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J Endod ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950557


INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective, cohort case series was 2-fold: (1) to evaluate the outcomes of teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis using long-term calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) (healing was assessed via the periapical index [PAI] system) and (2) to explore the possible association of fractures in relation to long term Ca(OH)2 exposure. METHODS: A total of 242 cases, diagnosed with pulpal necrosis and apical periodontitis, were treated with long-term Ca(OH)2 using a standardized protocol. Injectable and powdered Ca(OH)2 were placed sequentially in the root canal system. All cases were re-evaluated within a 3-month period until radiographic healing was observed. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed annually. Pre- and postoperative periapical radiographs were evaluated using the PAI system. RESULTS: Of the 242 cases, 219 participants completed their treatment with annual follow-up. The average Ca(OH)2 time was 5.4 months with a range of 1-12 months. Overall, by the latest follow-up visit, 90.0% (197/219) were classified as "healed." The overall mean preoperative and postoperative PAI scores were 4.07 (±0.80) and 1.76 (±0.70), respectively. Kappa statistics showed an almost perfect agreement for inter-rater (κ = 0.91) and intrarater (κ = 0.95) reproducibility for both examiners. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the use of long-term Ca(OH)2 in the treatment of teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis resulted in a predictable high outcome. There was no association observed between long-term Ca(OH)2 use and the incidence of fractures during this study. Ca(OH)2 is a suitable material of choice as an interappointment dressing for teeth diagnosed with pulpal necrosis and apical periodontitis.

J Endod ; 44(10): 1487-1491, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174106


INTRODUCTION: This microsurgical clinical study evaluated if teeth that have undergone endodontic retreatment are associated with more dentinal defects than primary root canal-treated teeth. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five patients who underwent periapical microsurgery treatment in a private practice setting were evaluated. The root ends were resected, and the roots were inspected for the presence of dentinal defects through the surgical operating microscope with the help of a 0.8-mm-diameter light-emitting diode probe light and methylene blue dye. The root canal treatment history (primary vs retreatment) of the teeth was documented and related to the presence or absence of dentinal defects. Bivariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test, and a multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression to evaluate possible confounding effects of patient age, sex, and tooth location on the association between treatment and the presence of dentinal defects. RESULTS: Of the 155 treated teeth, 33 were excluded (3 fractured and 30 missing treatment history). Of the remaining 122 included teeth, 73 (59.8%) had undergone primary root canal treatment and 49 (40.2%) retreatment. Sixteen teeth (22.5%) of the primary root canal group versus 33 (64.7%) of the retreatment group had dentinal defects. The proportion of retreated teeth with dentinal defects compared with primary treatment was statistically significant (P < .001) with a higher proportion of retreated teeth having dentinal defects. In the multivariate analysis, only the type of treatment was statistically significant (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: This clinical study showed that root canal-retreated teeth are associated with more dentinal defects than primary root canal-treated teeth.

Displasia da Dentina/epidemiologia , Displasia da Dentina/etiologia , Dentina/lesões , Dentina/patologia , Microcirurgia , Retratamento/efeitos adversos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Ápice Dentário/cirurgia , Dente não Vital/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos