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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The consumption of lentil is common in the Mediterranean area and is one of the causes of IgE-mediated food allergy in many countries. Len c 1 is a well-defined allergen of lentil and approximately 80% of the patients with lentil allergy recognize the purified Len c 1 protein. We sought to identify IgE and IgG4 sequential epitopes of Len c 1 in patients with red and/or green lentil allergy. We also aimed to determine IgE and IgG4 binding differences between those patients who had outgrown or remained reactive to lentil. METHODS: Children with IgE-mediated lentil allergy were included in the study. We applied a microarray immunoassay to determine the characterization of positive IgE and IgG4 binding to Len c 1 epitopes in the patients' sera. RESULTS: The peptides specifically recognized by IgE and IgG4 antibodies were mainly detected between peptides 107 and 135 of Len c 1. The signal intensities of positive epitopes were significantly greater in reactive patients than tolerant ones (P = .008 for IgE and P = .002 for IgG4). Moreover, IgE and IgG4 antibodies bound largely the same sequential epitopes in patients who remained reactive or outgrew their allergy. CONCLUSION: IgG4-binding epitopes in lentil allergy were identified and IgE and IgG4 binding to epitopes in both red and green lentils was compared. Our data regarding signal intensity differences between reactive and outgrown patients and overlap binding of IgE and IgG4 antibodies may be important for the development of more accurate diagnostic tests and understanding of natural tolerance development.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590922

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: The characteristics of tree nuts (TNs) and peanut (PN) allergies vary in different regions of the world. We aim to identify the characteristics of TNs/PN allergies in Turkish children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 227 children [4.8 (3.2-6.8) years] with TN and/or PN allergies were included. The phenotypical features of TNs/PN allergic children and the risk factors for multiple TNs/PN allergies were evaluated. RESULTS: Allergy to TNs/PN developed at a median age of 12.0 (10.0-18.0) months. The most common TNs/PN responsible for food allergies were the hazelnut (63.9%) and the pistachio (54.6%). Of TNs/PN allergic children, 54.2% experienced reactions with at least two types of . Current ages 6-10 years [OR:2.455, 95% CI:1.255-4.852, p=0.009] and family history of atopy [OR:2.156, 95% CI:1.182-3.932, p=0.012] were the risk factors for multiple TNs/PN allergies. Most of the patients with cashew nut and pistachio allergies exhibited co-sensitization and co-allergy to both of these TNs/PN. Although the rarest TNs/PN allergy was seen with almond, the possibility of allergy to other TNs or PN was highly increased in the patients with almond allergy compared to other TNs/PN. CONCLUSIONS: Children with TNs/PN allergy living in an East Mediterranean region differ from the counterparts living in Western countries by an earlier age of onset of the TNs/PN allergy symptoms, increasing possibility to have multiple TNs/PN allergy at older ages, and different spectrum of TN/PN allergies (hazelnut followed by pistachio/cashew) that all indicate the consumption habits which are important determinants of TN/PN allergy development.

3.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-9, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: About 65-80% of children with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy (CMA) can tolerate extensively heated milk. We have invested in the mass fabrication of a test product containing milk protein baked at 180°C for 30 min (SUTMEK-milk) and a milk-free placebo (SUTMEK-placebo) to carry out a standardised double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test in patients with CMA. METHODS: We studied children with IgE-mediated CMA between 13 and 48 months of age. Specific IgEs (spIgE) to milk proteins were quantified. A DBPCFC with our bakery products was performed, and factors determining reactivity to extensively heated milk were evaluated. We also tested the applicability of SUTMEK products in baked-milk oral immunotherapy in a pilot assessment. RESULTS: We studied 15 children (8 girls, 7 boys) with a median age of 26 months (range: 13-48 months). Nine (60%) patients tolerated a challenge with extensively heated milk, while 6 (40%) were found reactive (anaphylaxis: 2, wheezing: 2, urticaria: 2). spIgE to milk, α-lactalbumin, and casein, and the wheal diameter on skin prick testing were higher in the reactive group than the tolerant groups (p = 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.002, and p = 0.048, respectively). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses yielded the following cut-off values for spIgEs that would predict a reactivity to extensively heated milk; milk: 25 kU/L (area under curve, AUC: 0.981), casein: 32 kU/L (AUC: 0.983), and α-lactalbumin: 17 kU/L (AUC: 0.981). Nine patients have tolerated well a continued daily consumption of SUTMEK-milk or -placebo for 6 months at the desired doses. CONCLUSIONS: Our bakery products were successfully used in DBPCFC studies and qualified as an acceptable tool for use in the research of interventional tolerance induction. Although spIgE appears useful in determining children at high risk of reacting to extensively heated milk, the predictive cut-off values are still far from being perfect.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30069955

RESUMO

An imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species and the capacity of antioxidant defense mechanisms favoring oxidants is called oxidative stress and is implicated in asthmatic inflammation and severity. Major reactive oxygen species that are formed endogenously include hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and hypohalite radical; and the major antioxidants that fight against the endogenous and environmental oxidants are superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione. Despite the well-known presence of oxidative stress in asthma, studies that target oxidative burden using a variety of nutritional, pharmacological, and environmental approaches have generally been disappointing. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on oxidative stress and antioxidant imbalance in asthma. In addition, we focus on possible biomarkers of oxidative stress in asthma and on current and future treatment strategies using the modulation of oxidative stress to treat asthma patients.

5.
Allergy ; 2018 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30058196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of children with cow's milk allergy (CMA) tolerate baked milk. However, reactivity to fermented milk products such as yogurt/cheese has not been previously evaluated. We sought to determine whether children with CMA could tolerate yogurt/cheese and whether a patient's IgE and IgG4-binding pattern to milk protein epitopes could distinguish clinical reactivity. METHODS: Four groups of reactivity were identified by Oral food challenge: baked milk reactive, fermented milk reactive, whole milk reactive, and outgrown. sIgE and sIgG4 binding to milk protein epitopes were assessed with a novel Luminex-based peptide assay (LPA). Using machine learning techniques, a model was developed to predict different degrees of CMA. RESULTS: The baked milk reactive patients demonstrated the highest degree of IgE epitope binding, which was followed sequentially by fermented milk reactive, whole milk reactive, and outgrown. Data were randomly divided into two groups with 75% of the data utilized for model development (n = 68) and 25% for testing (n = 21). All 68 children used for training were correctly classified with models using IgE and IgG4 epitopes. The average cross-validation accuracy was much higher for models using IgE plus IgG4 epitopes by LPA (84.8%), twice the performance of the serum component proteins assayed by UniCAP (41.9%). The performance of the model on "unseen data" was tested using the 21 withheld patients, and the accuracy of IgE was 86% (AUC = 0.89) while of IgE+IgG4 model was 81% (AUC = 0.94). CONCLUSION: Using a novel high-throughput LPA, we were able to distinguish the diversity of IgE/IgG4 binding to epitopes in the varying CMA phenotypes. LPA is a promising tool to predict correctly different degrees of CMA.

6.
Allergy Asthma Immunol Res ; 10(4): 379-386, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29949834

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Food allergy (FA) affects the daily lives of children and parents in varying degrees. The Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Parent Form (FAQLQ-PF) is a valid and reliable instrument to assess the quality of life (QoL) of children from parents' perception. The aim of this study was to validate and determine the reliability of the Turkish FAQLQ-PF and to assess QoL in food-allergic children. METHODS: Children aged between 0 and 12 years and diagnosed with immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated FA for at least 1 month were enrolled. The English FAQLQ-PF was translated into Turkish according to the World Health Organization guidelines. The Food Allergy Independent Measure and the Turkish Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 were used for construct validity. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-seven patients participated. The median age of patients and FA duration were 2.4 years (1.2-5.2 years, interquartile-ranges) and 2 years (0.8-5.1), respectively. Ninety-six (61.1%) patients had anaphylaxis. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient for test-retest reliability was good for all age groups of children (<4, 4-6, and 7-12 years). Patients with either asthma or anaphylaxis had worse scores than others. Total scores of FAQLQ-PF tended to increase with age. Patients aged 7-12 had the highest total scores among all patients (2.2±0.1, 3.0±0.2, and 3.3±0.3 for <4, 4-6, and 7-12 years, respectively, P<0.001, P for trend <0.001). Other factors causing the poor QoL were cow's milk allergy, sibling allergy, mother's age over 30 years, mother's high education level and lower number of persons in household. CONCLUSIONS: The Turkish FAQLQ-PF is a valid and reliable scale. FA-related QoL was significantly worse with age. Coexistent asthma, anaphylaxis regardless of its severity, cow's milk allergy, sibling allergy and the older and educated mothers seem to poorly affect QoL.

7.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 29(1): 9-17, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29168232

RESUMO

The history of pediatric allergology (PA) in Europe is relatively youthful, dating back to 1984, when a small group of pediatricians founded the European Working Group on Pediatric Allergy and Immunology-later giving rise to ESPACI (European Society on Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology). In 1990, the first dedicated journal, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (PAI), was founded. There are striking differences across Europe, and even within European countries, in relation to the training pathways for doctors seeing children with allergic disease(s). In 2016, the EAACIClemens von Pirquet Foundation (CvP) organized and sponsored a workshop with the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Pediatric Section. This collaboration focussed on the future of PA and specifically on education, research, and networking/ advocacy. The delegates representing many countries across Europe have endorsed the concept that optimal care of children with allergic diseases is delivered by pediatricians who have received dedicated training in allergy, or allergists who have received dedicated training in pediatrics. In order to meet the needs of children and families with allergic disease(s), the pediatric allergist is highly encouraged to develop several networks. Our challenge is to reinforce a clear strategic approach to scientific excellence to across our member base and to ensure and enhance the relevance of European pediatric research in allergy. With research opportunities in basic, translational, clinical, and epidemiologic trials, more trainees and trained specialists are needed and it is an exciting time to be a pediatric allergologist.


Assuntos
Alergia e Imunologia/educação , Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Hipersensibilidade/terapia , Pediatria/educação , Alergistas , Pesquisa Biomédica , Criança , Competência Clínica , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Pediatria/métodos
8.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 29(1): 50-57, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29047178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cysteinyl-leukotrienes are increased in the airways of infants with virus-associated wheezing. We aimed to determine the effects of a cysteinyl-leukotriene-1 receptor antagonist on symptoms during an early-life wheezing illness and to investigate the factors that affect the response to this drug. METHOD: This placebo-controlled double-blinded randomized controlled trial recruited children aged 3-36 months with wheezing illness and randomized to active drug or placebo for 56 days. A symptom score diary (SSD) was kept by the children's caregivers. RESULTS: One-hundred patients completed the study, and 62 (30 montelukast and 32 placebo) were analyzed. There were no significant differences in the percent of symptom-free days, symptom scores, and the need for rescue salbutamol between the two groups. However, the percent of symptom-free days within the first week was significantly higher for the montelukast than for the placebo group (13.8 ± 4.1% vs. 5.4 ± 3.4%; P = 0.028); wheezing score at 7th day was significantly lower for the montelukast than for the placebo group (0.5 ± 0.1 vs. 1.4 ± 0.2; P = 0.002). In addition, the number of inhaled ß2 -agonist rescue episodes per day during the first week was significantly lower for the montelukast compared with the placebo group (12.7 ± 1.8 vs. 19.2 ± 1.6; P = 0.013). Conclusions Our results indicate that montelukast may be effective for reducing caregiver-observed wheezing and the need for salbutamol during the first week of treatment for early-life wheezing. The impact for caregivers and the optimal duration of treatment will need to be explored in studies of larger size.


Assuntos
Acetatos/uso terapêutico , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Sons Respiratórios/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetatos/efeitos adversos , Antiasmáticos/efeitos adversos , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Eicosanoides/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Tuberk Toraks ; 65(2): 80-89, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990886

RESUMO

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are common causes of disease in the community and account for considerable percent of the caseload in primary health care facilities. For this reason, it is important to question and improve the knowledge of primary health care physicians. This study is designed to assess the level of knowledge for bronchial asthma and COPD of the primary healthcare physicians, both before and immediately after an educational course structured in the context of GARD Chronic Airway Diseases National Control Program. Materials and Methods: The participating physicians attended an intensive educational course on asthma and COPD. Twenty five item questionnaires for asthma and COPD were administered to the participants both before and immediately after the end of the course. Contribution of education to the level of knowledge was investigated by comparing the percentages of the correct answers in the pre-and post-test. Result: From 11 different cities, 1817 and 1788 primary health care physician were attended to the asthma and COPD educations, respectively. The accuracy rate of ≥ 75% was obtained from only 4 questions in pre-test asthma questionnaire. On the contrary, in 15 questions the accuracy rate was < 50%. The mean accuracy rate for the whole asthma test was 45.8%, and this rate raised to 69.6% after education course. The accuracy rate of ≥ 75% could not be obtained from any of the questions in pre-test COPD questionnaire. On the contrary, in 19 questions the accuracy rate was < 50%. The mean accuracy rate for the whole asthma test was 42.0%, and this rate raised to 71.3% after education course. Conclusions: It has been shown that, in primary care settings, the level of knowledge in asthma and COPD should be enhanced and that this increase can be achieved with an education course.


Assuntos
Asma/terapia , Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Médicos de Atenção Primária/educação , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
11.
Allergy Asthma Proc ; 38(1): 54-62, 2017 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28052802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the clinical and laboratory features of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) and food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), and to provide information about the short-term prognoses. METHOD: Children diagnosed with FPIES or FPIAP between 2010 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Overall, 64 infants (37 FPIAP, 27 FPIES) were evaluated, with the average age at the onset of symptoms being significantly lower in the patients with FPIAP than in the patients with FPIES (2 months [1-3 months] versus 4 months [1.5-6 months]; p = 0.043). Fifteen of the patients with FPIAP (40.5%) and six of the patients with FPIES (22.2%) were exclusively breast-fed at the time of the onset of symptoms. Cow's milk was the most frequent trigger (100% FPIAP, 74% FPIES); solid foods caused FPIES more frequently. Forty-eight of the 64 patients were followed up until at least 2 years of age, with the resolution rates being 91.3% for FPIAP and 60% for FPIES. The solid food-induced cases of FPIES (27.3%) had a significantly lower rate of resolution than the liquid food-induced FPIES (83.3%) (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Cow's milk is the most common trigger of both FPIAP and FPIES. The symptom onset age seemed to be earlier in FPIAP. The resolution age was similar, however, the recovery in FPIES may be later if the trigger food is solid. To our knowledge, this was the first clinical study to compare the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with FPIAP and FPIES.


Assuntos
Proteínas na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Enterocolite/diagnóstico , Enterocolite/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/complicações , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/diagnóstico , Proctocolite/diagnóstico , Proctocolite/etiologia , Idade de Início , Animais , Bovinos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Eosinófilos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Prognóstico
12.
Turk J Pediatr ; 59(5): 594-597, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745124

RESUMO

Spirometry is an easy method to measure lung function and to show pathophysiology. It assists not only to determine the severity of bronchial obstruction in asthma but also to differentiate the characteristics of the intrathoracic diseases narrowing the central airways. Different types of benign and malignant tumors of the trachea may cause emergence of symptoms of airway obstruction. Herein a patient who had been initially diagnosed with asthma but later on shown to have intratracheal myofibroblastic tumor is presented. The importance of flow-volume curve in both initial diagnosis of the mass and in the detection of recurrence is discussed.

13.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 171(2): 130-135, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27907915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parasites have been proposed to be an underlying cause of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) in childhood, but a clear causal relationship between them has not been established. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of parasitic infection-related CSU (PIRCSU) in children and to determine the factors associated with PIRCSU. METHOD: Data from 211 children with CSU were analyzed. Information on stool examination, antiparasitic medications received, and response to treatment was recorded. The disappearance of urticaria for more than 6 months is defined as remission, and remission of urticaria after antiparasitic treatment is defined as PIRCSU. RESULTS: Parasites were detected in 21 (10%) patients. Blastocystis hominis was the most common parasite. After antiparasitic medication, all samples became normal; urticaria continued in 5, was reduced in 6, and disappeared in 10 patients. The latter 10 patients were considered as cases of PIRCSU (4.7%). The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was significantly higher in patients with PIRCSU than in those without [8.5 mm/h (3.5-14.5) vs. 2 (0-7), p = 0.011]. Gastrointestinal complaints were significantly more frequent in patients with PIRCSU than in those without. The occurrence of abdominal pain was a significant risk factor that increased the probability of PIRCSU [OR = 6.60, 95% CI = 1.35-32.23, p = 0.020]. CONCLUSION: Parasites may cause CSU even in nontropical countries, and remission may only be possible with the treatment of the parasitic infection. The occurrence of abdominal pain points to parasitic infection in patients with CSU. Therefore, we suggest that parasites should be investigated routinely, especially if the patient has gastrointestinal symptoms of CSU in childhood.


Assuntos
Doenças Parasitárias/complicações , Doenças Parasitárias/parasitologia , Urticária/diagnóstico , Urticária/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Testes Cutâneos
14.
Clin Transl Allergy ; 6: 24, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27382460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is in the process of developing the EAACI Guidelines for Allergen Immunotherapy (AIT) for IgE-mediated food allergy. We seek to critically assess the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of AIT in IgE-mediated food allergy. METHODS: We will undertake a systematic review, which will involve searching international biomedical databases for published, in progress and unpublished evidence. Studies will be independently screened against pre-defined eligibility criteria and critically appraised using established instruments. Data will be descriptively and, if possible and appropriate, quantitatively synthesised. DISCUSSION: The findings from this review will be used to inform the development of recommendations for EAACI's Guidelines on AIT.

15.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 27(7): 736-742, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27288661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High serum basal tryptase (sBT) levels have been identified as a risk factor for both venom- and food-induced severe allergic reactions. The aim of this study was to compare sBT levels in children with different severity of actual drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs) with those of age- and sex-matched controls without any history of DHRs. METHOD: Patients between 0 and 18 years of age with a history of immediate-type DHRs manifested in 0-6 h after the culprit drug intake were included. Following ENDA (European Network for Drug Allergy) inquiries, patients were evaluated with skin and/or provocation tests to define the actual drug-hypersensitive patients. Serum BT levels were determined for both patients and controls. RESULTS: Of 345 children, 106 patients (30.7%) [(58.5% male), median age (interquartile range) 8.0 years (4.2-12.2)] were diagnosed as drug hypersensitive. Ninety-eight controls were also included. The sBT levels of drug-hypersensitive patients with and without anaphylaxis and the control group were similar [2.6 (2.0-3.6) µg/l vs. 2.8 (1.6-4.3) µg/l vs. 2.6 (1.8-3.6) µg/l, respectively, (p > 0.05)]. The sBT levels of the patients with sole cutaneous symptoms 2.8 (1.6-4.3) µg/l, mild anaphylaxis 3.0 (1.9-4.9) µg/l, and moderate-to-severe anaphylaxis 2.6 (2.0-3.6) µg/l were also comparable (p > 0.05). The onset of DHRs [those occurring in 1 h (n = 87) or in 1-6 h (n = 19) after the drug intake], positive results with skin tests with the culprit drug, or the classification of the patients according to different age groups [(0-2 years), (2-6 years), (6-12 years), (12-18 years)] did not correlate with sBT levels. CONCLUSION: The sBT levels in children with actual drug hypersensitivity would not be a risk factor for severe systemic reactions on the contrary to children with allergic reactions to food or insect venom.


Assuntos
Anestésicos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/diagnóstico , Anestésicos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Testes Cutâneos , Triptases/sangue
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 4(2): 265-72.e3, 2016 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26843406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improving the diagnostic efficacy of laboratory tests might reduce the need for oral food challenges and facilitate our daily practice. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine cutoff values and probability curves, as well as to investigate the role of component-resolved diagnosis in predicting clinical reactivity in children with hazelnut allergy and to evaluate the association with pollen sensitivity. METHODS: A total of 56 children with hazelnut allergy who underwent double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge and 8 children who experienced anaphylaxis after accidental hazelnut intake were included. Serum IgE levels to hazelnut extract, Cor a 1, Cor a 8, Cor a 9, Cor a 14, and Bet v 1 were measured with the ImmunoCAP system. Skin prick tests (SPT) with hazelnut, other implicated foods, and aeroallergens were performed. RESULTS: The optimal cutoff levels for hazelnut sIgE and SPT wheal diameter that predicted clinical reactivity with the highest sensitivity and specificity were 3.15 kU/L and 7.5 mm, respectively. Among the components, only Cor a 14 discriminated between reactive and nonreactive children. The area under curve (AUC) at the optimal cutoff point of 0.63 kU/L for Cor a 14 (0.936) was higher than the AUC of hazelnut sIgE (0.818) and SPT wheal diameter (0.803). For the first time, a 95% probability for clinical reactivity was estimated for SPT wheal diameter, IgE to hazelnut extract, and to Cor a 14 at 12 mm, 10.2 kU/L, and 1.0 kU/L, respectively. CONCLUSION: Cor a 14 was found to be a useful and reliable tool for predicting clinical reactivity in children with hazelnut allergy in the Eastern Mediterranean area.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Anafilaxia/diagnóstico , Antígenos de Plantas/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade a Noz/diagnóstico , Pré-Escolar , Corylus/imunologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Lactente , Masculino , Região do Mediterrâneo , Proteínas de Plantas/imunologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 115(5): 434-438.e1, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26505933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk factors that affect persistence of egg allergy are under investigation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with the course of egg allergy and anaphylaxis in children. METHODS: Children who had been diagnosed as having an IgE-mediated egg allergy and followed up until 6 years of age were enrolled. IgE-mediated egg allergy was diagnosed by a positive skin prick test result, specific IgE (sIgE) level of 0.35 kU/L or greater, and clear-cut history of egg-related symptoms or positive challenge test results. RESULTS: A total of 203 (56%) of 363 egg allergic children were followed up until 6 years of age. Egg allergy resolved in 92 children (45%) at 2 years of age, 134 children (66%) at 4 years of age, and 145 children (71%) at 6 years of age. The resolution of egg allergy was associated with baseline egg sIgE level of 6.2 kU/L or less and the absence of anaphylaxis (hazard ratio, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.21-0.49; P < .001; and hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.21-0.69; P = .001, respectively). Baseline factors, including cut-off level of egg sIgE level greater than 6.2 kU/L, egg sIgE level, gastrointestinal symptoms after egg exposure, anaphylaxis with egg, and concomitant cow's milk allergy, were significantly associated with later resolution of egg allergy. The multivariate logistic regression determined that the natural logarithm for egg-white sIgE (odds ratio, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.09-1.91; P = .01) and the baseline gastrointestinal symptoms with egg (odds ratio, 6.86; 95% CI, 2.93-16.06; P < .001) were significantly related to a higher risk of anaphylaxis with egg. CONCLUSION: Baseline egg white sIgE levels, baseline gastrointestinal system involvement, concomitant cow's milk allergy, and anaphylaxis with egg may predict a more severe course of egg allergy with late resolution. Moreover, egg white sIgE levels and gastrointestinal symptoms after egg exposure seem to increase the risk of anaphylaxis with egg.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Ovo/imunologia , Ovos/efeitos adversos , Anafilaxia/imunologia , Animais , Bovinos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Lactente , Masculino , Hipersensibilidade a Leite/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Cutâneos/métodos
18.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 167(3): 211-21, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26315297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug hypersensitivity (NSAID-H) has been widely studied in adults, there is still a lack of data regarding the features and phenotypes of NSAID-H in children. Our aim was to define risk factors and different phenotypes according to clinical patterns. METHODS: Patients with a history of reaction to any NSAIDs referred between January 2012 and October 2014 were included. After completing a European Network for Drug Allergy (ENDA) questionnaire, initial skin and/or oral provocation tests (OPTs) were performed for the offending drug. Additional OPTs were done with aspirin in case of NSAID-H to determine cross-reactivity. NSAID-hypersensitive patients were defined as being either a selective responder (SR) or cross-intolerant (CI) and further categorized according to either the ENDA/GA2LEN classification or an alternative scheme by Caimmi et al. [Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2012;159:306-312]. RESULTS: Among 121 patients [58.7% male, average age 7.8 years (4.7-10.8)] with 161 NSAID-related reactions, 110 patients with 148 reactions were assessed. NSAID-H was diagnosed in 30 (27%) patients with 37 (25%) reactions. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that an immediate-type reaction and respiratory symptoms during the reaction increased the risk of a reproducible NSAID-related reaction (OR 3.508, 95% CI 1.42-8.7, p = 0.007; OR 3.951, 95% CI 1.33-11.77, p = 0.014, respectively). Additional OPTs revealed 13 SRs and 14 CIs. A family history of allergic disease was more frequent in CIs compared to SRs (57.1 vs. 15.4%, p = 0.031). Reactions belonging to CIs were more frequently characterized by angioedema compared to those of SRs (81.3 vs. 46.2%, p = 0.019). SRs and CIs were further classified as single NSAID-induced urticaria/angioedema and/or anaphylaxis (n = 13), NSAID-induced urticaria/angioedema (n = 7), NSAID-exacerbated cutaneous disease (n = 2) and NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease (n = 1). Four CIs could not be categorized according to either classification system. One SR could not be categorized according to ENDA/GA2LEN. CONCLUSION: During childhood, NSAID-H exhibits different phenotypes and the majority of them can be categorized with current classification systems; however, classifications based on adult data may not exactly fit NSAID-H in paediatric patients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/imunologia , Fenótipo , Fatores Etários , Anafilaxia/diagnóstico , Anafilaxia/epidemiologia , Anafilaxia/imunologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/classificação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Testes Cutâneos , Turquia/epidemiologia
20.
Allergy ; 70(2): 153-60, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25353369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) exacerbated cutaneous disease is defined as the exacerbation of wheals and/or angioedema in patients with a history of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). The objective of this study was to define 'aspirin-hypersensitive' children and adolescents in a clearly defined group of patients with CSU and to describe their clinical features. METHODS: Eighty-one children with a history of CSU were enrolled over a 3-year period. The daily or almost daily (>4 days a week) presence of urticaria was defined as 'chronic persistent urticaria' (CPU), while the presence of urticaria for 2-4 days a week was defined as 'chronic recurrent urticaria' (CRU). Single-blind, placebo-controlled provocation tests (SBPCPTs) with aspirin were performed for children with CSU. RESULTS: Patients with CRU had a longer duration of cutaneous symptoms [1.6 (0.5-4) vs 0.6 (0.3-1.5) years], and stress was less frequently experienced as an eliciting factor in patients with CRU compared with the patients with CPU (P < 0.016, P = 0.024, respectively). SBPCPTs with aspirin revealed that 14 of 58 patients (24%) with CPU and one of 10 patients with CRU (10%) were aspirin hypersensitive. Aspirin hypersensitivity rate was 26.5% in patients <12 years of age. All of the 15 aspirin-hypersensitive patients (aged between 6.6 and 17.4 years), except for three, experienced an unequivocal angioedema of the lips as a positive reaction in SBPCPT. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly a quarter of children and adolescents with CSU were hypersensitive to aspirin. For children with chronic urticaria, determination of NSAID hypersensitivity in a well-controlled clinical setting will help to avoid severe drug hypersensitivity reactions.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Urticária/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Angioedema/etiologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Criança , Doença Crônica , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Masculino , Prognóstico
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