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1.
In Vivo ; 35(6): 3483-3488, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resection of the primary lesion with radical lymph node dissection is the most promising treatment avenue for patients with cancer. On the other hand, these procedures often induce excessive intraoperative blood loss (IBL) and require perioperative blood transfusion. The influence of IBL on the long-term postoperative outcomes of patients with digestive cancer is controversial. We investigated the impact of IBL on survival and recurrence after curative surgery in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) in a single study group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 1,597 patients who underwent radical resection for CRC at three group hospitals between 2000 and 2019 were reviewed. Patients were classified into a group with high IBL (≥200 ml) or low IBL (<200 ml). The risk factors for disease-free (DFS) and overall (OS) survival were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 489 and 1,108 patients were classified into the high and low IBL groups, respectively. The OS and DFS rates at 5 years after surgery were 89.3% and 63.4%, respectively, for the high IBL group and 96.9% and 77.8% for the low IBL group; these differences were statistically significantly (p<0.001). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that IBL was a significant independent risk factor for OS and DFS. CONCLUSION: The amount of IBL was associated with significant differences in the OS and DFS of patients with stage II/III CRC who received curative resection. The surgical procedure, surgical strategy, and perioperative care should be carefully planned to avoid causing IBL.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5097-5106, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593460

RESUMO

AIM: D3 lymph node dissection (LND) for stage II and III colon cancer has been shown to improve prognosis, however, it generally increases surgical stress. Studies have reported that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) may be a useful inflammatory-nutritional biomarker to predict postoperative complications and poor prognosis for with various types of cancer. Our purposes were to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of D3 LND in patients with a high preoperative CAR (≥ 0.04). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis reviewing a prospectively collected database of Yokohama City University and three affiliated hospitals. A total of 449 patients with stage II or III colon cancer with high CAR who underwent primary resection with D2 or D3 LND were identified between 2008 and 2020. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were the 3-year recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 230 patients were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the D3 and D2 groups in the rate of postoperative complications overall (14.8% versus 11.3%, p=0.558), however, the incidence of anastomotic leakage tended to be greater in the D3 group (9.6% versus 2.6%, p=0.050). The long-term findings showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (3-year recurrence-free survival rate: 77.2% versus 77.2%, p=0.880). CONCLUSION: D3 LND did not improve survival outcomes for patients with colon cancer with a poor CAR in this study. D2 LND may be a treatment option for patients with stage II-III colon cancer with a high preoperative CAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(10): 1284-1286, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657065

RESUMO

We experienced a case of kidney metastasis of a gastric tumor. An 81-year-old man underwent distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection and partial hepatic resection for antral gastric tumor with hepatic infiltration in July 2019. A histological examination showed undifferentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. The final stage was pT4bN1P0H0M0, Stage ⅢB. He rejected the recommended adjuvant chemotherapy. Seven months after surgery, abdominal enhanced CT showed a hypovascular mass, 20 mm in diameter, on the right upper pole of kidney. Eleven months after surgery, CT showed that the mass had enlarged to 35 mm, infiltrated the renal pelvis, and advanced to para-aortic lymph node metastasis. We performed a retroperitoneoscopic partial right nephrectomy and diagnosed kidney metastasis of the gastric tumor. His right flank pain worsened, and radiotherapy(50 Gy)was performed for the mass and para-aortic lymph node metastasis. His right flank pain resolved. Kidney metastasis of the gastric tumor is very rare. Radiotherapy effectively relieves pain.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Rim , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(10): 1293-1295, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657068

RESUMO

A 65-year-old woman underwent distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer in November 2016. The histopathological diagnosis was pT3N0M0, pStage ⅡA, HER2-negative. In August 2019, transverse colon stenosis due to peritoneal dissemination was detected, and an ileum-transverse colon anastomosis was performed. Postoperatively, she received chemotherapy with S-1 plus oxaliplatin. After 6 courses, CT revealed an increase in ascites and dissemination nodules. We diagnosed her with progressive disease and initiated second-line chemotherapy, a ramucirumab plus nab-paclitaxel regimen. On the 20th day during the 5th course of treatment, she visited our hospital with acute abdominal pain. CT revealed free air, and we diagnosed acute panperitonitis with a gastrointestinal perforation. Emergency surgery was performed, and perforation of the appendix end and mild cloudy ascites were observed. We performed an appendectomy and intraperitoneal drainage. Histopathological examination revealed perforation of the appendix, possibly as an adverse effect of the ramucirumab. It should be noted that angiogenesis inhibitors may cause the fatal adverse effect of gastrointestinal perforation.


Assuntos
Apêndice , Divertículo , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Albuminas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(10): 1296-1298, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657069

RESUMO

Chylothorax after esophagectomy is a relatively rare complication that can be difficult to manage. Here, we report a case of refractory chylothorax after surgery for esophageal cancer treated with lymphatic duct lipiodol imaging by inguinal lymph node puncture to confirm patency of the thoracic duct and thoracic duct ligation. A 71-year-old female with esophageal cancer(cT3N0M0)underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy with 2-field lymph node dissection, intrathoracic gastric tube reconstruction, and an enterostomy. A chylothorax appeared when we started enteral nutrition on the day after surgery. She became markedly dehydrated due to over 2,000 mL/day of drainage from the chest drain, and we managed her general condition in the ICU. We started octreotide acetate on postoperative day(POD)6 and etilefrine on POD 8, but neither was effective. Lymphatic duct lipiodol imaging by bilateral inguinal lymph node puncture was performed, and we confirmed leakage from the main thoracic duct. On POD 11, a thoracic duct ligation performed via a thoracotomy revealed that the volume of the chylothorax was remarkably decreased. The chest tube was removed on re-POD 12.


Assuntos
Quilotórax , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Idoso , Quilotórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Quilotórax/etiologia , Quilotórax/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfografia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Ducto Torácico/diagnóstico por imagem , Ducto Torácico/cirurgia
6.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contrary to the Japanese guidelines recommendations regarding lateral lymph node dissection (LatLND) for rectal cancer, its omission is common in clinical practice without reliable omission criteria. Negative pathological mesorectal lymph node metastasis (MesLNM) is reportedly highly correlated with negative pathological lateral lymph node metastasis (p-LatLNM); however, this cannot be used as a criterion because pathological features are revealed postoperatively. Herein, we prospectively evaluated the negative predictive value (NPV) of MesLNM diagnosed via the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) method for p-LatLNM. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a single academic study group in Japan. The key eligibility criterion was mid-to-low rectal cancer planned to be treated using mesorectal excision with LatLND. According to the study protocol, the OSNA method was considered useful if the point estimate of the NPV exceeded 95%. RESULTS: Preoperative case registration was conducted between 2018 and 2020; 34 patients were registered. Among these, 16 were negative for OSNA-MesLNM, and negative p-LatLNM was confirmed in all cases. The point estimate of the NPV was 100%, with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 79.4% to 100.0%. CONCLUSIONS: The OSNA method is useful in selecting patients in whom LatLND can be omitted in real-world clinical practice.

7.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(4): 1075-1080, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528567

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the utility of the C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) for predicting the overall survival (OS) in locally advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Patients and Methods: This retrospective multicenter study was performed using data from a prospectively maintained database of pathological Stage II or III patients undergoing CRC surgery at the Yokohama City University, Department of Surgery, and its affiliated institutions between April 2000 and March 2016. The risk factors for the OS were identified. Results: A CAR of 0.03 was considered to be the optimal cutoff point for classification based on the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates and receiver operating characteristic curve. The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 92.4% and 85.7% in the CAR-low group, respectively, and 86.7% and 81.1% in the CAR-high group. A multivariate analysis showed that the CAR was a significant independent risk factor for the OS. When comparing the patients' demographic and clinical characteristics between the CAR ≤0.03 and >0.03 groups, the incidence of patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy and the incidence of postoperative complications were significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: The present study showed that the preoperative CAR was a risk factor for the OS in patients who underwent surgery for CRC. To improve the patients' survival, CAR might be a useful tool for devising treatment strategies.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2617-2623, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952492

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the mid-term oncological results between patients with low rectal cancer who underwent minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery (MILS) and those who underwent open surgery (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 262 matched patients who underwent primary resection for low rectal cancer between 2000 and 2019 were divided into MILS (n=131; n=107, conventional laparoscopic surgery; n=24, robotic surgery) and OS (n=131) groups. The short- and mid-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Similar baseline characteristics were noted. The operative time was longer and blood loss was lesser in the MILS group; the conversion rate was 3.8%. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar. The 2-year cumulative incidence of local recurrence was noted to be much lower in the MILS group (1.9%) than in the OS group (8.4%). MILS had a significantly low hazard ratio (0.208, p=0.036). CONCLUSION: MILS has potential benefits in reducing local recurrence of low rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
9.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 53, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the short-term and oncological impact of the Endoscopic Surgical Skill Qualification System (ESSQS) by the Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery on the operator performing laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was based on medical records from a multicentre database. A total of 417 patients diagnosed with stage II/III colon and rectosigmoid cancer treated with curative resection were divided into two groups according to whether they were operated on by qualified surgeons (Q group, n=352) or not (NQ group, n=65). Through strict propensity score matching, 98 cases (49 in each group) were assessed. RESULTS: Operative time was significantly longer in the NQ group than in the Q group (199 vs. 168 min, p=0.029). The amount of blood loss, post-operative complications, and duration of hospitalisation were similar between both groups. No mortality was observed. One conversion case was seen in the NQ group. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate was 86.6% in the NQ group and 88.2% in the Q group, which was not statistically significant (log-rank p=0.966). CONCLUSION: Direct operation by ESSQS-qualified surgeons contributed to a shortened operation time. Under an organised educational environment, almost equivalent safety and oncological outcomes are expected regardless of the surgeon's qualifications.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 51, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most evidence regarding lateral lymph node dissection for rectal cancer is from expert settings. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a practice-based cohort. METHODS: A total of 383 patients who were diagnosed with stage II-III mid-to-low rectal cancer between 2010 and 2019 and underwent primary resection with curative intent at a general surgery unit were retrospectively reviewed. After propensity matching, 144 patients were divided into the following groups for short- and long-term outcome evaluation: mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection (n = 72) and mesorectal excision (n = 72). RESULTS: This practice-based cohort was characterized by a high pT4 (41.6%) and R1 resection (10.4%) rate. Although the operative time was longer in the lateral dissection group (349 min vs. 237 min, p < 0.001), postoperative complications (19.4% vs. 16.7%, p = 0.829), and hospital stay (18 days vs. 22 days, p = 0.059) did not significantly differ; 5-year relapse-free survival (62.5% vs. 66.4%, p = 0.378), and cumulative local recurrence (9.7% vs. 15.3%, p = 0.451) were also in the same range in both groups. In the seven locally recurrent cases in the lateral dissection group, four had undergone R1 resection. CONCLUSIONS: Lateral lymph node dissection was found to be safe in this practice-based cohort; however, the local control effect was not obvious. To maximize the potential merits of lateral lymph node dissection, strategies need to be urgently established to avoid R1 resection in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Neoplasias Retais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dissecação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prática Profissional , Pontuação de Propensão , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(3): 371-378, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy in marginally resectable advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: Patients with macroscopic type 4, large macroscopic type 3 and bulky lymph node metastasis received two cycles of preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy (docetaxel 40 mg/m2 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1, and S-1 80 mg/m2 for 14 days, every 4 weeks). The primary endpoint was the pathological response rate, with an expected value of 65%. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were enrolled in this study. The pathological response rate was 54.8%, and it was higher than the threshold value but lower than the expected rate. The R0 resection rate was 93.5%. The frequencies of grade 3-4 toxicities during docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy were 41.9% for neutropenia, 6.5% for febrile neutropenia and 32.3% for nausea/vomiting. Grade 2 and 3 surgical morbidities occurred in 23.3 and 6.7% of the patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1 therapy was feasible in terms of chemotherapy-related toxicities and surgical morbidity, but the effect did not achieve the expected value. The association between the pathological response rate and survival will be evaluated in the final analysis of this clinical trial.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2797-2801, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We performed a retrospective multi-center cohort analysis to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic surgery vs. open surgery for obstructive colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 455 patients with colon cancer with ileus underwent surgery at Yokohama City University Hospital and four related institutions from April 2000 to March 2016. RESULTS: There were 414 cases in the open surgery group and 41 cases in the laparoscopic surgery group with no marked differences in the gender or age. The postoperative complication rate, according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, was lower in the laparoscopic group compared to the open surgery group. The postoperative hospital stay was 16 days in the open surgery group and 9 days in the laparoscopic surgery group (p=0.004). Among the various factors examined, the operation approach was identified as a statistically significant independent risk factor for postoperative complications (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: Preoperative treatment for colon cancer with ileus and elective laparoscopic surgery are thought to be useful for achieving curative treatment, avoiding colostomy, and shortening the length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo , Obstrução Intestinal , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
In Vivo ; 34(4): 2079-2085, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606186

RESUMO

AIM: To compare long- and short-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery with those of open surgery for patients with colorectal cancer and body mass index over 25 kg/m2 Patients and Methods: This multicentre, retrospective study analysed clinical records and identified 178 patients with body mass index over 25 kg/m2 who underwent surgery for colon and rectosigmoid cancer between 2000 and 2016. After applying propensity score matching, 96 patients were finally included. The primary outcome was the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate, and the secondary outcomes were short-term results during and after surgery. RESULTS: The 3-year recurrence-free survival rates were similar for the laparoscopic and open surgery groups. The laparoscopic surgery group had longer operative times but less blood loss and shorter periods of hospital stay. There were no differences in incidence of postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic and open surgeries had similar long-term outcomes for obese patients. Laparoscopic surgery is an effective option for this population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 2337-2342, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234935

RESUMO

AIM: To clarify the benefits of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) regarding short-term outcomes in patients with technically demanding rectal cancer (TDRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2015 and September 2019, 88 TDRC cases were identified from our database, and divided into the RALS (n=32) and conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) (n=56) groups. TDRC was defined as mid-rectal tumors presenting at least one of the following risk factors: Male sex, high body mass index, T4 stage, bulky tumor, or low rectal tumor. RESULTS: Patient baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. One and 15 patients developed anastomotic leakage in the RALS and CLS groups (3% vs. 27%, p<0.01), respectively. The postoperative complication rate was lower in the RALS group (19% vs. 43%, p=0.03). Multivariate analysis showed the surgical approach to be an independent predictor for anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSION: RALS has potential advantages to prevent anastomotic leakage complications in patients with TDRC.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Oncol Res Treat ; 43(4): 125-133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic values of the preoperative modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) alone and combined in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) planning to receive curative surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 130 elderly patients (aged ≥80 years) with CRC who received curative surgery between 2008 and 2016. The preoperative mGPS and CEA levels were calculated. RESULTS: Elevated preoperative mGPS or CEA level was significantly associated with shorter relapse-free survival (p = 0.005, both) and cancer-specific survival (p = 0.011 and p < 0.001, respectively). Combined use of these two factors improved the predictive accuracy for tumor recurrence relative to that of either factor. CONCLUSION: Both mGPS and CEA were independent prognostic factors of CRC in elderly patients receiving curative surgery, but their combination was more accurate.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(3): 508-510, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914597

RESUMO

Perforated gastric cancer reported to be relatively rare and to have a poor prognosis. This study examined 9 patients with perforated gastric cancer. Two-thirds of the patients were male and the median age was 69 years. The timing of the diagnosis of gastric cancer was preoperative clinical findings in 4 cases, intraoperative surgical findings in 3 cases, and postoperative examination in 2 cases. The depths of tumor invasion were T3 in 3 cases, T4a in 4 cases, and T4b in 2 cases and 5 patients were Stage Ⅳ. Four patients underwent palliative gastrectomy and only 1 patient underwent curative(R0)gastrectomy. Four patients underwent repair surgery, 2 of which underwent omental patch repair during the initial surgery. One of patients with omental patch repair received 2-stage curative gastrectomy; the other patient received chemotherapy after recovering from acute peritonitis. The median overall survival was 17.9 months and the prognosis was favorable in cases with curative resection or chemotherapy. For patients with perforated gastric cancer, if curative resection cannot be expected, the initial surgery should be directed toward the treatment of peritonitis and radical oncological surgery or systemic chemotherapy should be planned following patient recovery.


Assuntos
Peritonite , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
17.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 34(4): 621-628, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30659360

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The favorable oncological impact of D3 lymph node dissection after colon cancer surgery has been described previously. However, D3 lymph node dissection is potentially more invasive than conventional D2 lymph node dissection. The oncological merit of D3 lymph node dissection in elderly patients with colon cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the oncological outcome after D3 lymph node dissection in patients with colon cancer aged > 75 years. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort analysis using propensity matching method. The study was conducted at a university hospital and two community teaching hospitals in a large urban city. A total of 378 consecutive patients with pathological stage II and stage III colon cancer who underwent primary resection with either D2 or D3 lymph node dissection were retrospectively identified on a prospective database between 2000 and 2015. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rate, respectively. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 232 patients were analyzed. The long-term findings showed that the elderly who underwent D3 lymph node dissection had significantly better recurrence-free survival than those who underwent D2 lymph node dissection (p = 0.01). The incidence of postoperative complication was almost similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: D3 lymph node dissection provides better recurrence-free survival than D2 lymph node dissection after primary resection for elderly patients with pathological stage II and stage III colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Surg Today ; 49(6): 507-512, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666418

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The benefits of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer have been well established. Several randomized controlled trials have demonstrated similar oncological outcomes between laparoscopic and open surgery for colon cancer. However, whether or not laparoscopic surgery is acceptable in patients with clinical N2 colon cancer is unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the safety and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for clinical N2 colon cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study assessed a prospective database and identified 262 consecutive patients with clinical N2 colon cancer who underwent either laparoscopic or open primary resection between 2000 and 2016. After propensity-score matching, 162 patients were analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate, and the secondary outcome of interest was the postoperative complication rate. RESULTS: The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate did not differ markedly between the laparoscopic and open surgery groups (77.4% vs. 76.5%, p = 0.620). In addition, the incidence of postoperative complications did not differ markedly between the laparoscopic and open surgery groups (16.6% vs. 24.0%, p = 0.317). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that laparoscopic surgery is safe and effective for clinical N2 colon cancer. Laparoscopic resection can be considered in patients diagnosed with clinical N2 colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Laparoscopia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(13): 2500-2502, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156978

RESUMO

Only a few studies have been conducted regarding the palliative radiation therapy(RT)for gastric cancer(GC)bleeding. Data of 9 patients with gastric cancer requiring blood transfusions due to gastric bleeding who were treated with RT were reviewed. All patients were men with a median age of 83(range, 70-91)years. The clinical stage was ⅡB in 2 patients, Ⅲin 1, ⅣA in 1, and ⅣB in 5. Performing gastrectomy was difficult in 4 patients with distant metastasis or tumor invasion to adjacent organ, 3 with poor performance status, and 2 with advanced age. The median hemoglobin levels before RT was 6.0 (range, 3.3-7.7)g/dL, and all patients received blood transfusions before RT. Seven patients received 30 Gy RT and 2 patients received 50 Gy. Two patients received concurrent chemotherapy. A total of 2 hematological and 4 non-hematological treatment-related adverse events occurred. All patients improved conservatively. Hemorrhage occurred in 8 patients, except for 1. Of the 8 patients who responded to RT, 1 had rebleeding on day 81. The median rebleeding-free survival time from the beginning of RT was 125(range, 21-421)days. Palliative radiation therapy was useful for bleeding control in nonresectable gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/radioterapia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Cuidados Paliativos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/radioterapia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(13): 2503-2505, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156979

RESUMO

Laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy(LATG)has several complications early during the introduction of the procedure, so a careful approach is necessary. In this study, we evaluated short-term outcomes after LATG at our hospital. From 2014 to 2017, 21 patients underwent LATG using ENDO-PSI. A 6-cm midline incision was made at the epigastrium, and the abdominal esophagus was transected using ENDO-PSI. The anvil head was fixed with extracorporeal ligation, and an end loop was added to the proximal side of the first suture. Reconstruction was performed with the Roux-en-Y method. The jejunojejunal anastomosis was performed extracorporeally, and esophagojejunostomy was performed using a circular stapler through the small incision. There were 15 men and 6 women, with a mean age of 74 years. The mean operation time was 296 min, and volume of blood loss was 75 mL. The median fasting period was 3(3-10)days, and the postoperative hospitalization period was 12(8-28)days. The postoperative complications were Grade Ⅱ in 4 patients and Grade Ⅲ in 1 patient. The complication due to esophagojejunostomy was anastomotic leakage in 1 patient, while no anastomotic stenosis was found. LATG using ENDO-PSI can be safely performed.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Anastomose em-Y de Roux , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Suturas
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