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1.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 44-51, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159705

RESUMO

This study evaluated the impact of using biomimetic analogs (poly-acrylic acid and sodium tri-meta-phosphate) on dentin remineralization using two cement materials, the first is calcium silicate based and the second is calcium hydroxide based materials. Two standardized occlusal cavities (mesial and distal) were prepared within dentin after removal of occlusal enamel. Artificial demineralized dentin was induced through pH cycling (8 h in demineralizing and 16 h in remineralizing solutions). Demineralized cavities were divided into four groups; two groups received cement materials. The other groups were first treated with biomimetic analogs then restored with pulp cement materials. Teeth were sectioned buccolingually into two halves. Treated cavities with analogs were stored in simulated body fluid containing poly-acrylic acid. Untreated cavities were stored in simulated body fluid only. Ground unstained sections of demineralized dentin were examined using light microscope. Specimens were examined after 1, 6 and 12 weeks of storage using energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) and Vickers microhardness was evaluated. Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze data statistically. Calcium silicate-based cement group with biomimetic analogs showed the highest statistically significant calcium and phosphorous wt% in addition to highest surface hardness values after 12 weeks of storage. Demineralized dentin ground sections showed increase in light zones after total period of storage. Calcium silicate-based cement showed the best ability to enrich the artificial carious dentin with ions for remineralization. Using biomimetic analogs had a significant impact on demineralized dentin surface hardness improvement.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Remineralização Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Silicatos
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 44-51, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089265

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the impact of using biomimetic analogs (poly-acrylic acid and sodium tri-meta-phosphate) on dentin remineralization using two cement materials, the first is calcium silicate based and the second is calcium hydroxide based materials. Two standardized occlusal cavities (mesial and distal) were prepared within dentin after removal of occlusal enamel. Artificial demineralized dentin was induced through pH cycling (8 h in demineralizing and 16 h in remineralizing solutions). Demineralized cavities were divided into four groups; two groups received cement materials. The other groups were first treated with biomimetic analogs then restored with pulp cement materials. Teeth were sectioned buccolingually into two halves. Treated cavities with analogs were stored in simulated body fluid containing poly-acrylic acid. Untreated cavities were stored in simulated body fluid only. Ground unstained sections of demineralized dentin were examined using light microscope. Specimens were examined after 1, 6 and 12 weeks of storage using energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) and Vickers microhardness was evaluated. Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze data statistically. Calcium silicate-based cement group with biomimetic analogs showed the highest statistically significant calcium and phosphorous wt% in addition to highest surface hardness values after 12 weeks of storage. Demineralized dentin ground sections showed increase in light zones after total period of storage. Calcium silicate-based cement showed the best ability to enrich the artificial carious dentin with ions for remineralization. Using biomimetic analogs had a significant impact on demineralized dentin surface hardness improvement.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o impacto do uso de análogos biomiméticos (ácido poli-acrílico e tri-meta-fosfato de sódio) na remineralização da dentina usando dois materiais de cimento, o primeiro à base de silicato de cálcio e o segundo à base de hidróxido de cálcio. Duas cavidades oclusais padronizadas (mesial e distal) foram preparadas na dentina após a remoção do esmalte oclusal. A dentina desmineralizada artificial foi induzida por ciclagem de pH (8 h em soluções desmineralizantes e 16 h em soluções remineralizantes). Cavidades desmineralizadas foram divididas em quatro grupos; dois grupos receberam materiais de cimento. Os outros grupos foram tratados primeiro com análogos biomiméticos e depois restaurados com materiais de cimento de celulose. Os dentes foram seccionados bucolingualmente em duas metades. As cavidades tratadas com análogos foram armazenadas em fluido corporal simulado contendo ácido poli-acrílico. As cavidades não tratadas foram armazenadas apenas em fluido corporal simulado. Secções não coradas de dentina desmineralizada foram examinadas usando microscópio óptico. As amostras foram examinadas após 1, 6 e 12 semanas de armazenamento usando Espectroscopia de Raios-X dispersiva por energia (EDX) e microdureza Vickers. ANOVA a dois fatores foi usada para analisar os dados estatisticamente. O grupo de cimento à base de silicato de cálcio com análogos biomiméticos apresentou os maiores percentagens em peso estatisticamente significantes de cálcio e fósforo, além dos maiores valores de dureza superficial após 12 semanas de armazenamento. Seções desmineralizadas de dentina mostraram aumento nas zonas de luz após o período total de armazenamento. O cimento à base de silicato de cálcio mostrou a melhor capacidade de enriquecer a dentina cariada artificial com íons para remineralização. O uso de análogos biomiméticos teve um impacto significativo na melhoria da dureza superficial da dentina desmineralizada.


Assuntos
Remineralização Dentária , Biomimética , Silicatos , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina
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