects mature adipocytes by increasing lipolysis, otherwise not altering osteoblasts metabolic activity. Moreover, the increased expression of osteoprotegerin, a modulator of the RANK/RANKL system, observed during osteogenic induction in presence of EXE, could negatively modulate osteoclastogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a complex action of EXE on bone, targeting the proliferation of mesenchymal progenitors, the metabolism of mature adipocytes and the modulation of osteoclastogenesis. Thus, an overall positive effect of this molecule on bone quality might be hypothesised.

15.
Mult Scler ; 24(3): 245-255, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29125439

RESUMO

In the majority of relapsing multiple sclerosis patients, the disease can be quite easily controlled by already available, approved therapies. There are, however, some aggressive cases who continue to have clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity in spite of the treatment. These are the cases who may now receive benefit from intense immunosuppression followed by autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT). In this review, we describe the method and the rationale of aHSCT, the more recently published studies that demonstrate its efficacy in selected multiple sclerosis cases, the problems related to safety and the transplant-related mortality risk of the procedure. A description of the ideal patient who can take advantage of aHSCT is outlined and, finally, the ongoing studies which are near to completion or are close to starting are briefly reported.

16.
Nat Rev Neurol ; 13(7): 391-405, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28621766

RESUMO

Autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is a multistep procedure that enables destruction of the immune system and its reconstitution from haematopoietic stem cells. Originally developed for the treatment of haematological malignancies, the procedure has been adapted for the treatment of severe immune-mediated disorders. Results from ∼20 years of research make a compelling case for selective use of AHSCT in patients with highly active multiple sclerosis (MS), and for controlled trials. Immunological studies support the notion that AHSCT causes qualitative immune resetting, and have provided insight into the mechanisms that might underlie the powerful treatment effects that last well beyond recovery of immune cell numbers. Indeed, studies have demonstrated that AHSCT can entirely suppress MS disease activity for 4-5 years in 70-80% of patients, a rate that is higher than those achieved with any other therapies for MS. Treatment-related mortality, which was 3.6% in studies before 2005, has decreased to 0.3% in studies since 2005. Current evidence indicates that the patients who are most likely to benefit from and tolerate AHSCT are young, ambulatory and have inflammatory MS activity. Clinical trials are required to rigorously test the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of AHSCT against highly active MS drugs.

17.
Neurology ; 88(22): 2115-2122, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28455383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence on immunoablative therapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) to manage severe and treatment-refractory multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We collected all the published studies of aHSCT in any form of MS from 1995 to 2016, carefully excluding reports that were updated in subsequent studies. Endpoints were transplant-related mortality (TRM), rate of disease progression, and no evidence of disease activity (NEDA) status. A weighted metaregression based on a Poisson model was run, assessing whether there were study-specific characteristics with an effect on TRM and progression. RESULTS: Fifteen studies including 764 transplanted patients were pooled in the meta-analysis. The pooled estimate of TRM was 2.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3%-3.4%). TRM was higher in older studies (p = 0.014) and in studies with a lower proportion of patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) (p = 0.028). A higher baseline Expanded Disability Status Scale (p = 0.013) was also significantly associated with a higher TRM. Pooled rate of progression was 17.1% at 2 years (95% CI 9.7%-24.5%) and 23.3% (95% CI 16.3%-31.8%) at 5 years. Lower 2-year progression rate was significantly associated with higher proportions of patients with RRMS (p = 0.004). The pooled proportion of NEDA patients at 2 years was 83% (range 70%-92%) and at 5 years was 67% (range 59%-70%). CONCLUSIONS: The emerging evidence on this therapeutic approach in MS indicates that the largest benefit/risk profile form this therapeutic approach can be obtained in patients with aggressive MS with a relapsing-remitting course and who have not yet accumulated a high level of disability.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Esclerose Múltipla/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Esclerose Múltipla/mortalidade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos
18.
JAMA Neurol ; 74(4): 459-469, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28241268

RESUMO

Importance: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) may be effective in aggressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) that fail to respond to standard therapies. Objective: To evaluate the long-term outcomes in patients who underwent AHSCT for the treatment of MS in a large multicenter cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were obtained in a multicenter, observational, retrospective cohort study. Eligibility criteria were receipt of AHSCT for the treatment of MS between January 1995 and December 2006 and the availability of a prespecified minimum data set comprising the disease subtype at baseline; the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score at baseline; information on the administered conditioning regimen and graft manipulation; and at least 1 follow-up visit or report after transplant. The last patient visit was on July 1, 2012. To avoid bias, all eligible patients were included in the analysis regardless of their duration of follow-up. Data analysis was conducted from September 1, 2014 to April 27, 2015. Exposures: Demographic, disease-related, and treatment-related exposures were considered variables of interest, including age, disease subtype, baseline EDSS score, number of previous disease-modifying treatments, and intensity of the conditioning regimen. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were MS progression-free survival and overall survival. The probabilities of progression-free survival and overall survival were calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis models. Results: Valid data were obtained from 25 centers in 13 countries for 281 evaluable patients, with median follow-up of 6.6 years (range, 0.2-16 years). Seventy-eight percent (218 of 281) of patients had progressive forms of MS. The median EDSS score before mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells was 6.5 (range, 1.5-9). Eight deaths (2.8%; 95% CI, 1.0%-4.9%) were reported within 100 days of transplant and were considered transplant-related mortality. The 5-year probability of progression-free survival as assessed by the EDSS score was 46% (95% CI, 42%-54%), and overall survival was 93% (95% CI, 89%-96%) at 5 years. Factors associated with neurological progression after transplant were older age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.03; 95% CI, 1.00-1.05), progressive vs relapsing form of MS (HR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.27-4.28), and more than 2 previous disease-modifying therapies (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.10-2.47). Higher baseline EDSS score was associated with worse overall survival (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.40-2.95). Conclusions and Relevance: In this observational study of patients with MS treated with AHSCT, almost half of them remained free from neurological progression for 5 years after transplant. Younger age, relapsing form of MS, fewer prior immunotherapies, and lower baseline EDSS score were factors associated with better outcomes. The results support the rationale for further randomized clinical trials of AHSCT for the treatment of MS.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Esclerose Múltipla/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Avaliação da Deficiência , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Blood ; 129(4): 525-532, 2017 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27811020

RESUMO

We evaluated the impact of recipient and cord blood unit (CBU) genetic polymorphisms related to immune response on outcomes after unrelated cord blood transplantations (CBTs). Pretransplant DNA samples from 696 CBUs with malignant diseases were genotyped for NLRP1, NLRP2, NLRP3, TIRAP/Mal, IL10, REL, TNFRSF1B, and CTLA4. HLA compatibility was 6 of 6 in 10%, 5 of 6 in 39%, and ≥4 of 6 in 51% of transplants. Myeloablative conditioning was used in 80%, and in vivo T-cell depletion in 81%, of cases. The median number of total nucleated cells infused was 3.4 × 107/kg. In multivariable analysis, patients receiving CBUs with GG-CTLA4 genotype had poorer neutrophil recovery (hazard ratio [HR], 1.33; P = .02), increased nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (HR, 1.50; P < .01), and inferior disease-free survival (HR, 1.41; P = .02). We performed the same analysis in a more homogeneous subset of cohort 1 (cohort 2, n = 305) of patients who received transplants for acute leukemia, all given a myeloablative conditioning regimen, and with available allele HLA typing (HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1). In this more homogeneous but smaller cohort, we were able to demonstrate that GG-CTLA4-CBU was associated with increased NRM (HR, 1.85; P = .01). Use of GG-CTLA4-CBU was associated with higher mortality after CBT, which may be a useful criterion for CBU selection, when multiple CBUs are available.


Assuntos
Antígeno CTLA-4/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/imunologia , Antígeno CTLA-4/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Sangue Fetal/citologia , Sangue Fetal/imunologia , Sangue Fetal/transplante , Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Doadores não Relacionados
20.
Blood Transfus ; 15(6): 577-584, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27723450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical grade processing of harvested bone marrow is required in various clinical situations, particularly in the management of ABO mismatching in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and in regenerative medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report a single-centre experience using a fully automated, clinical grade, closed system (Sepax, Biosafe, Switzerland). From 2003 to 2015, 125 procedures were performed in our laboratory, including buffy-coat production for HSCT (n=58), regenerative medicine in an orthopaedic setting (n=54) and density-gradient separation in a trial for treatment of critical limb ischaemia (n=13). RESULTS: Buffy coat separation resulted in a median volume reduction of 85% (range, 75-87%), providing satisfactory red blood cell depletion (69%, range 30-88%) and a median recovery of CD34 cells of 96% (range, 81-134%) in the setting of allogeneic HSCT. Significantly greater volume reduction (90%; range, 90-92%) and red blood cell depletion (88%; range, 80-93%) were achieved by the new SmartRedux software released for Sepax2, validated in the last eight allogeneic HSCT. The density gradient separation programme resulted in complete red blood cell depletion associated with high CD34 recovery (69%; range, 36-124%). No reactions related to the quality of the product were reported. Time to engraftment following allogeneic HSCT was in the normal range. No cases of microbiological contamination related to the manipulation were reported. DISCUSSION: Clinical grade, automated bone marrow manipulation with Sepax was shown to be effective, giving operator-independent results and could be used for a broad range of clinical applications.


Assuntos
Separação Celular/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Separação Celular/instrumentação , Extremidades/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Isquemia/terapia , Medicina Regenerativa , Software , Transplante Homólogo/métodos
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