Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 6 de 6
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(13): 3604-3611, 2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29902010

RESUMO

We report an investigation of lead halide perovskite CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystals and associated ligand molecules by combining several different state-of-the-art experimental techniques, including synchrotron radiation-based XPS and VUV PES of free-standing nanocrystals isolated in vacuum. By using this novel approach for perovskite materials, we could directly obtain complete band alignment to vacuum of both CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystals and the ligands widely used in their preparation. We discuss the possible influence of the ligand molecules to apparent perovskite properties, and we compare the electronic properties of nanocrystals to those of bulk material. The experimental results were supported by DFT calculations.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(46): 5879-5882, 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29785421

RESUMO

The optical and structural properties of hybrid perovskites can be tuned by the post-synthetic introduction of new cations. To advance the development of this approach, knowledge of the reaction mechanism is essential, but has not yet been elucidated. Here, the effect of n-octylamine on three-dimensional (3D) methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr3) was investigated by in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Spectroscopic analysis indicated equimolar substitutions between octylammonium (OcA+) and methylammonium (MA+) cations that cause the formation of two-dimensional (2D) octylammonium lead bromide ((OcA)2PbBr4). The introduction of methylamine reversed these changes, and the cation exchange between MA+ and OcA+ caused the reverse conversion to MAPbBr3.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(12): 11202-11211, 2017 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28264164

RESUMO

In comparison to the one-dimensional (1D) semiconductor nanostructures, the hierarchical, three-dimensional (3D) microstructures, composed of the arrays of 1D nanostructures as building blocks, show quite unique physicochemical properties due to efficient photon capture and enhanced surface to volume ratio, which aid in advancing the performance of various optoelectronic devices. In this contribution, we report the fabrication of surfactant-free, radially assembled, 3D titania (rutile-phase) microsphere arrays (3D-TMSAs) composed of bundles of single-crystalline titania nanowires (NWs) directly on fluorine-doped conducting oxide (FTO) substrates with tunable architecture. The effects of growth parameters on the morphology of the 3D-TMSAs have been studied thoroughly. The 3D-TMSAs grown on the FTO-substrate showed superior photon-harvesting owing to the increase in light-scattering. The photocatalytic and photon to electron conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC), where the optimized 3D-TMSAs were used as an anode, showed around 44% increase in the photoconversion efficiency compared to that of Degussa P-25 as a result of the synergistic effect of higher surface area and enhanced photon scattering probability. The TMSA film showed superhydrophilicity without any prior UV irradiation. In addition, the presence of bundles of almost parallel NWs led to the formation of arrays of microcapacitors, which showed stable dielectric performance. The fabrication of single-crystalline, oriented, self-assembled TMSAs with bundles of titania nanowires as their building blocks deposited on transparent conducting oxide (TCO) substrates has vast potential in the area of photoelectrochemical research.

4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 7(24): 5068-5073, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27973893

RESUMO

Despite its competitive photovoltaic efficiency, the structural transformations of the prototypical hybrid perovskite, methylammonium lead iodide, are facilitated by interactions with polar molecules. Changes in optical and electronic properties upon exposure to ammonia potentially can enable the use of hybrid perovskites in gas-sensing applications. We investigated the effects of ammonia on CH3NH3PbI3 by exposing perovskite films to a wide range of vapor pressures. Spectroscopic analyses indicated that ammonium cations replaced the methylammonium cations in the perovskite crystal, thereby resulting in the formation of NH4PbI3. The transformation of CH3NH3PbI3 to NH4PbI3 caused distinct changes in the morphology of the film and its crystalline structure; however, the introduction of CH3NH2 gas reversed these changes. An in-depth understanding of the reversible chemical and structural alterations resulting from exposure to polar molecules can advance the development of hybrid perovskite sensors and provide insight into mechanisms by which perovskites convert due to interactions with polar molecules.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(34): 10083-7, 2016 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27355420

RESUMO

Methylammonium lead iodide perovskite (MAPbI3 ), a prototype material for potentially high-efficient and low-cost organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells, has been investigated intensively in recent years. A study of low-energy electron-induced transformations in MAPbI3 is presented, performed by combining controlled electron-impact irradiation with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Changes were observed in both the elemental composition and the morphology of irradiated MAPbI3 thin films as a function of the electron fluence for incident energies from 4.5 to 60 eV. The results show that low-energy electrons can affect structural and chemical properties of MAPbI3 . It is proposed that the transformations are triggered by the interactions with the organic part of the material (methylammonium), resulting in the MAPbI3 decomposition and aggregation of the hydrocarbon layer.

6.
Nanoscale ; 7(47): 19985-20002, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26564987

RESUMO

Herein, we report a detailed experimental study supported by DFT calculations to understand the mechanism behind the synthesis of cefradine (CFD--an antibiotic) labeled gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) by employing CFD as both a mild reducing and capping agent. The analysis of the effect of growth conditions reveals that a higher concentration of HAuCl4 results in the formation of an increasing fraction of anisotropic structures, higher temperature leads to the formation of quasi-spherical particles instead of anisotropic ones, and larger pH leads to the formation of much smaller particles. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) results show that when the pH of the reaction medium increases from 4 to 6, the reduction potential of CFD increases which leads to the synthesis of nanoparticles (in a pH 4 reaction) to quantum clusters (in a pH 6 reaction). The MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry results of supernatant of the pH 6 reaction indicate the formation of [Au8(CFD)2S6] QCs which show fluorescence at ca. 432 nm with a Stokes shift of ca. 95 nm. The blue luminescence from Au8 QCs was applied for sensing of Hg(2+) ions on the basis of an aggregation-induced fluorescence quenching mechanism and offers good selectivity and a high sensitivity with a limit of detection ca. 2 nM which is lower than the detection requirement of 10 nM by the U.S. EPA and 30 nM by WHO for drinking water. We have also applied the sensing probe to detect Hg(2+) ions in bacterial samples. Further, we have investigated the antibacterial property of as-synthesized Au NPs using MIC, growth curve and cell survival assay. The results show that Au NPs could reduce the cell survival very efficiently rather than the cell growth in comparison to the antibiotic itself. The scanning electron microscopy study shows the degradation and blebbing of the bacterial cell wall upon exposure with Au NPs which was further supported by fluorescence microscopy results. These Au NPs did not show reactive oxygen species generation. We believe that the bacterial cytotoxicity is due to the direct contact of the Au NPs with bacterial cells.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Ouro/química , Mercúrio/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Acetatos/química , Anisotropia , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Cefradina/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íons , Luminescência , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Estresse Oxidativo , Pontos Quânticos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Eletricidade Estática
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA