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Nano Lett ; 22(23): 9544-9550, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442685


A key issue in the development of high-performance semiconductor devices is the ability to properly measure active dopants at the nanometer scale. In a p-n junction, the abruptness of the dopant profile around the metallurgical junction directly influences the electric field. Here, a contacted nominally symmetric and highly doped (NA = ND = 9 × 1018 cm-3) silicon p-n specimen is studied through in situ biased four-dimensional scanning transmission electron microscopy (4D-STEM). Measurements of electric field, built-in voltage, depletion region width, and charge density are combined with analytical equations and finite-element simulations in order to evaluate the quality of the junction interface. It is shown that all the junction parameters measured are compatible with a linearly graded junction. This hypothesis is also consistent with the evolution of the electric field with bias as well as off-axis electron holography data. These results demonstrate that in situ biased 4D-STEM can allow a better understanding of the electrostatics of semiconductor p-n junctions with nm-scale resolution.

Nanotechnology ; 31(47): 472001, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503014


Understanding the interplay between the structure, composition and opto-electronic properties of semiconductor nano-objects requires combining transmission electron microscopy (TEM) based techniques with electrical and optical measurements on the very same specimen. Recent developments in TEM technologies allow not only the identification and in-situ electrical characterization of a particular object, but also the direct visualization of its modification in-situ by techniques such as Joule heating. Over the past years, we have carried out a number of studies in these fields that are reviewed in this contribution. In particular, we discuss here i) correlated studies where the same unique object is characterized electro-optically and by TEM, ii) in-situ Joule heating studies where a solid-state metal-semiconductor reaction is monitored in the TEM, and iii) in-situ biasing studies to better understand the electrical properties of contacted single nanowires. In addition, we provide detailed fabrication steps for the silicon nitride membrane-chips crucial to these correlated and in-situ measurements.

Nano Lett ; 20(3): 1693-1699, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048854


We report results on the control of barrier transparency in InAs/InP nanowire quantum dots via the electrostatic control of the device electron states. Recent works demonstrated that barrier transparency in this class of devices displays a general trend just depending on the total orbital energy of the trapped electrons. We show that a qualitatively different regime is observed at relatively low filling numbers, where tunneling rates are rather controlled by the axial configuration of the electron orbital. Transmission rates versus filling are further modified by acting on the radial configuration of the orbitals by means of electrostatic gating, and the barrier transparency for the various orbitals is found to evolve as expected from numerical simulations. The possibility to exploit this mechanism to achieve a controlled continuous tuning of the tunneling rate of an individual Coulomb blockade resonance is discussed.